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Historic, archived document 

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The Story of Our Cover Painting 

It's a ■warm wind, the west wind, full of birds' cries; 
I never hear the west wind but tears are in my eyes. 
For it comes from the west lands, the old brown hilb. 
And April's in the west wind, and daffodils.— John Masefield. 

HERE is something immortal in boyhood memories of the hills. They are a 
compelling force, even in one's later life, and invariably there will be a return- 
ing, if for only a short holiday. Halcyon days when nothing mattered; when 
white clouds cast huge moving shadows over the Valle}'; when there were long 
tramps over mountains; trout streams to wander down; clear, cold lakes to 
swim in; camp fires at the end of long days of exploration, and, finally, nights of 
starlight and moonfight, with their music of far-away cowbells and the muffled roar from the 
overland freights as they struggled up the grades. The all-day excursions into the "wilder- 
ness" beyond Bear Mountain made, perhaps, the deepest impressions. Our favorite trail lay 
down the Sulhvan Road to the Big Mountain, for it held much romance. Here it was that an 
American army cut its way through the forests to Cherry Valley to fight Indians. This was 
back in 1779. (The tragic results of the expedition were all unknown to us.) Here were the 
deserted camp grounds; White Oak Run with its thunder storms; the winding W. & E. Rail- 
road with its friendly handcars; Hungry Hill, where we always stood in youthful awe and pity 
before a lone grave of one of SuHivan's men; Cool-Moor with its gloriously cold spring-water, 
and, finally, the ascent of the mountain itself, the conquest of which always filled us with 
manly pride, for we would attack it fully armed with stones and clubs in preparation for bears 
and rattlesnakes which never appeared. But that was long, long ago, and years have passed, 
bringing their own responsibilities and perspectives. 

One glorious morning this past August the call came once more, and again we were rolhng 
along the dream roads. This time, there were only two days to wander, so it had to be by 
motor. So much to see and so little time in which to see it. But they are all the same — the 
mountains, the streams, the cool lake where we swam on summer afternoons, and far below 
us. Paradise Valley, just as in by-gone days. Many old friends are there to give us greeting. 
Try as we may, we find it quite impossible to drink too deeply of the charms of this, our one- 
time playground. The hours pass all too quickly, and soon we must start home. But a short 
time more and we are once again rolling down the Valley. Our car rounds a bend, gains the 
top of a little knoll, and there before us is the Great Mountain. The old call is on — we must 
climb. So up we go, Cadillac and all, making the trip in ten minutes from Cool-Moor. In 
the old days, with good luck and an earlv start, we could sometimes be home by sun-down. 
Beneath us lies the Great Valley, and in tlie background the long-remembered ranges extend- 
ing away off into the mysterious distance. At the foot of the mountain are fields of golden 
grain and green pastures and orchards, with here and there a sapphire lake reflecting the blue 
of the sky. Farther away are miles and miles of virgin forests, and on beyond the long Blue 
Ridge and the Gap. Here truly is a superb panorama. Can we not share this with our friends? 
But how? We must make the effort. 

Only a few days passed before our friend, Martin Lewis, started up the Lackawanna Road 
with his sketch-book. Our cover is what he saw% and how superbly he has caught the spirit 
of the Valley, and how happy we are that we can share at least this part of it with you, our 
friends. Perhaps, if you study it long enough you will find scmething back in your own mem- 
ory which will respond. There is little to indicate that tomatoes, beets, or cabbages are spoken 
of inside the cover. Our old friends may miss the scarlet Bonny Best, which has held the place 
of honor for thirteen years. But, then, perhaps, the spirit of the Valley is so fine and whole- 
some as to be a representative spokesman for the fair-minded business methods which our 
company stands for. We do mean at all times to be open and aboveboard, to do our full part, 
and to take on our honest share of productive work. Further, we hold little doubt that some- 
thing of beauty — a quiet valley, perhaps, or a far mountain, or a sea storm — is the foster- 
mother of such ideals as are not inherited. — F. C. S. 

By Way of Greetin 

Important Announcement to Old Friends and New 

FOR some time past our company has held to a one-Hne poHcy — vegetable seeds only. Our services have thus 
been restricted to a part of the requirements of the vegetable grower. Believing there is a growing demand on 
the part of the country dweller for a central source of supply of dependable farm and garden equipment, we 
have broadened our activities in order to include other branches of agricultural endeavor, such as grain farming, fruit 

farming, stock raising, etc. The successful farmer not only manages efficiently, but he buys 
efficiently, which means that he buys the best at fair prices. Stokes Seed Farms Company 
has built a reputation for dependability in vegetable seeds. This has been accomplished only 
by constant vigilance and a desire to trade honorably. We now offer the services of our organ- 
ization along broader lines, taking this step only after a searching investigation into the most 
reliable sources of supply, sources which will prove the strongest permanent investment over a period of years. Our 
friends will also note that we have enlarged our facilities'for beautifying the home grounds, this by reopening our flower 
seed department which was closed for the period of the war, as well as adding complete lines of ornamental trees, shrubs, 
perennial plants, etc. 

In order to concentrate our efforts more specificallj^ on seed improvement work here at Windermoor Farm, we 
have permanently closed our Philadelphia store which for years served the seed buyers in the vicinity of Philadelphia. 
Our sales from now on will be entirely through this catalog, for we felt that we could thus express more clearly to our 

trade the ideals which we were working toward. This catalog has, therefore, been 
entirely rewritten. In preparing it, our first consideration was that all descriptions, 
illustrations and other information should be honestly and simply presented. When 
anj'thing is suited for one purpose and not for another, we have endeavored to make 
that fact plain. The vegetable varieties as offered have been revised and we believe 
now represent all of the necessary sorts for the successful operation of farm or garden. 
There is no duplication of names covering the same variety, and our aim has been to adhere to the original name as 
given by the introducer. Our customers will also be interested to know that a brief history of the principal vegetables, 
together with information covering varietal introductions, will be found throughout the vegetable seed department. 
Pen drawings showing vegetable types will also, no doubt, be of value to the seed buyer. These represent our inter- 
pretation of the ideal type, and our stocks \y\\\ compare favorably. Our friends vnW also notice that the number of 
days to maturity for all vegetables is given in the description. We call special attention to page 8, on which there are 
suggested vegetable varieties both for home gardening and commercial use. Different tables to be found on this page 
should also prove of value. The garden plan on page 12 will, no doubt, be of great assistance to amateur gardeners. 
Finally, a personal guarantee from the president of our company for satisfaction on all purchases will be found on 
page 3. We are here to serve you consistently and to give full value for money received, whether it be for vegetable 
seeds, guernsey cattle, a car of limestone, or anything listed in this catalog. 

With sincere thanks for your past patronage, and anticipating the pleasure of serving you further, we remain. 

Faithfully yours, 

Windermoor House, October 1, 1919. STOKES SEED FARMS COMPANY 

Copyright 1920 Stokes Seed Farms Company 






Forty-two Years in Retrospect 

"The Old Guard Dies But Never Surrenders" 


E well assured, gentle reader, that although time's changes bring new names 
and new personalities into our endeavors as seedsmen, we are not forgetting 
the splendid past and the traditions we inherit. The quarter century of 
seed history as left us by Johnson & Stokes, our honored forbears, covers perhaps 
the most interesting period of the development of the industry in this country. 
They were days when the rapid introduction of European varieties and the develop- 
ment and introduction of American varieties were at their height. Agriculture in 
America was still new. Planters were ready and anxious to try out anything that 
was offered. Offerings were perhaps too frequently made without thorough 
knowledge as to adaptability or before types were fixed. Descriptions were fre- 
quently very general and unscientific. There was much re-naming of old varieties. 
But Avith it all there was a liberality of spirit, a friendly competition in each new 
adventure, and a warm personal -contact that is rarely found in these days of 
strife and strikes. 

Certain well -remembered pictures in the J. and S. Farm and Garden Manuals 
in the early eighties and nineties are well within the range of abiding memory. It 
is a far call back to the days of Garfield, Harrison and Grover Cleveland. We 
do not doubt, however, that many of you can recall ordering Kolb's Gem Water- 
melon from the old woodcut picturing the melon being rushed to market on a 
locomotive, or King of the Mammoths Pumpkin, which was pictured "still holding 
the fort," or Flat Dutch Cabbage (forty-eight pounds of it!) more than filling a 
wheelbarrow. You may even remember a familiar slogan, "Care, Promptness 
and Reliability," proclaimed on a barmer upheld by two baby angels, (Of course, 
they are grown up by now.) 

The splendid partnership came to a tragic close by dissolution in 1906, and it 
was not until nine years later that the two independent factors were again merged as Stokes Seed Farms Company. 
During the five years we have been here on Windermoor Farm, we have been constantly developing an organization 
along lines in keeping with the old ideals and with present-day progress. We have cheerfully taken up the work 
where the Old Guard left it — confident of the future — for back of our every move is that inherited consciousness of 
right and wrong which carries with it a strong sense of honor and fair play. Our well-remembered masters are gone, 
but their spirit is all pervading and shall ever be our stoutest convo3^ May this always be apparent to those trading 
with us, for this is the greatest heritage we have. 

"Old Days! The wild geese are flying, 
Head to the storm as they faced it before!" — R. K. 

1856 WALTER P. STOKES 1916 

who, together with Herbert W. Johnson, formed 
the partnership of the old firm 

Andrew McCuen. the oldest living member of the Windermoor family. He holds a record of over fifty years' faithful service in the seed 
busmess and gives us a vital connection with the old Johnson and Stokes days. This photo<sraph taken 
last summer, shows Mr. McCuen examining our cabbage trial. ° ' 



The Buyer-be-pleased Policy Is 
Placed On An Intimate 
Personal Basis 

It Is Your Guarantee of Fair Trading 

ORDERING seeds, tractors, bulldogs, or anything else purely on what the 
other fellow says about it, is taking some risk when you are too far away 
to see the finished product yourself. There must be a connecting link of 
confidence, and therein are my services offered. There are many contributory 
factors for trouble either inside our o-wn organization or entirely outside the pro- 
vince of either buyer or seller. The point is the world is not perfectly run as 
yet. The machinery does break dowTi in the best managed organizations. How- 
ever, in dealing with this company, I want it plainly understood that it is our 
business to make every purchase a satisfactory purchase. I, therefore, hold 
myself responsible for safe delivery and satisfaction on delivery. I will personally 
see that matters are made right, either by replacement or by a return of the 
money expended on all cases of complaint which are reported within ten days ' 

of receipt of the package. The purpose of inserting this crude photograph is purely to let you know who stands 
responsible, and who it is you can always communicate with personally on any matters. I want you to know 
there is a personal element to this business, which is your guarantee of fair dealing— this from a policy firmly 
grounded on the principle that the buyer be pleased. My desire is that every customer shall receive more 
for his money than he anticipates. 

Yours for fair trading. 


President and Manager. 

One Ounce TO IVI ATO ^^'^^ 


Our test before packet) nc showed '^7% per cent germination. 
87% is fair average pcrniination f>n t'imato over a period of years. 

The Pic ' in this packa>;c h.i-. ht i ii ;;r'>wn on Windcrmoor Farm. It is • 
a sptcijl si-U-etion of Strikes ildimv lU>t as introduced hy the late Walter P. 
The selection has been made for e.irlincss, size and uniformity of fruit. This 
stock is especially adapted to greenhouse forcing, but is also beini: used by critical planters for 
outdoor work. 

As a forcing tomato th:s seed should be sown eighty- (ivt- day^ m advance of the desired 
date of harvest. For outdoor iMjrposes so\s in hot b'.d Maroh iMh and in casts where it is pos- 
sible, transplant later to three iinh p<,\<, Onr ot" the fu <;ecrers r,( our success in 
producing tomatoes on Windermocir Kiani \-i iv,. due to our pra'-tic-.- of using potted plants 
only, for we thus insure at:umst (l:im:i;:' ii' ii: ■ r : - winds, ■ arl'. si.ison draughts and early 
insects. Weather permitrinj:. in thi l.ititu>l(. oi CYntral New Kisev, pur out in the field May 
lith, placinc them three by four ftet so th:!t the crop -nay be cultivated both ways. One ounce 
■ ^•ould piodure at least thrci- thoMsard l•!,.n'^. Two ounces ?>f ' < o rl.c above planting scale, 
should aive sufficit ' .... - - . 


Stokes Seeds 


true as 

Stokes in 1908. 


et norntiil!i< 

by I : 

.unces ?>f : 
lunny Be- 
\ ill i>ear 

'n it ina\' be expected 
cm hi r hi st. 



Photograph natural size oiince package showing full information given on all seed packages. 


Come to Windermoor Farm! 

THE road is not long, the days are mostly fine and the pleasure will be ours. We want it very clearly understood 
by all our friends that Windermoor Farm and everji^hing on it is open six daj^s in the week for public inspection. 
Besides the twenty or more seed crops, which we are growing here, there will be the most extensive trial ground 
in New Jersey. We shall also be very pleased to show you our physical equipment for seed saving, as well as the various 
offices and departments in Windermoor House. We feel very sure that we can learn something from you, and there is 
a possibility that we will have something here which wall be of value to 3^ou. At any rate, it is always well for people 
who do business together to know each other personally, and we can assure you of a cordial welcome. We are well 
equipped to care for over-the-counter sales. 

The distance of ten miles from Philadelphia to Moorestown is easily accessible by Pennsylvania Railroad trains, 
Public Service trolley or by automobile. In coming by railroad, cross the river at IMarket Street Ferry and take train 
for West Moorestown in the Camden Terminal. In coming by trolley, cross the same f errj^ to Camden and the Moores- 
town trolley will be found just outside of the ferry house. These leave eight minutes after the hour and half-hour 
according to present schedule. A request to the conductor wall be sufficient to have you put off at the end of our farm 
lane. Should you be coming by automobile from Philadelphia, cross Market Street Ferry and continue on Market 
Street, Camden, foUowdng the double track directly to Moorestowoi. The run is approximately nine miles to the south 
entrance farm lane, which opens onto this road. Should you be motoring from Atlantic City, leave the ^^Tiite Horse 
Pike at Berlin and come to JNIoorestowoi by Marlton. Should you be coming from North Jersey, yom* best route is via 
New Brunswack, Hightstowoi, Bordentowoi, Colmnbus, INIt. Holly to Moorestowai. Windermoor Farm lies directly 
w^est of the towoi, about one-half mile from West Moorestown and a quarter mile from the Camden Road. We should 
be pleased to send a car to meet any of our friends on receipt of due notice. Our telephone is jMoorestowm 234. The 
Western Union office handles all telegrams promptly. For the information of our customers in foreign countries, 
our registered cable address is "Stokes-Moorestown." 



Three Windermoor Farm Views 






The Ancient Origin of Vegetables and Its 
Relation to Present Day Standards 

FULL appreciation of historic background is the foundation for true proportions and for deepened respect. Even 
a cursors^ knowledge of a subject "will bring vdth it a keener interest which in turn increases one's possibilities 
for larger success. Vegetables have been cultivated and eaten by man for about ten thousand years. Undoubtedly 
many of them have been developing in their vnld state far back into Geologic Time, thousands, and perhaps hundreds 
of thousands of years before the Glacial Period. Apparently the first cultivation of the products of the soil can be cred- 
ited to the ancient tribes of Persia and of India^ — ^the first of the world's people to establish any pretense of civilization. 
Further e\-idence is at hand to show that at least a mmiber of our commoner vegetables were well known before the 
Aryan [Migration, Eighteenth Century B. C. Melons, onions and garhc are mentioned by Moses 1400 B. C. 

Historic realities of the past twenty-five centm-ies, beginning T\-ith Hellenic Culture, give us our first accurate 
knowledge on the subject. The Greek and especially the Roman Civilization, advanced the art of horticulture far be- 
yond all past efl'ort of man. "With the conquering of new lands, the culture of edible plants was passed on to new tribes 
and races, they in tiirn very often exchanging species entirely unkno'v\'n to the ]Mediterranean World. Roman armies 
were responsible for the cUssemination of many of the vegetables of Asia, Southern Europe and Africa. The fall of 
Rome retarded vegetable culture seriously, but it is not thought that many of the old species were lost. The work 
was carried on -u-ithout marked development until the discovery of the Xew World, which brought vrith. it several 
new and valuable additions in vegetables, which were quickly adapted by Europeans, who in turn started varietal 
improvements which greatly increased their desirability for edible purposes. The work of the French and English 
in the past three hundred years probably surpasses the efforts of the pre^-ious fifteen hundred. Present-day varieties, 
with slight exceptions, are all t^-pe developments of the past three centuries. This work has largely been accomplished 
by scientists, gardeners and conmiercial seed growers. American horticulturists have made considerable progress during 
the past hundred years in the development of new, and iu many instances, very worthy varietal introcluctions. 

A vegetable, perishable and tender as it is, seems not a thing of great antiquity, but when we consider through 
its power to reproduce itself it has sur\'ived in its cultivated form through many ages, bias outUved the greatest empires, 
has combatted all the pestilence, disease and drought of the world, and has come out the better for it, surely there 
is cause for a deepened respect and a renewed sense of honor for the gardening profession. Plant life, as well as human 
life, is always seeking higher levels. There is a profound dignity in scientific plant improvement work. The American 
seed trade has now passed through its first hundred years of development, a period which should be ample time in 
which to arrive at definite standards. Unfortunately, during this time there has been no sentiment agaiust the renam- 
ing of varieties having fixed names. As a result, there are approximately ten thousand different varietal names, cover- 
ing perhaps one thousand separate and distinct varieties — a duplication of nine hundi-ed per cent. For instance, the 
Earliana Tomato, as introduced by Johnson & Stokes eighteen years ago. is now probably sold by seedsmen imder 
one hundi-ed different names. This confusion not only is unfair to the seed buyer, but it has a tendency to lower t}'pe 
standards all along the line, inasmuch as there cannot be the concentrated effort which would othem-ise be possible. 
In this catalog we are not only gi^"ing brief histories of the vegetables themselves, but we have made an effort to locate 
either the originator or the introducer of the individual varieties, standardizing on the name as given it by the persons 
responsible. Surely the sentiment of the seed buyer is against deception of any kind. He wants to know definitely 
what he is buA-ing. and he does not want to pay a fabulous price for some (perhaps inferior) strain of a well-estabhshed 
variety. The position we take on this matter does not exclude the offering of private strains under the standard varietal 
name. Neither does it exclude the offerings of distinct varieties when they are proven out as such after thorough and 
complete investigation by responsible persons. The spirit of the times calls for clear-cut business policies. We in 
America too often forget our ancestors. Even a passing knowledge of the Old World arts will give us truer proportions, 
eliminate manj' crude mistakes and enable us to establish standards more in keeping with the work in hand. 


Name of Vegetable Under Cultivation Origin 

Asparagus 2000 to 4000 years Europe and West Asia 

Bean, Bush Lima. . . About lOO years Eastern North America 

Bean, Pole Lima About 1000 years South America 

Bean, String 2000 to 4000 years West South America 

Beet, Chard 2000 to 4000 years Europe 

Beet, Root 2000 to 4000 years Mediterranean Region 

Brussels Sprouts 1000 to 2000 years North Europe 

Cabbage 4000 to 8000 years West Europe 

Cabbase, Chinese 2000 to 4000 years China and Japan 

Carrot 2000 to 4000 years Europe and West Asia 

Cauliflower 2000 to 4000 years Europe and West Asia 

Celeriac 1000 to 2000 years Europe 

Celerv 2000 to 4000 years South Europe 

Com, Field 2000 to 4000 years Tropical America 

Com, Sweet About 100 years New England 

Cress, Garden 2000 to 4000 years Probably Persia 

Cress, Water . 2000 to 4000 years Europe and North Asia 

Cucumber 4000 to 8000 years India 

Cucumber, Gherkin About 100 years Jamaica 

Dandelion 1000 to 2000 years Europe and Asia 

Egg Plant 4000 to 8000 years South America or East Indies 

Endive 1000 to 2000 years East Indies and Asia 

Horse-radish 1000 to 2000 years East Europe and West Asia 

Kale 2000 to 4000 years Europe 

Kohl-rabi 2000 to 4000 years Europe 

Name of Vegetable Under Cultivation 

Leek 2000 to 4000 vears 

Lettuce 2000 to 4000 vears 

Melon, Musk 4000 to 8000 years 

Melon, Water 2000 to 4000 vears 

Mushroom . 1000 to 2000 years 

Okra 1000 to 2000 years 

Onion 4000 to 8000 years 

Parsley 1000 to 2000 vears 

Parsnip 1000 to 2000 years 

Pea, Garden 4000 to 8000 vears 

Pepper 1000 to 2000 years 

Potato lOOO to 2000 vears 

Potato, Sweet 1000 to 2000 ^ears 

Pumpkin Probably less than 

Radish 4000 to 8000 years 

Rhubarb 2000 to 4000 vears. 

Rutabaga 1000 to 2000 vears 

Salsify About 1000 years. . 

Spinach 1000 to 2000 vears, 

Spinach,New Zealand 100 to 200 vears. . 

Squash, Winter 1000 to 2000 years 

Squash, Summer Probablv less than 

Tomato 1000 to 2000 years 

Turnip 4000 to 8000 years 


Mediterranean Region 


Southern Asia 

West Africa 

Northern World 

North Africa 

Persia and Central Asia 




South America 

South America 

Tropical America 

1000 yeeurs Tropical America 

South Siberia (River Volga) 


Mediterranean Region 


Ne\> Zealand 

Tropical America 

1000 years Temperate America 






Are Your Vegetables Fresh When They 
Come To the Table? 


ON the following page will be found a suggested list of home garden varieties of vegetables. These have been 
selected because of their delicious eating qualities. However, there are two other factors necessary before this 
end is reached. In addition, therefore, to growing proper varieties, the plants must have an even uninterrupted 
growth, which may be assured by normal temperatures, regular cultivation and the proper amount of moisture. After 
all these, there is one vitally important factor, which is too often neglected. In fact, if it could be brought down to 
a minimum, the popularity of vegetables would increase manyfold. We refer to the time element between picking and 
cooking, as it has to do with the loss in sugar content. Messrs. Straughn & Church have published, through the 
Bureau of Chemistry of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, very definite data, which in part has to do with the 
subject relating to sweet corn. Professor Charles A. Appleman, Plant Physiologist, Maryland Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, publishes in the July 15th issue of the "Journal of Agricultural Research" a full report of the chemical 
experiments of the same order. This, perhaps, is the most satisfactory report of the two and will be of the greatest 
importance to all who are interested on the subject. Generally speaking, the sugar content of such varieties of Sweet 
Corn as Stowell's Evergreen will range in the neighborhood of five per cent. Within an extremely short time after 
picking, when held in a normal summer temperature, even with the husks still on, the sugar content will start to fall 
in an almost incredibly short time; perhaps in the first thirty minutes. 

This decrease in the percentage of sugar is due to condensation of polysaccharides, chiefly starch. Respiration 
indirectly is also a factor in the depletion of sugar, especially in warm temperatures. At the end of the first twenty- 
four hours, thirty per cent, of the sugar will have disappeared and the second twenty-four hours in the neighborhood 
of twenty-five per cent. About thirty per cent, of the sugar content remains fixed in the corn, but, even so, at the end 
of ninety-six hours, all evidence of the delicious corn flavor will disappear. This is true where the corn is husked or un- 
husked or even \vrapped in oiled paper. The graphic illustration shown below is taken from Professor Appleman's 
report, and will illustrate more forcefully all this much overlooked detail. There is one factor in the dispatch and 
delivery which will help save the situation. If corn can immediately be placed in a freezing temperature, the loss of 
sugar will not occur so fast; thus, in the chart, it is shown that at the end of the first twenty-four hours only seven 
per cent, loss occurred, while a loss of forty-nine per cent, occurred in the same period in a temperature of seventy. 

Generally speaking, what is true concerning sweet corn will be true to a greater or lesser degree ^vith all vege- 
tables, especially those which depend on their sugar content flavor for an attractive taste. The keeper of a home garden 
will go a long way toward full success if this matter is kept constantly in mind when the vegetables are gathered for 
the day and the market gardener will take a long step in attaining a reputation for quality if by some careful planning 
his vegetables can reach the consumer twenty-four hours before his competitor. 



m 30 

" 40 




1 1 1 




86" F 





H R 3 



This chart graphically illustrates the loss of sugar content of sweet corn after picking. 
The curved lines represent the varying degrees of temperature. 
Drawn after chart of Messrs. Appleman d- Arthur. 

Suggested Home Garden Varieties of Vegetables 

Unfortunately it is quite impossible for us to know personally 
more than a very small proportion of our customers. Those with 
whom we are privileged to come in contact personally, very often 
will ask our advice regarding the best varieties of vegetables to 
grow for the home garden. There is such a vast difference in 
the edible quality of certain vegetable varieties, many of which 
are grown largely for their selling value, that we are often led 
to believe that there is an imperfect acquaintance on the part of 
our trade with those sorts which will develop into the most deli- 
cious when grown and prepared for the table. Very often we 
will receive orders from home garden planters for varieties 
which are in no way suited for home consumption. Believing that 
perhaps we did not express ourselves forcefully enough in our 
descriptions, and feeling that it surely is our duty as seedsmen to 
have our customers grow only such varieties as will bring the most 
satisfactory results, we submit herewith the following list, which 
has been selected purely from the standpoint of the edible quali- 
ties of the varieties in question. 
Asparagus — Washington . 

Beans, Green-Podded Bush — Giant Stringless, Bountiful. 
Beans, Lima — Fordhook Bush, Dreer's Pole. 

Beans, Wax-Podded Bush — Round-Pod I-udney Wax, Pencil Pod 
Black Wax. 

Beet — Crosbj^'s Egyptian (Early Summer), New Centurj' (Mid- 
Summer and Fall). 
Brussels Sprouts — Improved Long Island. 

Cabbage — Early Jersey Wakefield (Simmier), Danish BaUhead or 
Hollander (Fall), Copenhagen Market (Summer) Pe-Tsai, Chinese. 
Carrot — Chantenay. 

Cauliflower — Danish Dry Weather (Giant). 
Celeriac — Giant Prague. 

Celery — Golden Self -Blanching (Summer), Meisch's Easy-Blanching 
(Summer), Winter King (FaU), Pink Plume (Fall). 

Chicory (French Endive). 
Cress — Extra Curled. 

Cucumber — Evergreen White Spine, Green Prolific. 

Eggplant — Black Beauty. 

Endive — White Curled. 

Kale or Borecole — Dwarf Curled Scotch. 

Kohlrabi — Early White Vierma. 

Leek — Carentan. 

Lettuce — AH Seasons, Maj' King, Unrivaled, Iceberg, Trianon Cos. 
Muskmelon — Early Knight, Salmon Tinted Pollock No. 25, Osage, 

Emerald Gem. 
Okra — Perkins Long Pod. 

Onions — Ohio Yellow Globe, Southport White and Red Globe. 
Parsley — Champion Moss Curled (Garnishing) Hamburg Turnip 

Rooted (Flavoring). 
Parsnip — Hollow CrowTi. 

Peas — Alaska, Ameer, Caxtonian Dark Telephone. 

Pepper — Chinese Giant, Pimiento, Bell or Bull Nose. 

Pumpkin — Small Sugar, Pie or Winter LuxurJ^ 

Radish — Sparkler 'WTiite Tip, Scarlet Globe, French Breakfast, 
^^^lite icicle, WTiite Box. 

Salsify or Oyster Plant— Mammoth Sandvsdch Island. 

Spinach — Bloomsdale Savoy, All Seasons, New Zealand. 

Squash — Golden Hubbard, White Bush, Golden Summer, Crook- 

Sweet Corn — Early Malcolm, Golden Bantam, Golden Giant, 

Stokes' Double-Barreled Best, Country Gentleman. 
Swiss Chard — Giant Lucullus. 

Tomato — Stokes' Bonny Best, Stone, Globe, Yellow Plum. 
Turnip— Purple Top Milan, Early ^Tiite Flat Dutch, Purple Top 
Strap Leaf. 

Watermelon — ffleckley Sweets, Harris Earliest, Halbert Honey. 

Suggested Commercial Varieties of Vegetables 

What has been said above applies equally here. The commercial 
gi-ower, however, must produce with certain fundamental conditions 
constantly in view. We refer to such matters as the quickness of 
growth, tonnage of crop, shipping qualities, etc., etc. However, we 
do hold that the vegetable growers who have made the greatest 
success, have developed their markets by constantly offering articles 
that were good to eat and not merely good to look at. The matter 
of sugar content, as gone into briefly on page seven, is food for 
thought for every forward-looking grower. Is there not some 
means by which you can eliminate some of the lost time be- 
tween your field and the ultimate consumer? You must remem- 
ber that the more he enjoys your product, the oftener he will want 
it repeated on his table. We cannot urge too strongly that vege- 
tables grown merely for their appearance, with no regard to the 
edible qualities thereof, do not help to popularize vegetables. Make 
them attractive, deliver them fresh and do not forget that it is 
the delicious flavor when eaten that will be remembered. We have 
eliminated varieties from our catalog which we felt were not good 
advertisements for vegetables. 
Asparagus — Washington. 

Beans, Lima — Fordhook Bush, Dreer's Pole, Ford's Mammoth. 
Beans, Green-Podded Bush — Black Valentine, Stringless Green- 

Beans, Wax-Podded Bush — Currie's Rust-Proof Wax, Pencil Pod. 
Beet — Crosby's Egj'ptian, Detroit Dark Red, New Century. 
Beet, Mangel-Wurzel — Mammoth Long Red. 
Brussels Sprouts — Improved Long Island. 

Cabbage — Charleston, or Large Wakefield, Flat Dutch, Succession, 

Danish Ballhead, American Savoy, Copenhagen Market. 
Carrot — Danvers Half-Long. 
Cauliflower — Early Dwarf Erfurt. 

Celery — Golden Solf-Blanching, "White Plume, Meisch's Easy 
Blanching, Winter King. 

Cucumber — Klondike, Davis Perfect, Evergreen "VMiite Spine. 

Eggplant — New York Improved. 

Endive — Green Curled, White Curled. 

Kale, or Borecole — Siberian. 

Kohlrabi — Early White Vienna, Purple Vienna. 

Leek — Montrous Carentan. 

Lettuce — Big Boston, New York, or Wonderful, Black-Seeded 

Tennis-Bail, Grand Rapids, Hanson, Iceberg. 
Muskmelon — Netted Gem, Stokes' Sugar-Sweet, or Earlv Knight, 

Sahnon Tinted PoUock No. 25, Osage, Fordhook. 
Okra — Perkins Long Pod. 

Onion — Southport Yellow Globe, Southport Red Globe, Southport 
\^Tiite Globe, Yellow Globe Danvers, Yellow Strasburg, Ohio 

Parsley — Champion Moss Curled, Hamburg Turnip Rooted. 
Parsnip — Hollow Crown (Guemsej^) 

Peas— Alaska, Ameer, Pride of the' Market, Long Island Mammoth. 
Pepper— Ruby Giant, Ruby Kmg, Bell or Bull Nose, Plain. 
Pumpkin — Large Sweet Cheese. 

Radish— Scarlet Globe, Giant Crimson, ^yh^te Box, White Icicle, 

^'^Tiite Strasburg, Chartier, or Shepherd, White Chinese (Celestial), 

China Rose, Long Black Spanish. 
Spinach — Thick-Leaved Viroflay, Bloomsdale, Long Season. 
Squash— Golden Hubbard, Boston Marrow, Golden Summer 

Crookneck, Mammoth White Bush. 
Sweet Corn— Golden Bantam, Stokes' Double-Barreled Best, 

Stowell's Evergreen, Golden Giant. 
Tomato — Earhana, Bonny Best, Special Stock Bonny Best, Greater 

Baltimore,, Enormous, June Pink, Globe. 
Turnip— Early White Flat Dutch, Purple Top Strap Leaf, Purple 

Top White Globe, Yellow or Amber Globe, Yellow Rutabaga. 
Watermelon— Tom Watson, Harris Earliest, Kolb's Gem, Dixie. 


Suggestions For Ordering Seeds by Mail 

FOR SENDING MONEY the safest and best way is 
by post office money order, bank or express company 
draft or registered letter, for then you have a receipt in 
case your letter becomes lost. 

shipments whether by mail, express or freight. 

FURTHERMORE, we want it definitely understood, 
bv all who trade with us, that it is our desire and purpose 
that everything we sell shall prove satisfactory. Should 
there be cause for complaint, we want it understood that 
we are here to adjust matters. 

TERMS. In order that there may be no delays, we 
suggest that cash accompany all orders. This system 
also benefits our customers who are thus saved carrying a 
share of other people's accounts. On the matter of pre- 
payment of goods, we pay postage on all seeds in packet, 
ounce, quarter-pound, pound or five pound. For the 
convenience of those who order in quantity, we have 
made a special five-pound "by express" price on which 
system the customer pays the expense of transportation on 
arrival of goods. 

Special Day Letters 


You will find in this book a great many historical references 
regarding the origin and history of vegetables and of American 
varieties of vegetables. We have spent several months in compiling 
this information and accuracy of statement has been of paramount 
importance. Where such a vast amount of detail is involved and 
because certain sources are more or less mythical and unauthentic, 
there is chance for error. If we have not credited the proper 
persons or if we have made mistakes on other points, please accept 
our apologies in advance and our assurance that all proven errors 
■will be corrected next year if you will advise us. 


Long custom of the trade has trained many market gardeners 
and truckers to look for a special catalog. While frankly admitting 
that the quantity bulk buyer should receive special price con- 
siderations, we feel (perhaps pardonably) that there is iiufor- 
mation in this book which is invaluable to every market gardener. 
We could not give this information in a separate publication with- 
out large additional expense. Careful examination of our quan- 
tity ' ' by express ' ' prices will prove that this saving has enabled 
us to make quotations which are consistent with the high standard 
maintained. For this reason we do not publish a special edition 
for market gardeners. 


Without making personal implication, it is nevertheless a very 
normal trait with people as they grow older to look with despair 
on new conditions and wish for the return of the good old days. 
This factor is no doubt partially responsible for the very general 
cry (especially among the older gardeners) that vegetable seeds 
are not as they used to be. The seed industry has suffered greatly 
by stress of war. One man, qualified to speak, has stated that 
seed stocks have gone back thirty years, and our 3 919 trials 
do their full part to carry out the truth of this statement. In this 
connection let us merely state that as a result of the information 
which we now hold we are (so far as our own seeds are concerned) 
bringing to bear every possible factor to raise the fallen standards, 
not only to their original position, but we hope, within another 
twelve months, to have them even ahead of pre-war standards. 


We have no doubt that there are a great many men and women 
ordering seed from this book who have ordered from us when 
the firm was Johnson & Stokes. When the tragic break in the 
parnership came in 1906, we lost trace of some of the old records, 
including certain editions of the catalog. Subject to our acceptance 
on receipt of your letter, we will g^ve one dollar each for any 
Johnson & Stokes Catalog. In this connection we might be inter- 
ested in other seedsmen 's catalogs dated prior to 1900 and a 
similar offer will probably be made on them if you will notify 
us of what you have to dispose of. 


Being not oblivious to the cry for higher seed standards 
on the part of those connected with the canning industry and with 
vegetable growing generally ; and having proven conclusively in 
several instances that we were able to render real assistance in 
certain rather large operations, we offer the services of our com- 
pany for the work of specialized seed production along such lines 
as may be possible. If our organization can be of service to 
you, we will accept the work. If we find we cannot be, we shall 
be very frank in saying so at the very outset. This offer is made 
in all sincerity and is backed by confidence bom of success in 
such endeavor. 


We are constantly being advised by our friends and customers 
that they have something new they want us to try. Although it 
is not customary for us to doubt this word, we, nevertheless, want 
to reinforce it by personal examination. To all, therefore, who 
wish our attention called to some new variety or to some new strain 
of an old variety, we would throw out the caution that in order 
to consummate the matter, it is desirable for us to see the specimen 
growing in its natural conditions of grovrth. As the introducers 
of over fifty important new varieties, our friends will recognize 
that we have not been slow to accept new things. Very often, how- 
ever, we find that several years' work is necessary before they are 
offered as new varieties and sometimes we find that the stock in 
question is only a good selection from an old variety and not one 
to which a new name can be attached. Please remember that it is 
quite necessary for us to see the growing plant, for there are very 
few new things under the sun. 


This table has been prepared after the most careful study. We beUeve it will be found accui'ate under normal 
conditions. However, there may be times and places when it wall not apply without a slight adjustment and we 
would caution against using it without first taking cognizance of local conditions. The terms "north" and "south" 
apply generally to the latitudes of New Jersey and the Gulf Coast. No allowance is made for altitude. 

TTitia of vegetable 

Asparagus, seed . 
Asparagus, roots . 
Beans, Dwarf. . 

Beans, pole. 

Brussels sprouts . 
Cabbage, early. . . 

Cabbage, late. 


Cauliflower . . . 


Seeds or roots 
required for 
100 feet of drill 

1 ounce . . . 
60 to 80 roots 

1 ounce . 

ounce . . 
i4 ounce. . 

i4 ounce . . 
yi ounce. . 
14 ounce . . 

}4 ounce . 

Celery \ }i ounce 


Collards ... 
Com, sweet. 
Cress, water. 
Cucumber. . . 
Dandelion. . . 
Eggplant .... 


Horse-radish .... 
Kale, or borecole . 




Melon, muskmelon . . 
Melon, watermelon. . 


New Zealand spinach . 


Onion, seed 

Onion, sets 

Onion seed for sets . . . 


Parsnip , 



Potatoes, Irish. 
Potato, sweet. . 



Rhubarb, seed. 
Rhubarb, roots. 





Squash, summer 
Squash, winter . . . 

ounce . 
M ounce. 

M lb 

J4 ounce . 

ounce . 
M ounce. 
14 ounce . 

I ounce. . 
70 roots . . 
i-i ounce . 

J4 ounce . 
3^ ounce . 
i4 ounce 
1-^ ounce . 
1 ounce . . 
}-4 ounce 

1 ounce . 

2 ounces . 
I ounce . 
1 quart of 

1 lb 

}4 ounce 
i4 oimce 

1 lb 

14 ounce 

S lbs 

3 lbs. (or 75 

14 ounce . . 

1 ounce 

14 ounce . . . 

33 roots 

i4 ounce . . . . 

1 ounce 

1 ounce 

!^ ounce 
H ounce 
I'i ounce 


Distance for plants to stand 

Rows apart 

Horse culti- 

30 to 36 in. 
3 to 5 ft. . . 
30 to 36 in. 

3 to 4 ft.. . 
28 to 36 in. 

2 ounces . . 30 to 36 in. 
lb 30 to 36 in. 

Hlh ' 30 to 40 in. 

2 lbs 30 to 36 in. 

1 ounce ... 30 to 36 in. 

30 to 36 in. 

3 to 6 ft. 

30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
36 to 42 in. 

2 lbs ' 4 to 6 ft. . . 

30 in 

M lb : 30 to 36 in. 

2 lbs : 30 in 

; 30 to 40 in. 

1 lb 30 to 36 in. 

1 lb 

4 lbs 

3 lbs 

2 lbs 

2 lbs 

I lb 

8 lbs 

8 lbs 

4 lbs.-5 lbs 
50 lb. . . . . 

3 lbs 

3 lbs 

60 lbs. . 
2 ounces. 

16 bu. 


4 lbs... 
10 lbs. 

2 lbs 

8 lbs 

30 lbs. 

4 lbs 

2 lbs 

1 ]4 o<mces 

1 1 lb. sown 
; Broadcast 
3 lbs. 

30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

30 in 

6 to 8 ft. . . 
8 to 12 ft. 
30 to 36 in. 

36 in 

4 to 5 ft... 
24 to 36 in. 
24 to 36 in. 
24 to 36 in. 
24 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
3to4ft. . 
30 to 36 in 

30 to 36 in. 
3 to 5ft. . . 

8 to 12 ft. 
24 to 36 in. 

36 in 

3 to 5 ft. . 
30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

3 to 4ft. 
7 to 10 ft. 
3 to 5 ft. . 

24 to 36 in. . 

Hand culti- 

I Plants apart 
in rows 

1 to 2 ft. . 
12 to 24 in. 
18 to 24 in. 

3 to 4 ft. . . 
12 to 18 in. 

24 to 30 in 
24 to 30 in. 

24 to 36 in. 
18 to 24 in. 
24 to 30 in. 

18 to 24 in 

18 to 36 in.. 

18 to 24 in. 
24 to 30 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

3 in 

15 to 20 in. 
2 in 

3 to 4 ft.. . 
2 in 

16 to 24 in . 
12 to 18 in. 

16 to 24in. . 

2 in 

14 to 18in. . 

3 in. 

2 in. 

4 to 6 ft. . 
18 to 24 in. 
24 to 30 in. 

18 in. . . . 
24 to 30 in. 
18 to 24 in. 

18 to 24 in. 
14 to 20 in. 
12 to 18 in. 
6 to 8 ft. . . 
8 to 12 ft. . 
12 to 18 in. 
3 to 4 ft. . . 
12 to 18 in. 
12 to 18 in. 
12 to 18 in. 
12 to 18 in. 
18to 24 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
18 to 24 in. 

24 to 36 in. 
3 to 5 ft. . . 

4 or 5 to ft 
14 to 18 in. 
4 every 3 ft 

4 every 3 ft. 

8 in 

18in.. . 

12 in.. 
20 in.. 

6 in 

4 in 

6 in. . . 
4 every 4 ft, 
4 every 6 ft. 
4 or 5 to ft, 

12 in 

24 in 

2 in 

4 or 5 to ft 
H in-. 

3 in 

2 in.... 
1 in.. . . 

i 15in... 

14 in. 
14 in. 

8 to 12 ft. 
12 to 18 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
3 to 5 ft. . . 
18 to 24 in. 
18 to 24 in. 
12 to 18in. 

' 4 every 6 ft. 

1 in 

6 in 

3 ft 

6 in 

2 in 

2 in 

3 to 4ft. . . 
7 to 10 ft. 
3 to 4 ft.. 

4 every 4 ft. 
4 every 6 ft. 
3 by 4ft. . 

18 to 24 in. 

2 i. 

Time of planting in open ground 

Depth of 

1 in 

3 to 5 in. 

1 in. . . . 

1 in.. 
1 in.. 

14 in 

H in. 
'A in. 
3^ in. 


,4 in. 

■-^ in 

1 in 

Under water 
1 in 

H in. 

}4 in.. . 
3 to 4 in. 
J4 in.. . 

^ in.. . . 

1 in 

1 in 

14 in 

1 to 2 in. . 

1 in 

Vi in. . . . 

1 in 

}^ in 

H in. . . . 
}^ in.... 

1 in 


4 in. 
3 in. 

1 in 

1^ in 

34 to 1 in. . . 

2 to 3 in. . . 
J4 to 1 in. . . 

^ in 

1 in 



Autumn or early spring . 
Autumn or early spring 
Feb. to April (Aug. to 


Late spring 

Feb. to April [Aug. to 


Jan to July 

Oct. to Dec 

June and July 

March and April. Sept. 
Jan. and Feb. [June] 

Late spring. 

Early spring. 
Early spring. 

Ready for use 
after planting 

2 years. 
1 year. 

April to July 42 to 75 days. 

May and Jime j 72 to 90 days. 

Aug. to Oct. 

1 in.. 
1 in. 

Yi in. 

March and April 

May and Jime ... 

Feb. to April 

Early spring 

Feb. and March [Sept.] 
Early spring or autumn 
Feb. to April 

Feb. to April. 
Early spring . . 
Oct. to Feb.. . 

Sept. to March 

May to Sept 

Sept. to March 

Feb. to April 

March to May 

Autumn or early spring 

Early spring . 

Feb. to April 

Oct. to March 

Early spring 

Early spring 

Sept. to May 

March and April 

Sept. to April 

Early spring 

Jan. to April. . 
April and May. 

April and May. 
Sept. to April . . 

Aug. and Sept. 
Sept. to Feb.. . . 

April to Aug 

May and June 

March and ApriL (Start 
in hotbed during Feb.; 

May and June 

April to June 

April to June. (Start in 
hotbed during Feb. or 

May and June. (Start in 
coll frame during 

May and June. (Start in 
hotbed or cold frame 
during March or April) 

May and June 

Late Spring 

May to July 

April to Sept. 

April to July 

Early spring 

April and May (Start in 
hotbed during March) 

April. [July] 

Early spring 

Aug. to Sept. (March 
and April] 

March to May 

March to May 

March to Sept 

April to Jime 

May and June 

March to May. {Sept.] 

Early spring 

May and June 

April to May 

Autumn and Feb. to May 


Sept. and early spring. . . 

April and May 

March to June 

May and June. (Start 
early plants in hotbed 
during March) ... 

March to June 

May and Jime. (Start 
plants in hotbed during 

May to July 

March to Sept 

Early spring 

Autumn or early spring . 

May and June .... 

Early spring 

Sept. or very early spring 

45 to 60 days. 
100 to 120 days. 

90 to 110 days. 
110 to 120 days. 
55 to 80 days. 

95 to 110 days. 

140 days. 

120 to 150 days. 

5 to 6 months. 
100 to 120 days. 
55 to 90 days. 
60 to 70 days. 
50 to 70 days. 

6 to 12 months. 

125 to 140 days. 
100 days. 
1 year. 

55 to 60 days. 
SO to 70 days. 
120 to 150 days 
70 to 90 days. 
85 to 150 days. 
100 to 130 days. 
60 to 90 days. 
60 to 100 days. 
90 to 140 days. 
125 to 150 days. 
100 days. 
90 days. 
65 to 90 days. 
130 days. 
45 to 75 days 

130 to 150 days. 
90 to 150 days. 

150 days. 
75 to 90 days. 
3 years. 
1 year. 
90 days. 
150 days. 
45 days is min. 

H in. 

fpnng April to June 1 65 to 70 days 

Spring May to July .... 125 days. 

Dec. to March May and June. (Start 

early plants in hotbed , 
during Feb. and 

. ^ , March) 125 to 150 days. 

Aug. to Oct April and May or Aug. 

and Sept 45 to 90 days. 


Vegetable Seed Table 

Please note that the figures given in this table are 
subject to certain changes under varying concUtions of 
growth, harvest and storage. They will also vary some- 
what according to variety. In giving this table we natur- 
ally subject ourselves to certain criticism, especially on 
the part of the seed trade. We believe, however, that it 
is information which, on many oc(;asions. will prov(; 
valuable to oui' customers and for this reason it is 
cheerfully given. 


Beans, Dwarf. , . . 

Beans, Pole 

Beet, Garden .... 
Beet, Mangel .... 
Brussels Sprouts . 






Com, Sweet 








Melon, Musk. . . . 
Melon, Water. . . 












Squash, Summer. 
Squash, Winter . 



1 Year Old 




Duration of 
Power in 

Number of 
Seeds Per 


50 to 150 

VVeiKht of 

Quart <)f 
Seed in 


Recommended Quantities 

.•Vlfalfa 20 lbs. 

Alsike Clover 12 lbs. 

Barley 100 lbs. 

Buckwheat 48 lbs. 

Canada Field Peas 90 lbs. 

Corn 15 lbs. 

Cow Peas 60 lbs. 

Crimson Clover. ... 12 to 15 lbs. 
Millet 30 lbs. 

of Seeds to Sow Per Acre 

Oats 64 lbs. 

Pasture Grass 40 lbs. 

Potatoes 10 to 16 bu. 

Red Clover 10 to 15 lbs. 

Rye 60 lbs. 

Soy Beans 60 lbs. 

Timothy 15 lbs. 

Vetch 25 lbs. 

Wheat 80 lbs. 

Required Plants Per Acre at Various 

Di.'stanee Apart No. Plants 

12 X 1 inches 522,720 

12 X finches 174,240 

12 X 12 inches 43,560 

18 X finches 348,480 

18 X 3 inches 116,160 

18x12 inches 29,040 

18 X 18 inches 19,360 

24 X 1 inches 261,360 

24 X 18 inches 15,520 

24 X 24 inches 10,890 

30 X 1 inches 209,088 

30x12 inches 17,424 

30 x30 inches 6,970 

36x12 inches 14,520 

3x2 feet 7,260 

3 X 3 feet 4,840 

4 X 1 feet 10,890 

4x 2 feet 5,445 

4x 4 feet 2,723 

5x 3 feet 2,901 

5x 4 feet 2,178 

ox 5 feet 1,743 

8 X 1 feet 5,445 

8x8 feet 680 

10 X 1 feet 4,356 

10x10 feet 436 

12 X 1 feet 3,630 

12x12 feet 302 

16 X 1 feet 2,722 

16x16 feet 170 

18 X 18 feet 135 

20 x 20 feet 110 

25 x 25 feet 70 

30 x 30 feet 48 

33 X 33 feet 40 

40 x 40 feet 28 

Standard Weights Per Bushel 

Alfalfa 60 lbs. 

Barley 48 lb.-;. 

Beans 60 lbs. 

Buckwheat 48 lbs 

Clovers 60 lbs. 

Corn, Field 56 lbs. 

Corn, Sweet 50 lbs. 

Grass, Blue 14 lbs. 

Grass, Broome 13 lbs. 

Grass, Herd 10 lbs. 

Grass, Orchard 12 lbs. 

Grass, Perennial Rye ... 24 lbs. 
Grass, Tall Meadow Oat 13 lbs. 
Grass, Wood Meadow. . . 14 lbs. 

Hemp 40 lbs. 

Millet, Japanese 30 lbs. 

Millet, Pearl 50 lbs. 

Oats 32 lbs. 

Peas, Smooth 60 lbs. 

Peas, Wrinkled 56 lbs. 

Potatoes 60 lbs. 

Rape 50 lbs. 

Rye 56 lbs. 

Sugar Cane 56 lbs. 

Sunflower 25 lbs. 

Timothy 45 lbs. 

Vetch 60 lbs. 

Wieat 60 lbs 





Stokes Sunshine Gardens 

We are prepared to offer the foUowing coUections of vegetable and flower seeds, which wiU prove attractive 
especiallv to the small planter. These are put up in advance of the season and, therefore, no variety changes can 
be accepted by us on customer's request. All prices as quoted are postpaid. 

No. 1. THE SUNSHINE— 20 Delicious Vegetables for $1.00 

A row by row garden, space 25 x 35 feet. An illustrated leaflet, " Joys of Sunshine Gardening. " This ready-made garden includes thefoUowing: 




Giant Stringless Green Pod 
Siu-e-Crop Stringless Wax 
Ford's Mammoth Podded 
Pole Lima 


Detroit Dark Red 

Flat Dutch 
Red Rock 


Golden Self -Blanching 


Double-Barreled Best 
Grolden Bantam 

Green Leaved Big Boston 


Yellow Strassburg 


Hollow Crown 


Prolific Earlv Market 


Ruby Giant 


Scarlet Globe 
White Icicle 


Stokes' Bonny Best 

Row-by-row Plan of Sunshine Garden No. 1 

25 feet 

BEANS, Giant Stringless Green-Pod . 
BEANS. Sure-Crop Stringless Wax. . 

RADISH. Scarlet Globe. 
RADISH. White fcicle. . 

LETTUCE. Green Big Boston . . . 

LETTUCE. Salamander 

CELERY, Golden Self -Blanching. 

ONION. Yellow Strasburg 

BEET, Detroit Dark Red 

PARSNIP. HoUow Crown 

CARROT. Chantenay 

CABBAGE, nat Dutch. 

CABBAGE. Red Rock 

PEAS, Prolific Early Market. 

PEPPER. Ruby Giant 

TOMATO. J. & S. Earliana. 

TO.MATO, Stokes Bonny Best 

CORN, Golden Bantam. 

CORN, Double-Barreled Best. 

POLE LI MAS. Ford's Mammoth Podded 

Plant after May 15th, ooe inch deep, ope Kgd every inch. Ready July l»t. RepUntmgi may be safely made ixntil Augmt 20th. 

Plant after May 15th, one inch deep, ooe leed every inch. Ready July Irt. Replaotijiga may be aafely made until August 20th. 

Plant after April lat, }4 inch deep, ope >eed every inch Ready May l«t. Replanting! may be safely made until September 15th. 

(Same directiom cover both varieties of radiihea.) 

Plant after April lat. inch deep, one seed every four inchea. thin out. Ready May 15th. Midsunuper. use Salamander. Green Big Boston Sept. lat to 15th. 

Plant after May lat, ^< inch deep, one seed every fogr inches thin out. I^lantings made until August 1st. Plant betvreen tomato rows during the hot season. 

Transplant from hotbed or windm>.bci after June lat, one plant every four incfwa. Work up soil to planta as they develop . Ready September lat. 
Plant after April Igt, K inch deep, one seed every inch- Thin out if necessary lata. Ready Augttat lat. Replant for sculhona after September lat. 

Plant after April lat, K inch deep, one seed every two ipchea. f^eady June lat- Replanting* tpay be made until August 15th. 

Plant after April lat, K inch deep, one aeed every two inches. Ready July lat. Replant July 15th for winter keeping. 

Plant after April 1st, K inch deep, one aeed every two inches. Ready June lat. May be replanted Aug ust 15th for winter keeping. 

Transplant from hotbed or window-box after April 1st. Allow 15 inches between each plant, t^dyjulylat. Danish Balihead planted July lat for winter keeping. 

Transplant from hotbed or window-bos April 15th. Allow IS inches between each plant. Ready July 15th- For catbage worms dust with araesiate of lead- 

Plant after April 1st, 'A inch deep, one seed every inch. Ready June 1st. Replanlings may be safely made until Angust 15th. 

Transplant from frothed or window-bos (weather permitting) after May ISth. Allow 1 5 inches between each plant. Look for ripe friiit August 1st. Bears until frost. 

Transplant from hotbed or window -boa (weather permitting) after May 15th. Allow 24 inches between each plant. Look for ripe fruit July 1st. 

Transplant froen hotbed or window-bos (weather permitting) after May 20th. Allow 24 inches between each plant. Ripe fniit July 15th. Bears until frost- 

F*lant after May 1st, one inch deep, two seed* every foot. Ready July 20th. Replanting! may be safely made until Auguat Ist. 

Plant after May ISth, esse inch deep, twc seeds every foot, f^eady August lOth. Replantings may be made until July 15th. 

ITant after May 15th, one inch deep, three seeds every two feet. Ready Augtlst 1st. Tie runners to bean poles at Ihey develop: beans can be picked untfl frost 


1 ft. 
I ft. 
1 ft. 
I ft. 

I h. 
I ft. 

1 ft 

2 ft. 

2 ft. 

3 It. 
3 ft. 

2;^ ft- 
3 ft. 





Some Other Sunshine Gardens 


6 Valuable Vegetables for 25 cents 

Beans Peas 

Henderson's Bush Lima Prolific Early Market 

Cabbage Radish , 

Mammoth Red Rock Scarlet Globe 

Com Tomato 

Golden Bantam Stokes' Bonny Best 

20 Old-Fashioned Favorites for $1.00 


Semples Branching Assorted 
Centaurea Com Flower 

Coxcomb, Celosia Plumosa 




Morning Glory 

Mary gold 



White Swan 
California Crimson 
Carnation Flowered 
California Golden West 
Sweet Alyssum 
Stocks — -Assorted 
Nasturtium — Assorted 


6 Beautiful Old-Fashioned Annuals for 25 cents 

Burning Bush 



California Poppy 


25 Lovely Varieties of Sweet Peas for SI. 00 

Othello Spencer 
Florence Morse 
Blue Gem 
Mrs. Routzhan 
Helen Grosvenor 
Aurora Spencer 
Countess Spencer 
Lady Evelj'n Eyre 
Blanche Ferry 

May Unwin 

Mrs. C. W. Breadmore 


Assorted Colors 


Asta Ohn 

Flora Norton 

White Spencer 


Leslie Imber 


Mrs. Fred Kelley 



6 Favorites Spencers for 25 cents 

Aurora Spencer Blue Gem 

Ethel Roosevelt Senator 


King Theodore 
Golden King 



15 Gorgeous Nasturtiums for 81.00 

King of Tom Thumbs Ruby King 
Aurora Spotted 
Yellow Purpureum 
Lady Bird Crystal Palace Gem 

Regelianum Rose 


5 Superb Nasturtiums for 25 cents 

Beauty King Theodore 

Lady Bird 


English French Italian Polish (Jeriiian .Spanish .Scandinavian 

Asparagus Asperge Sparagio Szparagi Spargel Esparrago Asparges 

Beans Haricots Fagiuoli Fascia . : Bohnen Habichuela Boenner 

Beet Betterave Barbabietola Buraki Riibe Remolacha Roedbede 

Cabbage Chou Cavolo Cappuccio. . Kapusta Kopfkohl Col repello Kaal 

Carrot Carrotte Carota Marchew Carotten Zanahoria Gulerod-Karrotter 

Cauliflower Chou-fieur Cavolofiore Kalafiory Blumenkohl Colifior Blomkaal 

Celery Celeri Sedano Selery Sellerie Apio ^^elleii 

Com Mais Mais Kukurydza Mais Maiz Mais 

Cucumber Concombre Cetriolo Ogorek Gurken Cohombro Agurk 

Dandelion Dandelion Dente di leone .... Papawa Lowenzahn Dientedeleon ... Loevetand 

Eggplant Aubergine Petronciano Gruszka Eierpfianze Berengena Egplante 

Endive Chicoree Endivia Endywia Endivien Endivia Endivie 

Kale Chou vert Cavolo verde Solaiika Blatterkohl Breton, Berza Groenkaal 

Kohlrabi Chou-rave Cavolo rapa Kalarepa Knollkohl ColRabano Kaalrabi 

Leek Poireau Porro Pory Porree Puerro Purre 

Lettuce Laitue Lattuga Salata Salad Lechuga Salat 

Melon, Musk Melon Popone Melon Melone Melon Melon 

Melon, Water. . . , Melon d'eau Melone d'aqua . . . . Melon, Wodny. . . . Wasser-Melone . . Sandia Vandmelon 

Mushroom Champignon Fungo Pratajolo . Grzyb Schwamm Seta Champignon 

Okra Gombaud Ocra Ocher Gombo Hibiskus 

Onion Ognon Cipollo Cebula Zwiebel Cebolia Roedloeg 

Parsley Persil Prezzemolo Pietmszka Petersilie Perejil . Persille 

Parsnip Panais Pastinaca Pasternak Pastinake Chirivia Pastinak 

Peas Pois Pisello Groch Erbsen Guisante Erter 

Pepper Piment Peperone Pieprz Pfeffer . Pimiento Spansk Peper 

Pxmipkin Potiron Zucca Bania Melon en-Kurbiss . CalabazaTotaneia. Graeskar 

Radish Radis Ravanello Rzodkiew Radies Rabanito Reddik-Radis 

Salsify Salsifis Sassefrica Jaizy Ostryga Haferwurzel Salsifi Havrerod 

Spinach Epinard Spinace Szpinak Spinat Espinace Spinat 

Squash Covirge Zucca Miekurz Kiirbiss Calabaza Squash-graeskar 

Swiss Chard Poiree Bieta Beisskohl Bleda Blad bede 

Tomato Tomate Pomo d'oro Pomidor Liebesapf el Tomate Tomat 

Turnip Navet Navone Rzepa brukiew. . . . Weisse-Riibe Nabo Turnips 

^TOKES SEEDS true as Sir Galahad are accompanied by a mer- 
chandising service consistent with their quahty. The business 
rules at Windermoor House include the following points: 
1[ Prompt and courteous attention to aU correspondence. 
II Full and considered replies to requests for special information. 
1[ Careful and accurate filling of orders or a prompt report stating 
cause for delay. 

^ InteUigent care given to orders accompanied by requests for assist- 
ance in the working out of unusual situations. 

^ The sale of seed which is sold under its true name; which is pi-iced 
fairly; which is tested for germination and marked accordingly; which 
is packed fresh eveiy year; which is protected by complete trial ground 
tests always open to the pubhc ; and which is guaranteed to arrive safelJ^ 

^ All of the above would be unavailing were it not for the loj^al organ- 
ization of men and women who make up the Windermoor Family — a 
group interested and happy in the work at hand and constantly working 
to uphold the service of the company. 

EED catalogs are seldom worthy of a dedication. This one is no 
exception. However it may not be out of place to speak a brief 
word of gratitude to one who, though in the midst of overwhelming 
care and under great pressure of official duties, gave us unstintedly 
of himself and of his great experience. We came to him as children 
come to a master and he returned fi-eel}^ of his splendid spirit and of 
his vast knowledge of American Varieties. We refer to Doctor Will W. 
Tracy, Sr., of the United States Department of Agriculture — a gentle- 
man, who by reason of long years of experience among seed producei-s 
of this country and Europe, holds a place of honor, admiration and 
afifection in the hearts of seedsmen and horticulturists generally. 






Asparagus Officinalis 

History— A native of Europe, having grown in its wild state 
in Great Britain, Russia and Poland. The Britons, Gauls and 
Germans used it merely as a medicine. Gerard states that it takes 
its name after the Latin, in that it signifies the first spring or sprout. 
The Romans introduced it as an edible food. Cato the Elder, 
200 B. C., treated the subject with great care. Pliny distinguished a 
fine difference in the character of Asparagus grown near Ravenna 
and certain other outlying points from Rome. Its cultivation and 
use as a vegetable was made known to the people of the North by 
the invading Roman armies. It is spoken of as a cultivated English 
vegetable in the earlv sixteenth century; and in 1683, we have record 
of it in the London markets. Many of the best gardeners have 
contended that soil and cultivation conditions count for the apparent 
difference in this vegetable and that it is not a question of the 
distinct varieties so much as it is the parentage of the stock and 
the conditions under which it is produced. 

No. 1. Washington Asparagus is a strain which has been 
produced under the direction of the Bureau of Plant Industry of the 
United States Department of Agriculture. The Bureau began this 
work at Concord, Massachusetts in 1900, rust-resistance being one of 
the principal features desired. From a single plant discovered at ( 'on- 
cord in 1910, a commercial strain has been develoi)e(l. In 1915 this was 
taken to South Carolina, which district is seriously infected with 
asparagus rust. The seed which ire offer comes (Urectly from the 
fields which were used as a guard field to protect the gorerniimd 
seed plantation. Our supply is b(>ing grown commercially for us by a 
man who thoroughly appreciates the value of peiUgreed stocks. 

Washington Asparagus is a rust-resistant, vigorous, high yielding 
strain of giant Asparagus. The plants represented in its pedigree of 
the last three generations are the best found in a ten years' search 
among millions of plants tested. By best, we mean the ones that 
have produced offspring, uniform, rust-resistant, high yielding, of 
large size and rapid growth, all of which qualities indicate tenderness. 
A more uniform type has not been seen among other so-called varieties 
that were in any degree rust-resistant. Thorough investigation has 
been made of Argenteuil, Palmetto and Reading Giant, none of them 
having been found sufficiently uniform to justify theii- adoption as 
the basis for breeding work. 

A bed of asparagus must be considered in the light of a jjermanent investment. For this reas(m we feel very 
sure that our trade wdll be satisfied with no other than the best obtainable. Most other seedsmen will no doubt hold 

to the original idea that there is such a thing as variety in asparagus. For ourselves, we are 
(|uite convinced that it is certainly no more than a difference in the strain and we are further 
convinced that the culture of asparagus has more to do with it than any other factor. Very 
often our customers .sjjecify wliite asparagus or gr(>en asparagus and to such inquiries we would 
say that at the present time there are no cUstinct strains of either. By keeping the light away 
from the young stalks, any asparagus will be white. As an economy in time, we advise 
our customers to buy asparagus roots. If, however, seed is used, please be ad\ised 
that two or more weeks are required for gennination. We would call attention to the 
fact that we are only listing one-year old roots, this on the advice of experts from 
the United States Department of Agriculture, who have well grounded proof for 
their belief. 

Asparagus should be planted at one end or one side of the garden, 
where it will interfere the least with the plowing and preparation of annual 
crops. Price of roots, postpaid, ± doz. 50c, 50 $1.50, 100 $2.75. Bv express, 
100 $2.50, 500 $12.00, 1,000 .122.00, 2,000 or more $20.00 per 1,000. Price 



of seed postpaid, pkt. 2oi, oz. 50e, M lb. $1.75, lb. $6.00. By express, 5 lb. 
or over at the rate of $6.00 per lb. 

Write for Farmers' Bulletin No. 829, U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
on "Asparagus." This can be obtained free from the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture at Washington, D. C. 


An Asparagus Bed is a Permanent Investment. Only the Best Strain Should be Planted 





(Natural Sizel 

Lima Beans 

(Phaseolus lunatus) 

History — Apparently the pole lima bean was known in America long before the discovery. 

It is a native of Tropical America, probably Peru or Brazil. Although quite different in general 
form and appearance from the ordinary string bean, Phaseolus Vulgaris, it is, nevertheless, 
closely related. The luna bean was met with by the Spaniards on their first contact with the 
Indians of Florida, Mexico and Peru. Wild forms of the lima bean are known in the Upper 
Amazon River Valley and its seeds together wath certain other vegetable seeds have been found 
in ancient Permdan tombs at Ancon. The Indians of both North and South America were 
well acquainted with the species. The traditions of the cliff dwellers in our southwestern 
desert country have it that they were first gathered from the nearby canons, thousands of years 

The bush lima is a t3^pe of more recent discovery, having been located along a roadside in 
Virginia about one hundred years ago, and later introduced by Landreth. The broad bean of 
the old world, Vicia Faba, almost unknown in this country, is no relation to the genus Phaseolus. 

No. 10. Henderson's Bush. Days to Maturity, 70. First foimd growing wild along 
the roadside in Virginia in 1875. Believed to be a dwarf form of old Carolina. Intro- 
duced in 1888 as Dwarf Carolina hy Landreth and in 1889 as Henderson's Bush by Peter 
Henderson and Johnson & Stokes. A common synonym is Dwarf Sieva. The plant is 
small, attaining a height of from twelve to fifteen inches, has long rimners, compact, bushy, 
hardy, very early and moderately productive. The pods are quite small, attaining a length 
of about three inches, straight, very flat, three to four seeded and dark green. The greensheU 
beans are very small, white and of good qualitJ^ The dried seeds are somewhat triangular, 
very flat and of a creamy white color. Pkt. 10^, lb. 40j5, 5 lb. $1.75, postpaid; by express 

5 lb. or more, 30p lb., 60 lb. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 12. Fordhook Bush. Days to Maturity, 75. Introduced by W. Atlee Burpee 

6 Company, 1907. An improvement on the Dreer's Bush Lima. The plant will attain 
a height of about twelve inches. It is a prolific bearer. The pods will range from four to 

four and one-half inches 
in length and will con- 
tain from three to four 
large beans of excef>- 
tional quality. The 
dried beans are oval 
in shape, very thick 
and white with a green- 
ish tinge. As is the 
case with all lima beans, 
we would warn our 
trade not to plant 
them, until the ground 
has become thoroughly 
warmed by the late 
spring sun, and under 
no circumstances 
should cracked beans be 
planted, for, although 
they may have the 
strength to germinate, 
they will not be able to 
force the sprouts through 
the ground. Pkt. lOi, 
lb. 50 (f, 5 lb. $2.25, post- 
paid; by express, 5 lb. 
or more, 40^ per lb., 60 
FIELD VIEW OF owakf limas ^^'^ $24.00. 


Lima Beans should be in every garden 




No. 14. Challenger or Dreer's Improved Pole. 

Days to Maturity, 85. Originated with Mr. V. J. 
Hadden, East Orange, New Jersey. Introduced by J. 
M. Thorburn & Company in 1882. This variety is 
similar to the older Dreer's Pole Lima, differing only in 
that the pods are slightly larger and more often five 
seeded. Because of these facts, it has entirely replaced 
that variety, but is frequently sold under the name of 
Dreer's Improved Pole. The plant is large, throwing 
vigorous runners, which are of the climbing habit. It is 
very productive, throwing pods four inches in length, 
broad, straight, flat, five seeded and dark grayish green. 
Green-shell beans are medium in size, light green color 
and of excellent quality. The dried seeds are subcircular 
in outline, oval in cross section and greenish white in 
color. Pkt. lOff, lb. 40ff, 5 lb. $1.75, postpaid; by ex- 
press, 5 lb. or more, 30?; lb., 60 lb. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 16. Ford's Mammoth-Podded (Pole). Days 
to Maturity, 90. Result of twenty years' selection of 
Large White by James Ford, Frankford, Pa. Introduced 
by Johnson & Stokes in 1889. Our catalog of that year 
states: " No novelty we have ever offered cost so much 
money to obtain seed stock, and even at the fabulous 
price offered Mr. Ford for his entire stock last spring, he 
hesitated about selling, but finally accepted our offer. " At 
that time it was sold only by the packet, price, twenty- 
five cents each. Ford's Mammoth Pbdded is similar to 
King of the Garden, differing chiefly in that the pod^ are 
slightly longer, decidedly straighter, slightly narrower, 
better filled and averaging six beans to the pod. The 
dried seeds are pure white in color, large and flat. Pkt. 
lOi, lb. 40?;, 5 lb. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lb. or 
more SOi per lb., 60 lb. (1 bu.) $18 00. 


(Natural Size) 



See Page 8 for recommended varieties 




Beans, Green-Podded 

\Ph(i.\eolus vulgaris) 


(x 2/3) 

History — This genus whicli im-lmles such spei-ies as the Kiduey 
Beans is undoubtedly of South Aiiiericnn origin, inasmuch as until 
the discovery of America none of the lieans of tliis family were 
cultivated in Europe. M. de CandoUe, author of the Nativity of 
the Bean, and considered an authority on the subject, produced 
strong data to prove that Tropica] America was its original habitat. 
Among other points meutioned, is the fact that several kinds of 
this species have been found in Peruvian tombs at Ancon. F\ir- 
thermore, shortly after 1500, the Kidney Bean began to be grown 
extensively in pjUro])e where it has entirely supplanted the conmion 
beans for garden purposes. The name "Kidney Bean" was given 
it because of its shape. The Indians were growing certain types 
at the time of the discovery of America, l)ut they were not 
grown commercially here until a comparatively recent time. Messrs. 
N. B. Keeney & Son, of Le Eoy, New York, have done more in 
developing American varieties of kidney beans than any other 
organization of indi\aduals. A brief survey of the varieties listed 
here is sufficient proof to show this. 

No. 18. Red Valentine. Days to Maturity, 42. 
A variety in cultivation. in this country since 1845. Until 
1870, however, the tj^De was flat podded. Earhness is 
the feature of this variety. The pods are slightly smaller 
than Black Valentine, round, lighter in color, curved, 
somewhat stringj" but of good quality if gathered when 
voung. Pkt. 10«^, lb. 40 e, 5 lbs. .$1.75, postpaid; bv ex- 
press, 5 lbs. or more, 30^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) -flS.OO. 

Note — Credit sliould 1)e given Messrs. N. B. Keeney & Son for 
many of these bean photographs. They will Ije found to be accu- 
rate as to type and close to scale as noted. 

No. 20. Giant 
Stringless. Days 
TO Maturity', 45. 
Originated by N. B. 
Keeney & Son, and 
said to be a selection 
of Red Valentine. In- 
troduced in 1898 h\ 
Johnson & Stokes. 
From its cultivation 
it has been a favorite 
for home garden and 
market purposes. As 
shown in the illustra- 
tion, this variety is a 
heav^^ bearer and can 
perhaps be picked in 
one-third the time of 
any other sort. The 
bearing period is com- 
paratively short. The 
pods are about six 
inches in length, 
slightly curved, dark 
green in color, brittle 
and absolutely string- 
less. This variety is not 
recommended for low 
ground, inasmuch as 
the pods sometimes 
weigh dowTi the plant 
and the beans rest on 
the ground, thus caus- 
ing them to become 
spotted. Dry seeds 

are of a yellowish brown color. 

Pkt. 10^, lb. 40^, 5 lbs. $1.75 postpaid; by express, 
5 lbs. or more, 30^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 22. Stringless Green-Pod. Days to Matur- 
ity, 45. Originated by N. B. Keeney & Son, and intro- 
duced by Burpee in 1894. The plant -nnll grow to a height 
of from twelve to fifteen inches, is very erect and pro- 
ductive. The pods -n-ill average five inches in length and 
are somewhat curved and constricted between the beans. 
They are strictly stringless, tender, fine grained, of good 
quality and uniformly six seeded. Dry seeds are of a dark 
brown color. Pkt. IQi, lb. 40?, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; bv 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 30*5 per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 24. Black Valentine. Days to Maturity, 45. 
j Introduced in 1897 by Peter Henderson. A well-knowTi 
i and extensively gro^vn bean, especially in the South. In 
! habit of gro\\i;h it closely resembles Red Valentine, except 
; that the character of the pod is \er\ different. Because 
I of its general characteristics, it is excellent for shipping 
! purposes, but we do not recommend it to truck growers 
desiring to develop private markets. It is not a string- 
less variety, and is, therefore, not recommended for home 
garden use. It is sometimes subject to anthracnos6 in 
rainy seasons. Pkt. lOp, lb. 40p, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 30j! per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 


Great care should be taken in the selection of varieties of beans. See Page 8 




No. 26. Bountiful. Days to Matuhhy, 45. 
Originated in Genesee County, New York, and introduced 
by Peter Henderson in 1898. The plant reaches a iieight 
of about sixteen inches. The pods are over six inches long, 
slightly curved, flat, light green in color, stringless, seven 
seeded and very attractive. This variety is a universal 
favorite because of its general good qualities. 

Pkt. lOji, lb. 40p, 5 lbs. .11.75, postpaid; bv express, 
5 lbs. or more, 30jf per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 28. Late Refugee. Days to Matuktty, 60. 
Catalogued by Thorburn in 1822. A common synonym is 
One Thousand to One. This variety is not especially 
recommended for northern planting. The pods will run 
about five inches long. They are round, slightly curved, 
six seeded, light green in color and slightly stringy. It 
is a variety extensively used also for canning, usually 
imder the name of Round-Pod Refugee. The Late 
Refugee is considered more productive than the Extra 
Early Refugee, which we no longer catalog. Pkt. lOjf, lb. 
40f^, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
30i per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 



No. 29. White Seed Kentucky Wonder (Pole). 

Days to Maturity, 70. The original Kentucky Wonder 
was of a mottled, olive-tlrab. This strain was introduced by 
Gregory in 1877. Old Homestead was a common sjTionym. 
The White Seeded Kentucky Wonder is a later intro- 
duction, and has proven to be more satisfactory for gen- 
eral purposes as a green-podded climbing bean. Although 
somewhat susceptible to disease, the bean is early, pro- 
ductive and grown very extensively, especiallj^ in the Mid- 
West. The snap pods will average about seven inches in 
length, being very slender, decidedly curved, round, 
creased-back and eight to ten seeded. They are only 
slightly stringy and of a medium green color. The flesh 
is tender, brittle and moderately fine grained. The bean 
is of good quality, but is not overly attractive. In the 
green-shelled pod state, the pod is much constricted be- 
tween each bean. The dried beans are white. 

Pkt. 100, lb. 400, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 
5 lbs. or more, 300 per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 


Do not plant beans for the home garden unless they are stringless. See Page 8 




Beans, Wax-Podded 


(x 2/5) 

with brownish 
spots rather than 
purple. The 
season is about 
the same. The 
plant will de- 
velop to about 
twelve inches in 
height. The pods 
are five to six 
seeded, stringless 
and of very fair 
quality. Tne 
picking season is 
rather short. A 
variety for home 
or market garden. 
Pkt. lOi, lb. 45ff, 
5 lbs. $2.00, post- 
paid; by express, 
per lb., 60 lbs. 
(Ibu.) $21.00. 

No. 32. Currie's Rust-Proof Wax. Days to Mattoity, 40. Originated near 
Milwaukee, and said to be a sport from Golden Wax, introduced by Currie Brothers in 
1889. At the present time it is one of the most largely grown wax beans for all general 
purposes. The plant reaches a height of about fourteen inches. The pods are about six 
inches long, very straight, flat-oval in cross section, imiformly six-seeded, bright yellow 
in color, decidedly stringy, coarse-grained and of rather poor quality. As is the case of the 
Wardwell's Kidney Wax, this bean is susceptible to anthracnose. For the above reasons 
it is not recommended for home garden planting. 

Pkt. 10^, lb. 45^, 5 lbs. $2.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 35^ per lb., 60 lbs. 
(1 bu.) $21.00. 

No. 34. Davis White Wax. Days to Maturity, 40. Originated by Mr. Eugene 
Davis, of Grand Rapids, and introduced to the trade generally in 1895. This bean resembles 
the Currie's Rust-Proof more than any other variety. The plants attain a height of about 
fifteen inches, and are quite susceptible to disease. Pods are seven inches long, very 
uniformly straight, flat, six or seven-seeded, clear, bright yellow color, stringy, fibrous and 
of fair quahty, but very attractive. This is primarily a market variety, but if gathered 
while young would, no doubt, prove satisfactory for the home garden. Pkt. 10^, lb. 45ji, 
5 lbs. $2.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 35^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $21.00. 

No. 40. Pencil Pod Black Wax. Days to Maturity, 45. A selection of Black 
Wax improved by N. B. Keeney & Son, and introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1900. 
The plant will attain a height of fourteen inches, but is a vigorous grower, and is not suscep- 
tible to disease as other wax-podded sorts. The pods attain a length of six inches, are slender, 
curved near the tip, rounded, seven-seeded, very clear yeUow, absolutely stringless, very 
brittle, fine-grained and of excellent quality. This variety is highly recommended for all 
purposes where the quality of the edible product is a consideration. 

Pkt. 10^, lb. 45(ii, 5 lbs. $2.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 35i per lb., 60 lbs. 
(1 bu.) $21.00. 


No. 36. Round-Pod Kidney Wax. Days to 
Maturity, 45. Originated by N. B. Keeney & Son, and 
introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1900. This bean or 
one of great similarity was named Brittle Wax by Burpee 
the following year. The plant will grow to a height of 
about fifteen inches, producing long, curved, round, yel- 
low pods, extremely brittle and absolutely stringless. 
They are borne equally above and below the fohage, as 
may be noted in the illustration. Excellent quahty. 

Pkt. lOi, lb. 45(*, 5 lbs. $2.00, postpaid; by express, 
5 lbs. or more, 35?; per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $21.00. 

No. 30. Improved Golden Wax. Days to Matur- 
ity, 40. Selection of Golden Wax by W. H. Grinell, and 
introduced about 1884. This improved variety differs 
from the old Golden Wax in that the pods are shghtly 
stouter, flatter, straighter and longer-pointed, the dry seeds 
being marked 


(Natural Size) 

Never cultivate beans when the vines are wet. Anthracnose may dievelop 




No. 38. Wardwell's Kidney Wax. Days 
TO Maturity, 45. Originated by Mr. Charles 
Wardwell, of Jefferson County, New York, 
listed by Thorbum in 1887, and offered by Johnson & Stokes the following 
year. The plants will attain a growth of about fourteen inches. The pods 
are about six inches long, slightly curved, flat, six-seeded, clear yellow, 
almost stringless and of very fair quaUty. As is the case of the Currie's 
Rust-Proof, it is, perhaps, more subject to anthracnose during wet seasons 
than are some of the green-pod varieties. Pkt. 10«f, lb. 45ff, 5 lbs. $2.00, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 35^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $21.00. 

No. 42. Golden Cluster Wax (Pole). Days to Maturity, 72 
Originated near Doylestown, Pa., and introduced by Dreer in 1886. This 
is the most popular wax-podded pole bean of this class. It is a good climber 
and the vines are very compact, vigorous and hardy, being only slightly 
susceptible to disease. Golden Cluster is very productive. The pods will 
average seven inches in length. They are very straight, flat-creased, eight- 
seeded, light waxy yellow, somewhat stringy, but very brittle and fine- 
grained. The dry seeds are ivory white, broadly oval and occasionally 
wrinkled. We believe this to be the best of the wax-podded pole bean class. 

Pkt. lOi, lb. 45(i, 5 lbs. $2.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 35^ 
per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $21.00. 



(z 1/3) 

Pencil Pod and Round Pod Kidney are the best wax beans for the home garden 







(X 3/5) 

History. — A native of Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. 
It is named Beta because its seed pod resembles the shape of theGreek 

J^^^^^^K^ ^^^6^ letter of that name. It has also been suggested that it came from 
^^^H^^^^ ^1^^ the Celtic word Beta, meaning red. Beta Vulgaris, the parent of our 
^^H^HHHh garden varieties, is a native of Egypt, thus identifying two or 
^^V^^^Hp '^^B ^^^'^^^ so-called Egyptian beets handled by present day seedsmen. 
^^^^S' ^mi^^B ^^^^ native parent grew wild along the southern shores of the 
^^HB flHH^r Mediterranean, and was found as far east as the Caspian Sea and 
Persia. "Everj^,hing," according to de Candolle, "shows that its 

cultivation does not date from more than two or three centuries 
l)efore the Christian Era." It is not known exactly when the beet root 
was first introduced into cultivation. The ancients were well acquainted 
with the plant, but we have no account from which we can have certain 
knowledge that they cultivated it. Certainly it has been a garden 
vegetable for two thousand years, as it is mentioned by most of the early 
writers on plants. De Serres, the seventeenth century French botanist, 
states that it was brought into France from Italy just prior to his time, 
and it no doubt was taken to England shortly afterward. 

No. 60. Crosby's Egyptian. Days to Maturity, 45. Originated 
by Mr. Josiah Crosby, a New England market gardener. After years 
of selection from the older Egyptian Beet, it was introduced in 1893 by 
Schlegel & Fottler and by Rawson. Four years later it was still listed 
as a novelty b,v Johnson & Stokes. Crosby's Egyptian is, perhaps, the most largely used beet for the early season 
operations by all classes of planters. The top is small, the root is turnip shaped, of fine quality, deep blood- 
red color and develops rapidly. For all general purposes, it will prove more satisfactory than Early Flat Egyptian, 
inasmuch as it will be in condition for use just as early and will not become woody and tasteless so quickly. It 
may be sown outside as late as July. However, for late summer planting we would 
advise New Century. 

Pkt. 5^, 1 oz. lOi, li \h. 25«i, lb. .$1.00, 5 lbs. -M.SO, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 62. Early Flat Egyptian. Days to Maturity, 45. First 
listed by Gregory in 1874. This is the old original type of Egyptian 
Beet as known in this country, and as the parent of Crosby's Egyptian 
it has some similar characteristics, but must not be confused with it. 
Early Flat Egyptian is the best forcing beet imder cultivation. The 
roots are flatter and smaller than the Crosby, but will not remain in 
an edible condition after maturity as long. The color is a very dark red, 
the interior dark blood-red, zoned with a lighter shade. 

Pkt. 5f<, 1 oz. 10^ M lb. lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50. postpaid; l)y 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^5 per lb. 

No. 66. Detroit Dark Red. Days to Maturity, 45. Introduced 
by Ferry in 1892, and now one of the most universally planted varieties 
for all purposes. The shape of Detroit Dark Red is almost globe, as will be 
seen in the illustration. Our principal objection to this variety is that one- 
third of the root grows above the ground. This habit of growth has 
developed a rather rough texture extending down at least an inch of the 
surface of the beet. Even the very best stocks of Detroit are affected 
in this way, thus making them less attractive and less valuable. This handicap, however, 
does not prevent a very extensive annual planting of the variety both as a home and 
commercial garden sort and for use by canners. 

Pkt. bi, oz. 10<*, ^4 lb. 25»», lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4..50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or ■ dark red 

more, 80^ per lb. V (Natural Size) 


For early beets plant Crosby. For late plant New Century 



Outline Chart Illustrating Beet Types and Their Relation to Ground Line. Scale is about I 3. 







No, 64. Early Eclipse. Days to Maturity, 50. 
Introduced by Gregory in 1880. Early Eclipse is now 
one of the established early varieties. The root is round, 

slightly top-shaped, bright red in color and about two and one-quarter inches in 
diameter. The interior color is bright red, zoned with pinkish white. Pkt. 5(*, 1 oz. 
10(4, 3^ lb. 25fS, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80f per lb. 

No. 72. Windermoor Half-Long. Days to Maturity, 60. The half-long beet was apparently 
first introduced by E. J. Evans in 1871. In all these years there ha.s not been an established trade 
name developed. Because of the work we have done on this variety here on Windermoor Farm, we 
call our strain Windermoor Half-Long. As compared with New Century, this variety is not recom- 
mended for the home garden planter. For commercial growers, who question 

their ability to sell the New Century on account of the rougher character of 

the root, we recommend Windermoor Half-Long, especially as a late variety. 
The root is about three and one-half inches in diameter when mature, deep 
red color, very smooth and uniform. The interior is a rich red, zoned with 
a lighter red, and the quality is good. Pkt. 5(4, oz. 10«f, \i lb. 25e, lb. $1.00, 
5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80j4 per lb. 

No. 76. Long Smooth Blood. Days to Maturity, 60. ( )ne of the oldest English 
varieties, being listed in 1826 by Sinclair & Moore and by Landreth. The stock we offer is from 
English sources, the photograph given here having 
been taken on Windermoor Farm. Long Smooth 
Blood is recommended for fall and winter use. It 
will develop to at least six inches in length, and is 
of excellent quality. The color is a rich blood-red 
with no contrasting zone colors. Pkt. 50, oz. 

lb. 25(4, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80(* per lb. 



ECLIPSE (x 3/5) 

For varieties suitable for commercial purpose see Page 8 




New Century Beet 

No. 74. New Century. Days to Maturity, 55. 
It may be allowed a much longer growth, however, 
if time permits. Originated by Mr. I. N. Glick, of Lan- 
caster Comity, Pennsylvania, about 1906, and 
offered by Wal- 

ter P. Stokes in 
1913. After 
careful studies of 
trial 1 ground 
tests, we are con- 
vinced that the 
following vari- 
eties are merely a 
renaming of the 
original New 
Century: "Ra- 
jah," by Childs; 
"Winter Keeper," by Stumpp & Walter; "Green 
Top," by Holmes-Leatherman; "All Seasons," 
by Harris; "Green Leaved Winter Table," by 
Schell. "White Top Blood Turnip," by Holmes, 
seems quite similar, but perhaps a different strain. 
We claim, for this beet that it is the sweetest in 
flavor in all stages of growth, that its top is more 
delicious to eat as a green than either spinach 
or Swiss chard, and that the root may be kept 
throughout the winter if properly stored as per 
suggestions below. Maturing two weeks after 
the Crosby's Egyptian, for all operations where 
the actual quahty of the beet is the chief con- 
sideration, there is no reason why New Century 
should not take the place of all our later sorts 
once it is duly appreciated. The beet has not 
a woody nbre, no matter what size it attains, 
and our records go up to 29^/2 pounds. The 
soft, greenish-white top distinguishes this variety 
from all others, and the delicious tender greens 

will prove to be of superior eating quality. For this 
piirpose we recommend cutting the blade away from 
the stalk so as to use only the tender 
part of the leaf. 

New Century 
should be plant- 
ed two or three 
times during the 
season. The 
first planting in 
April, the next 
in May and the 
last in June. The 
June planting will produce roots which may 
be stored for winter in a pit one foot below 
the ground (out of danger of frost), or in a 
cellar covered over with soil. For either 
method of storing, it is best to cut off the tops. 
To the market gardeners who sell their 
product direct to the consumer we cannot 
recommend this beet too highly, for buyers 
will retmn for it time after time, once its 
tmusually fine qualities are made known. 
If it is grown properly, taken to market in 
a bright, fresh condition, there is little 
question that it will make its own repu- 
tation. The top is slightly large as a 
bunching variety, but enough of it should 
be kept on so that the consumer may 
recognize the beet. We would recom- 
mend also the sale of the beet greens. The 
stock which we offer is still being grown for 
us by the originator, thus assuring piu-ity 
of stock in accordance with the ideal type as 
first estabhshed. Pkt. 10^, 1 oz. 25^, Si lb. 
80?i, lb. 13.00, 5 lbs. $13.75, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. $2.60 per lb. 


(x 1/3) 



A native of Eastern temperate Europe and Western Asia, having been cultivated, probably 
for less than two thousand years. The root of this plant is the well-known condiment to be used 
with roast beef and oysters. The root is perennial, the outside being a yellowish white color and 
the inside a pure white. The consumption of horseradish is annually increasing and great atten- 
tion is being paid to its cultivation every year. The season for fresh-grated horseradish 
runs almost parallel with oysters, with which the roots are frequently eaten. The ungrated roots 
are often kept in cold storage for simimer use inasmuch as roots dug at that season have an 
unpleasant taste. Horseradish will do well in almost any soil, except the hghtest sand and the 
heaviest clay. This plant rarely produces seed, therefore cuttings are made from the roots 
when not less than one-quarter inch thick and about five inches in length. Horseradish makes 
its best growth in the cool of the autumn and steadily improves after September. Light 
frosts do not hurt it and it is not usually stored in pits until rather late. Storage in pits for 
horseradish is better than in cellars. The marketable crop of horseradish varies from three 
to six thousand pounds per acre and may be sometimes sold as high as five cents per pound for 
the best roots and two and one-half cents per pound for second grade. Price 30ji per dozen, 

HORSERADISH ROOT $1.25 per 100 postpaid. By express, not prepaid, $1.00 per 100; $9.50 per 1000. 


Horseradish is easily grown from our roots 



Swiss Chard 


History — Often regarded as a form of B. Vulgaris. Chard is of 
ancient cultivation, having come originally from the Canary Islands, 
the Mediterranean Region and Western Temperate Asia. It has 
been under cultivation for from two thousand to four thousand vears. 
The broad flat-ribbed form of chard is of more modern origin. 

Giant Lucullus. One of the most satisfactory varieties for 
home or commercial cultivation. As shown in the illustration it will 

attain a height of about fifteen inches. Cultivation of chard is quite 
simple under normal conditions and we highly r( commend it for 
every home gaiden. The strain we offer is broad stemmed with 
beautiful yellowish green leaves, highly attractive and of the finest 

Price, pkt. 10(5, oz. 156, }4 lb. 356, lb. .$1.20, 5 lbs. $5.50, postpaid; 
Price 5 lbs. by express at -SLOG per lb. 

Brussels Sprouts 

{Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) 

No. 95. A vegetable botanically belonging to the 
Brassica group, which is a native of the British Isles and 
the west channel coast of Europe. It is a vegetable which 
has been under cultivation for several hundred years. It 
is grown for the globular buds or sprouts produced along 
the stout upright stem. The plant while in its seedling 
stage closely resembles ordinary cabbage. The axillary 
buds instead of remaining dormant as in the case of com- 
mon cabbage, develop into miniature heads very similar 
to the cabbage, being about one inch in diameter. Several 
varieties of Brussels Sprouts are offered by the trade, but 
there is only one general type. It is more a matter of the 
perfection of the seed stock and of the culture than of 
actual difference in variety. The chief variations are in 
length of stalk and in the manner in which the sprouts are 
distributed along the stalk. Our strain having been grown 
on Long Island, is sold under the name of Improved Long 
Island, this being a common varietal trade name in this 
country. The hand labor involved in gathering the sprouts 
and in preparing them for market is, perhaps, partially 
responsible for their comparative unpopularity. They 
form a delicious vegetable, however, and we strongly urge Brussels sprouts, long island improved i/3) 

all classes of our customers to consider their cultivation in a larger way. The culture of the vegetable is very similar 
to that of late cabbage. Care should be taken to break down the lower leaves in the early fall, in order that the 
small heads will have more room to grow. 

Pkt. 5jf, oz. 40jf, li lb. $L25, lb. $4.50, 5 lbs. $2L25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.15 per lb. 


Swiss Chard and Brussels Sprouts should be in every garden 





{Brassica oleracea. Var. capitata) 

History — Undoubtedly the entire Brassica group can be traced to the wild Cabbage, Brassica oleracea 
which grows wild on the sea cHffs of the EngUsh Channel and the Western European Coast. The Roman 
name Brassica is supposed to have come from the word Praeseco because it was cut off from the stalk 
the word Cabbage referring to the firm head or ball which is formed by the leaves. The 
Cabbage is one of the vegetables which has been cultivated from the earUest times. To quote 
Vilmorin, "The ancients were well acquainted with it and certainly possessed several varie- 
ties of the head-forming kind. The great antiquity of its culture may be inferred from the 
immense number of varieties which are now in existence. " A more wonderful example of a 
genus producing so many distinct forms of vegetation for the use of man is scarcely to be met 
with throughout the range of the vegetable kingdom. The leaves of this plant were prob- 
ably eaten by the barbarous or half civilized tribes of Europe and when history begins the 
plant had been transferred to cultivated grounds and produced heads. It appears to have 
been in general use before the Aryan Migration, 1700 B. C, and in the time of Cato and 
Phny many distinct varieties were known in Rome. The Roman armies have the credit for 
disseminating it over Northern Europe. Cromwell's soldiers introduced it into Scotland. While 
England is considered the real home of the Brassica family, there are many varieties which 
are considered pecuUarly American. These, however, have only been made so after long 
years of selection work on the original French and English sorts. 


(X 1/3) 

No. 100. Early Jersey 
Wakefield. Days to Matu- 
rity, 90. Originally brought 
from New Jersey to Long 
Island by Francis BrUl in 
1871, and introduced by Hen- 
derson about 1870. There are 
certain claims that the old 
French variety Etampes is 
slightly earlier than Early Jer- 
sey Wakefield. However, 
the strain we offer is almost 
as early in season and, there- 
fore, Etamp6s has been elim- 
inated, as its very much 
smaller size was not in its favor commercially. The head of Jersey Wake- 
field is very solid, comparatively small and running to rather a small 
point at the top. The quaHty is excellent but, as is the case with most 
quick maturing vegetables, it will not hold long after attaining its growth 
and is likely to break open after about two weeks. The strain offered 
is highly recommended. Pkt. 5^, oz. 40(i, U lb. $1.25, lb. $4.50, 5 lb. 
$21.25 postpaid; by express 5 lb. or more $4.15 per lb. 

No. 102. Charleston or Large Wakefield. Days to Maturity, 
95. A selection of the large heads from Early Jersey Wakefield, made 
by Mr. Francis BriU and Mr. J. M. Lupton in 1880. The product of this 
selection was sold to F. W. Bolgiano in 1880 and he offered it under the 
name of Large Wakefield. Henderson secured a stock very shortly after 
and his stock was offered as Charleston Wakefield, thus the double name 
which is still common amongst the trade. The head of Charleston is con- 
siderably larger than Early Jersey Wakefield and for this reason is more 

usually grown for commercial pur- 
poses than the latter. The five extra 
days before it reaches maturity are 
in no way a handicap. Given the 
same number of days, Charleston 
Wakefield will produce a larger 
head than Early Jersey Wakefield. 
The general shape of the head is 
thicker thiough and not so sharply pointed. 
$21.25 postpaid; by express 5 lb. or more 

(x 1/3) 

Pkt. 5(4, oz. 40f*, M lb. 
S4.15 per lb. 

.25, lb. $4.50, 5 lb. 

(X 1/3) 

No. 103. Early Winnigstadt. Days to Maturity, 100. Offered by Gregory in 1866. 
This is a compact, sharply pointed cabbage, which, because of the texture of its outer leaves, is 
less likely to suffer from disease and insects as some other varieties. It is sometimes planted for 
winter use and is especially recommended for kraut. While there is considerable demand still for 
this cabbage, it has been largely outplaced by Charleston Wakefield and by Copenhagen Market 
Pkt. 5i, oz, 40^, M lb. $1.25, lb.$4.50, 5 lb. $21.25 postpaid; by express 5 lb. or more, $4.15 per lb! 

No. 108. Copenhagen Market. Days to Matubity, 95. A cabbage of Danish origin, being 
a hybrid between Danish Summer Ballhead and a North European variety, introduced by Hjalmar 
Hartmann & Co., of Copenhagen in 1909 and offered in America in 1912. In the few years that 
this cabbage has been on the market it has earned an enviable position, Both commercially and 
privately. The head will be almost perfectly round, hard, solid, and the fact that it is as early as 
Charleston Wakefield ahnost places it in a class by itself. The tonnage per acre will be f ai- ahead 
of any sorts in its class. We do not advise it for fall sowing in the North, but as a spring variety 
we know of no rival. Pkt. 10^, oz. 50i, H lb. $1.50, lb. $5.50, 5 lb. $26.75 postpaid; by express 
5 lb. or more $5.25 per lb. Illustration on opposite page. 


Copenhagen Market has a place in every garden 



No. 115. All Head Early. Days to Ma- 
turity, 105. All Head Early was a selection 
made personally by the late Mr. Burpee in 1888 
from afield of Henderson's Succession, which was 
being grown on the farm of Mr. J. M. Lupton, 
Mattituck, Long Island. It was thus named and 
introduced by Burpee in 1891. Of the flat types 
of cabbage, this we believe to be the earhest. It 
has a very deep set head which increases the 
tonnage per acre very appreciably. As a second 
early home garden variety, it is highly recom- 
mended and may also be used for storage in win- 
ter by planting later in the season. Pkt. 5fi, oz. 
40jS, M lb. $1.25, lb. $4.50,5 lbs. $21.25 postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.15 per lb. 


No. 117. Early Flat Dutch. Days to Maturity, 110. 
Listed by N. M. & Co., in 1847. One of the oldest types grown in 
this country. Plant is short-stemmed, upright, with few outer 
leaves; consequently the rows can be set close together. This in 
itself recommends it as a home garden variety. The heads are 
round but flattened, very sohd and uniform. Pkt. 5f5, oz. 40?:, }4 
lb. $1.25, lb. $4.50, 5 lbs. $21.25 postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
$4.15 per lb. 

No. 124. Henderson's Early Summer. Days to Maturity, 
110. This variety for a great many years was known as Newark 
Early Flat Dutch. Special selection work was done on it and it was 
put out by Henderson as Henderson's Early Summer in 1874. The 
heads are large, soUd, flat and of excellent quaUty. Its color is a bluish 
green. Pkt. 5^, oz. 40i, }4 lb. $1.25, lb. $4.50, 5 lbs. $21.25 postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.15 per lb. 



No. 133. Volga. Days to Mattirity, 115. A Russian cabbage 
for a great many years known as Bulgarian Early Round and the 
name Volga was given it in later years by Mr. C. L. Allen, a Long 
Island grower. The heads are round, compact, light grayish green 
and will average ten inches in diameter. Volga is not only a suc- 
cessful winter keeper but as a spring cabbage for Southern planting, 
has been known to give excellent results. Pkt. 5ff, oz. 40fi, }4 lb- 
$1.25, lb. $4.50, 5 lbs. $21.25 postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
$4.15 per lb. 

No. 134. Glory of Enkhuizen. Days to Maturity, 100. A 
Holland cabbage introduced by Messrs. Sluis & Groot, 1896 and 
brought to this country shortly afterward. Glory of Enkhuizen is 
slightly smaller than Copenhagen Market and slightly later. How- 
ever, the fact that it is a very good keeper will no doubt always 
give it a place amongst American varieties. The head is slightly 
elongated, although nearly round, solid and of excellent quality. As 
will be seen in the illustration, the crisp tender leaves of Glory of 
Enkhuizen will sometimes be sUghtly curled and twisted and this 
will be found typical of all true stocks of this variety. Pkt. lOff, 
oz. 50i, M lb. $1.50, lb. $5.50, 5 lbs. $26.75 postpaid; by express. 
5 lbs. or more, $5.25 per lb. 


Safe delivery is guaranteed on cabbage plants. See pages 104 and 105 




No. 120. Succession. Days to IMaturity, 110. 
Introduced by Henderson in 1888. A variety remarkable 
for its resistance to hot sun and diy weather. The fact that 
it remains two or three weeks without breaking, sdso recommends it 
as an important varietj'. It may be sown either as a late cabbage 
or for fall use. The heads are roimd but ehghtly flat- 
tened. Pkt. 5^, oz. 40^, K lb. S1.25, lb. .S4.50, 51bs. S21.25 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more S4.15 per lb. 

No. 127. Danish Ballhead or Hollander. Days 
TO Matuhity, 120. A variety of Danish origin listed by 
Johnson & Stokes ia 1889 as Danish Ballhead. The fact 
that in 1897 a cabbage known as Hollander or German 
Export was offered by Johnson & Stokes, seems to prove 
that this was a variety \videly knowTi and cultivated over 
Northern Europe. At the present time the names Danish 
Ballhead and Hollander are sj-nonymous. This variety is 
now considered the standard cabbage for storage purposes 
and thousands of acres are gro^"n in our northern states. 
The head is nearly round, solid, and of good quaUty. Its 
adaptability to soil conditions has no doubt added to its 
popularity. There are three different strains of Danish 
Ballhead, Long Stem, Medium Stem and Short Stem, the 
latter often being known as Danish Roundhead. In order 
to simplify matters with our trade, we have held to the 
original name of Danish Ballhead and used cabbage of 
the mediimi stem type. Pkt. 10^, oz. 50i, M lb. SI. 50, lb. 
S5.50, 5 lbs. $26.75 postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more 
S5.25 per lb. 


No. 139. Mammoth Rock Red. Days to Matukity, 120. Grown on 

Long Island prior to its introduction by Ferry in 1889. A red cabbage with 
a very solid head of good quality and size. It is a variety very often used for 
pickling purposes and may be recommended as sure-heading. Pkt . 5^5 , oz . 40^ , 3<i 
lb. S1.25, lb. §4.50, 5 lbs. $21.25 postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4. 15 per lb. 

No. 140. Red Danish Stonehead. Days to Maturity, 120. A Danish 
cabbage verj^ similar to Danish Ballhead except for its red color. The Red 
Dutch as listed by Landreth in 1826, is not thought to have been the same 
cabbage. Johnson & Stokes have the credit for having been the first to intro- 
duce Red Danish Stonehead in this country. This was about 1900. This 
cabbage is almost identical in every respect with Danish BaUhead except in 
its color. The head is very solid and the rich red color extends farther into 
the center of the head. True seed of this variety is difficult to obtain and in 
price outclasses all others. However, the quality of the cabbage far more than 
evens up the difference in price. Pkt. 10^, oz. 50ff, M lb. SI. 75, lb. $6.50, 5 
lbs. $31.75 postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $6.25 per lb. 


No. 135. American Savoy. Days to Ma- 
turity, 110. An extremely old type, probablj^ 
originating in England. Savoj' cabbage was 
offered by Robert Sinclair, Jr., & Co., Baltimore, 
in 1839, along with twenty-three other varieties. 
The stock we offer will prove to be true, the 
wrinkled savoA'ed leaves being unifonn and of 
a deep green color. Market gardeners will find 
our stock dependable. Pkt. 5^, oz. 40d, }4 lb. 
$1.25, lb. $4.50, 5 lbs. $21.25 postpaid; by express 
5 lbs. or more $4.15 per lb. 



For good cabbage plants see Pages 104 and 105 




Petsai or Chinese Cabbage 



Although of the genus Brassica, petsai is not of the cabbage family. Strictly speaking, it 
is a mustard. Petsai has been grown in China for forty centuries, where, up until very 
lately, their farm labor cost $21.00 a year. Being one of the most important vegetables of that 
country, this in itself testifies as to economy in production. There are many varying types. Records 
show that it was brought to America shortly after 1850. The lamented plant explorer, Meyer, was 
responsible for bringing several distinct varieties of petsai to America. Thorburn was the first to 
introduce it commerciallj' in 1885. For twenty years it was offered by probably less than a dozen 
seedsmen. At the present nearly all the seedsmen in America list it. The name petsai is not varietal. 
As was the case with many vegetables introduced into this country in the early days, no distinct 
varieties were offered. At the present time, perhaps five are known commercially. We list the two 
which we believe are the most desirable at the present time, viz.. Shantung and Wong Bok. As 
a salad to be served with mayonnaise or French dressing, we emphatically urge its more general use. 
It may also be cooked in the same manner as spinach or Swiss chard, giving a dish which resembles 
cabbage in appearance, but tasting somewhat like Brussels sprouts. It is not only more nutritious 
than lettuce but is a better keeper and is far cheaper to grow. Mr. Charles F. Seabrook, General 
Manager of the Seabrook Farms Company, the largest vegetable growing organization in this country, 
claims that petsai can be grown and marketed for one-half the cost of lettuce. The spirit of the times 
in this country is surely lining up on the side of economy and there is every rea.son for beheving that 
Chinese Cabbage or Petsai will be in more and more general demand by the American consumers. 
The last twenty years have given us the grapefruit, the avocado, the ripe olive, the casaba melon, 
French Endive (Chicory) and many other table dishes entirely new to this country. Petsai may be 
grown successfully in practically every part of the United States and it is only a question of developing 
the markets, and this alone is the onlj- drawback to its more speedy adoption. To quote Dr. Fairchild 
in the Journal of Heredity, November, 1918, "In the Chinese Petsai we have a rival of the lettuce 
in so far as any vegetable can rival another. It deserves at least to be given the serious consideration 
of Americans as a supplement of lettuce. It can be produced for about half the money. It can be 
grown everywhere throughout the country. It is a better keeper than lettuce and, pound for pouild, 
contains much more nutritive substance. Furthermore, in appearance it is more attractive. " 

No. 142. Petsai Shantung. 18 inches tall. 

No. 144. Petsai Wong Bok. 12 inches tall. Price of either variety. Pkt. 10^, oz. 25^, 


PETSAI AND LETTUCE COMPARED— Above Is shown a head of lettuce at the left anrt a head of petsai at the right. Below is lettuce salad at the 
left, petsai at the right. 

— Courtesy of U. S. Department of Agriculture, through the American Genetic Association. 


A row of Petsai will be valuable in any garden 




{Daucus Carota) 

History — A native of Europe, probably the British Isles. The horticultural improvement of the species is 
credited to Holland; from thence it was introduced into EngUsh gardens during the reign of Queen EHzabeth. Theo- 
phrastus, the Greek, and Pliny both speak of a carrot, but there seems some question as to whether our common 
garden carrot was known before the Fifteenth Centmy. 

Most American varieties of CaiTot originated in France. Eastern market 
gardeners, however, have developed strains which now hold a prominent place 
in this country. 

No. 150. Early Scarlet Horn. Days to IVIaturity, 55. First hsted by 
Hovey & Co., Boston, in 1834. A variety long in general use as a forcing 
carrot and for outdoor cultivation in the early spring. As is the case ■nath 
other quick-growing root crops, it quickly passes the edible stage, and, there- 
fore, must be gathered immediately on maturity. The roots will attain a 
length of about three inches. Thej^ are reddish orange in color, and the tops 
are small. 

Pkt., 5p; oz., lOp; \ lb., 
25,^; lb., $1.00; 5 lbs., $4.50, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 80^ per lb. 


No. 152. Chantenay. Days to Maturity, 65. This French 
variety was introduced by Vilmorin, Andrieux & Co., of Paris, 
and first listed in this country by Ferry in 1889. Chantenay 
may be considered the standard carrot for all general purposes. 
It is nearly two weeks earlier than Danvers Half-Long, and 
is sUghtly shorter and more stump-rooted than that variety. 
Its average length will be four and one-half inches, tapering 
slightly from weU-set shoulders. The surface is smooth and a 
deep orange color, the flesh very crisp and tender, a much desired 
sort where quality is considered. 

Pkt., 5»5; oz., 10^; I lb., 25(!; lb., $1.00; 5 lbs., $4.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80 per lb. 


CHANTENAY (x 2/3) 

No. 154. Danvers Half-Long. Days to 
Maturity, 80. A variety developed near Danvers, 
Massachusetts, and first listed by Gregory in 1877. 
Danvers Half-Long is a second early carrot, which 
is adaptable to varying soil conditions. It differs 
from the Chantenay in that it is perhaps two weeks 
later in reaching maturity, and will average five and 
one-half inches in length, tapering to a blimt point. 
The average diameter of the root is slightly smaller 
than Chantenay. The color is a rich, deep orange, and 
the quality of the roots is excellent. Danvers Half- 
Long is a very desirable carrot for stock purposes, 
inasmuch as it \\\\\ produce a large tonnage per acre. 

Pkt., 5^; oz., lOf*; \ \h.,2H\ lb., $1.00; 5 lbs., 
$4.50, postpaid ; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 


For the varieties best suited to your requirements see Page 8 




No. 158. Improved Long Or- 
ange. Days to Maturity, 78. A 
selection made from the original 
Long Orange by Mr. Robert Nich- 
ols, a Philadelphia market gardener. 
Introduced as Improved Long Or- 
ange by Johnson & Stokes in 1889. 
The strain is slightly earlier than 
either Danvers Half -Long or the old 
Long Orange type. The color is a 
deep golden yellow, even in the 
early stages of its growth, shading 
to a deep orange red when fully 
grown. The surface of the root is 
very smooth over its entire length, 
which will average over seven inches. 
This variety is particularly recom- 
mended for hght, well-tilled soih 
and care should be taken to prepare 
the ground deeper than for any of 
the other varieties that we offer. 

Pkt., H; oz., 10f«; M lb., 25f5; lb., 
$1.00; 5 lbs., $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 


No. 156. Oxheart or Guerande. Days to Maturity, 80. A variety intro- 
duced by Vilmorin, of Paris. Listed as Guerande by Ferry in 1885, and by Johnson 
& Stokes as Oxheart or Guerande in 1889. Apparently it was known under both 
names in France. The tops of this carrot are comparatively small. The roots 
will attain a length of about three and one-half inches, and at the thickest point 
will average at least three inches in diameter. It is a very desirable variety for 
tard, stiff soils, because of the ease with which it may be harvested. The flesh is a deep orange and of splendid 
quality when pulled during the earlier stages of growth. Oxheart is often grown for stock purposes, and will 
produce perhaps more tons to the acre than any variety we now list. 

Pkt., bi; oz., 10$i; ^ lb., 2bi; lb., $1.00; 5 lbs., $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or mote, 80jf per lb. 



Do not plant Improved Long Orange until soil is prepared to a depth of ten inches 



Cauliflower » 

rassica Oleracea, — L, Var. Botrytis, D. C.) 


History — A native of Europe and West Asia, having been under 
cultivation sometime before the Christian Era. It apparently was 
well known to the Greeks and Romans, at least in its cruder form. 
It is not until more recent times that the vegetable has been refined 
to its present condition. Pickering states that cauliflower was first 
mentioned in 540 B. C. Hehn, a German wTiter, states that true 
cauliflower is of Eastern origin and came to Europe via Venice and 
Antwerp. The Moors of Spain are said to have ^Titten about it in 
the twelfth century, having received it about that time from Syria. 
On its first introduction to West Europe it was called cabbage of 
Cyprus, probably referring to the place where the seed was grown. 
Cauliflower at the present time is annually being produced in 
larger quantities, Long Island, Louisiana and California being the 
main centers of production. Our best seed comes from Denmark. 

No. 172. Early Dwarf Erfurt. Days to Maturity, 100. 
First listed as Earliest Dwarf Erfurt in this country by B. K. Bliss 
in 1866. For a number of years this varietj' was offered under the 

name of Alabaster by Johnson & Stokes. This is one of the three 
equallj' popular varieties which we offer, the seed of which is im- 
ported annually from Denmark. It is quite similar to Earliest 
Snowball, but will mature about one week later than that variety^ 
and where the early market is not a consideration we would, perhaps, 
advise it in preference to Snowball. It is of dwarf growth and when 
protected the inside head will develop into a pmre white color. 
Pkt. 25f*, oz. $2.00, M lb. $6.50, lb. $25.00. 

No. 174. Danish Dry Weather. Days to Maturity, 110. 
Introduced imder this name by Burpee in 1899. Apparently there 
is little difference between this variety and Danish Giant, which is 
often used as a sjTionym. The name Danish Drj' Weather was 
given it because of its adaptabiUty to hot, dry growing conditions. 
It will very often prove successful in cases where all other varieties 
fail and we would especially recommend it for plantations inland 
more than two hundred miles from the seacoasts. Pkt. 25i, 
oz. $2.25, }4 lb. $8.00, lb. $30.00. 


See Pages 104-105 for strong Cauliflower plants 





mra. sEarliest Snowball. Days to Maturity, 95. Intro- 
•duced ibyMsnderson in 1878. Without question, Snowball is the 
. earliest CSauliflower under cultivation and being a sure heading 
varied, iit iis well adapted for home cultivation and conunercial 
purposesiboth in the greenhouse and outdoors. A large proportion of 
the Catiliflower on the commercial markets today is of this variety. 

The plant is very compact withfew short outside leaves, thus allowing 
more plants to the acre than some other varieties. The heads when 
blanched are pure white and of standard market size, being very solid 
in structure. The seed of this variety, as with the others, is obtained 
from most reliable sources in Denmark, which years of experience have 
proven to be trustworthy. Pkt. 25ff, oz. $2.00, }4 lb. $6.50, lb. $25.00. 

Chicory or French Endive 

No. 220. Time to maturity of roots four months. A native of Europe which was introduced in America in the seventies. It 
was offered by Gregory as new in this country in 1877. Undoubtedly a variety of Witloof . It is one of the most delicious vegetable 
salads umler cultivation. It is in great demand especially on Eastern 
markets. Soroever, it is a well-known fact that the majority of the 
•chicory oiBfeiwii in this country is imported from France and other 
European comcitries. If it is possible for the French gardeners to 
export their product with heavy ocean freights and still make a 
profit, there is eertainly an opportimity for the skillful American 
market gardener ito take advantage of the increasing demand. The 
seed is planted in May or Jime and in October the roots 
are dug, trimmed of unnecessary outer roots and laid 
horizontally in tiers under moist eai-th. Since darkness 
is essential, a warm vegetable cellar is the usual 
place selected. It requires three to four weeks 
to produce its fine white leaves. They 
are cut when about six inches long and, 
if undisturbed, the roots will continue 
to produce for several weeks. Chicory 
has no specific enemies in this country 
and is troubled by only a few of the 
generally feeding [insects such as cut- 
worms and wire worms. Pkt. 5(*, oz. 
15i, M lb. 60(*, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
$1.80 per lb. 



Chicory can be grown in most any ordinary cellar 




{Apium. Graveolens) 


(x 1/4) 

No. 192. White Plume, Nofault Strain. 

Days to Maturity, 120. Introduced by Hen- 
derson in 1884. The Nofault strain was first 
offered by Walter P. Stokes in 1911, and is con- 
siderably larger than the old standard White 
Plume. This celerj'- is primarily for the early mar- 
kets, but not recommended for home garden 
planting. It has a beautiful appearance, but is of 
rather poor eating qualities. It is much more 
slender in general groAvth and form than the 
Golden Self-Blanching. The leaves are light 
green, shaded to nearly white at the tips, and as 
the plants mature the inner stems and leaves 
bleach white. In order to give it the very best 
appearance the plants should be artificially 
bleached before being offered for sale. 

The quick-growing habit does not add to its 
edible or storage qualities and it should be grown 
with this in view. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 40^ M lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00. 

History — Of European origin. Ancient writers give no 
definite information of this vegetable, and it seems doubtful 
whether celery was cultivated until some time after the Middle 
Ages. Until long after the fall of Rome it was not freely 
distinguished from parsley. Homer mentions Selinon in the 
Odj^ssey, but this is thought to refer to a yvild form of celerj*. 
In 1629 A. D. Parkinson states that "seUery is a rarity in 
England," and apparently celery as we know it was not a 
common vegetable in Europe until after 1800. 

No. 190. Golden Self-Blanching. Days to Maturity, 
120. Originated by Vilmorin, Andrieux & Co., and introduced 
by Johnson & Stokes and by Burpee in 1884. A variety 
which for thirty-five years has held its place as one of the 
greatest importance to celery growers. It is an early maturing 
sort, with good keeping qualities, holding well after Thanks- 
giving Day. The stalk is vigorous, with large ribs, closely set. 
The general size of the plant may be described as large, and 
in general makeup it is stock}" and robust. It is entirely 
self-blanching, without any banking up or covering whatever. 
The heart is a beautiful golden yellow, and is of splendid 
quality. We sell proven stock only, and our strain may be 
relied upon to give satisfactory results. 

Pkt. 25i, oz. $1.25, M lb. $5.00, lb. $20.00. 


(X 1/4) 

Read descriptions carefully before ordering. Every variety has a place. See page 8 





No. 194. Meisch's Easy Blanching. Days to 
Maturity, 120. Introduced by Henderson in 1913. 
Our strain was originated by Mr. Sebastian Meisch, 
of Secaucus, New Jersey, and offered by Stokes Seed 
Farms Company imder the name of Meisch's Easy 
Blanching in 1916. So far as we know, Mr. Meisch made 
the first permanent selection of a celery of the green self- 
blanching type out of the Golden Self-Blanching. There 
have been a great many s>Tionyms given the varieties, 
including Sanford, Newark Market, Easy Blanching, etc., 
etc. This again affords an excellent illustration showing 
the necessity for some means of standardizing varietal 
names. Meisch's Easy Blanching will mature just after 
the Golden Self- Blanching has been harvested. The 
general color is pale green, with a slight yellowish tinge, 
which gives it a blanched appearance. The inner stalk, 
at a very early stage of growth, blanches to a rich golden 
yellow, so that the usual banking work is eliminated. If 
stored properly, this variety will keep all winter without 
difficulty. Pkt. 25 fi, oz. $1.25, M lb. $5.00, lb. $20.00. 

No. 195. Columbia. Days to Maturity, 130. In- 
troduced by Ferry in 1906. Columbia is an early maturing 
celery, resembling Golden Self-Blanching in many par- 
ticulars. The round, thick stalks are of the Pascal type, 
and when properly blanched, the heart is a beautiful light 
golden yellow. It will mature soon after Golden Self- 
Blanching, and is recommended for all purposes. Pkt. 5jS, 
oz. 40i, H lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00. 


COLUMBIA (x 1/3) 

See Pages 104-105 for celery plants 

Slakes Seed» 




No. 197. Pink Plume. Days to Maturity, 135. Listed hy 
Henderson 1894. A standard English varietj'^, which we recommend above 
all others as a home garden sort for winter storage. Without question it has 
the finest flavor of any celery we offer, and during the several j'ears that we 
have listed it under the name of Prize Pink, our customers have been 
able to prove the truth of this statement. This celery is not a good shipper, 
but where quality alone counts, and for the home garden or for nearbj' mar- 
kets, we know of no other variety of celerj' that equals Pink Plume. The 
stalks 'will blanch to almost white, but there is alwaj^s a trace of red, 
making them highly attractive. They are long and slender, very brittle 
and extremely to be desired. Pkt. 5p, oz. 40ji, }4 lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00. 

No. 200. Winter King. Days to Maturity, 150. An improve- 
ment over the old Winter Queen, as introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 
1897. It was listed as Winter King by Walter P. Stokes in 1914, this 
strain probably originating with Mr. W. G. Fosgate, of Santa Clara, Cali- 
fornia. As an early blanching green celerj-, ripening in good time for 
Thanksgiving and the holiday markets, we know of no better sort. If 
properly stored, it will keep well all during the winter. The plants are 
characterized hy robust growth, tall stalks with high joints and rich, 
light golden heart. The stock offered can be relied upon by the most 
critical celery growers. Winter King is also recommended for home 
garden purposes. Pkt. 5^, oz. 40(4, H lb. $1.25. lb. $4.00. 


No. 198. Giant Pascal. Days to Maturity, 145. 
Introduced simultaneously in 1890 by Henderson, Maule 
and Dreer. A standard fall and winter variety, but not 
recommended for shipment, owing to its tender stalks. 
This fact, however, recommends it highly as a home 
garden variety, or as a sort which can be used to. advan- 
tage in short shipments. The stalk is of mediimi length, 
and blanches to a beautiful creamj' white color, very thick 
and nearly round at the top but flattened toward the base. 

Pkt. oz. 40^, M lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00. 



No. 204. Celeriac. Giant Prague. Days to Maturity, 140. 
Turnip-Rooted Celery has been known in the United States for 
over one hundred years, and the variety Giant Prague is 
a very old one, Jolinson & Stokes ha\ang listed it prior 
to 1885. The roots are globular in shape, comparatiA^ely 
smooth and of the best quality, averaging about 
two and one-half inches in diameter. Celeriac 
is a most desirable vegetable, and deserves wider 
recognition by the planters, home garden as well 
as commercial. It should receive about the same 
culture as celery, being planted in rows two feet 
apart and about six inches apart in the row. 
When the roots attain a size of from two to two 
and one-half inches in diameter, they are ready 
for use. Giant Prague will be found a good 
keeper if properly packed under ground or in a 
dry cellar. Pkt. 5i, oz. 40^, M lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00. 


Celeriac is a most delicious vegetable. 

It is the heart of the celery 





No. 213. CoUards, Georgia. Days to Maturity, 80. A 
vegetable of the genus Brassaica, and resembling kale more than any- 
other of that family. It was offered commercially by Ferry in 1882. 
It has never been adopted in a large way in the North, but in the 
South for greens it has been in large demand. The plant will grow 
from two to four feet high, forming no heads, but the central leaves 
often form a loose rosette. As far south as the Orange Belt they 
are usually started in February or March, and the plants may then 
mature before the hot summer days. Farther north they are 
started in July or August, and the plants are ready for use before 
cold weather. Pkt. H, oz. lO^f, M lb. 20fi, lb. 7H, 5 lbs. $3.00, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, bOi. per lb. 

"No. 210. Corn Salad. Days to Maturity, 65. Sometimes 
known as Lamb's Lettuce or Fetticus. It is apparently of Southern 
European or North African origin, and known in this country for at 
least a century. It was hsted by John B. Russell, Boston, in 1828. 
It is rather tasteless, but, nevertheless, quite palatable as a salad, 
and is often used in place of lettuce when that is net procurable. 
The flavor is very mild, and the quaUty excellent. For very early 
salads the seed should be planted in September, and the young 
plants covered with hght moss. Only one variety is commonly 
known and offered by American seedsmen, although several sorts 
are known to European gardeners. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. IH, M lb. 45(i, lb. $1.50, 5 lbs. .S7.00, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.30 per lb. 

Dandelion. — A native of Europe and Asia which has been 
naturahzed in all temperate countries. There are probably species 
which are indigenous to our Rocky Mountains. The origin of the 
name may be traced to dent de hon, which is French for Uon's 
tooth, referring to the teeth on the leaves. The Common DandeHon 
is very often collected in the spring for greens. It is the Improved 
Thick Leaved, however, that is most often cultivated. This is of 
French origin. This variety was listed by Johnson & Stokes in 1889, 
and is distinguished by its thick leaves and rich dark-green color. 
Its growth is compact, forming an upright tuft in the center, and may 
be considered in every respect superior to the Common French. The 
Common French is merely a selection from the dandeUon as it grows 
wild. However, the stock offered is a decided improvement over 
that commonly found on lawns and along roadsides. The seed 
should be sown in the spring, and the crop may be gathered the 
following spring. Usually the seeds are sown where the plants are 
to stand, although transplanting may be done satisfactorily. The 
plants should be placed one foot apart each way and good crop will 
cover the land completely when a year old. Sandy or loamy soil is 
preferred. The crop is harvested and marketed like spinach 

No. 340. Common or French. 

$1.00, lb. $4.00. 

Pkt. \H, oz. 25?;, M lb. 

No. 342. Improved Thick Leaved. 

$1.00, lb. .$4.00. 

Pkt. 10?;, oz. 25?;, M lb. 


History — Garden Cress (Lepidium Sativum) probably a native 
of Persia, has no doubt been under cultivation from ancient times. 
It is widely diffused, different names for it existing in the Arabian, 
Persian, Albanian, Hindustani and Bengali tongues. Water Cress 
(Roripa Nastiu-tium) is a native of Great Britain. Probably not 
cultivated in England prior to the nineteenth century; though it 
had been grown previous to that time near Erfurt, Germany. 

No. 226. Extra Curled. (Lepidiimi sativum.) Sometimes 
called Pepper Grass, owing to the pungent taste. One of the 
quickest germinating seeds in existence, the plants often showing 
above the ground the third day after seed is sown. If cress is wanted 
in the condition, new sowings should be made every few days. 
Sow the seed rather thickly in rows a foot apart, selecting good 
garden loam. Flea beetles have a pecuhar fondness for cress and it 
should, therefore, be grown under glass whenever possible. 

Pkt. 5?;, oz. 15?;, M lb. 60?;, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50 postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 

No. 228. Upland. (Barbarea praecox.) A hardy biennial. 
It, also, grows easily. The seed sown in the open or under glass. 
The root leaves are used for garnishing and seasoning, but are not 
of the highest quahty. 

Pkt. oz. 15^, M lb. 60^, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 

No. 230. Water Cress. (Roripa Nasturtium.) A hardy 
perennial, which finds congenial conditions for development in 
running streams, shallow pools, etc. It will winter well when 
covered with water. Unless current is too strong, we would advocate 
sowing the seeds in the stream, being very sure that they are some- 
what imbedded. Care should be taken that no weeds interfere 
with the growth. Once the bed is established, it should develop 
with very httle attention or care. It grows rapidly from seed or 
from freshly cut branches. Clear, running water is, of course, the 
most desirable and water cress should never be grown for edible 
purposes in water that is in any way contaminated, inasmuch as it 
has been known to carry disease germs. For this reason, sources of 
supply should be investigated when cress is bought on the open 

Pkt. 5?;, oz. 10^, yi lb. 60?;, Ib. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per Ib. 

OJ«^J*3. {Hibiscus esculentus) 

Sometimes called Gumbo. A native of North Africa, having 
been introduced in the United States about one hundred years ago, 
at that time under no special variety name. Thorbum in 1884 
hsted merely Okra. In soups and catsup it gives body to the dish, 
and as a vegetable, although not at first agreeable, has a taste 
which is easily acquired. The dry seeds are sometimes used as a 
coffee substitute. Okra should be sown in dry, warm soil of medium 
fertihty after all danger of frost is past. It should be well-drained, 
sandy loam, thoroughly and deeply prepared. Frequent cultivation 
should be given with deep cutting implements. 
The pods should be gathered before the fiber 
develops in them and it is best to keep the 
pods cut off. In the South where there is no 
danger of frost they will live for years if not 
killed. In the North, however, it acts as an 
annual. The demand for the vegetable is 
increasing, especially in New York City. 
The two varieties which we offer, viz., 
Perkins' Green Pod and White Velvet, 
should cover all requirements. 

No. 630. Perkins' Green Pod. A 

variety which originated in Burlington 
County, New Jersey, having been de- 
veloped by a one-time neighbor of ours, 
Mr. Perkins. This variety will develop 
to a length of about five inches and will 
prove to be of considerable value either 
for the home garden or for commercial 
purposes. Price per pkt. 56, oz. 10?;, lb. 
20?*, lb. 60?;. 

No. 632. White Velvet. The plants of 
this variety attain a height of about three and 
one-half feet. It is early maturing and very 
productive. The color of the pods is white. 
They are medium in length, smooth and very 
tender until attaining the full growth and 
will be about three and one-half inches. A 
very desirable variety for all purposes. Price 
per pkt. 5^, oz. 10^, M lb. 20?*, lb. 60?;. 



(x 1/2) 





(Zea Mays var. saccharata) 

Drying Racks Filled With Selections of Early Malcolm and Sweet Squaw. 

Ottawa, Canada 

Central Experimental Farms, 

{Courtesy of Prof. A. J. Logsdail) 

Bantam was listed by Gregory as Golden Sweet 
latter points. 

'several years" prior to 1873. 


History — Probably a native of Peru, 
Darwin having found heads of Maize 
embedded in the Peruvian Coast 85 feet 
above the present sea level. Botanists 
universally concede that corn originated 
in America and as its close relation, 
teosinte, is indigenous to Mexico, some 
have placed it there rather than farther 
south. In 1914 Dr. F. H. Knowlton 
came on a fossilized ear of com in 
Kuzco, Peru, thus giving us tangible 
evidence of the geologic existence of 
the species. It is one of the first 
evidences of vegetables being trans- 
feiTed from prehistoric to geological 
time, possibly taking it back a hundred 
thousand j'ears. The tjTDe of the fossil 
ear has many of the characteristics 
essential to the domestic varieties stiU 
being grown in Peru and BoUvia. The 
name com was gi'^^en it by the North 
American Indians. The reference to 
com amongst the Egj^tians of Biblical 
times was not corn as we know it, but 
some other grain, possibly wheat. Indian 
corn, however, was found imder a com- 
paratively high state of cultivation 
on the discovery of the New World. 
The first variety of sweet corn, under 
cultivation, was reported in the region 
of Plymouth, Mass., where it had 
come from the Susquehanna Indians 
in 1779. According to Schenck, there 
were two varieties of sweet com in 
1854. Stowell's Evergreen was offered 
by Thorburn in 1861 and Golden 
We have the word of Dr. W. W. Tracy on these two 

One of the Earliest Sweet Corns. New 
No. 238. " Days to Mattirity, 55. We are indebted to Prof. Arthur J. Logsdail, of the Central Experimental Farms of the 
Dominion Government, Ottawa, for this new variety, Early Malcolm, which is herewith offered in the United States for the first time. 
We do so only after the most careful tests in otu- 1919 trial ground, which have thoroughly convinced us that Early Malcolm will be 
extremely valuable to American planters. Early Malcolm is a type bred sweet corn originating from the Early Malakoff, which was brought 
to Canada many years ago from Russia. There is now little similarity between the original Malakoff and Early Malcolm. The latter has 
been grown with excellent satisfaction for a nimiber of years past by the various growers who produced it in an experimental way for the 

Dominion Government and has found considerable favor among growers in the Prairie 
Provinces. Early Malcolm will open the season for sweet com two weeks ahead of any 
standard variety offered in this covmtry at the present time. Many seedsmen claim that 
Golden Bantam will mature in sixty days, but according to our own experimental work 
here, it will not mature before seventy days. Even the old Extra Early Adams, which 
is a field com and not a sweet corn, but which, unfortunately, is offered on the early 
markets, requires seventy days for maturity. In our opinion, the sooner truck growers 
give up such vegetables which are grown for their appearance only and not for their edible 
qualities, the sooner will vegetables become truly popular the country over. 

Early Malcolm produces a slender stalk of three and one-half feet, the leaves are 
very small, the ears are borne fifteen inches from the ground and will average six and 
one-half inches in length. They will contain from eight to ten straight rows. Planted 
May 10th, the ears should be ready for table use by July 5th. The variety is high 
in sugar content and is delicious to the taste. The dry seed is wrinkled and trans- 
parent. For cultivation in the home garden and for market gardeners and truckers 
catering to a critical trade, we beheve Early Malcolm will immediately find a place of 
its own. From the experience of others, including the experiments of the late Mr. Peter 
Henderson, it seems quite necessary to import this corn annually from the far North 
for otherwise the extreme earliness which we now are able to show would undoubtedly 
disappear. Our supply of Early Malcohn this year is, necessarily, somewhat limited and 
we would particularly advise those who are anxious to try it out to send orders in for it 
at an early date.' Pkt. 25i, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. §4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs., 85^ per lb. 

Note. — Along with our trials of Early Malcolm, we have experimented somewhat 
with Sweet Squaw, which is another of Professor Logsdail's hybrids, a cross between 
Dwarf Squaw, a flint corn as grown by the Mandan Indians of Dakota and Mani- 
toba, with the Early Malcolm. We beheve for all present purposes, however, that the 
Early Malcolm will prove more satisfactory than Dwarf Squaw here in the United 
States. The latter seems to be less troubled with smut and under certain conditions may 
mature an earlier ear. However, for the present, we do not feel that it is wise to offer 
it. If experiments prove that this supposition is incorrect, we will not hesitate to 
The 5/8 bushel basket isstill used largely in New Jersey advise our trade to that effect. 


Early Malcolm is the earliest com in cultivation. Read what we say about it 




Sweet Corn 

i.^A L k L .X ^ ^ \ A J A it .4 ^ liiiiiiifilill 

GOLDEN BANTAM (Natural Size) 

No. 240. Golden Bantam. Days to Maturity, 70. A type which has been in 
common cultivation in the United States for, perhaps, seventy years. Probably referred to 
by Salisbury, 1848, who says: "There is another variety of Sweet Corn made by crossing 
the Sweet and the Early Canada Corn." This idea of its origin was recognized by Burr, 
1863, who says: "'Apparently a hybird between common Yellow or Canada Flint and 
Darling's Early." It remained, however, for the late Mr. W. Atlee Burpee to popularize it 
under the name of Golden Bantam. For actual sugar content, it, perhaps, surpasses all other 
sweet corns. The stalks only attain a height of from three to four feet, the ear growing 
half-way up the stalk. The Golden Bantam ear is eightr-rowed and will average four and 
one-half inches in length. During the last ten years, there have been, perhaps, over a 
dozen hybrids, which have been produced from crossing Golden Bantam with some of the 
large eared later varieties. Until at least one more year's investigation, we are not willing to 
offer any one of these to our trade. There is, no doubt, considerable merit in many of 
them, but at the present time we are not wiUing to put our reputation back of them. 
Pkt. lOfi, lb. 40^, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 30i per lb. 

No. 244. Early White Cory. Days to Maturity, 70. Originated by Mr. Joseph 
Cory and introduced by Gregory in 1885, and offered by Johnson & Stokes in 1886. A 
claim was made at that time that it would be ready for table use within fifty-two days 
from planting. We cannot substantiate this, however, at the present time. It seems 
quite possible that some of the earliness has been lost. The stalks will grow to a height 
of about four feet, producing ears averaging five and one-half inches in length, contain- 
ing from ten to twelve rows. Early White Cory will be found desirable for all early season 
purposes. Pkt. 10^, lb. 35(5, 5 lbs. $1.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more 25i per lb. 

No, 264. Early 
Mam mot h . 

Days to Ma- 
turity, 80. 
Introduced by 
Landreth in 
1S90. The stalk 
attains a height 
of about six and 
one- half feet, 
the ear averag- 
ing about seven 
inches in length 
and containing 
sixteen rows. 
The quality is 
superior to 
Kendel's Early 
Giant but not to 
Stokes Doublc- 
Barreled Best. 
This variety is 
recommended as 
a main season 
sort for all 
planters from 
south. It will 
not mature 
north of that 
state, however. 

Pkt. 5i, lb. 35i, 
5 lbs. $1.50, 
postpaid ; by 
express, 5 lbs. or 

Breeding Cages for Individual Plant Selections of Early Com Types at more, 25(!f per lb. 
Central Experimental Farms, Ottawa, Canada 
iCaiaitsv of Prof. A. J. LogsdaU) 


EARLY WHITE CORY (Natural Size) 

Replantings of Golden Bantam will give you this delicious com all season 




DE LL t'S GOLDtN GIANT (Natural Size) 

No. 159. De Lue's Golden Giant. Days to Maturity, 78. 
Claimed to be a hybrid between Golden Bantam and Howling Mob, 
the cross being made by Dr. De Lue of Needham, Massachusetts. After several 
years' selection it was offered to the pubhc about 1916. There have been several 
crosses of the Golden Bantam t^^pe with larger varieties of white kemeled sweet 
corn. Of these Golden Giant has proven to be as good, if not better, than any 
we have so far discovered. Coming about one week later than Golden Bantam, 
the ear is very much larger. However, the sugar content is almost as great 
and, therefore, the variety should be especially popular with all who have found 
Golden Bantam to their liking. The illustration will give a verj'^ accurate idea 
of the size of ear. The stock we have offered has been grown privately, under 
close supervision, and is offered with every confidence that the variety vnll 
prove a strong acquisition to our list of sweet corn. Pkt. 156, lb. 50^, 5 lb. S2.25, 
postpaid; hy express, 5 lbs. or more, 40^ per lb. 

No. 260. Double -Barreled Best. Days to Maturity, 80. Originated 
by Mr. Arthur H. Ritchie, a Burlington County farmer, from a cross made in 
1906 between Stowell's Evergreen and a local variety of similar type. Three 
years later there was a slight infusion of an earlier corn, probablj^ Kendel's Early 
Giant. After the variety had been selected for four j^ears, so that its type was 
well fixed, it was introduced by Walter P. Stokes in 1913. Its name, Double- 
Barreled Best, is given because of its very general tendency to throw two good 
ears to the stalk. After five years' selection here on Windermoor Farm, we have 
developed the com to a point where it mil produce double ears about sixty per 
cent, of the time. In this district, Double-Barreled Best is an established second 
early variety. Its length and general characteristics resemble Stowell's Ever- 
green, except that it is slightly smaller in all proportions and two weeks earlier. 
The stalk will grow to a height of about six feet and the ears will average six and 
one-half to seven inches in length. The sugar content is very high and as an 
edible variety we know of no finer. It is incidentally being used in some very 
large canning operations. To the truck grower who looks for early money in 
corn and to the home gardener who desires the most delicious second early or 
main season corn for his table, we can recommend no better. Four or five 
plantings should be made for proper succession during the season and the greatest 
care should be taken to have the product as fresh from the growing stalk as is 
possible. We would refer all of our readers to page 7, of our catalog, which 
emphasizes the importance of this point. Is not recommended for planting in 
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont or any states or provinces north of that 
general latitude, as there is danger of its not reaching maturity. Pkt. lOi, lb. 
4:0i, 5 lbs. $1.75 postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 30c per lb. 

No. 262. Kendel's Early Giant. Days to Maturity, 75. Introduced 
by Kendel in 1896. A standard main season variety. The stalks wall grow to a 
height of five and one-half feet, bearing an ear six and one-half inches in length, 
containing twelve or fourteen rows. The qualitj^ is not exceptionally good and 
since the introduction of Stokes Double-Barreled Best, there is no reason why 
Kendel's Early Giant should be gro%vn. Owing to the fact that there is still a 
considerable call for this sort, we feel it our duty to offer it. We do so, however, 
with the reservations as noted herewith. Pkt. 5^, lb. 35 ji, 5 lb. $1.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 25?; per lb. 


De Lue's Golden Giant and Double-Barreled Best should be in every garden 









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No. 270. Country Gentleman. Days to Maturity, 88. The original 
broken row variety of sweet corn was the Ne Plus Ultra, as introduced by 
Johnson & Stokes about 1885. Shoe Peg, a narrow, deep-grained corn, of the broken 
row type, was a selection made near Bordentown, New Jersey, from the Ne Plus Ultra 
and introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1890 as a distinct variety. Four years later 
Country Gentleman was originated, Peter Henderson of New York, introducing it in 
1893. Inasmuch as Country Gentleman is superior to any of its predecessors, 
we no longer list either the Ne Plus Ultra or Shoe Peg, the latter name often 
being used as a synonym for Country Gentleman.,., Country Gentleman is similar 
to Shoe Peg in almost every respect except that the ear is considerably larger, 
very often attaining a length of about six inches, which is fully one-third larger than 
the average ear of the original Shoe Peg. The stalks of Country Gentleman will 
attain a height of about six feet, and because of its sugar content it has been a favorite 
during the twenty-five years since its introduction. As a main crop or late season 
variety. Country Gentleman is favored by all kinds of planters and is widely grown 
on contract for canning factories. Not advised for planting in northern latitudes. 
Pkt. 5^, lb. 35^, 5 lbs. $1.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 25«5 per lb. 

No. 272. Stowell's Evergreen. Days to Maturity, 90. A variety originated 
by Mr. Stowell, a trucker who grew for the Philadelphia market. Introduced in 1861 
by Thorburn, under its present name. After nearly sixty years, although there have 
been many varying ideas as to the original type, Stowell's Evergreen is still commonly 
known as the standard late sweet corn for all purposes. The stalks will attain a height 
of over seven feet, bearing ears about eight inches long. As with Stokes Double- 
Barreled Best, Stowell's Evergreen has a heavy sugar content and is, therefore, very 
desirable as a table or canning variety. Owing to the length of its season, however, 
it must not be grown in the more northerly latitudes. Pkt. 5^, lb. 35fi, 5 lbs. $1.50, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 25^ per lb. 

What brings stronger appreciation of the fires of our own hearthstones than to be 
far from the native hills? The following from an article, The American Red Cross 
Garden in France, by Capt. Harold L. Frost in the Mai'ket Growers' Journal, speaks 
of a work our firm was privileged to cooperate in : 

"No farm in America fulfills its mission without a field of Corn, and no Yankee 
could feel at home without an ear of Sweet Corn if he had ever lived near a farm. 
What could make life dearer to any of you who might be in hospital, in a foreign land, 
longing for home, than to have a pretty American nurse approach your cot with, 
' Hello, Jack, want some Golden Bantam Corn for dinner? ' You couldn't help getting 
better. We were told that we couldn't raise Sweet Corn, but we were like many other 
Yankee idiots who are always attempting all kinds of fool tricks, and we got by. 
Prof. H. F. Tompson learned that some of this seed was wanted, and he immediately 
secured a donation, which was started on its way overseas, but never arrived. After 
much trouble and hunting, some seed was found in Paris, and our Sweet Corn planta- 
tion was started, tilled, and brought to maturity. It graced the tables of all classes 
from the most humble doughboy to Secretary Baker, and all paid tribute to this king 
of vegetables from the home land." 






(Cucumis Sativus) 

History — A native of the East, Vilmorin crediting the East Indies, while de Candolle 
places Northern India as point of probable origin. Vilmorin, being a close student of 
the subject, we are inclined to give preference to his deductions. Cucumber is one of 
the oldest cultivated vegetables, being tmder cultivation long before the Greek and 
Egyptian civilization, although it was well known to both. Pliny writes at length on 
the subject, and makes special reference to the cucumbers as suppUed to the Emperor 
Tiberius, who wanted them available every day in the j'ear. The cucumbers of the 
Scriptures were probably a wild form of melon (no doubt of Persian origin), which was 
common in Egypt at that time. Cucumbers have been cultivated in England for 
several centiu-ies. Until within two htmdred years they were known as cowcumbers. 
The standard variety for pickling, the West India Gherkin (Cucumis Anguria), is a 
native of Jamaica. 

No. 310. Evergreen White Spine. Days to Maturity, 60. Introduced by 
Johnson & Stokes in 1886. It originated from a selection of the old TMiite Spine, 
and received its name, Evergreen, owing to its habit of remaining a deep green color 
in all stages of growth. It is also sKghtly longer than the older variety. The fruits 
averaging seven inches in length, being blimt at both ends. The outside color is a dark 
green showing some white stripes. The flesh is very tender and crisp, making an 
excellent sUcing variety for which this sort is mostly used. 

Pkt. 5?f, oz. 10^, H lb. 400, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or 
more, $1.10 per lb. 


No. 318. Klondike. Days to Maturity, 65. Probably introduced by Burrell, of Rocky Ford, 
about 1906. Klondike is later in maturity than Evergreen White Spine, but has been selected for 
a darker color. It has a tendency to hold its color for a longer period which makes it a decided 
favorite ■with southern growers for their long distance northern shipment. The fruits will average 
seven inches in length. They will taper at the blossom end, and are rather blunt at the 
stem end. The white stripe is discernible, but is not objectionable. 

Pkt. 5«f, oz. 10^ }4 lb. 400, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75. post-paid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 
per lb. 


(X 3/4) 

No. 320. Improved Long 
Green. Days to Maturity, 
70. First listed by Prince in 1842. 
Offered by Ferry in 1882 as 
Improved Long Green. It is 
one of the original black spine 

varieties and is extensively used EVERGREEN WHITE SPINE (x 3/4) 

for pickling purposes. The fruits . . j 

will often attain a length of from ten to twelve inches, having a uniform dark green color. The vines are very vigorous and productive 
and heavy yields may be expected. 

Pkt. 50, oz. 100, li lb. 400, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 


See Page 8 for recommended varieties 




No. 314. Davis Perfect. Days to Matukity, 60. Originated by Mr. Eugene Davis, 
of Grand Rapids, Michigan. The fruits of this variety will attain a length of ten inches. 
They are dark green in color, tender and highly suitable as a slicing variety. The 
vines are hardy and vigorous, and will continue to bear for a long period. 

Pkt. 5e, oz. 10?!, lb. 40(*, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or 
more, $1.10 per lb. 

No. 330. West India Gherkin. Days to Maturity, 50. One of the oldest varieties 
known in America. A native of Jamaica. Introduced by Minton Collins, of Richmond, 
Virginia, in 1793. It is the smallest variety of Cucumber on the market and 
is in considerable demand for small pickles. The fruits will average from two 
to two and one-half inches in length and should be picked when young 
and tender. We would call special attention to the fact that the seeds 
are rather difficult to germinate, sometimes requiring from two to three 
weeks, therefore, we would recommend a very carefully prepared seed bed. 

Pkt. di, oz. lOi, yi lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, SI. 10 per lb. 

No. 317. Green Prolific or Boston Pickling. Days to Maturity, 
60. First offered by Briggs in 1866 as Green ProUfic. Apparently the 
name, Boston Pickling, was attached to this as a result of an introduc- 
tion made by Johnson & Stokes in 1888. It is a black spine variety, 
perhaps more in use as a commercial pickling sort than any other. The 
fruits will average from five to six inches in length when fully developed. 
However, they are harvested at an earlier stage for most pickling opera- 
tions. It is an early, heavy yielding variety and the stock offered is 
recommended without reservation. 

lOff, \i lb. 40fS, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by express. 


Pkt. 5(!f, oz. 
$1.10 per lb. 

No. 316. Early Fortune. Days to Maturity, 60. One of the new strains of Cucum- 
ber. We are not weU informed as to its origin. The fruits will average from seven to eight 
inches in length, are cylindrical, rather small seed cavity and thick through. They are of excel- 
lent quality for slicing. 

Pkt. 5c, oz. 10^, 34 lb. 4Gf!,lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, po8tpaid;by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 

of high quality and 




NOTE: Owing to another 
failure of Winderrnoor 
Wonder, we shall be unable 
lo offer any seed before 
1921. The situation is 
unavoidable although very 

S. S. F. Co. 

Grow your own pickles this year. Try West India Gherkin and Boston Pickling 






(Solanum Melongena) 

History — Of tropical origin. Vilmorin definitely cred- 
ited South America, Bailey, however, placing it in the 
East Indies. Since the reports of its use as a vegetable 
come after the discovery of America, and owing to its simi- 
larity to tomato and pepper, both of which are definitelj' 
traced to South America, we are inclined to give Vilmorin 
credit for being right. The fact that it is called Guana 
Squash adds further e%ddence that it is a New World dish, 
as does the fact that it has been so well known as a vege- 
table amongst the West Indies since the discovery. Gerard 
in the first edition of his Herbal (1596) shows distinctly 
that, although eggplant was known in England at the 
time, it was not considered to have edible qualities. He 
states, "I rather wish Englishmen to content themselves 
with the meate and sauce of our ovra countrj' than with 
fruit and sauce eaten with such perill : for doubtless these 
apples have a mischeevous quality; the use thereof is 
utterly to be forsaken." To which Philhps (1822) adds: 
"With this caution we cannot be surprised that tie egg- 
plant should ha:ve been in our gardens for 220 years with- 
out reaching our tables." Eggplant has been cultivated 
in America for less than a century. 


There are not many distinct varieties of eggplant under cultiva- 
tion. The two we list, viz., Black Beauty and New York Purple, 
are undoubtedh' in greatest demand in this coimtry. The Early 
Long Purple, the older Black Pekin, the Early Dwarf Purple, and 
the numerous white varieties are not in large demand. There 
are one or two white. eggplants as used in Europe which are un- 
doubtedly of exceptionally fine quality as table sorts, and it seems 
more than probable that we shall offer one of these in 1921. 

No. 350. Black Beauty. Days to Maturity, 125. Intro- 
duced by Burpee in 1902, no doubt having been a selection from 
the earlier Black Pekin as known in this countrj- about the time 
of the Civil War. Hovey, of Boston, listed it as a ''new" variety 
in 1869. This variety is very proUfic, bearing well-rounded fruits 


almost egg-shaped. They will average eight inches in length, 
color is a rich dark purphsh black. 

Pkt. 10^, oz. 50^, H lb. S1.50, lb. S6.00, 5 lbs. S27.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $5.40 per lb. 

No. 352. New York Purple. Days to M.^turity, 140. Listed 
by B. K. Bliss in 1860. It will produce matured fruit about two 
weeks after Black Beauty. The outside color is considerably lighter 
than the Black Beauty and the shape, as shown in the illustration, 
is quite different, the blossom end being much flatter and the whole 
effect more triangular than globe_shaped. 

Pkt. 10^, oz. 50fi, }4 lb. S1.50, lb. S6.00, 5 lbs. $27.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $5.40 per lb. 


No. 362. White Curled. D.\ys to M.\turity, 100. One of 
the oldest varieties used in this country. It was offered as White 
Curled Indive by Minton Collins, of Richmond, Virginia, in 1793. 
A variety sometimes referred to as Giant Fringed. The very light 
yellowish color of the outer leaves, which rapidly blanch to an 
attractive creamy white, distinguishes this variety from the Green 
Curled. The heads will average fifteen inches across, and will prove 
of excellent eating qualitj'. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. lOi, }4 lb. 30^, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80i per lb. 

P^'PI ^ I {Cichorium Endivia) 

History — Probably a native of the East Indies, placed by some, 
however, as indigenous to Egj^jt. In the latter place they aa-e called 
the wild endive cichorium, hence the confusion between this and the 
chicorj-, or French endive. The vegetable is mentioned by Ovid, 
Columella, Horace and Pliny. The latter states the plant was eaten 
both as a pot herb and a salad by the Romans. It was supposed to 
have had strong medicinal qualities, and was used with telling effect 
by the ancient magicians. Endive was introduced into England 
apparently in 1548, during the reign of Edward tht. Sixth. Gerard 
speaks of it and tells how it was preserved for winter use in the time 
of Queen Elizabeth. By 1822, according to Phillips, there were eight 
varieties cultivated in England. 

No. 360. Endive, Green Curled. D.\ys to M.^turity, 100. 
Listed bj^ Booth, of Baltimore, in 1810, and catalogued now by practi- 
cally every seedsman in this countrj'. It is sometimes called Alammoth 
Green Curled. The rosette head will average fifteen inches across. 
It is beautifully cut and divided, which, with its rich dark-green color, 
gives it a beautiful appearance. The center blanches very rapidly 
to a rich golden-white. This sort is thought highly of for home gai'den 
or market use, and is used largely for salad. 

Pkt. 5c, oz. \Qi, yi lb. 30^, lb. Sl.OO, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80(f per lb. 


No. 364. Broad-Leaved Batavian. Days to M.\ttjrity, 100. 
Offered by Russell, of Boston, in 1828. Often sold under the name 
of Escarolle. The heads of this variety will be slightly smaller in 
diameter than the other two which we carr}^ The leaves are toothed 
at the edges and more or less twisted, but they are not finely cut as 
are Green and White Curled. It is a variety which is easily blanched 
if tied properly at the proper time. The inner leaves are wonderfully 
tender and crisp, making a most delicious salad. This variety is in 
larger demand than any other endives cultivated in this country. 

Pkt. H, oz. M lb. 30(f, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, SOj^ per lb. 


See Pages 104-105 and note reasonable prices on plants of eggplant 




(Brassica oleracea var. Acephala) 


No. 374. Imperial Long Standing. Days to Maturity, 60. 
A variety which will hold before shooting to seed longer than 
either of the two other varieties which we carry. The plant has 
a more spreading habit than the Scotch or Siberian, but the leaves 
are beautifully curled and crimpled. While the quality is very 

History — This plant and the so-called Georgia CoUard are, apparently, more closely akin to 
the wild cabbage of Europe than any other forms of the cultivated Brassica. Kale is a non- 
heading cabbage, an annual that does best in the cool portion of autumn and the early spring for 
its growth. It is hardy enough to withstand the average winter in the latitude of New Jersey. 
Commercially, it is grown extensively only at Norfolk, Virginia, and on Long Island. It could 
be grown elsewhere, but the demand has not been great enough. The three varieties we 
hst should cover all. 

No. 370. Dwarf Curled Scotch. Days to Maturity, 55. In quahty, the best kale 
under cultivation. Listed in this country as early as 1826 by RusseU, of Boston, having been 
spoken of as Norfolk. It is extensively grown in the Norfolk district for the large Eastern 
markets. A finely curled, low-growing variety of spreading heads and very hardy. This 
variety is sometimes used for garnishing, inasmuch as the leaves are a beautiful bright green 
color. Pkt. 5i, oz. 15(5, M lb. 60(^, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
$1.80 per lb. 

No. 372. Siberian. Days to Maturity, 60. A strain which was selected from the 
Dwarf German and later acclimated to the Siberian climate. This kale will stand a tem- 
perature of several degrees below zero without being affected. It is extremely hardy. How- 
ever, its quality is not as fine as the Dwarf Curled Scotch. The leaves are broad, finely curled, 
but not as closely cut as the Dwarf Curled Scotch. Color of leaf is a deep blue-gi-een. 

Pkt. H, oz. 10?!, K lb. 30s*, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80(4 per lb. 

fair, it is not equal to the Scotch. The plant itself will be larger 
than either of the other varieties, and, therefore, has a distinct 
value commercially. The color is a bright green. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 10(!, Yi lb. 30^, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80ff per lb. 


(Brassica Oleracea Var. Caulo-Rapa) 

Kohl-rabi. (Brassica Oleracea Var. Caulo-Rapa.) A member of the cabbage group, and perhaps one of the oddest vegetables in form 
of growth imder cultivation. It is like [a turnip produced in a cabbage root, if that were possible. The flesh of the thickened stem 
is more delicate both in texture and flavor than the turnip. It is a plant deserving of a 
place in every home garden, as well as one which is grown on a large scale by certain 
market gardeners. Save for cauliflower, it is superior in quality to any of the cabbage 
group. It is naturally a cool-weather plant, and should be grQvyn either in the spring or 
fall, and gathered whUe still young and tender. According to' Vilmorin, certain large coarse 
varieties are grown in Europe for stock feed, but as the yielding power is not equal to turnips, 
cabbage, etc., they probably will not be gi-own commercially for that purpose in this coun- 
try. The two varieties offered should cover all noiTnal requirements for American planting. 

No. 375. Early White Vienna. Days to Maturity, 50. An old variety, no doubt 
originating in Austria. Listed by B. K. Bliss in 1866. The color is a beautiful light green, 
and as will be noted, this variety is much earlier in season than the Purple Vienna. It 
should be pulled for the table when about two and one-half inches in diameter. Pkt. 10(4, 
oz. 20i, M lb. 75ff, lb. $2.50, 5 lbs. $12.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $2.30 per lb. 

No. 377. Purple Vienna. Days to Maturity, 70. A variety of newer introduction 
than the Early White Vienna. It was offered by Johnson & Stokes in the eighties. Purple 
Vienna will take two to three weeks longer in maturing, and it is a coarser growing variety. 
The color is a bluish purple. Plants are taller and generally larger, thus requiring more 

room between each one. Pkt. lOff, oz. 20f4, 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $2.30 per lb. 

}i lb. 75fi, lb. $2.50, 5 lbs. $12.00, postpaid; 



{Allium Porrum) 


(2 1/2) 

History — Of uncertain origin, some authorities sajring that it is a 
native of the East, others of the Mediterranean, and Vilmorin mention- 
ing the possibility of Switzerland. It was commonly cultivated in Egypt 
from the time of the Pharaohs, and is up to the present day. Pliny, who 
says the best leeks were brought from Egj^jt, speaks of Nero eating 
them several days in every month. The Hortus Kewensis states 
positively, regardless of all other theories, that Switzerland is the native 
home of the leek. It was first cultivated in England before 1560, Tusser 
and Gerard both spealdng of it. It appears to have been used by the 
Welsh as far back as theii- history extends, and they continue to wear 
leeks on St. David's Day in commemoration of a victory which they 
obtained over the Saxons in the Sixth Century, at wliich time leeks were 
worn by their order to distinguish themselves in battle. Leek has appar- 
ently been cultivated in America dm-ing most of the Nineteenth Century. 

No. 390. Monstrous Carentan. The root of this sort often 
attains a diameter of two inches, and will blanch to a pm-e white. The 
quality is mild and tender. It is a flat-leaved bulbous, hardy perennial. 
The blanched stems and leaves are used as a flavoring for soups, boiled 
and served as asparagus or eaten in the raw state. Except for certain 
commercial pmposes and for om- large city markets, leek is not used in 
this country extensively, except by our foreign population. Pkt. 10(4, 
oz. 20(4, }4 lb. 75^, lb. $2.50, 5 lbs. $12.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, $2.30 per lb. 


Kohl-rabi is a delicious vegetable and should be found in every garden 





(Laduca Sativa) 

History — A native of Asia. The exact country of origin is not 
certain, neither the date when it was introduced into Europe, but 
scientists agree that it has no doubt been under cultivation from very 
remote times. The name lettuce is no doubt a corruption of a Latin 
word Lactuca, on account of the miUcy juice known to the vegetable. 
Herodotus tells us that lettuce was served in its natural state at the 
royal tables of the Persian King over five hundred years before the 
Christian Era. According to PHny, the Romans were not acquainted 
with much of a variety of this vegetable ; however, it was known to 
have marvelous cooling quahties and was often used to reduce 
fever. There was no attempt to cultivate lettuce in England until 
the fourth year of Queen Elizabeth's reign (1562). Thirty-seven 
years after this, however, Gterard speaks of eight distinct varieties. 
Since that time a great many variations have been made. 

No. 440. Black Seed Tennis Ball. Synonyms: All Year 
Round (1876), Salamander (Henderson, 1882), Bloomsdale Butter 
(Landreth, prior to 1884), Sensation (Johnson & Stokes, 1892), All 
Heart (Dreer, 1900). 

Days to Maturity, 71. It will hold eleven days before shooting 
to seed. It is a very old European variety, the first grown in America 
being offered by Booth in 1810, and by Sinclair & Moore and by 
Landreth in 1826. Its great age, as welLas its wonderful quality, 
is no doubt responsible for the many synonjTns which have been 
attached to it. It is a butter variety, strictly cabbage heading, 
large to medium in size, early-intermediate in season, standing well 
before shooting to seed. The color of the head is light green, but 
is not spotted or brownish as is the case with certain other heading 
varieties. The quality is excellent and highly recommends itself for 
both private and market gardeners. It is a sure and reliable header 
and excellent shipper. The seed is a grayish black. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 10^, M lb. 30ji, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 


No. 448. Unrivaled. Green-Leaved Big Boston strain. Days 
TO Maturity, 78. It will hold eighteen days before shooting to seed. 
The original of this was offered by Vilrnorin, Andrieux & Co., of 
France, as Sans Rival, and first introduced on this continent by 
two Canadian seed firms, Messrs. John A. Bruce & Co. and Mr. 
J. A. Simmers in 1902, and listed by seedsmen generally in this 
country the year following. This variety closely resembles Big 
Boston, and in order to emphasize this fact, we offered the variety 
under the name Green-Leaved Big Boston in 1917. No doubt 
Vilmorin secured his original stock from a sport of the Trocadero, 
and this fact, no doubt, accounts for its being difficult to secure a 
true stock thereof, even after sixteen years of constant effort. We 
believe the seed we offer now to be as true, however, as we have 
ever been privileged to offer. Pkt. 5i, oz. 10^, }4 lb. 30^, lb. 81.00, 
5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 


No. 444. California Cream Butter. Days to Maturity, 77. 
Will hold seventeen days before shooting to seed. Named and in- 
troduced by Burpee in 1888. It seems probable, however, that it is 
merely a renaming of the older Royal Summer Cabbage. Mammoth 
Black Seeded Butter (Thorbum) and Mammoth Salamander (John- 
son & Stokes) are varieties so similar that they are now considered 
practically sjmonymous. The foreign name for California Cream 
Butter is Winter Tremont. One of the desirable features of this 
variety is its long standing habit after maturity, holding almost 
twice the time of the Black Seed Tennis Ball. It is a cabbage butter 
head, with thick leaves, dark green, tinged vnth brown and spotted. 
The inside of the head is a rich golden yellow. The quahty is excel- 
lent and, under satisfactory conditions, will form a solid head. 
California Cream Butter or Mammoth Salamander has made splendid 
easy money for large lettuce growers in many parts of the countrj-. 
It is a highly recommended variety both for commercial and private 
planting, and our strain will run up to a high standard of purity. , 
The seed is a very dark brownish color. This variety will prove es- 
pecially valuable if brought to maturitj' as the warmer davs advance. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 10^, ^/i lb. 30fi, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 

UNRIVALED (x 1/4) 


See Tables on Page 8 and read these descriptions carefully before ordering 



ALL SEASONS (x 1/4) 

No. 446. All Seasons. Days to Maturity, 77. Holds twenty 
days before shooting to seed. Named and introduced by Mr. J. C. 
Vaughan in 1897, who states that the variety was imported from 
France about three years previous under the name of Denaiff . This 
lettuce is quite similar to Deacon, as introduced by Joseph Harris 
about 1878, being a little larger and later, the name originating from 
a neighbor of Mr. Harris', who was known as Deacon Bushnell, Mr. 
Bushnell having found it in the garden of a German woman who had 
been raising it many years before. Apparently, therefore, from the 
two original sources of origin, we take it that the general type was 
of European origin. All Seasons is decidedly a butter variety, 
strictly cabbage-headed, large intermediate in season and, as noted 
above, slow to shoot to seed. Its ability to stand midsummer heat 
places it in a class by itself, and it is recommended for main-season 
planting in the place of all other varieties. Color is a light greenish, 
never spotted or brownish in any part. The quality is excellent, 
very sweet and soft, seeds black. 

Pkt. H, oz. 10(*, M lb. 30$f, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 442. May King. Days to Maturity, 75. It is one of the 
more recent introductions from Europe, a good heading sort of the 
butter type, medium small, light green and tinged slightly with brown 
at the edges. In general appearance it resembles White-Seed Tennis 
Ball, but is distinct in being earlier and is especially good for out- 
door culture. As compared with that variety, it is slightly smaller, 
lighter green and has less of the brown tinge. 

Pkt. bi, oz. 10(4, li lb. 30^5, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80f^ per lb. 



No. 450. Big Boston. Days to Maturity, 78. 
It will hold eighteen days before shooting to seed. 
Probably the most generally grown variety under culti- 
vation, and listed by practically every American and European 
seedsman. In Europe it is usually called Trocadero Cabbage. 
A lettuce, under the latter name, was being grown by Morse 
for Henderson in 1887, and Mr. Henderson, comparing it with 
Boston Market, but contrasting it as much larger and finer, 
suggested the name Big Boston, and as such it was named and 
introduced by him in 1890. The name proved to be at once attract- 
ive and popular. Big Boston is a white-seeded cabbage-heading 
lettuce of the butter type, medium large, globular, medium light 
green with slight tinge of brown on margin of outer leaves. It is 
early and hardy and stands long distance shipping. The head it- 
self is brittle, buttery, and the interior almost a golden yellow. 
The mature plant will form a compact, well-defined hard, head. The 
quality is very fair. However, it lacks the delicacy, sweetness and 
tenderness of the strictly butter varieties, and for this reason is not 
recommended for home garden pui-poses as strongly as Black-Seed 
Tennis Ball or May King. 

Pkt. H, oz. M lb. 30$f, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, SOff per lb. 


No. 464. Iceberg. Days to Maturity, 82. Will hold twenty-one 
days before shooting to seed. A variety of European origin, introduced 
into this country under the name of Iceberg by W. Atlee Burpee & Co., 
1894. Apparently, it is a selection of the dark-green type of Marblehead 
MammothandlndiaHead, the latter being a very old sort. Except that 
it is smaller and Lighter in color, it is very much like Hanson. It is a very 
crisp variety, loose cabbage heading, late and, as noted above, very slow 
to shoot to seed. The head is extremely hard and well blanched, the 
leaves very completely and tightly overlapping each other. The 
color is light green, excepting for the faint brown tinge along the ex- 
treme border. It is never spotted and the inner head leaves never 
colored. The quahty is good, crisp and firm, very sweet but not 
buttery in flavor. Seeds large white. 

Pkt. 5f*, oz. 10?;, Yi lb. 30?i, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 452. New York or Wonderful. Days to Maturity, 87. 
It will hold twenty-four days before shooting to seed. This is the 
old Chou de Naples or Neapolitan, and introduced, under the name 
of New York, by Henderson in 1896. The synonyms Los Angeles 
and Wonderful have been attached to it since its introduction. In 
England the variety is better known under the name of Webb's 
Wonderful. It is one of the largest of the heading varieties, curled 
and crisp, dark green, and slightly curled at the edges. The head 
at first is pointed or conical, but at matm-ity becomes globular. 
Although of good quality, being exceedingly crisp and sweet, we do 
not advise this lettuce for home garden purposes, as some of the 
rnore buttery sorts are desirable. However, to those who have had 
difficulty in growing well-formed heads. New York might be tried 
with success, providing plenty of room is allowed between the indi- 
vidual plants. Seed is white. 

Pkt. 10(4, oz. 20i, ]4 lb. &5i, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; by 
express, $1.80 per lb. 


Big Boston Lettuce Plants are offered. See Pages 104-105. However, it is not difficult to grow your own 




No. 462. Black Seed Simpson. Days to Maturity, 78. 
Will hold twenty-two days before shooting to seed. Introduced by 
Peter Henderson & Company in 1880. One of the most largely 
planted varieties in this country, and it is a loose-leaved lettuce, 
late-intermediate in attaining full development and, as noted above, 
slow to shoot to seed. The plant is fairly compact and consists of 
fii-m, weU-blanched V-shaped clusters of leaves, the innermost 
heart curving inward and showing a tendency to form a head. The 
leaves are very much blistered, crumpled and twisted with large, 
protruding mid-ribs and color is a very Light green, never spotted or 
brownish. The quality is very fair, being sweet but somewhat firm 
in texture. Seeds are black. This variety must not be confused with 
the Early Curled Simpson, which is a white-seeded Simpson. The 
Morse is a white-seeded selection out of it, but rather thicker leaved. 

Pkt. 5(i, oz. lOi, lb. 30^, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80f5 per lb. 

HANSON (x 1/4) 

No. 466. Trianon Cos. Days to Matukity, 82. Will hold 
twenty days before shooting to seed. Paris White Cos is a synonym 
for this variety. This class of lettuce has been grown in America 
for i.early one hundred and twenty-five years. It was offered in 1793 
by Minton Collins, of Richmond, Virginia, and by B. K. Bliss in 
1860. It was a typical cos variety, strictly self-closing, comparatively 
late and very slow to shoot to seed. The plant is compact, blanched, 
firm head, round at the top with leaves not tightly over-lapjjing one 
another. The color is a very dark green on the outside anti well 
blanched on the inside. They are never spotted or brownish in any 
part. The quality is excellent. It is very hard in texture, but is 
exceedingly crisp and sweet, and is especially desirable for long 
distance shipping or for prompt table use. Trianon Cos will make a 
delicious Romaine salad, and is a pleasing change from the soft, 
buttery varieties. Seed white. 

Pkt. 5(4, oz. IQi, M lb. 30fi, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80(4 per lb. 


No. 460. Grand Rapids. Days to Mattjkity, 69. 

Will hold ten days before shooting to seed. It was 
originated after fifteen years' selection of Black Seeded Simpson 
by Eugene Davis, of Grand Rapids, Michigan. It was known 
in Grand Rapids ten or more years prior to 1890, when it was 
formally introduced by D. M. Ferry & Companj^ under the 
name of Grand Rapids. A variety of very wide popiilarity, but of 
very poor quality. It is early-intermediate in season and wiU shoot 
to seed quickly. The plant is very spreading when young, but be- 
comes very compact when mature, forming a loosely rounded cluster 
of leaves, growing close enough for only shght blanching, but when 
fully matured, they never spread out at the center. The leaves are 
excessively blistered and crumpled and slightly twisted, very thick 
and heavy with coarse veins and protruding mid-ribs. Color is a very 
light green, never spotted or brownish in any part. Quality is verj' 
poor, being coarse and rank in flavor, at least to the extent of lacking 
in sweetness and delicacy. Seeds black, slow to germinate. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 10^. M lb. 30^, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 


No. 470. Hanson. Days to Maturity, 86. Will hold twenty- 
four days before shooting to seed. Introduced by Dreer about 1871, 
who has claimed that the seed came from Col. Hanson, of Maryland, 
after having been in the family for three generations, having origi- 
nally come from Europe. This variety is unquestionably the best 
loose-leaved sort for either home or market garden. In quality it 
outclasses all other loose-leaved sorts. It is a decidedly crisp, loose- 
heading variety, mediimi in size, hght green in color on the outside 
and white within. It is never spotted or brownish in any part. The 
quality is excellent, being exceedingly crisp and firm in texture and 
very sweet. This variety cannot be recommended too highly. 
Seeds are white. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 10^, M lb. 30(«, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs, pr more, 80^ per lb. 






(Agaricus Campestris) 


We offer our trade the American Spore Culture Spawn which is produced from the original spores of the best varieties, gathered, 
germinated and propagated under the famous French process. We believe they are the most vigorous and prolific strain on the market 
at the present time. Although mushrooms are essentially a fall and winter crop, there is no reason why they should not be purchased in 
the spring. The American Spore Culture Spawn brick weighs from l]4 to pounds and will spawn eight to ten square feet of 
beds. We keep on hand the white variety, which is generally preferred, but should be pleased to secure the cream or brown varieties if 
wanted in large quantity. 

' Mushroom spawn is a term used commercially and includes the spawn proper or mycelium, a felt or thread-like growth of greyish 
white color, the brick being the carrying medium in which it is developed or preserved. In nature mushrooms of the Agaricus type 
are primarily reproduced by means of spores which drop from their gills at maturity. When germinated, these spores produce the 
thread-like growth above referred to as mycehum or spawn. In its further development under certain conditions, mycelium forms pin-heads 
and finally fully expanded mushrooms. Until quite recently the natural method of germinating the spores of the mushroom had remained 
an unknown secret. Price: Per brick 40^, 5 bricks, $1.80 postpaid; by express, 10 bricks, $2.50; 25 bricks, $6.00; 100 bricks, $22.50; 
in case lots of 160 bricks $32.00. 


By Prof. C. W. Waid, Michigan Agricultural College, in the Market Growers' Journal 

Mushroom culture assiuned large proportions in the United 
States during the last few years. It is estimated that some seasons 
as high as 5,000,000 pounds are produced. The high price at which 
this choice article of food has been selling would seem to indicate 
that the supply has not met the demand. 

The bulk of this crop is grown in houses built for the purpose, or 
in caves, cellars, tunnels, etc. In many greenhouses there are 
benches which are used for plant growing and other purposes. In 
most instances the space underneath these benches is not utilized. 
There is no reason why with the proper attention to details this 
area could not be made to produce a good return from mushroom 

Some of the essentials for success in mushroom culture are : 

1. That the soil be thoroughly drained. 

2. That the manure be carefully prepared. 

3. That the spawn be of good quality and in good condition. 

4. That the moisture and temperature conditions be right. 

In preparing the manure for the bed it should be carefully com- 
posted and should never be allowed to heat nor to receive too large 
an amount of moisture. From eight to ten inches of manure, after 
it has been well firmed, is the most common depth used. Sometimes 
it is necessary to give light sprinklings during the time the manure 
is being composted. The proper condition of the manure, so far as 
moisture is concerned, is that it should be sufficiently moist to 
leave the hand damp when it is squeezed in the hand, but not so 
moist that water is squeezed out. 

Since the introduction by Duggar of the pure culture spawn it 
has been much easier to get surer spawn than it was before. Great 
care should be exercised to get good spawn. It is a good plan to 
test it out in a small way before it is purchased and used in large 
quantities. The spawn is sold as a rule in bricks 53^ x 83^ x 13^ 
inches in size. Fresh spawn should always be used. It should 
not be over six or eight months old. 

When the temperature of the bed is 70 to 80 degrees as deter- 
mined by a thermometer, the spawning should be done. If it is 
done when the temperature is lower than 70 the growth will be much 
less rapid The spawn bricks are broken into ten or a dozen pieces, 
each piece being sufficient for about one square foot of bed space. 
A little manure is raised and the spawn placed underneath. 

About ten days or two weeks after the spawn is in place an inch 
or two of fine, rich loamy soil is placed over the manure. This is 
what is called casing the beds. The purpose of this soil is to con- 
serve the moisture in the manure and give support to the mush- 
rooms. It is also claimed that it gives quality to the product. 

The moisture conditions of the soil and manure are of great 
importance. Overwatering should be avoided, but light sprinklings, 
whenever the casing indicates a dry condition, will be an advantage. 
Frequent, but hght watering should be the rule. Only enough water 
should be applied to moisten the soil. It should not be allowed to 
penetrate the manure. 

The temperature of 55 degrees is considered ideal for growing 
mushrooms. The growth is more rapid at higher temperatures but 
the period of production correspondingly is reduced. The main- 
taining of proper temperature is one of the chief ways of controlUng 
insects and diseases. 

There is no objection to light reaching the beds, although mush- 
rooms can be grown where it is quite dark. The principal objection 
to sunlight striking the beds is that it may cause the soil to dry out 
too much. 

There are several small insects which are more or less injurious 
in mushroom culture. Small flies or gnats which infest manure and 
the mushroom mite may do some damage. An insect known as 
springtails may also do harm to the crop. This pest is most likely 
to be troublesome in damp, poorly ventilated houses. The common 
sow-bug is also an enemy of the mushroom. Poisoned slices of raw 
potato placed over the beds will usually control this enemy. 


Mushrooms are constantly in greater demand. They are not difficult to produce. 

Slok.e>. Seeds 




{CiLCumis Melo) 


History — A native of Southern Asia, cultivated from a very 
remote period of antiquity, perhaps having come from the oblong 
fruit of the Persian melon, the date of its first culture being unknown. 
It is considered to be as old as any of the alimentary vegetables. 
That the Egj'ptians knew and grew melons seems to be well estab- 
lished by certain well-known verses in the eleventh chapter of the 
Book of Numbers of the Bible. The Romans and Greeks were 
familiar with it in its cultured form, as it appears to have been 
brought from Persia at least before the first centurj'. Pliny speaks 
of it at length, describing the difficulties of obtaining melons for the 
Emperor Tiberius all months of the year. There are many and 
various classes of melons, one of the oldest and best being the 
cantalouppi, which, according to M. Jacquin, derives its name from 
Cantaloupe, a seat belonging to the Pope near Rome, where this 
sort, brought from Armenia by the missionaries, was first cultivated. 
De Serries and Gerard describe melons in their respective countries 
in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Although perhaps grown 
at their best in Egj'pt and in the warm sunshine of the Orient, 
they are now known the world over. American varieties have 
developed rapidly in the past forty years. New Jersey, Michigan, 
and Colorado perhaps offering more new varieties of merit than any 
other states. 

No. 514. Netted Gem or Rocky Ford. (Green) Days to Ma- 
turity, 95. Offered by Burpee in 1881 under the name of Netted 
Gem. There are a number of distinct strains of the Netted Gem 
type offered under such names as Watter's SoUd Net, Eden Gem, 
Netted Rock, Rust -resist ant Rocky Ford, etc., etc. This melon 
has now become the standard shipping variety for the United 
States, thousands of carloads annually being filled either with 
Netted Gem or with varieties which have been selected from or 
hybridized with the old original. In 1895 Mr. William S. Ross of 
AJma, Illinois, started an industry in his district which within 
fifteen years developed into one of considerable importance. In 
1900 two hundred and fifty-three carloads were shipped from there. 
To Dr. W. W. Tracy, now of the Department of Agriculture, the 
credit belongs for having really established the industry in the now 
world-famous Rocky Ford district in Colorado. Because of the 
vast proportions which the industry assumed within a few years, 
the name Rocky Ford Cantaloupe in some districts superseded 
the original name Netted Gem. It is, therefore, offered in the 
double foiTTi at present. In 1905 the Imperial Valley of Southern 
California came into prominence as a melon growing region, 
this through the introduction of irrigation water. In the year 
1914 alone 4,446 carloads of melons were shipped from the Imperial 
Valley alone, the warm climate making it possible to commence 
shipments as early as May. This does not conflict in any way 
with the season of the Rocky Ford growers, which is much later. 

The stock of Netted Gem or Rocky Ford which we offer is the 
result of several years' experimental work, leading toward a type 
which was completely netted, the cross sectors having been entirely 
eliminated. The flesh is light green, the seed cavity small and 
the quahty superb. Rust^resistance has also been a factor in the 
selection of our stock and it will be found to be as near bUght-proof 
as is possible. It is the standard crating melon, running from forty- 
five to thirty-six to the crate. For growers whose markets demand 
a green-fleshed crating melon this variety is hi^lj' recommended. 
Pkt. 5i, oz. 10?^, 14 lb. 30ff, lb. $1.00. 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 516. Montreal Market. (Green) Days to M.\TtTRiTi", 110. 
This is the largest green-fleshed melon under cultivation. It is 
quite well netted, very shallow ribbed and in all general appear- 
ances highljr attractive. It is grown probably near Montreal, 
P. Q., under a most- interesting method. The seed is sown in green- 
houses or hot beds and the plants are later set in sash-covered frames 
which offer attractive shelter until the crop is nearly grown, glass 
being removed as the temperature allows and the fruit then develops 
in the open. Montreal Market Melons are shipped in large wicker 
baskets, holding one dozen each and commanding high prices on 
some of the eastern markets. This method of melon growing 
might be tried with success on the Honey Dew, which scarcely ever 
develops to maturity in the latitude of New Jersey. See special 
suggestions imder that variety. Pkt. hi, oz. 10ft, ^ lb. 30(i, lb. 
$1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, fjostpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80(i p>er lb. 

No. 522. Salmon-Tinted Pollock No. 25. D.^^ys to M.\- 
turity, 95. As noted above the Netted Gem was the original 
variety used to develop the Rocky Ford Cantaloupe industry. 
From tliis variety, as also noted, there have been a number of impor- 
tant types developed by selection and by hjHbridization. This 
includes the Pollock wliich has been renamed the Eden Gem, Netted 
Rock, Rust-Resistant, Rocky Ford, etc. From the original Pollock, 
which was the result of hybridization, there ran two fundamental 
colors, green and salmon-tinted, with their vai'ious combinations. 
By individual plant selection on the part of the Rocky Ford Canta- 
loupe Seed Breeders Association, offered about 1909, the Salmon- 
Tinted strain has been well isolated and the stock that we offer will 
be found unifoiTQ, well netted and almost solidly salmon-fleshed. 
The flavor is distinctly better than the green-fleshed type. The 
stock has been also selected for disease resistance. Melons will 
average four and three-quarters in length by three and one-quarter 
in breadth. It will mature one week after the earliest varieties. 
As a shipping sort our stock is highly recommended. Pkt. 5^, oz. 
lOf*, 14 lb. 30(*, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, SOft per lb. 


The Tables on Page 8 should be of special value in making variety selections of melons 



No. 510. Extra Early Hackensack. (Green) Days to 
Maturity, 85. The old Hackensack originated about 1870 
amongst the growers near Hackensack, New Jersey, thus its name. 
The Extra Early Hackensack is a selection of that variety, maturing 
two weeks earUer. Extra Early Hackensack is a green-fleshed variety, 
mediimi to large in size, nearly round, somewhat flattened, and will 
stand stem end upwards. The flesh is of medium fine texture but of 
good flavor. This melon is used either as an early market 
variety or as a home garden sort. Pkt. 5<j:, oz. lOji, }/i lb. 
30^, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or 
more, 80(4 per lb. 

No. 512. Early Knight or Sugar Sweet. (Green) Days 
TO Maturity, 90. A variety developed by a Mr. Knight of 
Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Introduced about 1908 
by Geo. Taite & Sons of Norfolk. Walter P. Stokes offered it 
as Sugar Sweet in 1909. It is a melon of excellent flavor, of 
convenient and attractive size and of beautiful interior color — 
green edged with hght golden yellow. The length will average 
seven inches. It is thus not only larger but is ehghtly earlier 
than the Netted Gem and usually brings a considerably better 
price on the markets. However, because of its cross-sectors, 
it is not recommended as a crating and shipping variety. 
For nearby markets it is ideal. The seed offered has been 
grown in New Jersey and can be highly recommended. 
Pkt. H, oz. lOf!, Mlb. 30(*, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80ff per lb. 



No. 526. Paul Rose. (Orange) Days to Maturity, 
100. A melon originated in Michigan from a specially 
selected stock of Mr. Morrill's Osage. Introduced by 
Vaughan, about 1896. The name Petoskey is often 
used as a synonjon and refers to the locality in which 
it was first grown. The originator was Mr. Paul Rose, 
thus the name. It has been on the market about 
thirty years and is a well-known orange-fleshed variety 
suitable for either home or market purposes. The vines 
are strong and productive. Fruits are quite similar to 
the Netted Gem but will average considerably larger. 
The bright orange flesh is very thick, firm and of 
deUcious flavor. Paul Rose will prove a good in- 
vestment to any grower. Pkt. ^i, oz. lOfi, % lb. 30)if, 
lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or 
more, 80$! per lb. 


No. 528. Defender. (Orange) Days to Maturity, 100. A variety 
which originated in Michigan. Introduced by Ferry in 1901. It was 
renamed Burrell's Gem shortly after its introduction and as such is, perhaps, 
better known in the Rocky Ford district. The fruits are medium in size, 
shallow ribbed and covered with a light netting. The flesh is tender and 
of a deUghtful flavor. The color is a bright orange which extends clear 
to the rind. It is a very vigorous variety and may be recommended for 
commercial purposes. Pkt. 5ff, oz. IQi, % lb. 30;^, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 


"No one can deny the fact that products which are poorly grown, poorly 
harvested, and poorly packed and shipped, are a direct loss to the grower and a 
serious drawback to the market. The consumer today insists on quality, and 
the grower who is to succeed cannot ignore this demand. Cantaloupes today 
are grown more extensively than formerly. Competition therefore is more 
keen, and growers in the West are more handicapped, because their products 
must travel longer distances, and therefore require more care in handling. By 
selecting fruit which matures early and at the same time possesses better 
edible and shipping quaUties the difficulty will be at least partly solved." 

U. S. Dept. of Agr. Farm. Bull. No. 707. 


DEFENDER (x 3/5) 




EMERALD GEM (x 3/5) 

No. 520. Emerald Gem. (Orange) Days to Matubitt, 100. 
Introduced by Biu-pee in 1886. The name applies only to the appear- 
ance of the outside skin, which is dark green with a very hght netting. 
The interior flesh is bright orange. As a home garden melon, we 
know no other variety which is more desirable. Unquestionably, 
it is the sweetest muskmelon cultivated in this country. The vines 
are vigorous and productive. The fruits are nearly roimd, perhaps 
shghtly flattened, ribbed and, as stated above, slightly netted. 
The skin, although green when yoimg, becomes tinged with yellow 
as the fruit matures. The general size and appearance is convenient 
and attractive for table use. It is not a shipping variety, but for 
its edible qualities we know of no finer. Pkt. 5^, oz. 10^, ^ lb. 
30(i, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
80^ per lb. 

OSAGE (x 3/5) 

FORDHOOK (x 3/5) 

No. 524. Fordhook. (Orange) Days to Maturity, 95. Intro- 
duced by Burpee in 1908. A rnelon somewhat similar to the old Jenny 
Lind type, being flat on the ends, having deep cut sectors and being 
covered with a light netting. This is not a shipping variety, but as 
a variety for local markets or for home garden purposes Fordhook 
is highly recommended. It is in especial favor with the New 
Jersey growers. The.size will average five and one-half inches across 
and three and oneThalf inches from top to bottom. The flesh is 
solid, of a delightful flavor and holds firm for some daj^s after 
maturity. Pkt. 5^5, oz. 10^, H lb. 30(*, lb. Sl.OO, 5 lbs. $4.50, post- 
paid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 806 per lb. 

No. 530. Osage. (Orange) Days to Maturity", 100. Originated 
by Mr. Rowland Morrill of Benton Harbor, Michigan and sold to Mr. 
J. C. Vaughan of Chicago for $1500.00, the highest price ever paid 
for a new variety. It was introduced by Mr. Vaughan about 1885. 
Mr. Morrill claimslthat the Osage is the result of hybridizing Orange 
Christiana and a melon known as Black Swedish. After thirtj'- 
seven years this melon still holds a firm position amongst the best 
American varieties. This fact in itseK attests to its wonderful 
quahties. The flesh is a brilliant orange, and 
for markets where this color is demanded it is 
especially recommended. The vines bear pro- 
fusely, setting fruits close to the hill and wiU 
continue to bear melons for a long growing 
season. Our stock will produce uniform melons 
weighing about two poimds apiece. In shape, 
the melon is sUghtly elongated and is covered 
with a light netting over a dark green skin. 
The flesh is thick and the delicious golden color 
extends right to the rind. The synonym, Mil- 
ler's Cream, is sometimes used in connection 
with Osage, this having been a melon of similar 
type, but of a different origin. Miller's Cream 
was listed by Johnson & Stokes about 1888. 
Although there may have been a shght difference 
in type originally, the terms are now used 
sj'nonymouslj'. The Osage Melon is still a leader 
in Michigan after 35 j'ears. We strongly recom- 
mend it to all who desire a high flavored orange- 
fleshed melon of attractive appearance. Our 
stock can be depended upon for type and uni- 

Pkt. 5i, oz. lOfi, H lb. 30(*, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. 
$4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80fS 
per lb. 



Emerald Gem is perhaps the most delicious of muskmelons 




White Antibes Winter or Honey Dew Melon 

No. 518. Days to Maturity, 150. A variety, the origin of 
which has been erroneously described by aknost the entire American 
seed trade. The story would be interesting if true, but has been 
conclusively proven otherwise by Dr. D. N. Shoemaker, of the 
Bureau of Plant Industry of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. 
The well-kxiown French seedsmen, Vilmoria, Andrieux & Co., have 
listed the melon, White Antibes Winter, for a number of years, and 
it might have been purchased long ago by any American seedsman. 
It is a variety which has been grown extensively for years in the 
south of France and more recently in Algeria for foreign shipment. 
The original fable started with one of these melons, which was eaten 
in a New York restaurant. The seed was saved and finally 
reached Mr. John Ganger, of Swink, Colo., who planted it in 
1911 alongside of the Netted Gem, thinking that the two would 
hybridize. The seed was saved and the following year was 
planted beside a Casawba, and it was Mr. Gauger's behef that 
this also hybridized. Dr. Shoemaker has proven conclusively that 
there was no hybridization and that the melon which Mr. Ganger 
successfully raised and marketed a car of in 1915 and was sold as 
the Honey Dew Melon was nothing but the pure original strain 
of White Antibes Winter. This melon was popularized by Charles 
Weaver, a Chicago broker, and in the short time it has been on 
the market it has found an exceptionally quick popularity. Mr. 
Ganger is undoubtedly the man who is responsible for popular- 
izing the melon in America, but he is not the first man to grow it 
here, inasmuch as there are several records of its having been grown 
experimentally on several occasions in the United States. 

The Honey Dew Melon develops to a length averaging nine 
inches and a width of seven inches. It is a light greenish white until 
dead-ripe when it will turn to a pale yellow. The length of season 
required for its maturity almost excludes it from culture here in the 
latitude of New Jersey. However, the melon has such an excellent 
flavor and has found such a rich sale that we urge all who can do so to 

make arrangements for starting the growth in pots under glass, later 
transferring to cold frames, which can be removed after danger of 
frost is over. Unless this precuation is practiced, we do not beUeve 
it wiU come to maturity on average years. The Montreal Melon 
growers have had such unquahfied success in producing the Mon- 
treal Market Melon under a similar plan that we are led to believe 
that growers in om- own latitude would have unqualified success if 
similar plans were adopted. The seed offered has been grown for 
us in Colorado, where this melon annually attains its most perfect 
growth. California is also producing immense quantities of Honey 
Dew Melons. Generally speaking, aU melons of this type do better 
in a commercial way when grown west of the Mississippi River. 

Pkt. 10(5, oz. 15^, M lb. 60i, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80. 


"Good shipping also depends on careful packing. Only standard 
containers for shipping should be used. The crate has become the 
standard container for shipping melons. Crates should be made of 
clean, smooth, strong lumber, with all knotty and cross-grained 
slats discarded. Dirty and second-hand crates should not be used. 
Crates used in the field in harvesting should not be used for shipping. 


"Up-to-date growers take pains to grade their product carefully 
before packing. A careful grading excludes melons which are 
poorly netted, also known as "Shckers." It is also essential to 
exclude melons which are cracked, bruised, diseased, ill-shaped, 
overripe, as well as those that are immature and those with soft 
stems. In packing, melons of the same size and grade only should 
be put in the same container." — U. S. Dept. of Agr. Farm. Bull. 
No. 707. 





(Citrullus Vulgaris) 

grown by the late Aaron Paul waa sold as Paul's Earliest. 
Pkt. 5ff, oz. lOi, }i lb. 30i, lb. $1.00. 

History — This vegetable is a native of Africa, and has been 
known from a verj^ remote period. It thrives wonderfully well 
around the warm shores of the Mediterranean. However, there is 
probably no country in which it is more p)opular than America. 
With us the melon-growing industry has reached enormous propor- 
tions. The ancients classed muskmelons, watermelons and all others 
of this famUj' under the name of melon, and for this reason we do 
not have many of the ancient references to the more modem name 
watermelon as we do to most of the other vegetables which have been 
under cultivation for fifty centuries. The watermelon is very easily 
hj'bridized, and for this reason there are a great many varying sorts. 
American varieties have mostly developed in New Jersey, Georgia 
and Florida. 

No. 600. Harris' Earliest. Days to MATtFRiTY, 100. This 
melon was introduced about 1900. The fruits are quite large for a 
variety maturing so early. They are oval in shape with irregular, 
mottled stripes of hght and dark green. The quahty of the flesh is 
excellent and recommends itself as a home garden sort. It is espe- 
cially suited to culture in the more northerly latitudes. This type 
of melon is sometimes sold under the name of Cole's Early, which is 
a smaller melon and is not of value. For a number of j^ears a melon 
The name, Harris' EarUest, however, we beUeve to be standard. Seed black. 

No. 604. Dark Icing. Days to Maturity, 100. A variety of 
New Jersey origin, having been grown there prior to 1880. It has a 
thin rind and, therefore, wiU not be a good shipping variety, but for 
home garden purposes and for nearby markets it is especially recom- 
mended. The fruits are oval in shape. The skin is a very dark green 
and the flesh a deep pink and of excellent quality. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. lOi, U lb. 30ff, lb. Sl.OO. 

No. 606. Halbert Honey. Days to Maturity, 110. A melon of 
Texas origin, having been offered by Burpee in 1902. Halbert Honey 
is strongly recommended for general home garden pinrposes. It has a 
thin rind, which will not stand long distance shipping, but the quality 
of the flesh surpasses all other varieties with the possible exception of 
Kleckley Sweet. The fruits wiU run from twenty to twenty-five 
inches in length. Seed creamy white. 

Pkt. Sji, oz. lOfi, U lb. 30^, lb. .11.00. 

No. 608. Kleckley Sweet or Monte Cristo. Days to Maturity, 
120. Introduced by Tnunbell & Beebee, San Francisco, Cal., 1898. A D.\RK ICING (x 1, 5) 

melon of thin rind. Its flesh is of the most delicious quahty. It is probably the leading home garden melon at the present time. 
In 1908 Walter P. Stokes offered a hard-shelled strain of Kleckley, which allowed it to be used for shipping purposes, but we still do 
not advocate Kleckley for shipment from the South or from Texas, as it will not hold hke the Tom Watson. Melons will average about 
twenty inches in length and about twelve inches in diameter. The rind is a deep dark green and the flesh a bright scarlet. Highly 

recommended for home consumption. 
Pkt. 5ji, oz. lOp, H lb. 30^, lb. $1.00. 

No. 602. Peerless or Icecream. Days 
TO Maturity, 100. Introduced as Peerless 
by Ferry about 1885. The name Icecream 
was added later. This is one of the best early 
sorts for the home garden or for truckers 
having nearby markets. The rind is rather 
tender and will not stand long distance ship- 
ping. The fruits are of medium size, oval 
but medium long, bright green and veined 
with a darker shade. The flesh is a bright 
scarlet, crisp and sweet. Seed white. 
Pkt. 5!», oz. 10^, 14 lb. 30>!, lb. Jl.OO 



Read descriptions carefully before ordering watermelon. Some are suited to eat and some to ship 

TOM WATSON (x 1/3) 

No. 612. Tom Watson. Days to Maturity, 130. A comparatively new melou from Georgia, named for the Hon. Tom Watson. 
Exact date of introduction unknown. It was first listed by Walter P. Stokes in 1912. In the comparatively short time this melon 
has been on the market, it has earned a well-deserved position as a shipping variety, and from many viewpoints is considered to outclass 
all other watermelons for shipping purposes. The fruit of Tom Watson is extra long, running from eighteen to twenty-four inches in 
length. Diameter will be from ten to twelve inches. The melons have been known to run up to fifty or sixty pounds in weight. The rind 
is tough and withstands long distance shipment well. Seed brown. 

Pkt. oz. m, li lb. 30ff, lb. $1.00. 

No. 614. Kolb Gem. Days to Maturity, 130. Originated in the 
eighties by Mr. R. F. Kolb, an Alabama watermelon grower. It is a 
hybrid from Scaly Bark and Rattle Snake. A large oval melon, sUghtly 
flattened on the ends, mottled with iiTegular stripes of light and dark 
green. The rind, although comparatively thin, is hard and firm, and thus 
insures shipping quaUties. The flavor is attractive, but this variety is 
not recommended for home garden purposes. Seed black. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. lOff, H lb. 30ff, lb. $1.00. 

No. 616. Gypsy or Rattlesnake. Days to Maturitti', 140. A 
variety of over thirty years' introduction, having been originated in 
Georgia. A very large home garden and sliipping melon. It is especially 
successful in the South. The fruits are light green in color with mottled 
stripes of a darker shade. The flesh is tender and sweet. In the North 
this variety must be planted early, in order to mature properly and thus 
have the delicious flavor that has made it famous in the South. 

Pkt. 5d, oz. lOfS, M lb. 30^, lb. %\ .00. 

DIXIE (X 1/5) 

No. 610. Dixie. Days to Maturity, 125. Originated by Mr. George Collins, of North Carolina, during the late eighties. It is a 
hybrid from Kolb Gem and Cuban Queen. It was introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1890 and immediately came into a place of 

prominence. It is claimed that it will 

mature five days earUer than Kolb Gem 
and has excellent keeping quaUties. It is 
now listed by over one hundred seeds- 
men, and, although the variety has been 
on the market for thirty years, it still holds 
a place of its own. The outside is a dark 
green, faintly traced with lighter stripes. 
It will be found extremely sweet, juicy and 
tender, and sometimes will develop to a 
tremendous size. Seed white. Although 
the flavor is of very good qualit}^, it is not 
equal to Kleckley Sweet, Halbert Honey, 
etc., and is thus not recommended for a 
home garden sort. 

GYPSY OR RATTLESNAKE (x 1/4) Pkt. Sff, OZ. lOfS, H lb. 30«f, lb. $1.00. 


The Tom Watson is now the great shipping melon of the South 



0|]|^Jq|^ (Allium Cepa) 


History^ — A native of Western Asia, having been cultivated 
from the most remote period, from the references to it in Sanskrit 
and Hebrew. It is also represented on Egyptian monimients. 
Numerous references to it in BibHcal history speak of the remarkable 
sweetness of the onions from Egypt. The name onion is no doubt 
derived from the Latin word Unio, meaning a single root. The 
Greeks and Romans, according to Pliny, name the different sorts 
after the countries or cities from' which they came, such as Scahan 
which no doubt is responsible for our coromon word scallion. We 
are told that the Cyprus Onion "drew the most tears." Although 
ancient scientists were never able to locate the onion in its wild 
form, Vilmorin states that a Frenchman, M. Regale, discovered a 
plant in Turkistan which has the appearance of being a wild form. 
A similar discovery has also been made in recent years in the Hima- 
layas. Unquestionably, the onion is one of the oldest vegetables 
known to man. Even in England it has been cultivated for many 
centuries and was no doubt brought to America bj' the earh^ settlers. 
Our common White Silverskin was introduced about 1792. 

No. 644. Yellow Globe Danvers. Days to Maturity, 110. 
Originating near Boston prior to 1850, and during the seventy years 
in which this onion has been under cultivation through the original 
strain or those from which they have been selected, it has estab- 
lished a leading place among the large onion growers. Yellow 
Globe Danvers is globe-shaped, being just as high as it is broad. 
The globes will average three inches through, the outside skin being 
a rich yeUow color, and the inside flesh a creamy white, crisp, mild 
and sweet. It will produce well from seed grown in the open ground. 
The stock we offer has been gro^Ti from selected bulbs. The neck 
is small, and the onion in every particular will be found to be uni- 
forai. Pkt. .5^, oz. H lb. 50?!, lb. $1.90, 5 lbs. $6.50, postpaid; 
by express. 5 lbs. or more, $1.60 per lb. 

No. 648. Southport Yellow Globe. D.\ys to Maturitt, 110. 
An onion originated in Connecticut, apparently near the town of 
Southport,, which is on Long Island Sound just west of Bridgeport. 
A globe-shaped bulb averaging from three to three and one-half 
inches in diameter. Its color is a rich, golden yellow, the inside 
flesh being creamy white, mild, tender and sweet. It is slightly 
larger than Yellow Globe Danvers, and is a variety that is held in 
high esteem by commercial growers. Pkt. 5i, oz. 15^, }4 lb. 60^, 
lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid ; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1 .80 per lb. 

No. 654. Ohio Yellow Globe. Days to Maturity, 120. 
This variety is a selection from the older Yellow Globe Danvers, 
the type being fixed by certain growers in Lake County, Ohio. The 
bulb of Ohio Yellow will be considerably flatter than the Yellow 
Globe Danvers. The skin will be a hght, yellowish copper, and the 
flesh a creamy white, which is crisp, mild and sweet. The keeping 
qualities of Ohio YeUow Globe have been proven highly satisfactorj-, 
and as a variety to be produced in lai'ge onion-growing operations 
it can be relied upon. Our strain is from selected bulbs only. Pkt. 5c, 
oz. 15^, U lb. 50^, lb. $1.80, 5 lbs. $8.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, $1.60 per lb. 





No. 646. Yellow Dutch, or Strassburg. Days to Matttkity, 110. A very 

old variety, listed under the name of Large Yellow Strassburg by Landreth in 1826. 

Apparently the first introduction by the name of Yellow Dutch was about 
1848, when it was listed as such by Comstock, Ferre & Company. The bulbs 
of this onion are much flatter than any of the other yellow-skinned vari- 
eties. They will average about three inches in diameter and from one 
and one-half to two inches from top to bottom. The outside skin is 
a straw-colored yellow, the flesh a creamy whi te, mild and sweet . The 
tops ripen down comparatively early, and the variety is of fair keeping 
qualities. Yellow Dutch, or Strassburg, is used for the production 
of the finest grade onion sets. They will make by all means the hand- 
somest sample of any of the yellow varieties. Pkt. 5t, oz. 15fi, lb. 
50?!, lb. $1.80, 5 lbs. $6.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
$1.60 per lb. 

No. 652. Southport Red Globe. Days to Ma- 
turity, 110. This variety originated in the South- 
port, Conn., onion district. Listed by Johnson & Stokes 
in 1889. The shape of the globe is similar to the 
Southport White and Yellow Globe. The color is a 
rich red, and the skin has a glossy appearance. The 
neck is very small. The inside flesh is white, tinged 
with purple. Shipping and storing qualities are excel- 
lent. Pkt. m, oz. 20?!, yi lb. 75?;, lb. $2.50, 5 lbs. 
$12.00, postpaid; by ex-press, 5 lbs. or more, $2.30 per lb. 

No. 642. Large Red Wethersfield. Days to 
Maturity, 100. Another American variety which 
originated in the Connecticut onion-growing district 
prior to 1863, and named from the town of Wethers- 
field, Conn. The general shape of the Large Red 
Wethersfield is spherical, being flattened at the ends. 
In some respects it resembles the shape of the Ohio 
Yellow Globe. The neck is very small. The tops 
when grown are long, slender and clear-green colored. 
The outside skin is a beautiful red, and the inside flesh 
tinged with red. The flesh is more pungent than any other varietv. 
Pkt. 5ff, oz. 15(«, M lb. 60fi, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 



(X 3/4) 

OHIO RED GLOBE (x 2/3) • 
No. 650. Mammoth Yellow Prizetaker. Days to MATtmiTY, 
110. Introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1887 as Spanish King 
Prizetaker. The name Spanish is still retained by some seedsmen, 
but for the sake of simplicity we have discontinued its use. This 
onion, during the first years of its introduction, was imported an- 
nually from near Barcelona, Spain. It is a type of the famous 
Spanish onion, as will be remembered by those of a generation ago. 
When fully matured it will average four inches in diameter. The 
color of the outside skin is a rich j^ellow, while the flesh inside is 
white, mild and sweet. Under special cultivation these bulbs have 
been known to weigh as much as five pounds apiece. As an onion 
for fall and early winter use, Mammoth Yellow Prizetaker is very 
highly recommended. It wiU not prove, however, to be a good 
winter keeper, such as the Southports or as Yellow Globe Danvers. 
In many respects it rivals the well-known and justly famous Bermuda 
onions, which are so largely grown in Texas along the Mexican 
frontier. Pkt. H, oz. IH, M lb. 60ji, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 

No. 656. Southport White Globe. Days to Maturity, 120. 
A variety originating in the Southport, Conn., onion district. It 
was listed by Ferry in 1888. As a standard commercial white onion, 
Southport "VVTiite Globe holds a position of its own. The bulb is 
globular in shape, being slightly flattened at the shoulder and 
rounded at the base. Crystal white in color and with pure, white 
flesh, which is mild in flavor and most productive as a table variety. 
It is an excellent shipping and storing onion, and will keep longer 
than the Bermudas. Pkt. 10?!, oz. 20^, M lb. 75^, lb. $2.50, 5 lbs. 
$12.00, postpaid; by expi-ess, 5 lbs. or more, $2.30 per lb. 

No. 658. Australian Yellow Globe. Days to Matur- 
ity, 120. This variety is a selection from the older Australian 
Brown, which was a native of Australia. Australian Yellow Globe 
resembles, in many respects, the Yellow Globe Danvers, differing 
from that variety in its general appearance and manner of 
growth. Essentially it is the best storage onion under cultivation, 
and is more highly recommended for this purpose than any other 
variety we catalog. Pkt. 5)i!, oz. 15?!, M lb. 50(i, lb. $1.80, 5 lbs. 
$8.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.60 per lb. 




White Onions 

No. 640. White Portugal, or Silverskin. Days to Matukitt, 95. A very old 
variety of European origin, probably Portugal. Introduced into this country from 
England as early as 1793 by Minton Gollins, of Richmond, Virginia. At that time 
he carried not only the Portugal Onion, but the White Silverskin Onion. This variety 
is slightty larger in diameter, but very flat compared to the Southport White Globe. 
The bulb will be about three and one-half inches through, is a pure, white color, 
having an especially clear, white skin. It is quite popular among growers of fancy 
onion sets. In order to preserve the pure, white effect, care must be taken not to 
expose the sets to the sun. This can be prevented by always having them covered 
with soil. Pkt. 5i, oz. 15^, K lb. 60?;, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. S9.50, postpaid; by express, 5 
lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 


Onion Sets 

Preparing ground for onion set planting. 


There is such a vast difference between the ordinary commercial 
onion set and the so-called Philadelphia onion set, that we would 
call the special attention of our trade to the fact that we handle 
only local grown sets. These have been produced from seed of the 
best grade, and have been grown and harvested with the greatest 
care. The result is a handsome, imiform, sohd onion set, of far 
greater value than the regiilar commercial grades. The latter are 
very often soft, and have long tops and necks and otherwise are 
unsatisfactory. There are three lands: yellow bottom sets, white 
bottom sets and red bottom sets. They are sold by the pound. 
Price, any color, 25^ per lb.; $2.50 10 pounds, postpaid. By express, 
in 101b. quantities. 20^ per lb., 100 lbs. $18.00. 



These are distinct from any other sets in that they are hardy, 
and may be planted in September or October and left in the ground 
all winter. These sets never form large bulbs, but produce the earli- 
est green onions ready for home or market use several weeks in 
advance of the other varieties. Orders may be placed now and filled 
in September. Price, 35^ per lb.; $3.50 per 10 lbs., postpaid. By 
express, SOfi per 10 lbs.; $28.00 per 100 lbs. 

On one liundred pound quantities, a cliarge for 
containers is made on a basis of cost of paclcage. 


These are formed through the division of the bulbs into many 
small ones. They are not grown from seed. Color either white or 
yellow. They are preferred on account of their earliness. Price, 
35i per lb.; $3.50 per 10 lbs., postpaid. By express, 30^ per 10 lbs.; 
$28.00 per 100 lbs. 








(Solarium Tuberosum) 

History — Native of the high valleys of the Andes; Chile, Peru 
and Mexico. The name has evidently been given it from the word 
Batata, the Indian name for sweet potato. It was also called Papas. 
Apparently the first specimens to be brought from the New World 
came from Quito, and from Spain they were gradually disseminated 
through Europe, first to Italy, thence to Mons, Belgium. The govern- 
or of Mons, recognizing the great possibilities of the new genera, sent 
specimens to the celebrated botanist Clusius in Vienna in 1598. 
Diu-ing this time, however, the Enghsh had also discovered the great 
value of potatoes as a vegetable. Sir Walter Raleigh has credit for 
bringing the potato to Ireland in 1586. They were planted in Sir 
Walter's estate in Cork and soon had a reputation throughout all of 
Ireland, where it was known many years in advance of England. 
This fact no doubt accounts for the common expression Irish potato. 
Credit seems also due to two English admirals, Drake and Hawkins, 
who claim to have brought the potato from Quito within a year of 
Raleigh's bringing the potato from Virginia. Ten years later 

EARLY ROSE (x 2/3) 

Gerard speaks of growing potatoes in his famous garden in Holbum, 
London. The cultivation of the potato as a field crop did not 
become common throughout the continent for 75 years. . At the 
present time, however, it is one of the most important world crops. 
Vilmorin places the number of so-called varieties of potatoes at many 
thousand. In his book "The Vegetable Garden," however, he is able 
to classify these imder 40 principal types, and this number certainly 
should be sufficient for all distinct American varieties. 



This is a standard early variety and is the first white skinned 
potato which appears on the market. Thousands of acres are 
annually grown and the yields usually run as high as with the main 
crop varieties. The tubers are roundish in shape, while the skin is 
creamy white. The sprouts are tinged with magenta but sometimes 
this color is absent. The flowers are usually a light rose-purple, 
but in hot weather are sometimes white. The quality of the tuber 
is very high, and in the opinion of many consumers there is none 
superior as a baking potato. 


This variety is elongated in shape, slightly flat with a bright 
cream color skin and considered suitable for cooking and baking 
purposes. It is shghtly later than Irish Cobbler, but not quite so 
late as Green Mountain. This variety originated in Washington 
County, New York. The acreage spread from the place of its origin 
into Chnton County, where there is a large acreage grown for seed 


This is usually the first variety which appears on the early 
market and is widely grown for this purpose. Its tubers are 
roundish, oblong and somewhat flat, whde the skin is flesh colored 
or pink. The sprouts are a deep rose-lilac in color while the flowers 
are usually white. This one is not as prolific as some of the later 
sorts, but is extremely early. 


This is about a week to ten days later 
than Early Rose and the tubers are more 
prolific -and of higher quahty. It appears 
on the market shortly after Early Rose and 
is grown more extensively. The tubers are 
round or oblong while the skin is flesh colored 
to fight pink with numerous small russet 
dots and the sprouts are diffused with 
carmine or magenta. The flower is white. 
While not as high in quality as the Irish 
Cobbler, it finds ready sale on the market. 


This is a standard main crop variety 
extensively used in New Jersey and vicinity. 
It is of exceptionally high quality and 
usually sells at a premium on the Eastern 
markets. The tubers are oblong and broad 
in shape \vith the skin a dull cream or light 
russet color, frequently having brown 
splashes toward the seed end. The sprouts 
are usually creamy white in color while the 
flowers are also white. 

AMERICAN GIANT (Natural Size) 


Prices of all Potatoes— 1 lb. 30c, 3 lbs. 75c, postpaid. By express or freight at purchasers' expense, pk. 60c, bu. $2.50, bbl. sack (2| bu.) $6.50. 




{Petroselinum Hortense) 



History — Apparently a native of the Island of Sardinia. Pliny, 
however, states that the Sardinian parsley was of a venomous quality. 
However, M. de CandoUe considered it to be wild in the Mediter- 
ranean region. From time immemorial it has been'served at funeral 
feasts. Parsley was introduced into England in 1542, the second 
year of the reign of Edward Sixth. Gerard speaks 
of it as being "delightful to the taste and agreeable 
the stomacke. 
Our best parsley 
BtiU comes 
from Eng- 

No. 700. 
Moss Curled. 

Days to Ma- 
turity, 65. 
Known in this 
country at least 
from the time of 
Minton Collins 
in 1793 as Curled 
Parsley. The 
other prefixes 
have apparently 
been added dur- 
ing the last thirty or forty years. This variety HAMBURG TURNIP 
grows to a height of about eight inches. The ROOTED PARSLEY 
color is a rich dark green and the leaves are 
very finely cut. The compact curled leaves are excellent for 
garnishing, and, although sometimes used for flavoring, we 
do not recommend them for this purpose as highly as either 
Hamburg Turnip Rooted or Plain. For all general purposes, 
however, Champion Moss Curled is, perhaps, the leading 

Pkt. 5ff, oz. iqi, }4 lb. 30f5, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 704. Plain. Days to Maturity, 70. Cultivated in this 
country since the early days, Booth having hsted it in 1810. This 
variety is not as compact as the Champion Moss Curled, and the 
leaves are flat and deeply cut. Plain parsley is verj' desirable for 
flavoring and for drying. It is not used extensively for garnishing. 

Because of its pimgent flavor and because of its general 
hardy qualities, it is considered very valuable. 

Pkt. Sfi, 
oz. lOfi, }4 lb. 
5 lbs. $4.50, 
postpaid; by 
express, 5 
lbs. or 
more, 80f^ 
per lb. 

No. 710. 
H a m - 
burg Tur- 
nip Rooted. 

Days to 
90. No doubt 
this variety 
originated in 

Europe. It has been grown in this country for about 
one himdred years, Sinclair and Moore having offered it 
in 1826. The root is the edible part of this variety, re- 
sembling in color and shape the root of the parsnip. The 
leaves are very similar to those of Plain parsley, and are 
especially desirable for flavoring and drying. The roots: 
may be stored for winter use very profitably. This is not a. 
garnishing variety, but for the purposes desired Hamburg is 
a very valuable sort. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 10(i, M lb. 30fi, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, post- 
paid ; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80>S per lb. 



Moss Curled for garnishing; Plain and Hamburg for flavoring. Plant some of each 





(Cucurbita Pepo) 

History — Botanists have placed its origin in Tropical 
America, although no wild forms have been located with a 
certainty. At the time of the Discovery pximpkin and 
squash appear to have been grown by the Indians in their 
com fields along the Atlantic Seacoast. The Island of 
Nantucket had a very warty variety which gave rise to 
our common field pumpkin. During Revolutionary days in 
this country, a crudef oi-m of syrup was obtained from pump- 
kin and used as a sugar substitute. See history of Squash. 

No. 850. Small Sugar. Days to Maturity, 70. 
An old standard variety, especially popular in New Eng- 
land, where it is sometimes spoken of as New England 
Pie. It is especially desirable for pie purposes, and is a 
close rival to Pie or Winter Luxury, which it resembles. 
The size will average between eight and ten inches in 
diameter. The fruits are deep orange colored, slightly 
ribbed. The flesh is a rich yellow of the very highest 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 10(4, H lb. 30?;, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, post- 
paid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 852. ■ Pie or Winter Luxury. Days to Ma- 
turity, 75. A variety known in this country about thirty 
years. The name Winter Luxury was given to a special 
strain of it by Johnson & Stokes in 1893. This is the very best 
quaUty pumpkin for pie purposes that is cultivated. The skin is 
Ught yellow, comparatively smooth and covered with a very light 
gray netting. The flesh is tender and has aU the qualities desired 
for cooking purposes. These pumpkins will average between ten 
and twelve inches in diameter and eight inches from top to 
bottom. They will grow very uniform and their general field 
appearance is most attractive. This variety is highly recom- 
mended for home gardeners and for truckers who sell direct to the 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 10(4, H lb. 30(4, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 854. Golden Crookneck Cushaw. Days to Maturity, 
80. A standard American variety offered by B. K. Bliss as early as 
1844. As its name indicates, it is a golden fleshed crookneck variety. 
The quality is very good, and it is recommended for pie purposes. 
Its curved length from one end to the other will average two feet. 

The general shape 
will vary somewhat. 
The 'seed cavity is 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 10)4, 
M lb. m, lb. $1.25, 
5 lbs. $5.75, post- 
paid; by express, 5 
lbs. or more, $1.10 
per lb. 

No. 856. Green- 
Striped Cushaw. 

Days to Maturity, 
80. A standard 
American variety. 
The name of this 
sort is also descrip- 
tive. The color is a 
creamy white, irreg- 
ularly striped with 
green. The fruits 
are very large, glob- 
ular at one end and 
sUghtly crooked and 
smaller at the other. 
A productive sort, 
which is in strong favor amongst a great many planters. 

Pkt. 5(4, oz. lOi, \i lb. 40^, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 



No. 858. Kentucky Field or Sweet Cheese. Days to 
Maturity, 90. One of the oldest varieties cultivated in America, 
listed by Sinclair and Moore in 1826. The fruits are large, roimd, 
flattened, having a cream-colored surface, mottled with green when 
fully ripe. The flesh is yellow, tender and of good quaUty. It is 
a good keeper. Not recommended for the more northerly latitudes. 

Pkt. oz. 10?;, M lb. 20^, lb. 75(4, 5 lbs. $3.00, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 50?4 per lb. 

No. 860. Connecticut Field or Big Tom. Days to Ma- 
turity, 90. The Connecticut Field is an old American variety. 
The name Big Tom was given to a special selection of it by John- 
son & Stokes several years ago. The names are now considered 
synonymous. This pumpkin wiU attain a size of about twenty 
inches in diameter. It is a strong, vigorous grower. The outside 
color of the pumpkin is reddish orange and the inside flesh is an 
orange yellow. It is very soUd, fine-grained and slightly ribbed. 
This pumpkin is grown extensively for canning purposes, and it 
is not advised for home consumption, as its quality is not equal 
to Pie or Winter Luxury or Small Sugar. 

Pkt. 5(4, oz. 10^, M lb. 30(4, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 862. King of the Mammoths. Days to Maturity, 90. 
A pumpkin of French origin offered by Johnson & Stokes as King 
of the Mammoths in 1885, the heaviest specimen, according to our 
records, being two hundred forty-five pounds. They will often be 
three feet in diameter. They are rounded in shape and flattened at 
the top and bottom. The outside color is a fight salmon-orange and 
the inside a bright yellow. We do not recommend King of the 
Mammoths for home consumption, but as a show pumpkin it has 
no peer. Pkt. oz. 10^, \i lb. 30?;, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, post- 
paid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80(4 per lb. 


CUSHAW No. 856 

Study descriptions for the best pumpkins for pies 








(Pisum Sativum) 

History — Of uncertain origin, but probably a native of Central 
Europe or the mountains of Central Asia. They have been culti- 
vated by man from a very remote time. They take their name from 
the Greek word Pisa, a town of Elis, where peas grew very plenti- 
fully. In 1596, they were spelled Peson in England, thence the pres- 
ent spelling. Pliny, in the first centiu"y, refers to ancient writers 
having spoken of peas and we have numerous references to them in 
Bibhcal history, especially amongst the Hebrews. We are told that 
at Damascus there were many shops where people did nothing else 
but fry peas, as they were considered to be especially fine for travel- 
ers. Dioscorides, the physician to Anthony and Cleopatra, recom- 
mended them very highly. A. de CandoUe is of the opinion that 
peas were known to the Aryans 2000 years before Christ, and that 
they, perhaps, brought them into Greece and Italy. Peas have also 
been found in the Swiss Lake dwellings of the Bronze Period. Peas 
were further introduced in England during the reign of Henry VIII. 
However, they were very rare untU at least the time of Gerard in 
Elizabeth's reign. The industry in America has assumed vast pro- 
portions. Several new varieties of merit have been developed by 
American seed pea growers. In the earlier days most of these 
came out of New York state and Michigan, but of late the bulk of 
aU seed pea operations has been located in the Northwest. 

No. 750. Alaska, or Earliest of AU. Days to Maturity, 45. 
Introduced about 1881 as Laxton's Earliest of All by Mr. Thomas 
Laxton, of Bedford, England. Offered in America as Earhest of All 
by Thorbm-n in 1882. Later renamed by Cleveland and called 
Cleveland's Alaska. It was listed as such by Johnson & Stokes prior 
to 1889, and commercially the name Alaska is now the more common 
of the two. This variety is the earliest in existence. The plant at- 
tains a height of two feet. The foUage is a light gi-een color. The 
pods are sUghtly hghter than the fohage, and will average from two 
to two and one-half inches in length, being blunt at the apex when 
fully developed. There wiU be from four to six peas to the pod. 
The dry seeds are pale bluish green. The crop will mature promptly, 
and one picking is sufficient. This variety is in very large use 
amongst the conmiercial canners, and is also gi'own for general 
market and home garden purposes. 

2 oz. pkt. lOj*, lb. 35(*, 5 lbs. $1.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 2oi per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) S15.00. 

No. 752. Pedigree Extra Early. Days to Maturity, 47. 
A very old variety. Named by Landreth in 1823. Dr. Sturtevant 
(1885) states that it is quite probable that the present Extra Early 
originated from a selection of Daniel O'Rourke (1853), which was 
preceded by Early Kent and Early Frame, two very old English 

sorts. The name. First and Best, was given 
it by Cleveland, although this name had 
been attached rather loosely to other 
varieties. "Pedigree Extra Early" is a 
strain developed by Messrs. N. B. Keeney TELEPHONE 
& Son, Leroy, New York, after several 

years' work of selection for size, earliness and quahty. The plant 
win attain a height of twenty inches. It is sUghtly darker, more 
prolific and bearmg pods sweeter than the Alaska. These pods are 
slightly darker in color and wiU attain a length of about two and 
one-half inches. Pedigree Extra Early is a variety especially 
recommended where the actual edible quality is a consideration. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, lb. 40^, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 30^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 758. Ameer. Days to Maturity, 55. Sometimes known 
as Large-Podded Alaska. The vines of this variety grow to a height 
of three feet, producing pods two and three-quarter inches long, 
blunt at the end, slightly curved. They are borne along the vine 
frequently in pairs. The seed is shghtly larger than Alaska, some- 
what more dented and a bluish-green color. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, lb. 40^, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 30^, 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 756. Prolific Early Market. Days to Maturity, 55. 
The vines wiU average two feet in height, and will produce pods 
two and three-quarter inches in length, blunt at the end, light 
green m color. They wiU be found considerably larger in general 
proportions than Pedigree Extra Early. A highly recommended 
pea for home or market garden purposes. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, lb. 50?, 5 lbs. $2.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 40^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $24.00. 

No. 766. Pilot. Days to Maturity', 60. A pea of English 
origin, originally being a selection from the Gradus. Walter P. 
Stokes was one of the first seedsmen in America to recognize the 
value which this pea held for the commercial grower. He offered it 
in 1913. The seeds are hard and round and thus may be planted 
earlier than such tender varieties as Gradus and Thomas Laxton. 
It will not mature in a less number of days, but because it may be 
planted earher In the season, it will mature earlier in the season. 
Pilot is not recommended for home garden purposes, inasmuch as the 
sugar content is very much lower than the more wrinkled varieties 
from which this came. The height of the vine will reach nearly 
three feet when mature. The pea will be four inches long. The seed 
is round and hard, varying from liglit green to creamy white. 

2 oz. pkt. 10(*, lb. 50?^, 5 lbs. $2.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 40ji per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $24.00. 


The Seed Pea Crop is the shortest within memory. Be sure YOU are not the one who is told "sold out." 





No. 770. Sutton's Excelsior. Days to Maturity, 60. In- 
troduced originally by Sutton, of England, and listed in this country 
by Farquhar & Company, of Boston, in 1902. It has largely taken 
the place of the Nott's Excelsior and the American Wonder, its 
great merit being its handsome, large pods, which grow on such 
dwarf vines, the vines attaining a height of fifteen inches. The pods 
wiU average three inches in length. The seed is a pale green, wrinkled, 
medium large. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, lb. 50^, 5 lbs. $2.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 40^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $24.00. 

No. 772. Bliss Everbearing. Days to Maturity, 65. Intro- 
duced by B. K. Bliss at least forty years ago. Height of vine, 
twenty-four to thirty inches. It is vigorous and branching in habit, 
many stalks sometimes growing from a single root. The pods will 
average three inches in length, broad, blimt, hght green in color. 
Dried seeds, large, green and wrinkled. 

2 oz. pkt. lOj^, lb. 40f5, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 30^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 774. Pride of the Market. Days to Maturity, 70. 
Probably a selection out of the older Stratagem, which originated 

with Carter, of England, one of whose parents is said to be the 
Telephone. The vine wiU attain a height of about eighteen inches. 
It is proUfic, bearing pods four inches long, broad, round at end point, 
usually straight and weU. filled. As a variety to use this year in view 
of the serious seed crop shortages, we believe Pride of the Market 
win hold an important place. The seed is bluish green, irregular in 
shape and dented. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, lb. 40^, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 30i per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 

No. 754. American Wonder. Days to Maturity, 55. One 
of the earhest wrinkled peas under cultivation. It originated with 
Mr. Charles Arnold, of Canada, about 1878, from a claimed cross 
between Champion of England and McLean's Little Gem. The 
vines will average between twelve and fifteen inches, producing pods 
two and one-half inches in length, roimd and crowded to the end 
with peas. This crowding often makes the peas appear almost square. 
It is a variety which responds quickly to high cultivation. It has 
the pecuharity of producing leaves on the side of the stalk. Dried 
seeds green, wrinkled, medium in size, often square at ends. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, Ih.AOi, 5 lbs. $1.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 30^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $18.00. 


Do not allow your peas to grow too old before gathering. Make frequent plantings instead 





No. 760. Laxtonian. Days to Maturity, 
57. Dwarf pea with large, handsome Gradus 
pods. It will mature slightly earlier than Gradus 
and about the same time as Thomas Laxton. The 
height of the vines will average fifteen inches 
and the pods three and one-half inches. They 
are shghtly curved, making a broad sweep to the 
point. The pods are inclined to bear more 
abundantly along the top of the vine and less 
along the stalk, making it easy to pick and heavy 
yielding. One of the best peas for private or 
commercial growing. The seed is light-cream 
color, tinged with pale green, large and wrinkled. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, lb. 50^, 5 lbs. $2.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 40fi per lb., 60 lbs. (1 
bu.) S24.00. 

No. 764. Gradus. Days to Maturity, 60. 
The height of the vines will reach from thirty to 
thirtj'-six inches. Gradus is a variety with a pod 
nearly as large as Telephone. It is quick to 
germinate, maturing splendidly under good con- 
ditions, but very disappointing under adverse 
conditions. The foliage is large and luxuriant. 
The pods will attain a length of four inches, 
straight, slightly rounded at the point. Seed is 
large, wrinkled, cream colored, tinged with green. 

Crop failed ; substitute Thomas Laxton, No. 

GRADUS (Natural Siie) 


No. 762. Thomas Laxton. Days to Ma- 
turity, 57. A variety having been originated in 
England b}* Mr. Thomas Laxton, of Bedford, a 
noted English horticulturist. This pea is hardy 
and slightly earlier than Gradus and a more 
abundant yielder. The pods resemble Gradus in 
shape, excepting that they are blunt ended. 
They will attain a length of three and one-quarter 
inches. Thej' are straight, inclined toward 
roundness and are well filled. The vine will 
grow to a height of thirty inches. The seed is 
large, cream color, blended with pale green, 

2 oz. pkt. 10c, lb. 50e, 5 lbs. S2.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 40c per lb., 60 lbs. (1 
bu.) $24.00. 

No. 768. Little Marvel. Days to Matur- 
ity, 60. The vines of this variety will grow to a 
height of fifteen inches, producing pods two and 
three-quarters to three inches in length. This 
variety resembles the Nott's Excelsior in vines, 
habit of growth and quality. The pods are con- 
siderably longer, very often being produced in 
pairs. They arc straight, slightly broader than 
Nott's Excelsior, but not so broad as Sutton's 
Excelsior. It is a highly recommended variety 
for home garden purposes. The seed is green, 
wrinkled and of medium size. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, lb. 60fi, 5 lbs. $2.75, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 50^ per lb. 

Laxtonian and Thos. Laxton are two very highly recommended varieties. They do not require brushing. 




(Natural Size) 

No. 777. Mammoth Podded Sugar. Days to 
Maturity, 70. An edible pod variety which has been 
iinder cultivation for a great many years. The pods are 
picked when half grown and prepared for the table very 
much the same as snap beans. The pods will attain a 
length of about four and one half inches and a width 
of about one inch. However, they will be comparatively 
thin from side to side. The dry seed is purple-brown 
and the blossom is blue-purple. This variety we beUeve 
to be the same as Mammoth Melting Sugar. It is very 
prolific and will attain a height of from four to five feet. 

We would strongly advocate the more general planting of edible 
podded peas. A trial will very often give them a permanent place 
in the garden. Sow the same as other sorts. Brushing is desirable. 

2 oz. packet 10^, lb. 50yf, 5 lbs. $2.25, postpaid; by express 
5 lbs. or more, 40(* per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $24.00. 

No. 780. Long Island Mammoth or Telegraph. Days to 
Maturity, 75. Originated about 1868 by Mr. William Culverwell, 
an Englishman who claimed a cross between Veitch's Perfection and 
Laxton's Prolific. The name Long Island Mammoth is of v^xaerican 
origin. The plant will grow to a height of from four to five feet, 
with heavy light-green foliage. The pods, about the same color as 
the foliage, wiU average from three to three and one-haK inches in 
length, assuming a ribbed appearance as they approach maturity, 
tapering gradually to the apex. There will be five to eight peas to 
the pod, somewhat compressed when fully grown. The dried seeds 
are a pale, dull green, shading to creamy white, slightly indented. 
This variety is very prolific, rather late, and matui'ing its crop 
graduaU3', so that there may be several pickings. It is a pea which 
will come on the market fom- or five days after most other varieties 
have gone, and its drought-resistant qualities recommend it for late 
growing purposes. When grown for the home garden, brushing is 

2 oz. pkt. 10(4, lb. 50i, 5 lbs. $2.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 40^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $24.00. 


(Natural Site) 

No. 776. 

Maturity, 70 

Note — Credit should be given 
to type and close to scale as noted. 

Telephone. Days to 
J,, .w. An English variety intro- 
duced by Carter during the decade following 
1870, and introduced into this cotmtry 

about 1880. The plant attains a height of about four feet, and its 
heavy fohage protects the newly forming pods against intense heat. 
Although in the original type the pod was a hght green, by intro- 
ducing Alderman blood it is now a rich dark green. The pods wiU 
grow from a length of three and one-half to four inches and a width 
of three-fourths of an inch. There will be from five to ten peas in 
the pod. The dried seeds vary in color from pale green to almost 
white. They are shriveled and indented. Telephone is prolific, 
medium to late in season, and matures its crop promptly. When 
grown for home garden, brushing is desirable. 

2 oz. pkt. lOjf, lb. 50i, 5 lbs. $2.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 40^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $24.00. 

No. 778. Champion of England. Days to Maturity, 75. 
One of the oldest English varieties, but exact place and date of 
origin are uncertain. Records seem to show that it was introduced 
into America about 1850. The plant wiU attain a height of four 
feet. The foliage is pale green. The pods are the same color as the 
foliage, attaining a length of three inches and a width of five-eighths 
of an inch. They will very often be borne in pairs, and are very 
blunt at the apex, when fully developed. They will average from 
five to eight peas to the pod. The dried seeds are oKve green, 
shading to creamy white, much shriveled. Champion of England 
is very prolific, although rather late, maturing its crop gradually. 
When grown for home garden purposes brushing is desirable. 

2 oz. pkt. 10^, lb. 45^, 5 lbs. $2.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 35^ per lb., 60 lbs. (1 bu.) $21.00. 

Messrs. N. B. Keeney & Son for many of these pea photographs. ■ They will be found accurate as 


See page 8 for variety tables 






RUBY KING (x 3/4) 

History — A native of South America, the generic name of this 
plant being derived from the Greek word signif jong to bite. This 
plant was first mentioned by Martyr in 1493, according to Irving's 
Life of Colmnbus. His book states that Columbus ' ' brought back 
pepper more pungent than that from Caucasus," apparently 
having compared it with the black pepper of commerce from 
the oriental countries. There is evidence to show that it was 
cultivated by the natives in Tropical and South America, long 
before Columbus' discovery. According to Gerard it was brought 
into European gardens about 1600. First reference of pepper to 
be used as a condiment is apparently by Chauca, physician to 
the fleet of Columbus. Henderson claims that our common 
garden pepper (Capsicmn Annum) is a native of India, but this 
statement is not substantiated, and inasmuch as the evidence 
is so strongly in favor of South American origin, we do not 
beheve he is correct. Vilmorin states definitely South America, 
and Phillips gives it the name of Guinea pepper, which goes 
to show the prevailing opinion of France and England during 
the nineteenth century. 

RUBY GIANT (x 3/4) 

No. 830. Neapolitan (Hot). Days to Maturity, 
125. An upright variety of quite recent introduction. 
This pepper is very prolific, producing well-formed, 
upright fruits thickly amongst the upper leayes of the 
plant. They are a beautiful Ught green in color imtil 
they are ripe, when they change to a beautiful glowing 
red. They will average about three inches in length. 

Pkt. 10^, oz. 45^, }i lb. $1.40, lb. $5.00, 5 lbs. 
$24.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.75 per lb. " 

No. 832. Pimiento (Mild). Days to Maturity, 
130. A pepper originating in Georgia within the last 
ten years, being of medium size, absolutely uniform, 
spherical at the top and tapering down to the point. 
Having a most delicious flavor, it is one of the most 
desirable varieties for the home garden. The beautiful 
olive-green color turns to a brilUant scarlet when it is 
ripe. The flesh is thick, but the skin may be easily 
peeled off by scalding the pepper. It is especially 
desirable for stuffing. 

Pkt. lOi, oz. 45^;, H lb. $1.40, lb. $5.00, 5 lbs. $24.25, 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.75 per lb. 



No. 834. Ruby King (Mild). Days to Ma- 
turity, 140. Introduced by Burpee in 1884. For 
thirty-five years this pepper has held a leading place 
amongst all varieties. The plant wiU grow to a height 
of about two feet. It is vigorous and productive. Fruits 
will run from four to four and one-haK inches in 
length, and are usually three lobed. The flesh is thick 
and mild ; very desirable for shcing. Fruits are deep- 
green, turning to a ruby red when ripe. 

Pkt. 10^, oz. 50i, 14 lb. $1.50, lb. $6.00, 5 lbs. $27.50, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $5.40 per lb. 

No. 836. Bell or BuU Nose (Hot). Days to 
Maturity, 140. Probably of French origin. Listed 
by Sinclair and Moore 1826. This variety is extremely 
pungent and must not be used for the same purposes as 
the mild varieties. In shape it is slightly thicker through 
at the stem end than Rubj^ King, but it is shorter, going 
to more of a point. The deep green color of the flesh 
turns to a brilliant red on ripening. 
Pkt. lOfi, oz. 45f5, 14 lb. $1.40, lb. $5.00, 5 lbs. $24.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.75 per lb. 

PIMIENTO (x5/6) 

No. 838. Red Chili (Hot). Days to Maturity, 
145. Offered by Henderson in 1877. No doubt of 
South American origin. A very pungent variety, whose 
fruits are about two inches long and from one-third to 
one-half inch in diameter. Color, green to scarlet. 

Pkt. Wi, oz. 455f, M lb. $1.40, lb. $5.00, 5 lbs. 
$24.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.75 per lb. 

No. 839. Long Red Cayenne (Hot). Days to 
Maturity, 145. A very old variety Usted by Landreth 
in 1826. This pepper attains a length of about four 
inches, tapering irregularly to a point. At the top, it 
will be about one and one-half inch in diameter. Color, 
green to scarlet. Extremely pungent. Care must be 
taken in handling. 

Pkt. lOji, oz. 45{i, H lb. $1.40, lb. $5.00, 5 lbs. 
$24.25, postpaid ; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.75 per lb. 



Be sure not to confuse hot and mild sorts. Read descriptions carefully 




No. 840. Chinese Giant (Mild). Days to Maturity, 150. 
A variety introduced by Burpee in 1900. It is the largest and latest 
of the peppers known in this country. The fruits will average four 
and one-half inches in length, which usually are divided into four 
or five lobes. They are about four inches in diameter. The flesh 
is thick, mild, of a rich dark green, timiing to red at maturity. 

Pkt. lOi, oz. 50i, M lb. $1.85, lb. $7.00, 5 lbs. $34.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $6.75 per lb. 

No. 841. Ruby Giant (Mild). Days to Maturity, 150. 
Supposed to be a hybrid of Ruby King and Chinese Giant, the 
cross having been made about 1912 by a New Jersey grower. This 
variety will nm almost Uniformly four lobes to each fruit. The lengtrh 
of the peppers will very often run about five inches. Side walls are 
thick, and the quality excellent. The deep-green color turns to a 
rich ruby red on maturity. 

Pkt. 10^, oz. 50i, H lb. $1.50, lb. $6.00, 5 lbs. $27.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $5.40 per lb. 




{Pastinaca Sativa) 

History — A native of Europe, well known to the Romans, but 
probably not long before the Christian Era. Apparently parsnip 
developed in the more northerly parts of Europe. Pliny gives a 

detailed account of how parsnips 
were brought from Germany for 

the Emperor Tiberius, as it was ' 

considered that the parsnips CHINESE GIANT (Natural Size) 

from certain parts of the Rhine valley were superior to all others. Gerard speaks of parsnips, showing 
that they were well known in England during the sixteenth century. 

No. 725. Hollow Crown or Guernsey. Days to Maturity, 130. A variety known in this 
country for over half a century. Gregory listed it in 1866. A variety in very general use for table 
purposes or for stock feed. The root will attain a length of from eight to ten inches. The color is 
pure white, uniformly smooth and of excellent quahty. The name. Hollow Crown, is derived from the 
depression, out of which the leaves grow, at the crown of the root. For the best results, care should 
be taken in the preparation of the soU, so that it may be loosened to a depth of about ten inches. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. li lb. 2H, lb. 80^, 5 lbs. $3.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 60^ per lb. 

PARSNIP Ot 4/5) 

Walker, Minn., October 12, 1919. 

Stokes Seed Farms Co., 
Moorestown, N. J. 


I write to say that your Bonny Best Tomato was way ahead of anything that I had this 
summer. I had in the same patch Ferry's Earhana, Vick's EarUana, Field's Early June, June 
Pink, Livingston's Beauty and Trophy, New Magnus, Ponderosa, Ferry's Early Detroit, Jewel 
and a few others, but all in all, the Bonny Best was by all odds the most valuable. The New 
Magnus (Potato Leaf) is a very fine second early. 

Next year I shall order your highest priced Bonny Best and shall cut out nearly all other 

Your Halbert Honey Watermelon was not the Halbert Honey. It looked hke the Florida 
Favorite, but it was about as early as Harris' Earliest and Cole's Early and was a very fine large 
melon. Your Early Knight Muskmelon also did not come true to your description of the melon. 
It was a small round melon, green fleshed, well netted and early and prolific. It was hke a good 
variety of the Rocky Ford. 

I have a muskmelon of my own that is about a week earher than Emerald Gem, twice as 
large and as fine flavored. It is the best muskmelon I know of. Burpee is testing it this summer. 

With best wishes. 

Most sincerely yours. 



Parsnip root is more delicious if left outside for the early frosts 





(Raphanus Sativus) 

History — Probably a native of Asia. Although the original wild 
plant has never been identified, there seems to be some question 
whether oui- cultivated radish has developed from the wild radish 
as we now know it. Phillip, in his EUstory of Cultivated Vegetables, 
1822, places China as the origin. In any event, because of the ac- 
counts left by ancient natui-alists, its culture apparently has come 
down from the most remote times. The Greeks were especially fond 
of them, and in their sacred offerings to ApoUo in the Temple of 
Delphi, radishes were always served on beaten gold, whereas tm- 
nips were served on lead and beets on silver. An ancient Greek 
writer thought so highly of the radish that he devoted an entire 
book to the subject. Plin}^ speaks at length on radish, referring 
especially to those from Egj'pt. He states that salt groimds no doubt 
produced the sweetest sorts. Pliny speaks of single 
radishes weighing as high as fortj' pounds apiece, 
while we are assured bj' other authors that they were 
known to grow to weigh one himdred pounds. Rad- 
ishes were introduced into France and England about 
1500. During Queen EUzabeth's reign, Gerard culti- 
vated four different varieties, the direct descendants 
of which we are, no doubt, enjoying at the present time. 
I refer particularlj"^ to the Long Scarlet, Black Spanish 
and Long White, all of which are well and favorably 
known today. The former was introduced in America 
by Collins in 1795, and thirty-one years afterward was 
listed by Landreth. 

No. 875. Earliest Scarlet Forcing. Days to 
Maturity, 20. Listed by Gregory as Early Scarlet 
Olive as ea;rly as 1866. A variety suited to early forcing 

work or for home gar- 
den culture, where the 
greatest care may be 
given it. The root is 
olive-shaped, of a bril- 
liant color, attaining a 
maximimi size before 
becoming pithy, of one 
and one-quarter inches in 
length and five-eighths 
inches in diameter. It 
must be puUed immedi- 
ately on attaining full 
size, otherwise it will 
become pithy within a 
very few days. The flesh 
is white, crisp and of 
excellent flavor . This is the earliest rad- 
ish under cultivation, and should not 
be grown except as mentioned above. 

Pkt. 5f*, oz. lOff, H lb. B5i, lb. 
$1.25, 5 lbs. $6.00, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, %1.10 per lb. 

No. 877. Early Scarlet Globe. 
Days to Mattjbity, 25, under favor- 
able conditions, and imder unfavor- 
able conditions, 30 days. A variety 
in larger general use for aU puposes 
than an J' other radish. The root is 
rich bright scarlet, short olive-shaped 
or short oval, and the top is smaller. 
It wiU mature five days after Earliest 
Scarlet Forcing. Maximum size be- 
fore becoming pithy is one and one- 
quarter inches long by three-quarters 
inch in diameter. As compared with 
Scarlet Ohve-Shaped, it is shorter, 
slightly lighter in color and two daj's 
earUer in maturing. The interior of 
the root is pure white, mild, crisp and 
fine grained. Its season is rather 
short, and it must be pulled reasonably 
soon after maturity. Recommended 
for the home garden, for the market 
garden or for greenhouse forcing. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. m, ~H lb. 35i, lb. 
$1.25, 5 lbs. $6.00, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 

No. 880. French Breakfast. Days 
to Maturity, 28. Offered by B. K. 
Bliss in 1866 as a new "variety." An 
olive-shaped radish, deep scarlet in 
color, except for a very slight white tip 
at the base of the root. It resembles 
Sparkler 'WTiite Tip, except that it is 
slightly darker in color and is oHve- 
shaped instead of round. Its season 
is shorter than the latter variety, and, 
therefore, must be pulled soon after 
reaching its maximum size of one inch 

in diameter. 


(Natural Size) 

WHITE ICICLE (Natural Size) 

The strain of French 
Breakfast as offered now 
is much improved over 
the old tj'pe. 

Pkt. 5?;, oz. m, H lb. 
35?;, lb. S1.25,51bs.$6.00, 
postpaid; by express, 5 
lbs. or more, $1.10 per 

No. 882. Sparkler 
White Tip. Days to 
Maturity, 28. Thistj-pe 
of radish has been grown 
in America for a great 
man}' years, originating 
under the name of 
Scarlet Turnip White- 
Tip. As such it was 
listed by Johnson & Stokes in the eighties. A verj' 
desirable variety for home garden purposes, and 
grown ver>' extensively commercially, especially 
for the Mid-West markets. The color is a verj- 
deep scarlet, with a distinct white tip covering 
about one-third of the lower diameter of the root. 
Its maximum size, before becoming pithy, is about one 
and one-quarter inches in diameter. Its shape is nearly 
round, sUghtly flattened on the imder side. It is one 
of the most attractive and desirable radishes in our 
list, inasmuch as it holds longer before becoming pithy 
than most of the other sorts maturing in the 
same class. ^ 

Pkt. 5i, oz. lOfi, H lb. ^H, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. 
$6.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 
p>er lb. 

WHITE BOX (Natural Size) 

GIANT CRIMSON (Natural Siie) 


All varieties described on this page are good home garden varieties 



Outline Chart Illustrating Radish Types and Their Relation to Ground Line. Scale about 2/3. 




No. 884. Long Scarlet White Tip. Days to Maturity, 28. 
A variety introduced by Ferry in 1891 under the name of Early 
Long Brightest Scarlet. Owing to the similarity in this name to 
Long Scarlet, and owing to a very general tendency to be white 
tipped, the name. Long Scarlet White Tip, has come into general 
use. It is a variety with the root four and one-half inches long, 
cyUndrical, smooth and uniform. The color is a brilliant scarlet 
within, perhaps, one inch of the bottom of the root, which 
will be white. It is shghtly earlier than Icicle, and will become 
pithy in a correspondingly shorter time. For all general purposes, 
this variety is more desirable than Long Scarlet. 

Pkt. 5(*, oz. 10^, M lb. 35ff, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $6.00, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 

No. 886. White Icicle. Days to Maturity, 30. An old 
American variety. The root will attain a length of about five and 
one-half inches, tapering regularly from near the shoulder to the tip 
holding this thickness for nearly its entire 
length, the thickest part being about one inch 
from the top. It will hold a week to ten days 
before becoming pithy. The color is a pure 
white, ahnost transparent, maturing five days 
later than Scarlet Globe and five days earlier 
than White Box. Having an attractive ap- 
pearance and fine eating qualities, this variety 
is widely popular. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 10^, U lb. 35i, lb. $1.25, 5 
lbs. $6.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or 
more, $1.10 per lb. 

No. 888. Long Scarlet. Days>o Ma- 
turity, 30. One of the oldest varieties knowTi 
in this country, having been hsted by Minton 
Collins in 1793. The bright scarlet root will 
attain a length of from five to six inches, hav- 
ing a diameter of one inch. The flesh is crisp 
and tender. Care must be taken not to allow 
this variety to remain too long after attaining 
its fuU growth, for it is hkely to become 
pithy after a week's time. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 10(», M lb. 35i, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. 
$6.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
$1.10 per lb. 

No. 890. Crimson Giant. Days to 
Maturity, 32. A comparatively new variety, 
having been offered by Breck in 1905. Ma- 
turing, as it does, one week after Scarlet 
Globe, it will hold proportionately longer be- 
fore becoming pithy. It is a radish nearly 
twice the size of Scarlet Globe. It is round, 
bright crimson, attaining a maximum size, be- 
fore becoming pithy, of one and three-quarters 
inches long by one and one-quarter inches in 
diameter. Crimson Giant is highly recom- 
mended for aU general purposes. Pkt. 5^, oz. 
lOff, Uih. Z5i,\h. $1.25, 5 lbs. $6.00, postpaid; 
by express 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 

No. 892. White Box. Days to Matur- 
ity, 35. A variety introduced by Johnson & 
Stokes in 1888. Owing to its short tip and 
rapid growth, it is a variety especially suited 
for growing under glass in frames or "boxes," 
hence its name. This radish wiU attain a size 
of two and one-half inches in diameter before 
It is one of the most largely 


SHEPHERD (Nat. Size) becoming pithy. 



grown rad- 
ishes for out- 
door cultiva- 
tion on an ex- 
tensive scale. 

Its beautiful ivory-white ap- 
pearance and the fact that it 
wiU remain in condition long- long 
er after maturity than any of scarlet 
the other radishes, no doubt, 
is responsible for its wide popularity. 
In shape, the root of the White Box is 
nearly round. The interior of the root 
is pure white, pungent in flavor, but 
very firm and crisp. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 10(', H lb. 35^, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $6.00, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 

No. 894. White Strasbourg. Days to Matur- 
ity, 40. A variety first introduced in this country by 
Johnson & Stokes in 1885. As a large summer radish 
desirable for late planting when earlier and smaller varieties wiU not 
keep imder satisfactory conditions, it is very desirable. The maxi- 
mum size of root before becoming pithy is about five inches in 
length and one and one-half inches in diameter. It will hold before 
becoming pithy from ten days to two weeks. One-fifth of the root 
usually grows above the ground. 

Pkt. 5(i, oz. lOi, H lb. 35?!, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $6.00, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more $1.10 per lb. 

No. 896. Chattier or Shepherd. Days to Maturity, 45. A variety 
listed by Thorbum 
as early as 1865. 
It is a summer 
radish somewhat 
similar to the Long 
Scarlet White Tip. 
As compared to 
that variety, it is 
lighter in color, 
being a dull pink 
for two-thirds of 
its length, shading 
to a pure white at 
the tip. It will 
remain in condi- 
tion much longer 
after maturity 
than that variety, 
and is thus more 
desirable for sum- 
mer planting. It is 
not recommended 
for spring plant- 

Pkt. 5ff, oz. 10(*, 
M lb. 35jf, I lb. 
$1.25, 5 lbs. $6.00 
postpaid; by ex- 
press 5 lbs. ormore 
$1.10 per lb. 

white STRASBOURG (x 1/2) 


Study descriptions on these pages, also Tables on Page 8, before ordering 




Radishes for Winter Use 

CELESTIAL (x 1/2) 

The varieties which we offer herewith 
should, in the latitude of New Jersey, be 
sown in August and September for the 
best results. If sown earUer, they are 
likely to shoot to seed before attaining 
their full development. The varieties are 
two distinct tj-pes: the Chinese, of extra 
large size, but extremely tender and 
sweet, and the Spanish varieties, which 
are smaller, but have a much harder sur- 
face, making them, perhaps, the best sorts 
for storage purposes. 

No. 898. Round Scarlet China. 

Days to Maturity, 55. A variety of 
Chinese origin, which has been hsted in 
this coimtry for a number of years. It 
is sometimes spoken of as AH Seasons. It 
is primarily a fall and winter radish, how- 
ever. This variet}' resembles China Rose 
in some respects, but the fact that the root 
matures quicker and is of a more rounded 
shape gives it a distinctive place of its 
own. This variety is a good keeper, and is 
highly recommended. 

Pkt: 5^, oz. 15^, K lb. 50i, lb. $2.00, 

5 lbs. S9.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 

No. 900. China Rose. Days to Maturity, 60. A variety of 
Chinese origin, having been listed by B. K. Bliss in 1850. It 
is recommended only for fall and winter use. The root will attain 
a length of about five inches by two inches in diameter. The outside 
skin is a bright rose color, the flesh white, solid and crisp and pun- 
gent. Its keeping quaUties are comparatively good, and it is a 
variety highly recommended. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 15?f, H lb. 50i, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb 

No. 902. White Chinese or 
Celestial. Days to Maturity, 70. 
A variety of Chinese origin, having 
been hsted in this countrj' by B. K. 
Bliss in 1866. It is one of the largest 
radishes tmder cultivation, often attain- 
ing a length of twelve inches and a 
diameter of six inches. It is oblong in 
shape, tapering to a small tap-root. 
The fact that it is desirable for table 
use at any period in its growth is 
strongl}^ in its favor. The color is pure 
white outside and in, and the quahty of 
the flesh is extremelj- fine, especially if 
it is pulled before it attains its fuU 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 15^, M lb. 50i, lb. $2.00, 
5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; bj^ express, 5 
lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 

SPANISH (x 4/5) 

No. 904. Half-Long Black 
Spanish. Days to Maturity, 70. 

Of Spanish origin, having been cultivated in this country for a 
great many years. The roots are a grayish black color on the 
surface, having a white interior, which is very crisp and pun- 
gent. Half-Long Black Spanish wUl attain a length of about three 
and one-half inches. It is one of the best radishes for storage 
purposes which is cultivated in this countrj'. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 15i, M lb. 50^, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. S9.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 

No. 906. Long Black Spanish. Days to Maturity, 75. Of 

Spanish origin and cultivated in the United States for at least forty 
years. It was listed by Johnson & Stokes in the eighties. The roots 
when mature wiU attain a length of five inches and a diameter of 
two inches. One of the best late varieties we know of. 

Pkt. H, oz. 15^, lb. 50f^, lb. $2.00, 5 lbs. $9.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.80 per lb. 


(Spinacia Oleracea) 

History — Probably of Persian origin. The works of the early 
Arabian physicians speak of the medical properties only. It does 
not seem to have been introduced as a vegetable until about the 
Fifteenth Century. The fact that Spain was perhaps the first Euro- 
pean country to introduce it as a vegetable was no doubt respon- 
sible for its being known to the older botanists as Hispanach. 
Beckmann, who wrote about 1790, says the first use of spinach as a 
vegetable was in 1351, at that time being eaten by the monks on fast 
days. Turner, an English botanist, writing in 15.38, states that it 
was known in England at that time. By that time the name had 
developed into spinage and spinech, both of tiliich terms were used. 
In America spinach has growTi quite common. There are perhaps a 
dozen distinct, but not aU necessary, varieties. However, they are 
listed under 113 names. The variety Bloomsdale Savoy was intro- 
duced by Landreth in 1828. Holland is now the source of the world's 
best seed supply. New Zealand spinach, Tetragonia cxpansa, is 
quite a different species and is a native of New Zealand. 



Radishes on this page are for late planting only 




No. 940. Bloomsdale Savoy. Days to Maturity, 45. 
Named and introduced by Landreth in 1828. The word 
Bloomsdale was added about 1874 after the variety had been 
greatly improved. It is probably in more general use than any other 
variety of spinach known in this country. It is some- 
times called Norfolk Savoy. It is very early, and it 
will prove to be one of the best to plant in the autumn 
for spring use. Plantings may be made as late as No- 
vember. The plant is distinguished by its upright 
growth and thick dark green leaves, which are thoroughly 
crumpled and bhstered, something like Savoy Cabbage. 
It wSl run quickly to seed in warm weather, and, 
therefore, is advised for cool season cropping only. Long 
StandiQg and Long Season being suitable for summer 
work. Pkt. 5fS, oz. 8i, H lb. 15^, lb. 50^, 5 lbs. $2.25, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
40ji per lb. Write for 100 lb. prices. , 

No. 942. Thick-Leaved Viroflay. 
Days to Maturity, 45. A variety 
offered by Henderson in 1882. It is 
distinguished by its heavy, thick leaves, 
which are of excellent quahty. The 
heads are larger than any variety we 
hst, and are held in high esteem by a 
great many planters. Although recom- 
mended especially for commercial 
growers, it will prove to be highly satis- 
factory for the home garden. Pkt. 5i, 
oz. 8i, K lb. 15?;, lb. 50^, 5 lbs. $2.25, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
40fi per lb. Write for 100 lb. prices. 

No. 944. Long Season. Days to Maturity, 50. 
A savoy-leaved variety introduced by Henderson in 1903. 
It is especially well adapted to cultivation in hot 
weather, as it will not shoot to seed as will the Blooms- 
dale Savoy. It is beautifully curled, of a dark gi-een 
color, very compact, and spreading in a large rosette. 
The leaves are beautifully crumpled, which adds much 
to their attractiveness. Long Season may be classed with 
Long Standing as both of them are hot weather varieties. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 8i, 14 lb. 15^, lb. 60(i, 5 lbs. $2.75, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 50(5 per lb. Write for 100 lb. prices. 
No. 946. Long Standing. Days to Maturity, 50. A Holland variety offered by Bliss 1866. Offered under the name of Enkhuizen 
Long Standing by Johnson & Stokes in 1883. It is a straight-leaved spinach, which will stand midsummer heat without boltiag to seed. 
Its quahty is very good, but because it is not savoy-leaved it has not earned the popularity of Long Season. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. 8(*, K lb. 15(5, lb. 50(5, 5 lbs. $2.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 35(5 per lb. Write for 100 lb. prices. 
No. 948. New Zealand (Tetragonia expansa). Days to Maturity, 60. The origin of this plant is New Zealand, hence its name. 
It is not strictly of the spinach family. As a sort wliich will thrive in hot weather and on any kind of soil, this is imparalleled. The 
tender shoots are of excellent quahty, and may be cut throughout the summer. The plant will spread over two feet. The leaves are quite 
small, broad and pointed. We recommend planting three to four seeds in hills, three feet apart each way. The'gennination of New Zealand 
Spinach, which is a prickly seeded variety, may be helped along by soaking in lulcewarm water for a day before planting. 
Pkt. 5i, oz. 10(5, M lb. 30|^, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80(5. lb. 




Study these descriptions, also Tables on Page 8, before ordering 


History — The origin of winter squash is placed in Tropical 
America and summer squash in the more temperate cUmates of 
America. Gro\vn and cultivated on this continent before the 
discovery. The word squash is obtained from the American Indians 
and is applied in an indefinite way to various members of the genus 
Cucurbita. The summer squashes are mostly classed under Cucur- 
bita Pepo and the winter squashes are mostly classed under Cucurbita 
Maxima. The words "squash" and "pumpkin" are often applied 
interchangeably. Most of the squash types, however, belong to the 
species C. Maxima. The Cucurbita Pepo group comprises warm- 
season frost-sensitive plants. They are verj' easj- to grow providing 
they are given a warm quick soil. Both squash and pumpkin are 
now used in very large quantities in canning operations in this 
country, this development being largely due to the popularity of so- 
called pumpkin pie. 

No. 960. Early White Bush. Days to M.\turity, 65. An 
American varietj', having been offered for the past thirty years. It 
is early in maturity, somewhat flattened, scalloped along the edge 
and of medium size. The smooth surface is of a creamy white color. 
Average size, eight inches. This variety is also offered under the 
name of Patty Pan. 

Pkt. oi, oz. lOf, 14 lb. 40f*, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. S5.75, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, SI. 10 per lb. 

No. 962. Mammoth White Bush. Days to Maturity, 70. 
Am American variety offered by Livingston in 1891. It will reach 
its mature size a few days after White Bush, and is otherwise very 
similar, excepting that the flesh is quite uniformly warted instead 
of being smooth. Average size is ten to twelve inches. 

Pkt. 5(5, oz. lOfi, H lb. 40^, lb. SI. 25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 

, No. 670. Hubbard. Days to MATXiRm-, 125. Introduced by 
Gregory in 1856. This is, perhaps, the best known of the ^\inter 
squashes. The \'ines are of vigorous, traihng growth, bearing large, 
oval fruits of a rich, dark green color. They are usually slightly 
curved at the stem end. Its flesh is fine grained and tender. Hub- 
bard Squash is one of the best keeping varieties on the market. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 15p, 14 lb. 506, lb. $1.80, 5 lbs. $8.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.60 per lb. 

No. 672. Golden Hubbard. D.a^ys to M.\turity, 125. This 
variety came on the market about 1898. It is very similar to Hub- 
bard, except in outside color, being a briUiant golden orange, making 
it, perhaps, one of the most attractive squashes under cultivation. 
The flesh is a deeper golden yellow. Golden Hubbard will, unques- 
tionably, take the place of the older Hubbard eventually. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 15(5, J4 lb. 50?;, lb. $1.80, 5 lbs. $8.50, postpaid; by 

express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.60 per lb. 

No. 674. Boston Marrow. Days to Maturity, 125. A very 
okl variety listed by B. K. Bhss in 1860. Boston Marrow is, perhaps, 
grown more by the general farmer than any other variety. It is 
bright orange color, oval shaped and of very good quaUty for pies 
and canning puriioses. The flesh is tender, fine grained and of ex- 
cellent flavor. The sturdy vines are very productive. The hard 
rind of Boston Marrow makes it not only an excellent squash for 
w inter keeping, but gives it special merit as a shipping sort. Un- 
questionably the best known and most popular squash. 

Pkt. oi, oz. lOff, }4 lb. 40d, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 

Study descriptions and know what kinds are best for winter storage 





No. 676. Bay State. Days to Maturity, 125. This variety 
came on the market about 1888, and is of New England origin It 
is an extremely solid variety of excellent flavor. The shell is hard 
and flinty, which gives it good keeping quaUties. The color is dis- 
tinct from any other squash which we offer, being a light bluish- 
green. The flesh is a bright golden yellow. Although we have not 
listed this squash for a number of years, the old firm of Johnson & 
Stokes carried it as far back as 1889. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 15?^, M lb. 50^, lb. $1.80, 5 lbs. $8.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.60 per lb. 

No. 966. Cocozella. Days to Maturity, 70. Of ItaUan 
origin, listed by Maule in 1892. Sometimes known as the Italian 
Vegetable Marrow. This squash is oblong, attaining a length of 
about twelve inches and a diameter of about five inches. They are 
best for table use, however, when six or eight inches long. The 
color is a beautifully mottled dark green on yellow. When sliced 
and fried in oil, this vegetable is extremely palatable. 

Pkt. SfS, oz. 10^, ]4 lb. 40fi, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 



No. 968. Delicious. Days to Maturity, 120. Introduced by 
Gregory in 1903, and offered by Ferry the same year. It is especiaUy 
suited for fall and winter purposes. Although not of very thick shell, 
it is strong enough to give it good keeping qualities. The color is a 
very deep, dark green, which wiU sometimes be mottled with lighter 
shading. The bright yellow flesh is fine-grained and of the most 
delicious quaUty. Although it is not a strictly new variety, this is 
the first time it has been offered to our trade, and we recommend 
it highly 

Pkt. oz. Ibijt, M lb. 50fi, lb. $1.80, 5 lbs. $8.50, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.60 per lb. 

No. 964. Golden Summer Crookneck. Days to Maturity, 
70 Listed by Johnson & Stokes in 1889. The mature size of this 
squash wiU be about fifteen inches long. It is a rich golden yeUow, 
thickly warted and of the Crookneck type. Perhaps the most de- 
licious in flavor of all summer squashes. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. lOff, 1^ lb. 40^, lb. $1.25, 5 lbs. $5.75, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.10 per lb. 


(Tragopogon porrifolius) 

The origin of salsify is somewhat uncertain. Southeastern 
Europe or West Africa, however, was no doubt its original habitat. 
It has been under cultivation less than two thousand years. The 
name oyster plant is often given it owing to the flavor of its root 
which is very much like oysters. Salsify is very hardy. The seeds 



which are reaUy the fruits of the plant, may be sown in the early 
spring, the rows being from two to three feet apart, for horse culti- 
vation and half that distance for hand cultivation. In the rows the 
plants should be thinned to about four inches apart. The roots 
should be allowed to stay in the ground until late in the fall or 

through the winter, if desired. 
If taken up and stored, a cool, 
moist place should be found. The 
habit of the plant is biennial, 
the second spring a strong stalk 
being sent up from the crown of 
the root. The plant is easy to 
grow and has no serious pests; 
Like asparagus and rhubarb there 
are few varieties. The so-caUed 
Mammoth Sandwich Island is 
perhaps the best known in this 
country. Days to Maturity, 
150. Price, Mammoth Sandwich 
Island, pkt. 10(5, oz. 15f;, M Ib- 
40ff, lb. $1.50. 

Salsify is one of our most delicious vegetables 





(Lycopersicum esculentum var vulgare) 

History — Galenus, a celebrated Greek physician, 200 A. D., 
gave a minute description of Lycopersicum coming from Egj'pt. 
South America, probably Peru, however, gave the tomato to Europe 
in a highly cultivated form. The name is derived from the Aztec 
word Xitomate, the vegetable having been prized and extensively 
cultivated by the natives long before the discover}' of the coimtrj' 
by the Europeans. According to Dr. Tracy, "there is httle doubt 
that many of the plants as seen and described by the Europeans as 
wild species were largely garden varieties, originally natives of Amer- 
ica, which are a variation or crossing of the original wild species." 
It was first introduced into England in 1596, but for many years 
was grown only as an ornamental plant, under the common name of 
Love Apple, the prevailing opinion being that thej^ were poisonous 
to man. The tomato in Europe was first used as a vegetable in 
Italy in the seventeenth century, later being introduced into France 
and England as a table vegetable. The fii'st mention of it in North 

America as a vegetable, apparently, was 1781. Seven years later a 
Frenchman in Philadelphia made earnest efforts to have people use 
the fruit as a vegetable, but with Uttle or no success. The first 
record of this fruit being regularly quoted on the market was in 
New Orleans, 1812. It was first offered bj' seedsmen, Messrs. Gar- 
dener & Hipbum, in 1818, which was followed by Landreth in 1820. 
In 1835 they were on the Quincy Hall Market in Boston. At the 
present time, according to Department of Agriculture reports, there 
are over one haK miUion acres devoted to this crop every year in 
America, and the canning and shipping interests especially assume 
tremendous proportions. A great many American varieties of 
merit now are known the world over. Practicalh' all tomatoes 
grown in this countrj' are of American development. To Li\dng- 
ston, of Columbus, Ohio, perhaps the greatest credit should be given. 
The late Walter P. Stokes was responsible for the introduction of 
the EarUana and Bonnj' Best. 

^ No. 1000. Stokes Bonny Best. Days to Maturity, 130. Originated by Mr. Middleton, of Montgomery Covmty, 
Pennsylvania, and introduced for the first time by Walter P. Stokes in 1908. It is a selection from the older 
Chalk's Early Jewel, the fruits being from ten days to two weeks earher than that variety, thus placing 
Bonny Best almost in a class with Earhana. In the twelve years since its introduction Stokes Bonny 
Best has established a reputation amongst aU classes of planters, home gardeners, truckers and canners, 
which has scarcely been equalled b}' any other tomato during the last twenty-five years. At the 
time of its introduction, Mr. Stokes predicted that it would soon be knowTi from one end of the land 
to the other as the finest shipping tomato ever introduced, and this prediction has certainly proved 
to be more than true. A great many low-grade and questionable strains of Bonny Best are being 
offered at the present time. All those, therefore, who desire to secure the introducer's strain, -wiU 
do well to continue purchasing their supply directly from us. Everj- year our seed is grown here 
on Windermoor Farm under the most ideal conditions. 1919 has been a very severe season on 
all tomato growers east of the Appalachian Mountains, owing to almost continual rain in 
August and September. Regardless of this, our Bonny Best averaged better than any crop 
in Biu-Hngton Coimty, according to the word of all farmers who were here to see it. 

Pkt. lOfi, oz. 50i, 

SI. 50, lb. $5.00, 5 lbs. 324.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or 

Gathering Stokes Bonny Best Tomatoes on a New Jersey Farm'. 

in This State is Constantly Increasinti 

75 per lb. 

Stokes Bonny Best Tomato, when grown under ideal conditions, should produce from 
ten to fifteen tons per acre. The plants attain a height of about two and one-half 
feet. The foUage will be very much heavier than the Earliana. The fruits will be 
borne in clusters, and will be almost globe shaped, the structure of the fruit being 
very distinctive in that respect. They are thicker through from top to bottom 
than the Chalk's Early Jewel. Individual vines will ver>' often produce as 
many as one hundred fifty perfect fruits. \Mien sown in hot beds March 
15th, there will be ripe fruits by July 15th, and the crop will bear until 
September 1st. The intense scarlet coloring wiU hold for the interior and 
exterior of the tomato. Compared to Earhana the fruit is far more soUd, 
in that the seed cavities are smaD. In the eastern states Bonny Best 
is now one of the foremost canning varieties for pulp and soup pu]> 
poses. In its present form we do not advocate it as a variety 
which should be canned whole. Eventually we hope to produce 
a strain which will satisfactorily can in that manner, but in 
its present condition there is some danger of its not holding 
together under hot steam. As a tomato for the truck 
grower for the early markets, Bonny Best is unequalled. 
It will not compete with the extra early markets as 
will the EarUana, but as a tomato to go between the 
Earliana season and the later varieties, such as Stone 
and Baltimore, it has no superior. If grown well, it 
will ship well and sell well, and eventually be 
thoroughly enjoyed by the consimier. It is one 
of the sweetest tomatoes under cultivation, 
The Acreage of This Variety having very little of the acidity which is 


Stokes Bonny Best Tomato is now thirteen years old 



typical of the Earliana. As a home garden 
variety we know of no superior to Bonny 
Best. Earliana will be slightly earlier, but its quality 
is in no way comparable to Stokes Bonny Best, and 
the difference in season is hardly to be considered for 
table purposes. Stokes Bonny Best will cover a bearing 
period of six weeks, ending September 1st, after which 
some of the latter types wiU extend the season on 
another four weeks. Its marvelous eating quaUties, 
its beautiful appearance and the ease with which it 
may be grown, recommend it unquestionably for the 
home garden. 

No. 1005. Special Stock Bonny Best. Days to 
Maturity, 128. This stock is a special selection from 
our crop of WLndermoor-grown Bonny Best Tomatoes. 
It is made especially in the interests of the greenhouse 
tomato grower and is used in large quantities for forcing 
purposes. However, an increasingly large proportion of 
our trade is taking this special stock for outdoor forcing. 
This selection has been made for earliness, size and uni- 
formity of shape and color. We believe unquestionably 
it is the finest stock of Bonny Best to be had in this 
country and it is offered with every confidence. 

Price, pkt. 25^, oz. $1.50, M lb. $5.00, lb. $20.00, 
5 lbs. $95.00; 5 lbs. by express, $18.90 per lb. 




Bonny Best Tomato Outside 

" Dean Watts mentions the value of Bonny Best Tomato for a 
main crop in the issue of October 1st. To add to this statement of 
the smoothness, productiveness and general good quality of the sort, 
I would say that the strain grown here this year has demonstrated 
beyond a doubt that this variety is very hard to beat for smooth- 
ness, productivity, quality and earhness, and is a good sort for 
Oregonians to tie to. We have been picking continuously since the 
first of August and the last picking was made October 18th, with 
many fruits yet on the vines which will ripen when stored. The 

uniformity of plants was remarkable. The solidity when fruit was 
full colored was also very noticeable. The unreliability of Western 
Oregon summers makes it necessary for an early variety to be grown 
also as a main crop. 

"We have observed that growers are making most money in 
tomatoes in these parts from selected Earhana strains. Bonny 
Best, and some Perfection and Stone."— Prof. A. G. Bouquet, 
Oregon Agricultural College, in Market Growers^ Journal, Decem- 
ber 1, 1919. 




EARLIANA (x 2/3) 

Note on Alacrity. A j^ear ago we offered the Alacrity Tomato, 
which we had secured through the good offices of the Dominion 
Government officials, this variety proving of considerable merit as 
an extra-early type. It was, perhaps, slightly earher than EarUana, 
having been a selection from that variety. We did not feel that 
there was a place for it in our present operations or in the operations 
of the average home or market gardener. For this reason we are no 
longer continuing to Ust it. It will no doubt prove to be of especial 
merit in the North Country, the place of its origin. 

No. 1010. Earliana. Days to Maturity, 125. Originated by 
Mr. Sparks, of New Jersey, and introduced by Johnson & Stokes 
about 1900, under the name of Spark's EarUana. Immediately 
after its introduction, this tomato gained wide popularity. Within 
a very few years it was in practically every seedsman's catalog, and 
now is considered one of the four most important in the entire' list. 
Its chief merit,is in its earUness in ripening and this alone has been 
responsible for the prominence it has gained. Due to its earUness, 
it has certain weaknesses, such as lightness of fohage, thinness of 
wall and lack of sohdity, its liability of cracking aroimd the stem, 
etc., but with all of these factors which are more or less against it, it 
is one of the best money-makers during the whole tomato season, 
especially with farmers having early land. It wiU attain a size of 
about three inches in diameter. Sow March 15th, and it should be 
ready for picking July 10th. Its picking season wiU cover a period 
of from three to four weeks, and it should produce from five to eight 
tons per acre. We hold a perhaps unpardonable pride in the Earliana 
as in the Bonny Best, and our trade will find that we have taken 
exceptionally strong measures to produce only the best possible 
grade of seed. Pkt. 10(f, oz. 50^, }i lb. $1.50, lb. $5.00, 5 lbs. $23.50, 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $4.50 per lb. 

No. 1012. June Pink. Days to Matuhity, 125. Originated 
and introduced by J. V. Crine, of MorganviUe, New Jersey. This 
variety is a pink-fruited EarUana, resembling that tomato in almost 
every respect. The stock we offer is from a most reliable source. 
Pkt. 5^, oz. 40(4, M lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

No. 1014. Globe. Days to Maturity, 140. Introduced by 
Livingston in 1905. The color is a rich pink-purple, and the quality 
is superb. Globe has been extremely successful as a shipping tomato 
from Florida and Texas, one hundred forty-four fruits filUng a 
standard carrier. The stock offered may be reUed upon. Pkt. 5^, 
oz. 40jf, H lb. $1.25, lb. .$4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; by express, 
5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

No. 1026. Beauty. Days to Maturity, 140. Introduced by 
Livingston in 1886, and catalogued by Johnson & Stokes three years 
later. This is a favorite tomato of the so-called pink or purple class. 
Where growers have markets preferring that color, Beauty has been 
extremely satisfactory. It should never be grown for canning pur- 
poses. However, it is recommended for home garden purposes. 

Pkt. 5^, oz. 40(«, lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

No. 1027. Grand Century. Days to Maturity, 145. A 
new variety described as being ninety-five percent resistant to 
Fusiarium Wilt. The seed which we offer has been grown hy Mr. 
E. B. Walton of Union Count}', IlUnois, and is a result of seven 
years' breeding and selection by Prof. C. E. Durst of the University 
of IlUnois. The 1919 variety test proved it slightly later than 
Bonny Best. Although it is not like the old Stone Tomato, it is 
comparable to that variety in its general habit of growth. The large 
fruits wiU weigh about six ounces, color is a brilliant red, the shape 
is round and oblate, the surface is smooth, the scar small and the 
stem end basin small. The rind is thick, the interior meaty and the 
green core very small. These points, of course, indicate good 
shipping quaUties. 

Although everj' other variety at the Illinois Trial was infected 
with Fusiarium, no wilt was observed on this variety. We do not 
claim that it is totaUy free from Fusiarium, but we beUeve it will prove 
at least ninety-five percent resistant and this will prove of inestimable 
value to all tomato growers whose crops have been seriously affected. 
Unfortunately, in addition to the stock seed from which we will 
grow our 1920 crop for sale in 1921, we have only a very small 
quantity of seed on hand at the present time. However, we feel 
it our duty to disseminate what we have at least for trial purposes 
and, therefore, offer it in small quantities. In trying out this seed, 
it will, no doubt, be a profitable experiment if the fruit of a fifty or 
hundred foot row is weighed and compared with a row of similar 
length from one of the older standard varieties which is not resistant 
to Fusiarium wilt. This has been known as the Century Tomato in 
IlUnois. In order that this should not be confused with the Century 
Beet which we have been offering since 1913, we requested the 
originators that a slight change in the name be made and their 
suggestion of Grand Century is very acceptable to us and we offer 
it under that name. We are confident that the variety wiU prove of 
inestimable value and believe that it shows great promise for eastern 
conditions as the fruit is a very desirable size and quaUty. Appar- 
ently, the very best way to avoid Fusiarium is by breeding a 
strain which is resistant to it. We have great confidence in the 
Grand Century. Price by the packet only, 25fL 





No. 1030. Greater Baltimore. Days to Matuhitt, 
145. Introduced by Livingston in 1889. J. Bolgiano & Son 
.offered the Baltimore strain about 1912. It is one of the largest, 
most sohd main or late season crop varieties under cultivation. The 
color is a bright red. It is unsurpassed for slicing and canning, the 
fohage being strong and vigorous. This variety will stand up under the 
mid-summer heat without ill effects. Generally speaking, this is the most 
prolific variety grown. Pkt. 5i, oz. 40^;, ^ lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. 
$19.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

No. 1032. Enormous. Days to Maturiti-, 150. Originated by a 
Mr. Miesse, of Lancaster, Ohio. Introduced by Maule. The fruits of 
this variety are the largest under cultivation. They are a deep red color, 
of veiy fair quality and for nearby market purposes will prove successful. 
They should not be grown for long-distance shipping or where much 
handling is necessary. Pkt. 5^, oz. 40^, ^ lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. 
$19.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

GLOBE (X 2/5) 

No. 1034. Ponderosa. Days to Maturity, 
150. Offered by Peter Henderson in 1891 as 
No. 400. The following year it was named 
Ponderosa as a result of the prize contest for names. That year 
a prize was offered for the largest fruits, and a Mr. L. L. Bailey 
won the $150.00 with a three-pound tomato. A purple tomato, 
which is one of the largest under cultivation. It is recommended 
for home garden and for nearby market shipments, but it is not 
suitable for long-distance work. Pkt. 5i, oz. 40j*, lb. $1.25, lb. 
$4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 
per lb. 

No. 1038. Dwarf Stone (var. validum). Days to Maturity, 140. Introduced by 
Livingston in 1902. Commonly spoken of as the Potato-Leaved Tomato. This variety will 
only grow to a height of about eighteen inches. For its size, it is very proUfic, but, perhaps, 
will not average more than five tons to the acre. It is not, therefore, recommended for 
extensive commercial growing. It is especially desirable for the home garden, owing to the 
compact character of the vines. The fruits will average three and three-quarters inches in 
diameter and two and three-quarters inches in depth. Color is bright scarlet. Pkt. 5f*, oz. 
40fi, }i lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

STONE (x 1/2) 

1)1^1^111^0 T'oTTlJlf'OP^ Days TO Maturity, 135. We are prepared to offer the following five varieties, which are in consider- 
J-V.'JV IXUg X \JLlla. LCFCa. ^^^e demand for pickling purposes. Most of these have been grown for fifty or seventy-five years in 
this country. The Red Cherry dates back to 1620 in England, and Banheim recording that it was the only sort known in England. This, 
of course, was in the days when tomatoes were called love apples. The Plum and Pear tomatoes will average about one and one-half 
inches in length. The Red Cherry will be about three-quarters of an inch in diameter. Their names are descriptive in every instance. 

They are very proHfic bearers and very easily grown. 


Red or Yellow 

(X 3/4) 

Red or Yellow 

(X 3/4) 


(Natural Size) 

No. 1016. Yellow Plum. Var. pyriforme (oblengum). 

Pkt. 10^, oz. 40^, }i lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

No. 1018. Red Plum. Var. pyriforme (oblengum). 

Pkt. lOi, oz. 40^, 14 lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

No. 1020. Yellow Pear. Var. pyriforme (oblengum). 

Pkt. 10f<, oz. 40^5, }4 lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

No. 1022. Red Pear. Var. pyriforme (oblengum). 

Pkt. lOi, oz. iOi, M lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 

No. 1024. Red Cherry. Var. cerasiforme (Dunal). 

Pkt. lOji, oz. 40?;, li lb. $1.25, lb. $4.00, 5 lbs. $19.25, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $3.75 per lb. 


See Pages 104-105 for well-grown tomato plants 




{Brassica Rapa) 

Outline chart illustrating Turnip types and their relation to ground line. Scale is about }4 




History — A native probablj' of Great Britain and Northern 
Europe. The period when it was first brought into use in its native 
country', and the manner of its improvement from the native, wild 
and useless state is not known. However, it was used as a vegetable 
by the Greeks and Romans. There does not seem to have been 
much t}T3e improvement or much cultivation of turnip on a large 
scale until the seventeenth century of our Era, since which time it 
has been rapidly developed and is now in common use the world 
over. Unquestionably, it thrives better in Great Britain thaA in 
any other part of the globe. In America there are now about tweAtj-- 
five distinct varieties, although over 250 are separately named by 
the American trade. The Swedish turnip, or rutabaga, is of the spe- 
cies Brassica Campestris. It is not certain whether these two 
species exist separately in a wild state, but under cultivation there 
is a well-defined difference. 

No. 1050. Early Purple Top Milan. Days Tp Maturity, 45. 
A most deUcious garden variety of turnip. It is very early, rather 
small, sweet and tender. The globe itself wtS\. average about two 
and one-half inches in diameter. The color is divided about equally. 
This variety is weU adapted for forcing, as well as growing in home 
gardens. Pkt. 5ff, oz. 15i, M lb. 40^, lb. SI. 40, 5 lbs. S6.00, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, $1.25 per lb. 

No. 1052. Early White Flat Dutch. Days to AIaturity, 45. 
A very old variety, having been fisted by Russell in 1827. This is 
an extremely early white turnip, very desirable for table 
use. It is especiaUy popular in the southern states. It is 
a strap-leaved turnip. The roots are of medixun size, flat, 
a beautiful white color and of the most deficious quaUty. 
They should be puUed for the table when about two 
and one-half inches in diameter. Pkt. 5^, oz. 10^, lb. 
25^, lb. 85^, 5 lbs. $4.00, postpaid; hy express, 5 lbs. or 
more, 70{t per lb. 

No. 1054. White Egg. Days to Maturity, 50. A 
variety which was brought on the market in the late 
eighties. It was offered by Johnson & Stokes, by Rawson 
and by Ferry in 1889. An oval or egg-shaped turnip, with 
smooth, white, medium-size roots, half of which grow out 
of the ground. The turnip itself is very deficious It is 
best for eating when about three and one-half inches long 
and two inches in diameter. Pkt. 5^, oz. lOjf, J4 lb. 25^, 
lb. 85^, 5 lbs. $4.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 
70?; per lb. 

No. 1056. Purple Top Strap-Leaf. Days to 
Maturity, 55. Offered by Hovey in 1877. This variety 
is about two weeks earfier than the Purple Top White 
Globe, much flatter and is strap-leaved. Although they 


can be grown to a much larger 
size for stock purposes, the 
roots are best for table use 
when about two and one-half 
inches in diameter. Pkt. 5^, 
oz. 10(i, M lb. 25^, lb. 85^, 
5 lbs. $4.00, postpaid; by ex- 
press, 5 lbs. or more, 70^ per lb. 

No. 1058. Purple Top White Globe. Days to M.^turity, 
70. An American selection made from some of the earfier English 
types. Offered in this country prior to 1885. One of the late main- 
crop sorts of exceUent quafity, remarkable as a keeper. When 
grown for table purposes, it should be gathered when but two-thirds 
grown. These qualities and its attractive appearance no doubt are 
responsible for its great popularity. No varietj' of turnip is more 
generaUy planted in America than Purple Top White Globe. For 
table use we would advise early gathering. For stock purposes the 
root should be allowed its full growth. Pkt. 5i, oz. 10^, M lb. 256, 
lb. 856, 5 lbs. $4.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more, 70^ 
per lb. 





No. 1060. Yellow or Amber Globe. Days to 
Maturity, 65. An old English variety. This turnip is 
grown very largely for stock feeding. The roots attain a large size 
and are globular in shape. The skin is a clear yellow, with a green 
tinge around the top. The flesh is light yellow, fine grained and 

Pkt. 5ji, oz. lOi, M lb. 25(*, lb. 85fi, 5 lbs. $4.00, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 70(4 per lb. 

No. 1062. Pomeranian White Globe. Days to Maturity, 
65. A very old variety offered by RusseU in 1827. One of the most 
productive turnips cultivated. When the ground is sufficiently rich, 
they will produce roots often ten to twelve pounds in weight. Roots 
are globe shaped but slightly flattened. Skin very white and smooth. 
Principally grown for stock feeding, but may be used for table if 
pulled when young. 

Pkt. 5i, oz. lOff, M lb. 25^, lb. 85^, 5 lbs. $4.00, postpaid; by 
express, 5 lbs. or more, 70^ per lb. 


No. 1064. Long Cow Horn. Days to Maturity, 60. 
A standard EngUsh variety. The root is cyhndrical, 
usually twisted and irregular in shape, having a length of from ten 
to twelve inches. The flesh is fine grained and of excellent flavor, 
but for table use it is a variety which should be used when it is 
three to four inches long. It is a desirable stock turnip. Pkt. 5f!, 
oz. lOfS, M lb. 30?i, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. 
or more, 80^ per lb. 

No. 1070. Rutabaga, American Purple Top. Days to 
Maturity, 90. This type of rutabaga has been grown in this country 
for a hundred years. Comstock, Ferre listed it in 1834. The Ameri- 
can strain is a selection from the older English type. It has been 
selected for a smaller top and shorter neck than is usually found in 
England. The roots are globular, but grow to a large size and are 
of splendid quahty. An excellent sort for either table use or stock 
feeding. Pkt. 5(4, oz. lOji, H lb. 30^, lb. $1.00, 5 lbs. $4.50, postpaid; 
by express, 5 lbs. or more, 80^ per lb. 



(Pimpinella anisum) 
An annual herb, having fragrant seeds useful for medicinal 
purposes. The leaves are often used for flavoring and garnishing. 
Pkt. m, oz. 200. 


{Melissa officinalis) 
A perennial herb, having white or pale yellow flowers. Tea 
made from the leaves is used for fevers. Pkt. IQi, oz. 300. 


{Ocimum hasilicum) 
A hardy annual. The seeds are used in flavoring soups and 
sauces. Pkt. 100, oz. 200. 


{Borago officinalis) 
An a^ual of coarse growth with blue flowers. The leaves are 
used for flavo;ting. Pkt. 100, oz. 250. 


(Carum ci^'fui) ,. 

Seeds used in cakes and candy and leaves in soup; '-.^^o used 
for medicinal purposes. Plant about two feet high with small, 
white flowers. Pkt. 100, oz. 250. 


{Coriandrum sativum) 
A hardy annual with finely-cut foliage' and white flowers. Seed 
has an agreeable taste in confectionery. Pkt. 100, oz. 200. 


{Anethum graveolens) 
A branching aimual. Seeds used principaUy in making dill 
pickles. Pkt. 100, oz. 150, M lb. 500, lb. $1.75. 


{Foeniculum officinale) 
A hardy, branching perennial with dense foUage. Seeds have 
medicinal properties and are also used in confectionery. Shoots 
used in salads, soups, etc. Pkt. 100, oz. 200. 


{Marruhium vulgare) 
A perennial with small white flowers. Used for medicinal 
purposes. Pkt. 100. 


{Hyssopus officinalis) 
A perennial thriving best on dry, sandy soil. It is used as a tonic 
and as a stimulant. Pkt. 100, oz. 400. 


(Lavendula spica) 
A hardy perennial used as a perfume. It should be picked 
before it becomes hard and then dried quickly. Pkt. 100, oz. 300. 


(Origanum marjorana) 
A spreading plant with purple or white flowers. Used for 
seasoning, either green or dry. Pkt. 100, oz. 500. 


{Rosmarinus officinalis) 
A hardy, fragrant perennial. Leaves are used for flavoring 
meats and soups; blossoms in toilet waters. Pkt. 100. 


{Ruta graveolens) 
A hardy perennial about two feet high with yeUow flowers. 
When care is exercised it is useful for medicinal purposes. 


{Carthamus iinctorius) 
An annual cultivated for its flowers. These are used in coloring 
and' occasionaUy for flavoring. 


{Salvia officinalis) 
A hardy, branching perennial. The leaves and shoots should 
be cut when the plant is beginning to blossom and quickly dried in 
the shade. It is one of the most widely used herbs for seasoning. 
Pkt. 100, oz. 500. 


{Satureia hortensis) 
A hardy annual which is dried and used for seasoning . Branching 
plant with smaU leaves and flowers white, pink or purple. Pkt. 100. 


{Thymus vulgaris) 
A perennial herb with small flowers. Used mostly for seasoning. 
Pkt. 100, oz. 750. 


{Artemisia absinthium) 
A fragrant perennial used for medicinal purposes. A dry poor 
soil is best. Pkt. 100. 





Lawn Grass Seed 

The Windermoor Standard 

Long experience has proven to us the foil}' of prepar- 
ing several different grass seed mixtures for ordinary 
lawn purposes. There is, of course, a place for certain of 
the finer grasses for golf courses and tennis courts ; also a 
place for some of the coarser for athletic fields. On either 
of these tj^pes we are prepared to make special quotations. 
However, for ordinary pm-poses we offer but one mixture, 

The Windermoor Standard. This mixture is made up 

on the following formula per hundred poimds: 

Fortj^-five per cent. Kentucky Blue Grass, 
Forty per cent. Red Top or Herd's Grass, 
Ten per cent. Perennial Rye Grass, 
Five per cent. T^Tiite Dutch Clover. 
This we sell by the pound and not by the bushel. The 

purchaser thus knows very definitely what he is buying. 

There is no chaff in the mixtiire, which is often foimd in 

lawn grasses when it is sold by the bushel. 

Price, lb. 50^5, 5 lbs. $2.25, 10 lbs. $4.50, postpaid. 

100 lbs. iDy express, at purchaser's expense, $40.00. 


In the first place, very careful grading is necessary, 
followed by a rich covering of top soil (if it is not already 
there), and then by an application of commercial fertilizer. 
We never recommend animal manure of any kind because 

of its weed content. After a very careful preparation by 
harrowing, followed by continuous hand-raking, a good 
seed-bed can be provided. 

The seed should be sown broadcast, after which the 
ground should be rolled, if possible. Never plant grass 
seed when the soil is absolutelj^ dry and there is no pros- 
pect of rain, for under such conditions there is great 
danger of losing the entire so^ang if a windstorm shoiild 
happen to strike it. Under favorable conditions the lawn 
will be ready to cut with a mower inside of six weeks. 
Spring and fall are the two seasons for making la^vns. 
The hot summer months are not desirable, for good results 
are hard to obtain during warm weather. 

Grass seed should be sown on the following basis. 
For a newly made la-mi, sow one pound every 500 square 
feet, or 100 pounds per acre, and for spring or fall resow- 
ing of an old lawn, sow one pound every 1000 square feet. 
When lawns are in rather bad condition, it is best to rake 
them thoroughlj^ getting out all the dead grass, and mak- 
ing a new application of grass seed followed by rolling. 


We are in position to make quotations, F. O. B. Phila- 
delphia, on the best makes of lawn mowers, lawn rollers^ 
lawn sprinklers, garden hose, etc., and we shall be very 
pleased to receive inquiries thereon. 



Lawns should be re-sown every Spring 



Pasture and Mowing Mixtures 

The object to be obtained is a continual growth of 
rich pasturage from spring to fall. Soil sown with a variety 
of different grasses that are adapted to the soil, and which 
attain perfection at alternate months from April to 
October, will produce much larger and more satisfactory 
crops, both for hay and pasturage, than only one or two 
kinds. If seed is sown in spring, it should be done early, 
while the land is cool. We are always glad to give our 
customers the benefit of our experience, and shall take 
pleasure in advising you as to suitable grasses for your 
soils and special conditions, if you will correspond with us 
in regard to it. 

These famous mixtures are well-balanced combina- 
tions of a number of native and acclimated foreign grasses 
and clovers, blended so as to produce a permanent, dense 
and deep-rooted turf that will yield, year after year, the 
maximum quantity of hay, or afford, if desired, a con- 
stant and abundant pasture. The jdeld of hay, under 
favorable conditions, averages three to four tons per acre 
at the first cutting. After a hay crop is cut, the grass 
commences to grow at once, recovering its verdure in a few 
days, and affords excellent pasturage, even through dry 
summer weather. Both our No. 1 Mixture for permanent 

pastures, and our No. 2 Mixture for permanent mowing, 
if properly laid down, will maintain their valuable quali- 
ties for twenty years or more, if they are occasionally top- 
dressed with manure and resown lightly with grass seed. 


No. 1 Mixture for Dry Upland Pastures 

Hard Fescue, Creeping Bent, Orchard Grass, Perennial 
Rye, Tall Meadow Oat. 

No. 2 Mixture for Lowland Meadow Pasture 

Creeping Bent, Canadian Blue, Meadow Fescue, 
Orchard Grass, Perennial Rye, Red Top, Tall Meadow Oat. 

No. 3 Mixture for Dry Upland Mowing 

Orchard Grass, Perennial Rye, Red Top, Hard Fescue, 
Tall Meadow Oat, Alsike Clover. 

No. 4 Mixture for Low Meadow Mowing 

Kentucky Blue, Meadow Fescue, Meadow Foxtail, 
Orchard Grass, Perennial Rye, Tall Meadow Fescue. 

Price of any of above mixtures, $40.00 per 100 lbs., 
F. O. B. Moorestown, N. J. 

Grass and Forage Plant Seed 

Per Per 100 

lb. lbs. Not 

Postpaid Postpaid 

Bermuda Grass (Cynodon dactylon) $0.75 $70.00 

Brome Grass (Bromus) 50 45.00 

Canadian Blue Grass (Poa compressa) 30 25.00 

Chewings New Zealand Fescue (Festuca Chewings) .60 55.00 

Creeping Bent Grass (Agrostis stolonifera) 60 55.00 

Crested Dog's Tail (Cynosurus cristatus) 40 35.00 

Perennial Rye Grass (Loliuni perenne) 30 25.00 

Hard Fescue (Festuca duriuscula) 55 50.00 

Italian Rye Grass (Lolium italicum) 40 35.00 

Johnson Grass (Holcus hapepensis) 40 36.00 

Kentucky Blue Grass (Poa pratensis) 40 35.00 

Meadow Fescue (Festuca pratensis) 55 50.00 

Per Per 100 

lb. lbs. Not 

Postpaid Postpaid 

Meadow Foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis) $0.60 $55.00 

Orchard Grass (Dactyhs glomerata) 30 25.00 

Red Top (Agrostis vulgaris) 40 38.00 

Rhodes Grass 80 78.00 

Rhode Island Bent Grass (Agrostis canina) 30 25.00 

Rough-stalked Meadow Grass (Poa triviaUs) 80 75.00 

Sheep's Fescue (Festuca ovina) 80 75.00 

Sudan Grass. .■ 20 18.00 

Sweet Vernal, True Perennial (Anthoxanthum 

odoratum) 80 75.00 

Tall Meadow Fescue (Festuca elatoir) 55 50.00 

Tall Meadow Oat Grass (A vena elatoir) 55 50.00 






MEDIUM RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratens, L.) 

One of the most widely grown plants belonging to the legumes. 
In the northeastern states it is seldom sown alone, but usually in 
combination with timothy. Its value is so clearly recognized that 
the standard farm rotation in the East generally includes two 
years of sod composed of timothy and clover. The increased yield 
secured when corn follows the sod is very marked, and the influence 
is apparent even :sx the year following. Where timothy and clover 
are used in combination, the seed is sown with the preceding crop 
of wheat or oats. The amount of red clover used varies from five to 
ten pounds per acre. WTien the hay is cut the first year it wiU con- 
sist mostly of clover with very little timothy. The second year's 
hay crop will, however, consist mostly of timothy. The yields of 
hay fsdll be very favorable, pro'S'ided the conditions are suitable. 

Red Clover is usually sown alone in the Corn Belt States, and 
two crops are cut, the first being for hay and the second for seed. 
The usual rate of seeding varies from ten to fourteen pounds per 
acre. The seed is broadcasted on wheat in the late winter or early 
spring, the wheat acting as a nm'se crop. 

As a forage crop there is scarcely anything superior in quaUty. 
It cannot be recommended as a cover or green manure crop, because 
of the high initial cost of the seed and the lack of sufficient growth 
in the spring. Winter vetch is not only superior as a cover crop, 
but is cheaper. 

We quote the following prices on clover, subject to change, and 
with the request that all customers who wish large quantities write 
for special prices, in case there is any change in the market at the 
time the order is received. Indications point to higher prices rather 
than lower. The situation is, of course, one entirely beyond our 

Lb. 70(f, 10 lbs. S6.50, postpaid; 10 lbs. $6.00, 100 lbs. $58.00, 
by exprefiS. 

M/JVIMOTH RED CLOVER (Trifohum Medium, L.) 

This, imdoubtedly, has been developed from Medium Red 
Clover. It is a larger plant with a zigzag stem and a longer stalked 
head. It is grown largely for pasture and for restoring depleted 
soils. The hay is coarser than the Mediimi Red Clover, although it 
is good if cut soon enough. ^Mammoth Red Clover makes very good 
grazing for stock, sometimes yielding more seed than the Medium. 
Being a rank grower, it is, of course, more valuable for fertihzing 
purposes. The color of the fohage, flower and stem is darker than 
the Medium Red Clover, and it will ripen later, making only one 
crop. Eight pounds of good seed are .sufficient to sow an acre. 

Lb. 70^, 10 lbs. $6.50, postpaid; 10 lbs. $6.00, 100 lbs. $58.00, 
by express. 

ALSIKE CLOVER (Trifohum Hybridum, L.) 
A clover with a whitish blossom, native of the old world. It is 
one of the hardiest sorts known, being perennial and standing over 
winter without difficulty. It is noted for being more successful on 

poorly drained and acid soil than anj'^ other varietj', and is also 
suitable for either hay or pasture. Alsike is usually so^ti with either 
clover or grasses, forming a thick imdergrowth, which greatly in- 
creases the jaeld. It is especially valuable as a combination ■with 
timothy, and also with Medivun Red Clover. It is fine stemmed 
and makes excellent hay. 

Lb. 70!^, 10 lbs. $6.50, postpaid; 10 lbs. $6.00, 100 lbs. S58.00, 
by express. 

CRIMSON CLOVER (Trifohum incarnatum, L.) 
A native of Southern Europe, which is grown very largely in this 
country' as a cover crop, particularly in orchards. It is an annual, 
attaining a height of about eighteen inches. _ It is especially valuable 
as a soil improver, bringing an abundant supply of nitrogen. When 
plowed under in the spring, it adds a large amoimt of hxmius and 
other valuable plant food, and makes a suitable preparation for any 
other crops. About twelve pounds per acre are required when seed- 

Lb. 25^, 5 lbs. $1.10, postpaid; 10 lbs. $1.80, 100 lbs. $15.00, 
by express. 

WHITE DUTCH CLOVER (Trifolium Repens) 
Introduced from Europe, but supposed by some to be a native 
of North America as well. This is a low-growing clover, with round, 
white heads, very often used in lawn mixtures. It stands close cut- 
ting, and is very quick to throw up new leaves and blossoms. It is 
scarcely ever sown except in mixture with other grasses. 

Lb. 80f^, 10 lbs. $6.60, postpaid; 10 lbs. $6.10, 100 lbs. $58.10, 
by express. 

SWEET CLOVER (MeUlotus Alba) 
The TMiite Blossom or Bokhara is the only variety which we 
offer. The Yellow Blossom is not so desirable for hay or pasture. 
Sweet Clover has not been gro'mi in this country commercially 
until within recent j'ears. It is a biennial, h\'ing only two years, 
the first season growing to one and one-half to three feet in height, 
and in the second season attaining a height of from four to seven 
feet. It bears flowers and seed the second season, and then the flower 
dies. Sweet Clover is a legume ha\ing the same bacteria on its roots 
as growing alfalfa. In fact, it is sometimes called alfalfa's twin 
sister. It is especially valuable for building up worn-out soils, and 
grows well on any variety of soils, except where there is an abun- 
dance of acidity. It is especiallj' recommended as an alkali. In some 
instances it has been a Uttle difficult for five stock to acquire a taste 
for Sweet Clover, but, after a few trials, stock usually prefer it to 
any other feed. One cutting of hay may be expected the first year 
and two the second. In food value it is about equal to alfalfa. Seed 
should be sown at the rat« of eighteen to. twenty pounds per acre, 
either alone or in mixture. The month of April is ilie desirable time. 
Seed should be covered very hghtly. 

Price, hulled, lb. 50^, 5 lbs. $2.30, postpaid: 10 lbs. $4.50, 100 lbs. 
$40.00, by express. 






Alfalfa has been grown in this country about thirty-five years, and, although its adoption by the farmers has been 
rather slow, it now holds a very important place in American agriculture wherever dairying and hay farming are carried 
on It not' only solves the problem of an economical dairy feed (for cheaper milk production is just as profitable as 
receiving higher milk prices), but, being a legume, it supplies its own nitrogen, and thus greatly improves the soil. In 
turn, when fed to stock, the nitrogen in the hay enriches the manure. 


. Five tons of alfalfa have given ten hundred sixty pounds protein, 
which is approximately two and seven-tenths times the protein 
content of corn. It not only makes better stock food than corn, but 
it is cheaper and it takes less from the soil. It will thus produce as 
much digestible protein as an acre of com and an acre of clover com- 
bined. It will yield from fifty to one hundred per cent, more hay 
per acre, and the hay is thii-ty per cent, richer m protein than clover. 
It should cut three crops a year for at least three years. Clover m 
turn cuts one crop and possibly two in one year. Certainly timothy 
hay has no place on a good dairy farm. 


Alfalfa can be successfully substituted for a portion of the grain 
ration. The general use of ground alfalfa in mixed feeds is an indi- 
cation of its recognized value. It will equal bran as a feed, and bran 
at the present time costs over fifty dollars a ton. Alfalfa hay, com 
silage and com meal, all home grown, have proven to be successful 
as a balanced dairy ration. Furthermore, it furnishes a maximum 
amount of protein and mineral matter needed by the young animals 
to make bone growth. It makes the best hog pasturage, sows eating 
from the hay in racks in winter. Poultry thrives on it, and fed in 
moderation it will prove a good roughage for horses. Alfalfa hay is 
always in demand and at a good price, 


The sowing and harvesting cost of an acre of alfalfa is not in any 
sense prohibitive, and a close comparison of figures will prove that 
it compares very favorably with com. Fifteen to twenty pounds of 
seed per acre is advised. On an average alfalfa seed, marketing 
cost per acre of sowing, according to Prof. C. G. WiUiams, of Wooster, 
Ohio, is $10.60. The harvest cost for three cuttings of alfalfa will 
average $15.60, whereas the harvesting cost of com per acre will 
be about $25.00. 


For the latitude of Northern New Jersey, we advise that alfalfa 
be planted from March 20th to April 20th. For the latitude of 
Southern New Jersey we advise faD planting, viz., August 20th to 
September 1st. The matter of seed is of the greatest importance. 
So-called Turkistan seed, or the seed from the Southwest, will not 
stand up in our severe Northern winters, and the farther north an 
alfalfa crop is grown it is necessary proportionately to secure seed 

wliich has been grown in a similar chmate. One of the greatest 
sources of failure is based on this point. The importance of securing 
seed which will produce a crop hardy enough to stand over the 
winter cannot be overestimated. The New Jersey Alfalfa Associa- 
tion, after a long series of experiments, offers the following formula 
as the most desirable for this particular district, and it will apply 
in part at least to other districts in this same latitude: Sixty per 
cent. Kansas seed, thirty per cent. Dakota seed and ten per cent. 
Idaho §eed. That wliich we offer is based about on the above 
formula, and can be relied upon thoroughly. We take it for granted 
that it will be of strong germination and as free from weed seed as 
is possible. 


It is not a serious matter what kind of soil is chosen for an alfalfa 
crop. However, there must be sufficient plant food present, ferti- 
lizer or manure being used to advantage. It is important that the 
ground be properly drained. If the soil is too sour for red clover, 
alfalfa will not succeed. The free use of lime is essential, and if in 
doubt as to your soU, send a sample to your county agent, who 
will test it and tell you how much lime is needed per acre. 
If the soil lacks over one thousand pounds of burned lime, alfalfa 
will seldom thrive. Burned, or hydrated lime, lime sand, ground 
limestone, or shells, give equally good results if applied in equivalent 
and ample amounts. 


Unless the proper bacteria is in the soil, alfalfa cannot secure the 
nitrogen from the air and thus improve the soil and survive. Such 
bacteria are seldom found in new fields. They are sometimes sup- 
plied by broadcasting and harrowing in, from five hundred to one 
thousand pounds of soil from an old alfalfa or sweet clover field, or 
the seed may be coated lightly with the dry sifted soil by first moist- 
ening the seed with thin glue made by dissolving a ten-cent bottle 
of glue in one and one-half quarts of warm water and then stirring 
in the soil. Diluted molasses is sometimes used in place of glue. 
Commercial inoculants have not been found to be reliable, accord- 
ing to a statement made by the New Jersey Agricultural College. 
At present there is a law in the State of New Jersey which safe- 
guards against dead or nearly dead inoculants. However, the method 
of inoculation, as advised above, wiU, no doubt, prove to be the most 

Price, Northwesterly seed, lb. 60?!, 10 lbs. $5.50, postpaid. By 
freight or express, at purchaser's expense, 10 lbs. $5.25, 100 lbs. 
$50.00 (bu. of 60 lbs. $30). These prices are subject to change. 



We sell only Northwestern grown Seed 




Seed Corn 

Sl<li« Seeds 

Corn is grown for two distinct purposes, grain or silage. Farmers 
should be extremely careful to experiment only on small plots with 
varieties of com which are unknown in their district. This crop, 
above all others, must be suited to the climatic conditions for if 
it is too late in maturing or if it is not properly acchmated, it may 
cause very heav}- losses. The flint corns, of course, will mature 
within anj' reasonable distance north. The dent corns are only 
suitable in the North for silage purposes. However, it must be 
remembered that the value of any silage com is directh' in proportion 
to the development of the ear. Therefore, we highly recommend, 
for districts in the latitude of Central New York, Teaming Corn for 
ensilage purposes. We beUeve upon inquiry you will find that your 
county agent and j'our state experiment station ■nill 'stand back of 
this statement. Eureka Ensilage, which corresponds very closely 
to the Boone County TSTute, although gro\%ing a large stalk, is 
considerabty later than the Teaming in maturing its ear and, there- 
fore, will not prove as suitable for ensilage purposes. In making 
your selection, it is well to be guided by the varietj' which is usuaUj' 
growTi in your locahty. In case some other variety is grown which 
is not listed, we should be glad to secure it for you, if possible. 


A dent com, originally coming from a Mr. Teaming, an Ohio 
farmer. It is deep yellow in color and because of the depth of the 
grain it will shell very heavil3^ Teaming is recommended either for 
grain or for silage purposes. It is particular^ recommended for 
grain purposes along the northern hne where dent varieties will 
mature. This, in the Eastern States, is shghtly north of the fortieth 
parallel. The stalks of Teaming are medium in size and will with- 

stand any reasonable wind. The ears are unif ormly medivmi in 
size and the variety is suited to all classes of soils. In the latitude 
of Central New Jerse}^ it will mature in about one himdred days. 

The seed we offer is shelled, and at the price quoted no charge is 
made for containers. Price per bushel S4.00, which does not include 
transportation charges. 


A variety introduced by Livingston about twentj- j'ears ago. 
In color it is a dark orange red and in season it is extremely early, 
ripening "snthin one hundred days in this latitude. The stock we 
offer has been grown here in Burlington Count}' and is the result of 
over fifteen years' selection. The ear is medium in size, the grains 
being verj^ deep, shelling heavilj', perhaps in a larger proportion 
than any other varietj^ in cultivation. The seed has been grown, 
harvested and cured imder ideal conditions and is thoroughly 
recommended. Livingston's Golden Surprise will prove to be a 
fodder variety of convenient length and we feel very sxire will give 
excellent satisfaction. Price §4.00 per bu. 

A variety maturing in about one hundred and twenty days in 
this latitude. It cannot be recommended for the more northerly 
latitudes except for ensilage purposes as the ear will not mature. 
This is one of the largest eared corns in existence and the white kernel 
makes it very desirable for certain purposes. It is not recommended 
as a grain variety for locaUties north of the fortieth parallel. Price 
$4.00 per bu. 




Seed Corn 


A large-eared, late-maturing, yellow corn which will prove to be of considerable value in 
the warmer latitudes. It will not mature north of the fortieth parallel. For those who 
wish a very large yellow ear, this variety is recommended. Price $4.00 per bushel. 


A flint variety which is highly recommended for sections that are north of the line where 
dent corns will mature. The ear wiU average about fifteen inches long, is eight-rowed and 
is deep orange in color. For all who desire com of this type, Longfellow is highly recom- 
mended. Price $4.00 per bushel. 


(100 DaylBristoI Strain) 

White Cap Yellow Dent is a well known dent corn. The strain 100 Day Bristol has been 
developed in the neighborhood of Penn's Manor, near Bristol, Pennsylvania. This strain is 
considerably smaller and somewhat earher than the standard White Cap Yellow Dent and 
will mature in more northerly latitudes than the old standard. The kernel itself is light 
yellow, the cap being white, thus giving the ears an almost pure white appearance. The 
cob is rather small, running either white or bright red. The stalk of this variety is very heavy 
and is splendid for fodder purposes. The ears are easily husked and will be found very 
uniform in size and shape and in yield the variety will be fully up to standard requirements. 
The stock we offer is real seed corn and the germination will be found very high. 

The seed we offer is shelled, and at the price quoted no charge is made for containers. 
The prices do not include transportation charges. 

Notes taken at the meeting of the Corn Growers Association, 
January 17th 

Flint corn will produce 15 to 20 bushels per acre less than Dent corn. 

White Cap Corn does well on poor soil. 

Boone Coimty White is earher than Johnson County. 

Reid's Yellow Dent needs good soil and season. 

Kickory King of two-ear type. " Poor soil " variety. 

There should be variety tests for every county. Seed work should be along this line. First, get 

the best strains. Second, improve on them. 
The ideal corn is largest ear of early enough maturing habit to escape frost. 
White Cap Yellow Dent is a small and late type. 
Learning is not high yielder. 
Ten varieties are necessary for Pennsylvania. 

Eight to ten percent, improvement is about all possible by selection. 

The above notes were taken from a talk by Prof. Nicholas Schmitz, "Profitable Corn Growing" 


(Natural sizeJ 




Barley, Wheat and Millets 


This varietj' originated in Michigan from 
an individual stalk planted in the fall of 1908. 
Since that time the Michigan Agricultural 
College has been testing the variety at its 
trial grounds and conducting improvement 
experiments. In a bulletin it is stated that 
"hundreds and thousands of every pure strain 
have been tested against Red Rock TMieat, but 
none have so far been found to outj-ield- it. " 
It is well kno\\Ti that when wheat breeding 
work began, M-hite wheats outjaelded the reds, 
but since Red Rock has been developed the 
white wheats cannot compete with it. 

As in the case of Rosen Rj-e, the Red Rock 
seed which we offer is the product of growers 
who have been recommended bj' the Michigan 
Agricultural College and are registered. Since 
the College has conducted aU the work on this 
variety, we believe that this is the most superior 
source for seed of this variety. Price, $4.00 
per bushel. 



While barley doesn't have a definite place in most general 
primarj' operations its use is justified where late planting is desired 
or where it is to be used for green manure. Barley is also sometimes 
used for hay and cut for the grains before past the market stage, 
but this practice cannot be recommended where the so-called bearded 
or awned varieties are grown. Barley is also successfully grown in 
combination with either groups or as a niu"se crop generally for the 
purpose of green manure. 

In the northern states, barley is sometimes grown as a winter 
crop, being started about September 1st at the rate of foiu- to five 
boxes per acre. WTien later settings are made, the rate of planting 
should be six to seven boxes. 

We are in a position to offer both the bearded and beardless 
varieties. Price S3. 00 per bu. 


Millets are used in the Eastern States for the piirpose of green 
manure and sometimes for hay. It is a hardy grass wliich makes a 
rank growth of forage, which when cut produces a high quality 
hay. As an improvement crop, when plowed under, it jjroduces a 
large amount of green manure. It may be sown either alone or in 
combination with some other crop. In the Middle West it is 
sometimes grown as a silage crop for hog or cattle pasture. Cattle 
and hogs are especially fond of it. It may be sown in combination 
with such crops as buckwheat, straw, clover, alsike, oats, field peas, 
cow peas and soy beans. 

German Millet — This is a recommended forage and soil im- 
provement crop, making a large yield of green forage. It should 
be sown in May or June at the rate of about one bushel per acre. 

Hungarian Millet — This is a popular annual millet which grows 
quickly and freely, yielding two to three tons of ha}' per acre. It is 
said to draw heavih' upon the soil fertihty. It is sown at the rate 
of one and one-half bushels per acre in May or June. Write for 






Rye and Oats 


j / E., Lc n$ ino, Mffih 

Illustration shows pure Rosen in the center, and on the left the pure common, 
and some crossed types on the ritrht. Don't be misled by the lar^e heads com- 
monly found in crossed ryes. See how few kernels they often contain. The test 
of pure Rosen is the manner in which it fills four complete rows of grains on 
every head. 


This variety is of Russian origin and was introduced into this 
country by a student at the Michigan Agricultural College. Upon 
being tried out at the Experiment Station Trial Grounds, it was 
found to be much superior to any variety then in use. It was found 
that while common rye would produce an average of fifty bushels to 
the acre, double the yield is usually obtained with Rosen Rye. 
This variety is especially recommended for sandy soil and while it 
does well on a heavy soil, it may not be as profitable as wheat. 

Rosen Rye is a stiff strawed, large headed variety which, when 
pure, ordinarily has four full rows of grain on over 99% of its heads. 

Developing and maintaining a pure strain of rye is one of the 
most difficult problems of a plant breeder, for rye, unlike most of 
the other cereals, such as wheat, oats, and barley, cross fertihzes, — 
resembling corn in this characteristic. The Danish people grow 
their pure seed on an island off the mainland. If we expect to keep 
our Rosen Rye pure we should grow it a quarter of a mile from 
co^^iUon rye. 

Rosen Rye was selected and improved from an envelope of 
Russian Rye, fimiished in 1909 by Mr. Rosen, a student from Russia 
at the Micliigan Agricultural College. This variety immediately 
began to show its outstanding superiority, and after proving its 
ability to double the yields obtainable with any other variety, it was 
distributed in a number of counties and, where kept pure, is con- 
tinuing to maintain the record estabhshed on the Experiment 
Station plats. 

The farmer who grows common rye knows that fifteen bushels 
per acre is all he can expect in an average year, with twenty bushels 
per acre as an exceptionally good yield. Yet the farmers who have 
had experience with pure Rosen Rye will agree that twenty bushels 
is a low yield for the variety, and that forty to forty-five bushels per 
acre yields are not imcommon. 

Rye does not belong on every farm, but it is particularly adapted 
to large areas of the fighter soils of this state. To prevent washing 
and leaching, these soils should not be permitted to go through the 
fall and winter without a growing crop of some kind. In nearly every 

case, the thirty-five to forty bushel yields of Rosen Rye have been 
obtained from fields sown during the first half of September. While 
it is far from our desire to advocate late sowing of rye, yet this crop 
can be used to advantage on thousands of acres to follow crops of 
corn and beans. 

However, we should not neglect all the other factors which enter 
into the production of a good crop of rye, such as proper use of 
manmre, acid phosphate, and thorough preparation of the seed-bed. 
For a maximum crop of Rosen Rye, seeding should be done the first 
half of September at the rate of four to five pecks per acre. October 
seeding should be made at the rate of six pecks per acre. 

The seed which we have to offer comes from growers whose seed 
is registered and recommended by the Michigan Agricultural College. 
We beheve this is equal in quahty and purity to any which is 
offered on the market today. Being the Eastern distributors of 
the Michigan Crop Improvement Association we can serve our trade 
to advantage on either Rosen Rye or Red Rock Wheat. Price $3.00 
per bushel. 


Swedish — ^This variety is recommended by several experiment 
stations who claim that it is superior to any other. In habit of 
growth, it is apt to be rank on heavy soils and, therefore, its use is 
necessarily Umited to sandy soil. Where it is to be grown for a 
manure crop, its heavy growth makes it desirable if grown on heavy 

Cherson Oats — This is a Russian variety. It is known as the 
most satisfactory early variety, being hardy and yielding a profitable 
quantity of grain of deep yellow color. The variety is recommended 
as an early kind and especially adapted to soils where other varieties 
would lodge. 

Sixty-day Oats — Like the Cherson, this has been secured from 
Russia and is similar in many respects to it. It is an early variety 
which produces very satisfactorily. This and the Cherson Oats 
should only be used in the northern sections where it is impossible 
to mature a main crop variety such as Swedish. Price all varieties 
$2.40 per bu. 

Field of Rosen Rye at the Time of Field Inspection 





Hairy Vetch and Soy Beans 

StoX» Seeds 


{Vicia inllosa) 

Also known as Sand Vetch, Russian Vetch, Winter Vetch, 
Siberian Vetch, etc. This should not be confused with Common 
Vetch (Vicia sativa), which is less hardy and cannot be planted as a 
winter annual. Hairy Vetch may be grown as far north as New 
England. In the middle Atlantic States, it is -widely used as a 
forage and green manure crop. It does well in any well-drained 
soil, but is especially adapted to sandy soil; henoe the name Sand 
Vetch. As this variety can stand cold weather very well, it maj' be 
sown in the fall in all northern states except where it is to be kept 
on the land for two seasons. WTiile markedty drought resistant, it 
cannot stand severe summer heat to any great extent. Vetch may, 
however, be so\\ti alone or with a small grain as a nurse crop. On 
sandy soil rj'e is the best nurse crop, but on claj' soil wheat is verj- 
superior. In the extreme north where the ■winters are severe the 
nurse crop is necessary. 

Vetch is a legume which has a wide variety of uses. Where red 
clover is not successful it makes an excellent substitute for that 
crop. The jdeld and quahty of the hay produced are satisfactory, 
and it also furnishes excellent pasture in the early spring and late 
fall without injury to the haj^ crop. "\Mien spring planted, it fm- 
nishes pasture for live stock dvuring the first season, while in the second 
season it is utilized for hay. 

The more common use in the eastern states is for a cover crop, 
however, in combination vnth rye, or alone. There is no legume 
which has proven superior to it for this piu-pose, especially where 
neither red or crimson clover succeeds. In common with all the 
other legumes it is a nitrogen gathering crop, which increases the 
amount of this plant food element in the soil. In order to be success- 
fully grown the soil should be well drained and limed, and where it 
has not been growTi before, the soil should be inoculated in the same 
manner as for alfalfa. At the present prices, it xmdoubtedly makes 
the best pajing cover and forage crop which can be grown. In 
proportion, the price of red clover is considerably higher. Price, 
$40.00 per 100 lbs. 

CAN.\DA FIELD PEAS (See page 89) 


This crop has been gro^Ti for many j'ears in Manchuria and 
China and has only recently been introduced into the United States. 
In spite of this fact, soj^ beans have gained a wide popularitj- and 
have found a definite place in American agriculture. With the 
possible exception of com, soy beans thrive in a wider variation of 
soil and cUmate than any other crop. Soy beans may be grown 
for ha.y, silage, soiling, pasture, grain and soil improvement. 

As a haj' crop, soy beans are more expensive to grow than clover 
or alfalfa because it is an annual. As sOage, its chief use is to 
provide protein when added to corn silage, which has a wide nutritive 
ratio (one to sixteen and one-half). As a soiling crop, it may be fed 
green during the latter part of the sxunmer. In the middle West 
soj' beans are frequenth' used as a pasture crop for the feed of hogs. 
Frequently it forms part of a mixture with other field crops such as 
buckwheat, millet and rape. As a grain crop, soj- beans are rapidly 
becoming more popular. The yield averages from fifteen to twenty 
bushels per acre and the price averages about So.OO per bushel. At 
present some of the white and yellow varieties are being grown for 
canning purposes. The chief use of soy beans in the East is as a 
SOU improvement crop. As -vs-ith the case of vetch, it is a nitrogen 
gathering plant and when the soil is properly hmed and inoculated, 
it makes rapid and rank growth, which when 
plowed under fimiishes a large amount of plant 
food material. For this purpose it is recom- 
mended by several Eastern experiment stations. 
^Miere gro-wn as a cover crop it should be broad- 
cast or drilled at the rate of one and one-half 
bushels per acre. At present prices the cost is 
not prohibitive. 

The varieties we have to offer are as follows: 

Wilson — This is a black bean, upright in 
gro-n-th with slender stems. While a fair seed 
>-ielder, it is more popular for hay and silage. 
It matines in about 120 days. 

Virginia — This is similar in many respects to 
the Wilson except that the seed is brown with 
yellow and greenish tinges. In growth it has a 
tendency to twine. 

Mammoth Yellow — This is the largest and 
latest variety listed. It matm-es too late for seed 
purposes except in the southern part of New 
Jersey, but is excellent for hay and green manure 
purposes, making a rank growth of about five feet 
even on poor land. The seed is yellow in color. 

Ito San, Early Brown and Manchu are 

early small gro-wing varieties, which should be 
avoided for hay, but are satisfactory for late 
planting for seed or for early hog pasture. The 
Ito San is especially economical to sow because 
of the small size of the seeds. Write for prices. 





Field Peas, Cow Peas and Mangel Beets 


Field peas do not differ materially from garden peas except that 
they are trailers and require a nurse crop and support. They are 
generally planted in combination with oats as a crop for hay and soil 
improvement. When this is done, they generally make a rank 
growth which provides a large amount of organic matter either for 
cutting or for plowing in. The seeding is done with a drill in the 
same manner as soy beans and at the rate of one and one-half 
bushels per acre. When sown with oats the seed box on the drills 
should have an agitator as peas tend to go to the bottom. In New 
Jersey, field peas in combination with oats is recommended for an 
early green manure crop to be plowed under before late potatoes, 
alfalfa, etc. Price S8.00 per 100 lbs. 


The cow pea, which is also a bean, differs from the soj' bean in 
having long smooth, instead of short, hairy pods. The value of this 
crop for hay antl soil improvement is becoming more clearly rec- 
ognized, especially in the Southern States, and it is now extensively 
grown as far north as Maryland and Delaware. In many respects 
soy beans and cow peas are similar in requirements and manner of 
growth, the chief difference being that cow peas are generally 
cheaper in price and more easily grown for green manure and soil 
improvement on poor soils, but are not so productive or easily 
cured for hay and grain. Cow peas are usually sown broadcast 
at the rate of one and one-half bushels per acre except for the small 
seed varieties. The haj- is ahnost as good as soy bean hay, one to 
two tons per acre being produced. The recommendations regarding 
soil improvement are identical for cow peas and soy beans. We are 
in a position to offer the following varieties: 

Whippoorwill, Brabham— These are recommended for hay or 
seed production, being erect, branching and medium in season and 
having speckled seeds. 

Unknown, Wonderful and Clay, which have buff seeds and a 
more trailing growth, are recommended for green manure. Write 
for prices. 


Mammoth Long Red. Days to Maturity, 100. A variety 
grown in this country for a long time. It was listed by Johnson & 
Stokes prior to 1889. Older synonyms include Jumbo, Norbitant 
Giant and Colossal. Mammoth Long Red is probably the most 
universally grown mangel beet. The roots are extremely large, 
attaining a growth of at least twelve inches and totahng up a tonnage 
per acre which is exceptionally heavy. The average weight of well 
grown Mammoth Long Red Beet roots will be over ten pounds and 
they have been known to exceed twenty-five pounds. Pkt. 5^, 
oz. lOi, H lb. 20i, lb. 65i, 5 lbs. $3.00, postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or 
more 55^ per lb. 

Yellow Intermediate. Days to Maturity, 100. A European 
variety of long standing carried as Giant of Battles by Walter P. 
Stokes for a number of years. Sludstrup is another sjnonym. 
Yellow Intermediate or Brock's Intermediate has made a splendid 
reputation with farmers who desire high percentage of feeding value 
together with high yield per acre. The roots are cyUndrical in shape 
and are very sohd. The fact that a large portion of this mangel 
grows above the ground makes it comparatively easy to harvest. 
Pkt. 5^, oz. 10^, H lb. 20^, lb. 65j«, 5 lbs. $3.00 postpaid; by express, 
5 lbs. or more 55^ per lb. 

Golden Tankard. Days to Maturity, 100. Probably of 
French origin. It was hsted by Ferry in 1885. Golden Tankard is a 
smooth golden fleshed mangel, having large roots tapering sharply 
at the bottom. The tops of Golden Tankard are comparatively 
small and for this reason they can be grown closer together than 
other more spreading varieties. It is especially recommended for 
sheep and poultry. Pkt. 5^, oz. 10$f, }4 lb. 20^, lb. 65fi, 5 lbs. $3.00 
postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more 55^ per lb. 

Giant Half Sugar Rose. Days to Maturity, 100. A 
standard variety of European origin. Its name indicates some sugar 
content. It is used for this purpose by some growers although not 
in a large way commercially. The Kleinwanzleben is the standard 
variety amongst the sugar factories. That part of the root which is 
exposed to the sunlight is a beautiful rose color, the other half 
being almost pure white. This variety is recommended as satis- 
factory for stock feeding. Pkt. 5^, oz. 10;!, M lb. 20^, lb. &5^, 
5 lbs. $3.00 postpaid; by express, 5 lbs. or more 55^ per lb. 

(Scale X 1/6) 









Flower Seeds 


(Helipterum Annual) 

An attractive border plant, producing red and white flowers. It 
is from this that the immortelles, so desirable for bouquets and 
winter decoration, are made. Height about 12 inches. 

Assorted colors, packet 10^. 

AGERATUM (Hardy Annual) 
A verj' attractive border plant, blooming nearly all summer, 
and in quite large demand for the make-up of bouquets. Height 
varies from 10 to 20 inches, according to variety. 

Blue Star— Light Blue Packet 10^ 

Imperial Dwarf ''iMiite Packet lOi 

Assorted Colors Packet lOfi 

SWEET ALYSSUM (Hardy Annual) 
The abundant bloom of this most popular of all border plants 
has, no doubt, been responsible for the verj' general use which 
Alyssima has been put to. Packet 10^. 

AMARANTUS (Hardy Annual) 
A very useful border plant, thriving best in sunny locations. 

Will not stand cold nights, and, therefore, must not be set out too 

early. Height, 4 feet. 

Caudatus, or Love-Lies-Bleeding, packet lOp, 



(Tender Biennial) 

One of the most beautiful of the old-fasliioned plants. Their 
very continuous blooming quahties, ease of culture and pure, bright 
flowers should entitle them to a permanent place in all gardens. 

White, Scarlet, Yellow, Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 


(Hard J' Perennial CUmber) 
A valuable hardy chmber, clinging to wood, stone or brick walls, 
and a very rapid grower. Its color is dense ivj^-green until fall, 
when it turns to a beautiful red. Packet 10^. 

ASTER (Diplopappus) (Hardy Annualj 
Queen oif the Market 

The Queen of the Market is, perhaps, one of the most desirable 
and one of the earUest of all asters. The plants ^Hl attain a height 
of about 18 inches, and are very profuse bloomers. This variety is 
one of the most desirable for cutting, and is, therefore, in large use 
by florists as well as for outdoor growing in home gardens. 

\Vhite, Pink, Crimson, Light Blue, Purple, Assorted Colors, 
packet 10^. 

Comet Asters 

This charming class of asters is medium early in season, of bril- 
liant colors and compact in growth. They will attain a height of 
about 18 inches. 

WTiite, Lavender, Pink, Assorted Colors, packet lOe. 

BALLOON VINE (Cardiospermum) (Hardy Annual CUmber) 
A rapid-growing chmber, very desirable in its place. It wiU grow 
to a height of from 10 to 15 feet, bearing beautiful white flowers, 
which are followed by its seedpods of a balloon shape. Packet 10c. 

BALSAM (Bakamina Inpatiens) (Annual) 
Erroneously called Lady SUpper (Cj^pripedium) 
One of the best-known border or bedding plants that we have. 
There is a wide range of color, and a careful selection should be 
made for the best effects. The varieties hsted below are of the 
CameUia-flowered sorts, which we consider the most satisfactorj'. 
Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 

BEGONIA (Begonia sp.) (Tender Perennial) 
The Begonia is one of the most attractive and delightful flowers 
either for wdndow-boxes during the winter or for bedding plants 
during the siunmer months. The family is di\aded into two main 
classes, the fibrous-rooted and the tuberous-rooted sorts. 
Tuljerous-rooted, Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 

A brilhant gold flower of the daisy type. Our mixture is com- 
posed of all shades of yellow, red and brown, and is highh- attractive. 
Assorted Colors, packet 10c. 

(Campanula sp.) (Hard}' Biemiial) 
A constant-blooming plant which will add charm to any border 
bed. It vdll grow about 2 feet in height, and can be supplied either 
in single or double in 'WTiite, Blue, Rose or Assorted Colors. 
Packet 10^ 








Assorted Colors, packet lOff. 

(Cup and Saucer) 

CANARY-BIRD VINE (Tender Annual Climber) 

A rapid-growing summer climbing vine, attaining a height of 
about 15 feet. It produces hundreds of bright yellow flowers which 
resemble canary birds in flight. 

Packet lOff. 

CANDYTUFT (Iberis sp.) (Biennial) 

A desirable flower for edging purposes in border beds or for 
massing in rockeries. It may be sown outdoors in April, preferably 
in sunny and rather protected places. 

Assorted Colors, packet lOfi. 


CASTOR-OIL PLANT (Hardy Annual) 

An ornamental plant having a very dignified appearance, and 
suitable for formal decorating of particular parts of the garden. 
Assorted, packet lOff. 

CARNATIONS (Dianthus Caryophyllus. Linn.) 
(Hardy Perennials) 

It is quite a simple matter to grow carnations from seed, and we 
find them to be in large demand by our gardening friends. 


Of a particularly vigorous stock. Can be supplied in the follow- 
ing colors: 

Yellow, Scarlet, White, Assorted and Large Flowering. Packet 

The Cockscombs are rather odd but decorative flowers, and will 
brighten the corner of any garden. 

Tall, or Plumed Varieties 
Crimson, Golden, Assorted Colors, packet 10>f. 

Crested, or Dwarf Varieties 
Assorted Colors, packet lOff. 

CENTAUREA (Hardy Annual) 
(Bachelor's Button, Cornflower, or Ragged Sailor) 
This is most generally cultivated as a flowering annual, and is 
included in a great many of our best gardens. 

Centaurea embraces a variety of names, including the Imperialis 
and Marguerites, which are the Sweet Sultans; the Cyanus, which 
is the Cornflower; and the Gyrnnocarpa, which is the Dusty Miller. 

Cyanus Varieties 

Blue, White, Rose, Assorted Colors, packet lOjf. 

Imperialis, or Marguerite 
Assorted Colors, packet lOjf. 






Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 

CINERARIA (Tender Biennial) 

One of the most beautiful flowers for indoor growing during the 
winter. The shades include blue, purple, crimson and maroon. 
Height, 12 inches. 

Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 


CLARKIA (Hardy Annual) 
An attractive flower with varying colors of white, pink, red, etc. 
A profuse bloomer, and rather easy to cultivate. The flowers are 
borne aU along the stems, and shghtly resemble carnations. 

Assorted Colors, Single Packet 10^ 

Assorted Colors, Double Packet 10^ 

CLEMATIS (Hardy Perennial Climber) 
Virgin's Bower is a synonym for this beautiful climbing flower. 
The dehcate flowers are very fragrant, and are rather quick-growing. 
Paniculata. An old-fasliioned climber. Packet 10^5. 


(Hardy Annual Climber) 
One of the finest of the old-fashioned climbing vines, having 
beautiful, bell-shaped, purple flowers. 
Seandens. Packet lOfi. 


One of the most desirable bedding plants by reason of its richly 
colored fohage. We offer herewith a mixture of the finest colored 

Assorted Colors, packet lOf^. 



(Hardy Pereimial) 
A popular garden flower, forming large, permanent clumps and 
blooming profusely through the spring and early summer. 
Assorted Colors, packet 10(*. 

COSMOS, OR COSMEA (Hardy Annual) 
, One of the most dehcate and attractive of the autumn flowers 
They are particularly valuable for cutting, as they wiO hold up in 
good condition for several days. These are divided into two groups, 
the early flowering tj-pes, and the giant-flowering tj-pes, either of 
which may be purchased in 

White, Pink, Crimson, Assorted Colors, packet lOe. 

CYCLAMEN (Tender Perennial) 
This is among the choicest of the flowering house plants. The 
seed offered here is all from the giant varieties, and can be purchased 

Assorted Colors, packet lOp. 

CYPRESS VINE (Hardy Annual Chmber) 
A beautiful chmbing plant, with fern-like, feathery foliage and 
masses of brilliant, star-shaped flowers, which may be had in 
■WTiite, Scarlet or Assorted Colors, packet 10^. ' 

SHASTA DAISY, OR BELLIS (Hardy Perennial) 
Used verj- largeh' for edging and border purposes; blooming 
freely from April to June. The Shasta Daisy is a pm-e white flower 
averaging 4 inches in diameter, and blooms freelj' for several months. 
The flower remains fresh for a long time after cutting. 
Dimorphotheca. Assorted Colors, packet lOj*. 

DIANTHUS, OR PINKS (Hardy Annual) 
Japanese Pinks is a sj^nonjTn for this flower, which is deservedly 
popular because of its rich markings, easy culture and profusion of 

Assorted Colors, Single Packet 10^ 

Imperiahs (Double Imperial Pink) Packet lOff 

Assorted Colors, Double Packet 10^ 


A statelj', old-fashioned border plant, particularh- desirable for 
growing among shrubberj-, or in masses along walks or drives. 
In rich soils the spikes attain a height of 2 to 3 feet. Seed sown 
outdoors in the spring and the seedUngs transplanted where they are 
to grow will make fine flowering stalks the next season. 


A fine strain, bearing handsome, spotted gloxinia-Uke flowers 
in long spikes. 

Assorted Colors, packet 10(*. 







Ornamental and greatly prized for winter decorating in vases or 
for durable bouquets. Hardy annual. 
Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 


(Hardy Annual) 

The state flower of California, and one that deserves much wider 
recognition by everyone as a border plant. It blooms from June to 
September. Its delicate flowers have a charm of their own, and pro- 
duce a brilliant effect when grown in masses. 

Golden West. The favorite bright yellow variety. Packet 10^. 

FEVERFEW— See Matricaria 


One of the most beautiful and dehcate of all flowers. It is 
excellent for borders and edging, succeeding best in rich, moist soils. 
Palustris. The True Forget-Me-Not. Packet 10^. 

FAILLARDIA (Hardy Annual) 
Picta Lorenziana. Assorted Colors, Double Packet, lOp. 

GERANIUM (Tender Perennial) 

No flowering plants are so extensively grown as the Geranium, 
and certainly none are more suitable for large beds where a mass of 
bloom is desired. Grows readily frohi seed and produces plants 
that bloom in the first season. 

Zonale. The plant will produce flowers the first season if sown 
early. Fine for pots. 

Assorted Colors, packet lOjf. 

GLOBE AMARANTH (Hardy Annual Everlasting) 

Bachelor's Button is a synonym for this name. A dwarf flower 
with clover-like heads in purple, white and red. Excellent for drying 
purposes for winter bouquets. 

Assorted Colors, packet lOfi. 


(Hardy Perennials) 

Charming greenhouse 
plants, producing flowers 
of the most exquisite and 
gorgeous colors, ranging 
from the purest white 
through all the shades of 
crimson and purple. 

Stokes' Giant-flower- 
ing, Assorted Colors. This 
strain is, undoubtedly, un- 
surpassed for size of flowers 
and the great diversity of 
colors, embracing all the 
briUiant shades. 
Packet 10^. 


(Hardy Annual Climbers) 

Rapid-growing climbers 
with beautiful ornamental 
fohage; the curious fruits 
are verj^ useful. 

Dishcloth Packet 10^ 

Dipper or 

Calabash . Packet lOfi 

Nest-Egg Packet 10^ 

Sugar Trough . Packet 10^ 
Hercules' Club. Packet 10^ 
Bottle-Shaped. Packet 10^ 
Mock Orange. .Packet 10^ 

HOLLYHOCK Varieties . . Packet lOp 



Coix Lacryma Jobi (Job's Tears). Fohage broad; seed promi- 
nent, very large and shining. Packet 10^. 



Gynerium argenteum (Pampas Grass). Beautiful silvery plumes. 
Packet 10^. 


Indispensable for bouquet-making, either green or dried; very 
attractive and graceful in appearance, and easily cultivated. 
Elegans. Packet 100. 


Stately decorative flowers, useful for backgrounds or hedges in 
places where it is desirable to screen off some unsightly part of the 

Stella. Dehcate flowers of the daisy type. Pure golden yellow 
with a black disk in the center. The Stella Sunflower is very efi'ective 
when grown in masses. Packet 10^'. 

HELIOTROPE (Half-Hardy Annual) 

This charming flower is valued for its fragrance and the duration 
of its bloom. It is easily grown from seed, blooming the first summer 
if sown early. 

Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 

HOLLYHOCK (Annual and Perennial) 

For generations this has been a favorite flower in American 
gardens. It is one of the, most decorative, and is very well thought 
of for all background work. Height, 5 feet. 

Our strain of Perennial Hollyhock is the best procurable of the 
double, named sorts. The annual varieties are single and semi- 
double, with a wide range of color, running from pure white to a 
chocolate brown. 

Assorted Colors, Perennials Packet lOff 

Everblooming. Annual. Semi-double, Assorted Colors, Packet 10(6 

IVY — See Ampelopsis 





MIMULUS (Tender Perennial) 
Moschatus or Musk. Fine for hanging-baskets; small 
yellow flowers; the foliage has a strong odor of musk. Packet 10^. 


(Tender Annual Climber) 
An attractive vine, with ornamental foUage, growing about 12 
feet in height. The large yellow fruit is very showy. Packet lOff. 

MOONVINE, OR IPOMOEA (Hardy Annual Climber) 
An attractive climbing plant, bearing pure-white flowers which 
open late in the evening. Packet 10^. 

MORNING-GLORY (Hardy Annual CHmber) 
One of the most charming of the old-fashioned flowers. Of easy 
culture and rapid growth. The flowers open early in the morning 
a.nd remain open most of the day, having a wide range of color. 
Assorted Colors, packet 10^ 

A very useful pot plant for winter decoration. It is of branch- 
ing habit, covered all winter with a profusion of bright scarlet 
berries. One foot. Packet 10^. 


A pretty, drooping plant, with small hlac flowers; fine for hang- 
ing baskets, vases, etc. Packet 10^. 

(Syn. Summer, or Mock Cypress) 

This is one of the most useful and beautiful hedge plants that 
we know of. Its rapid-growing qualities make it a great favorite 
wherever it is grown. AU through the summer months it is a rich 
green color, and the globe-shaped or pyramidal bushes are made up 
of finely cut leaves and stems. It is very efi'ective in its proper 
place, and is strongly recommended. In the early autiunn after the 
first cold nights its color will change to a rich carmine, hence its 
name, Mexican Fire Bush or Burning Bush. Packet 10^. 




The Larkspur is one of the most charming flowers 
for general purposes. The flowers grow on long stems, and somewhat 
resemble immense hyacinths, the colors being very much the same as 
that flower. The Giant Hyacinth tj-pe, as offered below, is the best 
of the annual varieties, and the BeUadonna is the leader of the 


Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 


Assorted Colors, packet 10;!. 

LOBELIA (Hardy Annual) 
A dwarf-growing plant, bearing blue-and-whitc flowers pro- 
fusely. They are particularly useful for hanging-baskets, or for 
border work. 


Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 


Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 

A very quaint and interesting flower, rather compact in growth 

and surroimded by feathery fohage from which it takes its name. 

The flower is a beautiful sky-blue, and the height of the plant about 

18 inches. 

Miss Jekyll. Packet 10^. 

MARIGOLD (Hardy Annual) 

One of the most decorative annuals we have. The flowers are of 
the brightest rich-golden yellow, in shades differing from any other 
flower that we know about. 

"The Marigold, that goes to bed with the sun and with him rises 

Legion of Honor. Charming, compact, httle bushes 6 inches high. 

Flowers single, golden-yellow, with large spots of crimson velvet. 

Packet 10^. 

Assorted Colors, packet lOp. 

Eldorado. The finest of the African Marigolds. Flowers 3 to 4 
inches in diameter; perfectly and extremely double. Packet lOp. 
Assorted Colors, Double, packet lOff. 


This is one of the most attractive of the old-fashioned garden 
flowers, and, unhke the marigold, the flowers do not open in the 
bright sunshine, hence its name. The assortment which we offer 
herewith will give the most beautiful shades of white, yellow and 
crimson. Packet lOi. 

An attractive plant, producing double, pure-white flowers, 
which are excellent for cutting or for border decoration. Height, 
1 foot. Packet 10c. 

MIGNONETTE (Reseda odorata) (Hardy Annual) 
An una.ssuming flower, which is very valuable for cutting pur- 
poses to be mixed with more decorative blossoms. Its delicate 
odor is very much in its favor. 
Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 


A very ornamental plant, having handsome foliage and ver>' 
fragrant flowers. The Affinis is one of the most popular varieties, 
and is of a pure white color. Packet lOfi. 





NASTURTIUM (Iropaelum sp.) (Hardy Annual j _,„^ 
This is among our most popular garden flowers. Its verj^ general use is, no 
( loubt, due to its adaptability to almost any conditions and also to the beauty 
of its flowers and of its leaves. We offer a wide range of varieties both in dwarf 
and climbing sorts. Our assortments are also made up of the very best there is. 


Empress of India. Deep crimson; fine dark foliage Packet lOi 

Golden King. Golden 3'ellow leaves and flowers Packet 10^ 

Assorted Colors Packet lOf^ 


Dark Crimson 

Packet lOcf 

Vesuvius. Salmon; 

Packet lp<- 

Assorted Colors 

Packet lOji 


PANSY (Hardy Biennial) 

There is perhaps more dignity to a Pansy than 
to any flower in its class, and early spring blooms 
are always a joy to the keeper of the garden. Seed 
sown imder glass in the late winter will produce 
flowering plants the following spring. Pansiee need 
a rather rich soil, and for the best results should be 
kept well watered. We give below some of the finest- 
named sorts, and at the bottom of the list some 
very attractive assortments. 

Adonis — Light Blue Packet IO5! 

Golden Queen — Rich Yellow Packet lOi 

Red Victoria Packet lOf* 

Snow Queen Packet lOi 

Assorted Colors Packet lOi 



PASSION FLOWER (Tender Perennial Climber) 

The most attractive of all outdoor climbing plants. 
The flowers are of a deej>-blue color. 
Caerulea. Packet 10^. 

PHLOX (Hardy Annual) 

A very decorative and easily raised flower, and one 
of the most popular of all annuals, having a wide range of 
color and giving a continuous bloom for several months. 


The large-flowering sorts may be had in the following 
colors: White, Crimson, Rose, Lilac, Assorted Colors. 
Packet 10^. 


Decussata. Packet lOp. 


A desirable ornamental flower for beds and borders. 
Assorted Colors, packet 10^. 





PETUNIA (Hardy Annual) 
For outdoor decoration or house culture few plants are equal to 
this one. Thej- commence to bloom early and continue in that con- 
dition aU through the summer. A rich soil and a sunny location 
are preferable. 

Giants of California. Assorted Colors. Packet lOi. 

Assorted Colors. Packet lOi. 
PINKS — See Dianthus 


A briUiant flowering plant of low growth, flourishing under 
ordinary conditions, although thriving best in sunnj- situations and 
on the fight soil. 

Assorted Colors, Single Packet lOff 

Assorted Colors, Double Packet 10<* 


Santa Rosa. An assortment of blue, lavender and salmon Packet 10^ 
Shirley. An assortment of salmon, scarlet, carmine, 

white, white with carmine Packet 10^ 

Assorted Colors Packet lOp 


Oriental Hybrids, Assorted Colors Packet 10^ 


(Tender Perennial) 
For winter decoration the Primula is unsurpassed. It does 
especially well in a cool room, and should be kept away from warm 

Assorted Colors. Packet 10^. 

PYRETHRUM (Hardy Perennial) 
Very ornamental; both fohage and flowers well adapted for bed- 
ding and borders. 

Roseum. Rose and crimson. Packet 10^. 



A free-flowering plant, gro\\ing about 2 feet high, and producing 

an abundance of bright yellow flowers very desirable for bedding 


Newmanii. Packet 10^. 

Perhaps the most highlj- prized of all bedding plants, blooming 
profuseh^ through July, August and September. It is particularly 
well adapted for edging canna beds, etc. 

Bonfire, or Clara Bedman. BrilUant Scarlet Packet lOff 

Patens. Deep Blue Packet 10(t 


We cannot speak too highly of this beautiful flower. Its delicate 
colors range through most of the rainbow shades, and are ver\- 

Assorted Colors. Packet 10<*. 


A desirable border plant, producing large, double flowers in great 
profusion in shades of white, carmine, hiac, maroon, etc. Excellent 
for cutting. Packet lOf*. 

SCARLET RUNNER BEANS (Hardy Annual Climber) 
One of the most attractive of the ornamental climbers, bearing 
pods and blossoms of a rich scarlet color. Packet lOd. 


A very curious and interesting jjlant with pink flowers. The 
leaves close instantly on being touched. Packet 10}*. 

SMILAX (Tender Perennial Climber) 
A dehcate indoor chmber, running 6 or more feet in height and 
very useful for decoration. Packet 10c. 
SNAPDRAGON— See Antirrhinum 

STOKESIA (Hardy Perennial) 
A double perennial somewhat resembling the cornflower aster. 
It was originated by an Englishman named Stokes, and named in 
his honor. Packet lOi. 

SWEET WILLIAM (Hardy Annual) 
The varieties off'ered below are great improvements over the old- 
fashioned favorites, and will prove a valuable acquisition to any 

Assorted Colors, Single Packet lOjf 

Assorted Colors, Double Packet 10^ 





We have divided the Sweet Peas into two classes, the Spencer 
Sweet Peas, which are larger and more delicate than the old standard 
and selected named varieties. 


Afterglow Packet 10^ 

Helen Grosvenor Packet 10^ 

Dream Packet lOj^ 

Ethel Roosevelt Packet 10^ 

Countess Spencer. Silvery-white, siiffused soft rose-pink Packet 100 

OtheUo Spencer. Maroon Packet lOf! 

Aurora Spencer. Orange-rose on white Packet lOfS 

Assorted Colors Packet 100 


Dorothy Eckford Packet 100 

Captain of the Blues. Deep Blue Packet 100 

King Edward VII. Scarlet Packet 100 

Assorted Colors Packet 100 

These charming plants are among the most popular for aU pur- 
poses. They are easily grown, and add a charm to any garden. 
Light Blue, Pink, White, Yellow, Assorted Colors. Packet 100. 


Beauty of Nice. Pink Packet 100 

White Lady. New Packet 100 

Assorted Packet 100 

A decorative plant of the highest order, resembhng pansies very 
much in shape, color and form, but being slightly smaller and 
more proUfic in their growth. They are a cross between the violet 
and the pansy. 

Assorted colors. Packet 100. 



VERBENA (Half-Hardy Perennial) 

The Verbena has a charm of its own, and is useful for all purposes, 
being particularly desirable for potting or window-boxes, as well as 
for the usual outdoor garden uses. The mammoth varieties oifered 
herewith are unexcelled. 

White, Scarlet, Pink, Purple, Assorted Colors. Packet 100. 

VIOLET (Perennial) 

The beautiful simphcity of the Violet has always been emblem- 
atic of faithfulness, and it finds a place everywhere. 
White, Blue. Packet 100. 

WALLFLOWER (Half-Hardy Perennial) 

A sweet-scented flower of many colors; useful in borders or in 

Assorted Colors, Double Packet 100 

Assorted Colors, Single Packet 100 

ZINNIA (Hardy Annual) 
For decorative effects in gardens the Zinnia is almost without a 
rival. It is very much like the dwarf dahlia in form, having a wide 
range of colors. It is exceptionally hardy, and will stand hght 
frosts without showing any effects whatever. 


Scarlet, Orange, 'WTiite, Canary, Lilac, Assorted Colors. .Packet 100 


Curled and Crested Packet 100 

WISTARIA (Hardy Perennial Chmber) 
One of the most beautiful chmbing vines for arbors and sides of 
buildings. When once estabHshed, it will grow almost indefinitely 
and the beautiful lavender blooms are charming in the early spring 
days. Packet 100. 




Garden Furniture 

A well-built pergola will prove to be a source of much happiness and will add to the beauty of the scene. 

To quote the foreword from Garden Craft, "Making the garden more livable is a big subject in these out-of-doors 
days. Attractive gardens are not necessarily livable, for, unless they are provided with restful nooks, where there 
are shade and comfortable furniture, the term ' out-door living room ' cannot be applied. This world-wide propaganda 
of making all out-doors your living room means more interest in life, better health and infinitely more happiness." 

We are pleased to aimounce to our trade that we have made a strong business connection with a concern whom 
we consider to be the most reliable manufacturer of garden furniture, a firm which combines skilful craftsmanship 
with fair prices and good services. If you have confidence in us, you may have confidence in the garden furniture 
which we offer. 

This photograph clearly illustrates the charm of a few pieces of well-placed garden furniture and pottery. 


This garden furniture is made of lasting wood. It can be supplied in either white or green finish. 

We should be very pleasea to make you quotations on any 
O. B. Cleveland, Ohio. 

Trellis Sets 
Pergola Swings 
Rose Arches 
Pergola Entrances 
Summer House Pergolas 

of the following items, all of which will be quoted 

Garden Seats 
Garden Benches 
Porch Benches 
Circular Tree Seats 
Garden Furniture Set 
Garden Tables 

Pergolas for Roof Gardens 
Garden Gates 
Garden Swings 
Trellis Fence 
Residence Fence 
Well Tops 

Plant Boxes 
Play Houses 
Sand Boxes 
Japanese Tea Houses 
Garden Craft Bridges 

A sundial alone adds much character to a well-planned garden. 




61 inches high. Price $78.00 

Galloway Pottery 

We have been successful in making a satisfactory connection 
with a firm which has been making the famous Galloway 
Potterjr for over one hvmdred years. These two pages "uill 
give a cursorj^ idea of the character of this exquisite work. 
Your garden should not only serve as a setting for the house, 
but should be a part of the home. Galloway Pottery vriW go 
a long way toward giving your garden an enduring charm for 
all seasons. The simple lines of a sundial or font will stand 
out in strong contrast against the flowers and foliage, and 
during the winter months will add a character to the siirround- 
ings which is other^vise quite impossible. The words terracotta 
come from the Latin, meaning burned earth or clay. Many 
of the classic designs as used today are taken from the designs 
which have come down to us from the most ancient times. 
Whether it be a vase; a pedestal; a sundial; a garden bench; 
a jar; a bird bath, or some other attractive piece, it is quite 
sure to add to the beauty of your garden. We shall be very 
pleased to quote special prices on any pottery you desire. 

61 inches high. Price 

GARDEN BENCH. Price $54.00 

Our quotations will be F. O. B. Philadel- 
phia, and among other things we can offer 
the following: 






Garden Boxes 
Garden Benches 
Bird Fonts 
Garden Tables 

Gazing Globe 
Antique Fernery 
Antique Table 
Bird Bath 

Cupid and Goose 
Lion Head 
Fountain "Fishers" 
Well Curb 

GARDEN JAR. 20 inches high. Price $18.00 




Garden Pottery 

AZALEA BOWL (6 inches) PRICE $1.50 


Height, 3 feet. Width, 27 inches 


Thirteen inches high. Eighteen inches across at the top 

Jardinieres and 


Those of our customers 
who desire the highest grade 
vases, jardinieres, fern 
boxes, etc . , made of the Moss 
Aztec Ware, or Landsun 
Ware, are advised that the 
same can be purchased 
directly through us. We 
beheve ^questionably that 
these two lots of small pot- 
tery are the most beautiful 
and artistic that are offered. 
The six illustrations noted 
herewith are, unfortunately, 
not representative of the 
most artistic products which 
we offer. However, they 
will perhaps give a fair in- 
troduction on the subject. 
We should be very pleased 
to receive special inquiries 
at any time. 


Height, 3 feet. Width, 28 inches 




Bird Houses 

"The cherry-trees are seas of bloom and soft perfume and sweet perfume, 
The cherry-trees are seas of bloom {and oh, so near to London !) 
And there they say, when dawn is high, and all the world's a blaze of sky, 
The cuckoo, though he's very shy, will sing a song for London. 

The nightingale is rather rare, and yet they say you'll hear him there 
At Kew, at Kew, in lilac-time {and oh, so near to London !) 
The linnet and the throstle, too, and after dark the long halloo 
And golden-eyed tu-^hit, tu-whoo of owls that ogle London." 

— From "The Barrel-Organ" by Alfred Noyes. 

No. 32 Price $2.00 
Bluebird House 

No. 33 Price $2.50 
Downy Woodpecker 

No. 41 Price $1.50 
Wren House 

No. 42 Price $2.00 
Wren House 

No garden is complete without birds and birds do not prosper so well in our out-of-town communities xmless 
they are protected with bird houses. Those quoted herewith will cover very completely the various requirements of 
the common North American songbirds. The various designs are recommended only after careful experiments as to 
their desirability and practicability. All bird houses are quoted F. 0. B. New Jersey point. 

No greater charm can be added to a garden or the grounds of a 
coiintry place than an abundance of birds with their grace, their 
color and their song. Many owners of small covmtry places have 
induced himdreds of birds to make their homes on their grounds, 
many of them returning from their migrations year after year. 
Others can do the same. The expense is small and the profit in pleas- 
ure great. Providing birds with nesting places, food, shelter and 
bathing accommodations, and keeping away their enemies, the worst 
of which is the domestic cat, is sure to bring results, which not only 
add to your pleasure but benefit the whole neighboring community. 

Protection is quite necessary. Nesting places should be guarded 

No. 43 Price $4.00 
Bluebird or Wren House 

No. 45 Price $1.50 
Chickadee House 

No. 51 Price $2.50 
Flicker House 

against the domestic cat, squirrels, weasels, snakes, etc., and the 
English sparrow should be trapped and destroyed. The results of 
protection are in direct proportion to the amount given. 

The value of putting up bird houses and nesting boxes can 
hardly be overestimated. The birds that use them are all insect 
eaters. They rarely, if ever, trouble fruit crops, and by providing 
nesting boxes for them their numbers may be enormously increased. 
These, if properly put up, will be surelj' occupied, but they should 
be so placed that the birds will not be subject to danger or annoyance. 

Nothing is more attractive to birds in hot weather than a good 
water supply, furnishing facilities for drinking and bathing. A 

No. 52 Price $1.50 

Woodpecker House 

No. 60 Price $2.00 
Crested Flycatcher 

No. 63 Price $1.50 
Robin House 





water supply is appreciated by birds in winter as well as 
in summer. It helps to keep the birds in the neighbor- 
hood, especially if there is no water near by. 

Food supply is of very great importance in bird life. During 
that part of the year when the natural food supply is scarce and 
difficult to obtain birds respond most readily to our hospitality. 
Winter feeding has become very popular and has resulted in an 
increased interest in birds and a deeper study of their life and habits. 

The Bluebird is one of the most familiar of our feathered visitors 
and one of the earliest northern migrants, everywhere hailed as a 
harbinger of spring. It is an insect-eating bird, and has not been 
accused of stealing fruit or of preying upon crops. It generally raises 
two broods in a summer, but makes a new nest for the second brood. 

The Downy Woodpecker builds its nest in the same kmd of a 
house as the Bluebird. 

The diminutive Wren frequents barns and gardens and particular- 
ly old orchards in which the trees are partially decayed. Its food is 
almost entirely composed of insects, and it is an industrious forager, 
searching every tree, shrub and vine for spiders and other insects. 

No. 42 is a two-story Wren house to be suspended from a limb 
of a tree. As Wrens generally raise two broods in a summer, but 
require a fresh room for the second, the house will serve the family 
for the season. 

No. 43, a great favorite, is a hexagonal house of three rooms for 
Wrens or Bluebirds. It should be suspended from a stout limb of a 
tree. When intended for Bluebirds it is made with a socket in the 
bottom for a pole. Bluebirds prefer a house with a firm foundation. 

No. 64 Price $1.50 
Catbird or Thrush House 

No. 70 Price $18.00 
Martin House 

The Chickadee, or Black-Capped Titmouse, prefers in the nest- 
ing season the deep, cool woods. The character of its food gives a 
peculiar value to its services, for it consists largely of the small 
insects and their eggs that wholly escape the search of larger birds. 
The Tufted Titmouse of the same family of birds as the Chickadee 
works in the same field with similar good results. The White- 
Breasted Nuthatch consumes the same kind of food as the Chickadee 
and like the Chickadee prefers the quiet and secluded woods for its 
nesting place, but either of these birds can be induced to build in 
an artificial house, and the house especially designed for them is 
No. 45, which simulates their natural homes. 

Branches containing real Woodpecker holes, when obtainable, 
are perhaps the best attraction that can be offered most house- 
nesting birds in the breeding season. By carefully fitting such a 
branch to a fruit or shade tree its foreign origin will scarcely be noticed. 
This idea is carried out in No. 45, which is a short log split with a 
saw to near one end, and after gouging out the interior, fastening it 
together with screws, so as to resemble a Woodpecker's nesting place. 
Birds Hke it. Sassafras or Red Cedar wood is used in its construction, 
both distasteful to vermin, and very durable. It is made with a 
cavity from three and a half to five inches in diameter, according 
to size of log. 

The Great Crested Flycatcher, as its name impUes, is an insect- 
eating bird. It is pugnacious, and often drives away other birds 
from^hoUow trees and appropriates the results of their labor. The 
Phoebe, or Pewee, prefers the vicinity of farm buildings, and is a 

No. 71 Price $12.00 
Eight Rooms for Martins 

No. 72 Price $15.00 
Twelve Rooms for Martins 

tireless hunter of insects, which it takes on the wing. It will nest in 
a shelter if properly constructed and placed about fifteen feet from 
the ground. The Robin in many parts of the country is one of the 
most cherished of our birds. It is easily attracted to a properly 
made shelter not less than eight feet from the ground. Of seven 
common species of Swallows found in the United States, four have 
abandoned to some extent their primitive nesting habits and have 
attached themselves to the abode of man. The Tree Swallow 
requires the same kind and size of house as the Bluebird, Nos. 32, 33, 
but placed in a higher position. Martins are inclined to nest in colonies 
and a house for these birds should contain at least eight or ten rooms. 

No. 64 is designed to be placed in the shrubbery for Catbirds, 
Brown Thrashers and Song Sparrows. 

No. 70 is a house of sixteen rooms for a colony of Martins, and the 
only way to attract a colony of these desirable birds is to put up a 
house for them. It is designed after the Japanese style, and is an 
ornament to any country place. By using the easy raising, jointed 
pole the house can be put in place, taken down and cleaned and put 
back in position with very little trouble. 

Great care has been taken to have the bird houses described in 
this catalogue made to conform to the requirements of the birds as 
laid down by competent experts and government officials who have 
given the subject study and experience, but at the same time an effort 
has been made to have them ornamental and artistic, so as in no 
way to mar the beauty of their surroundings. Some birds are satis- 
fied with nesting houses of rough material at small expense, but such 
things as tin cans, old hats or rough boxes are not calculated to en- 
hance the charm and beauty of home or garden, although they may 
be tolerated around barns and other outbuildings. All the houses 
can easily be opened and cleaned. 


Log houses made to simulate just such as the birds find in the 
natural forest are considered by those who have given the subject 
much study and attention to be the very best that can be made. 
There is no nesting place so attractive to most hole-nesting birds as 
a dead limb of a tree become hollow by decay, and these log houses 
are intended to give the birds in this respect just what they like. 
All those here illustrated are made so that by loosening a screw or 
two they can be opened for cleaning out the old nests. They are made 
of short logs of sassafras, red cedar or white birch. Sassafras and 
red cedar repel insects, and white birch has an attractive appearance. 

No. 44 No. 35 No. 47 No. 48 No. 81 No. 82 

Price $3.50 Bluebird House Price $1.10 each Three for $3.00 
Bluebirds or Wrens . For Wrens and Chicadees 





Plant Department 

This part of our business has been organized so that we are in a position to handle orders for vegetable plants, 
strawberry plants, hardy perennial plants, small fruits, shrubs, ornamental and fruit trees. The prices as quoted on 
vegetables, strawberries and perennials include cost of dehvery. The other quotations are F. 0. B. Moorestown, 
New Jersey, or such other point as may be designated. As is the case with aU other departments of our business, the 
Plant Department wUl be conducted on the sohd principle that the buyer he pleased. If there is not complete satis- 
faction on arrival of any item as listed it will be our pleasm-e to immediately make matters right on receipt of the first 
notification. This Company is organized to serve its customers with consistent efficiency, and the Plant Department, 
we believe, wUI do its fuU part in upholding this. 

Vegetable Plants 

Grown From Dependable Seed with a Guarantee of Satisfactory Delivery 


For the purpose of serving our trade, we have made 
connections with plant farms along trimk line railroads 
in Pennsjdvania and Virginia. We can thus regulate the 
season of deliver to comply with the demand, whether 
it be from the north, south or west. Parcel post trains 
average from seven to eight hundred miles in every 
twenty-four hours, thus bringing us as close together as 
neighbors. It is quite usual for plants to reach their 
destination the day after shipment is made. 


In a great many instances customers will find it 
inconvenient or \mprofitable to grow their own plants 
of such items as cabbage, cauliflower, celery, pepper, 
tomato, etc. We have, therefore, made complete arrange- 
ments by which we can supply you with these. If you 
have confidence in the seed which we sell, you may have 
equal confidence in the seed from which these plants have 
been grown. Furthermore, inasmuch as we guarantee 
that they will arrive in good condition, what more could 
be offered? The plants are grown right, and the prices, 
which cover deUvery by parcel post, include cost of mailing. 


By planting strong, well-hardened plants, you ynW help 
insure the efficiency of your garden, and thus increase 
your profits and success. The plants we offer you are 
gro-wn from reliable strains of seed. Experience has taught 
us how to grow these successfully, and, what is of the great- 
est importance, how to pack them so that they will carry 
successfully. We are using a well-ventilated carrier for 
this purpose. Small home gardeners, as well as large 
truck growers, can well afford to consider our offerings of 
vegetable plants, wth the greatest care. Our services 
and prices will be equally satisfactorj' for both kinds of 
garden operations. 


Our guarantee thoroughly protects you. You take no 
chances, for if any plants fail to reach you in good con- 
dition, notify us within twenty-four hours and it will be a 
pleasure for us to replace them. In making complaint, be 
sure to mention the variety and the number of plants 
needed to make rnatters square. 

Don't forget to grade closely. A No. 2 in a No. 1 
basket is out of place. If placed in its own company it 
will sell for all it is worth. Why want more? 

Don't forget the handle on your basket, as a neat, 
handy package says in plain English, "Take me along." 
The other kind is uninviting. 






The following list of vegetables is offered, with vari- 
eties attached. Orders may be placed at any time. 
Shipments will commence about April 1st, or later if 
desired. For description of varieties listed, days to maturity, 
etc., please refer to the vegetable seed department of 
our catalog. 

Beet — Early Eclipse, Crosby's Egyptian, Century. Doz. 
15^, 4 doz. 45^, 100 $1.65, 1000 $4.50, 5000 $20.00. 

Cabbage — ^Early Jersey Wakefield, Copenhagen Market, 
Henderson's Early Summer, Succession, Flat Dutch, 
Danish Ballhead. Doz. 15^, 3 doz. 50?!, 100 $1.00, 
1000 $5.75, 5000 $26.50, 10,000 $50.00. 

Cauliflower— Snowball. Doz. 20i, 3 doz. 50^, 100 $1.25, 
1000 $7.50, 5000 $35.00. 

Celery — White Plume, Golden Self -blanching. Giant 
Pascal, Winter King. Doz. 15i, 4 doz. 45^, 100 65(5, 
1000 $4.50, 5000 $20.00. 

Eggplant — New York Purple, Black Beauty. Doz. 50^, 
100 $2.00, 1000 $10.00. 

Horseradish Roots- 

Lettuce — Big Boston. Doz 
1000 $4.50, 5000 $20.00. 

Pepper — Ruby King, Chinese Giant. 
$1.50, 1000 $8.50. 

See page 24. 

15ff, 4 doz. 45,*, 100 Q5i, 

Doz. 30fi, 100 

Tomato — Earliana, Bonny Best, Livingston's 
Stone, Ponderosa. Doz. 20i, 3 doz. 50^ 100 
$1.00, 1000 $5.75, 5000 $26.50, 10,000 $50.00. 

Aster Plants — Queen of the Market (Mixed Colors). 
Doz. 4 doz. 45^, 100 65^, 1000 $4.50, 5000 $20.00. 




History — Probably a native of Asia. Our garden rhubarb must 
not be confused with the ancient drug under the same name which 
was called Rhabarbarum by the Greeks. The name is taken from 
the river Rha, on the banks of which some of the finest rhubarb was 
reputed to grow. This river is now called the Volga. The last three 
syllables, barbarum, can be accounted for from the fact that 
much of the ancient drug was brought to Barbary before being sent 

to the other countries. The 
ancient drug trade was of the 
greatest importance and anti- 
quity, very often being the object 
of entire caravans over the long 
continental routes. It is mention- 
ed in the Chinese Herbal, Pen- 
King, believed to date from 2700 
B. C. The rhubarb of our gar- 
dens, according to Vilmorin, is 
that referred to by botanists as 
Rheum hybridum, a native of 
Mongolia. However, he states it 
is not impossible that some of the 
varieties of this species may have 
sprung either directly or as a 
result of crossing from the Rheum 
UnduUatum of North America. 
Rhubarb was not grown as a 
vegetable extensively until the 
RHUBARB last few centuries. It was first 


cultivated in England by Dr. Fathergill in 1778, but was not brought 
into general use as a vegetable until several years after. Vilmorin 
claims five distinct varieties which in itself stamps as ridiculous the 
custom of American seedsmen, who at the present time hst rhubarb 
under 36 varietal names. There is considerable question with 
rhubarb as with asparagus if there is such a thing as variety, for it is 
largely a matter merely of individual strains. 

Rhubarb is proving tc be a very profitable crop for a great many 
market gardeners. Victoria is a very common name. We are, at 
present, able to offer both roots and seed, all of selected strain and 
we offer them with every confidence that they will bring good 
results either for outdoor planting or for winter forcing, in which 
case roots should be frozen once or twice, either artificially in 
cold storage or under natural conditions and then placed in a 
damp cellar, covering them with earth and watering frequently. 
For outdoor sowing Rhubarb should be sown in a shallow drill, 
One ounce of seed to 100 feet of row, and later thin to 10 to 12 
inches in the row and keep well cultivated. Stalks should not 
be cut untU the plants have had a full season's growth. The 
use of roots, however, will very often produce strong, better- 
yielding stalks than seed the following spring, for it is better to 
allow stalks grown from seed an extra year of growth before cutting. 

A bed of Rhubarb should be in every garden — it is a permanent 

Roots, $1.25 per doz., $7.50 per 100, $60.00 per 1000. 
Seeds, pkt. lOff; oz. 20^;, }4 lb. 45(i, lb. $1.50. 



Strawberry Plants 

Stake* Serdv 

The following well-kno'mi varieties of strawberries are recommended to our customers, each according to its quallBca- 
tions as noted. Orders mil be received at any time during the season but shipment will be made about April first, 
according to conditions of the weather. Strawberries may be depended upon to give very fair returns from ten to twelve 
months after planting. We recommend spring as the ideal season for setting out new beds. Twelve to eighteen inches 
apart in rows from two and one-half to four feet apart, according to the variety of the plant, is the recommended dis- 
tance. This proportion will give more and better berries than when the plants are closer together and the rvumers are 
allowed to take root. After the ground freezes in winter, a mulch of leaves or other rotted material is beneficial to them. 
This should be removed to the edge of the row before growth starts in the spring. It will thus keep the fruit clean 
and the soil moist throughout the berry season. 



One of the best late 
varieties, especiallj' 
well thought of in the 
Middle West. The 
plants are large, vigor- 
ous and healthy, bear- 
ing large roimdish 
bright red fruit of ex- 
cellent quahty. Alto- 
gether one of the most 
productive of the late 
varieties and can be de- 
pended upon to give 


A new extra earlj' variety of merit. It was originated here in 
New Jersey and the growers who have had experience with it are 
very enthusiastic over its fine quahties. It has been described as 
follows: "Campbell's Early comes in ahead of them all, growing 
from such large, healthy plants, with a light green waxy upright 
foliage protecting the great crop of large, beautiful, rich red berries. 
They have a beautiful green calyx and come second to none in flavor." 
For an extra earlj^ variety Campbell's Early retains its firmness 
extremely well in carrying to distant markets. It also has a reputa- 
tion for producing full size berries which ripen from end to end. 


One of the newer varieties 
which has now been received 
and holds a position of great 
popularity amongst berry 
growers. The fruit is large, 
tapering from a round shoul- 
der to a blunt point. It has 
excellent carrying quahties 
and is, therefore, recom- 
mended for long distance 
shipping. The flavor is es- 
pecially desirable. This va- 
riety is recommended either 
for home or commercial plant- 
ing and to those who have to 
confine themselves to one 
variety, we would unhesitatingly 
It is one of the very best of the main season and late varieties 


recommend the Chesapeake. 


One of the old standard varieties, especially popular in New 
England. It will class with the main season strawberries. It ma>- 
be distinguished by its rich, dark red color and uniformly handsome 
size. In flavor it is one of the richest strawberries grown. 


An early varietj' especiallj' desirable 
for the home garden, ina.smuch as the 
berries are not firm enough to endure over- 
land shipments. For local markets, how- 
ever, it is very desirable. The berries 
are round, sUghtlj' elongated, bright scar- 
let, medium large and quite uniform in 
size, color and shape. The plants are 
vigorous and prolific. 

1 2 Qts. j 


Campbell's Early 


One of the old standard late varieties. 
The large, dark, crimson berrie.s grow on 
tall, healthy foliage. They are of ex- 
cellent qualitj-. The firm texture of the 
berrj' holds it on the vine longer than an\' 
other varietj'. The quality is excellent. 
As a late sort, Gandy is highly recom- 
mended. On heavy rich loams the plant 
is a marvel of vigor and fruitfulness and 
verj- often brings the highest markrt 






One of the very finest of the early berries and, under 
certain favorable conditions, will bear in advance of any other variety, 
continuing to fruit heavily for more than four weeks. Because of 
its long blooming season and because of its ability to pollenize 
pistillate varieties, it is of great value in strawberry fields. The 
variety is very productive ; the berries are of very large size, beauti- 
fully formed and of a bright rich red all the way through. The 
flavor is delicious and it wiU also prove to be a satisfactory shipper. 


A main season berry 
which is highly valu- 
able, especially as a 
drought resistant vari- 
ety, its long roots being 
responsible for this. 
It also, has extraordi- 
nary power of devel- 
oping a heavy crown 
system, and as a vari- 
ety for those who are 
not well acquainted 
with strawberry grow- 
ing we know of no 
better, as it is almost 
impossible to make a 
failure with it. It has 
an extra long flowering 
season. The fruit is a 
dark red with a glossy 
surface. The meat is bright red all through and exceedingly deU- 
cious. As a medium size, very productive main season berry, the 
Dunlap is highly recommended. 


A main season berry, coming about five days ahead of the Gandy, 
from which it is a seedhng. Its picking season will last nearly as- 
long as that variety. As a producing strawberry, the Lupton out- 
stands all other of the leading varieties. 

The berries are well protected under the | 
leaves. They are large and handsome and 
do not turn dark after being picked. It will 
prove one of the very best commercial 
varieties, both on accoimt of its appear- 
ance and its shipping quahties. 


A second early variety, bearing very 
handsome, dehcious fruit. Plants are tall 
and compact; stalks strong, leaves light 
green, making abundant runners and an 
unusual number of crowns. It is a good 
shipper and will prove to be one of the best 
varieties, ripening about a week later than 
KeDogg's Premier. The general appear- 
ance of the berry, as well as its well known 
quality, insures a strong market. 


A very desirable variety for main season 
purposes. The firmness of the fruit recom- 
mends it as a good shipper and the pro- 
lificness of the variety has made it profit- 
able. The bearing season extends over a 
period of about four weeks. 




Of late years ever-bear- 
ing strawberries have been 
coming into increased 
popularit}' and of these 
the Progressive is perhaps 
the most valuable. Plants 
set out in the spring not 
only produce a large crop 
of berries the next season 
but it is not unusual that 
they also bear fruit the 
same season. By planting 
the Progressive, straw- 
berries may be enjoyed in 
the fall as well as in the 
spring and the general attractiveness and dehcious eating qualities 
of this variety highly recommend it. 


Aroma, Campbell's Early, Dunlap, Gandy, Klondyke, Kellogg's 
Premier, Lupton, Marshall, Success. Twenty-five plants $L00, 
one hundred plants $3.50, one thousand plants $20.00, postpaid; 
ten thousand plants, by express at purchaser's expense, $200.00. 

Chesapeake. Twenty-five plants $1.25, one hundred plants 
$4.00, one thousand plants $28.00, postpaid; ten thousand plants by 
express at purchaser's expense, $250.00. 

Progressive (Everbearing). Twenty-five plants $1.50, one hundred 
plants $5 50, one thousand plants $50.00, postpaid; ten thousand 
plants by express at purchaser's expense, $350.00. 

Note. — In case we are sold out of certain varieties by the time 
your order is received, please state whether you will allow a sub- 
stitution. Any strawberry grower setting out more than ten thou- 
sand plants will do well to write us personally, stating the details of 
the new planting. There is a possibihty of our making some 
profitable suggestions. 




Small Fruits 



Fruit trees and small fruits, also ornamental trees and shrubs at the prices quoted herewith are F. 0. B. ISIoorestown, 
New Jersey. However, should the stocks at Windermoor Farm become exhausted, we must reserve the right to make 
shipment from such other points as may be necessary. In aU cases, satisfactory delivery is guaranteed and no charge 
wUl be made for packing. We are confident that our supply of nurserj^ stocks is of the verj^ best grade, ha\'ing made 
connections with some of the very strongest sources of supply in this countrj', and we unhesitatingly recommend them 
to our customers. _ 



One of the largest early berries. It is a vigorous grower and 
extremely prolific, the large berries being of most delicious quality. 
Recommended for all early work. 


A variety noted for its hardiness and its ability to withstand 
severe winters. The bush itself is extremely vigoroxis and carries a 
hea\'y load of sweet, melting berries of medimn size and good 
quality. It is a variety which is well suited for market purposes. 


One of the old standard varieties well known for its hardiness 
and general good quahtj-. The berries are large and especially 
productive, growing on strong, erect, proUfic bushes. 


One of the standard American varieties most commonly grown, 
bearing over a long season and being of the most delicious quality. 
A variety highly recommended for general purposes. 




Queen of the Market is a sjoionym of this variety. One of the old 
standard red raspberries, well suited to endure northern winter or 
southern summers and producing large 
crops of handsome deep red fruits. The 
quahtj' is sweet and highly flavored. As 
a shipping variety they do especially well 
and, therefore, are recommended as one 
of the best market raspberries. It is 
main season, bearing over a long period. 


An old standard, long bearing, crimson 
raspberry, medium in size, sohd and verj^ 
meaty. Its prohfic qualities as well as 
its long season of bearing have made 
it especially desirable. 


A black cap varietj', main season in 
fruiting and very large in size. It is an 
excellent shipper, very hardy and in gen- 
eral appearance outclasses all other 
raspberries. Verj' desirable for com- 
mercial purposes. 


An amber-colored raspberry of most 
dehcious flavor, the taste being quite 
distinct from the red raspberry. It is a 
verj- superior sort for table purposes and 
has a reputation for succeeding under 
various conditions. A strongly recom- 
mended general purpose raspberry. 


The fruit of the mulberry is not very desirable for human food. 
We do, however, recommend that mulberries be planted in cherry 
orchards as they will attract robins and other birds, thus forming a 
protection for the cherry trees, which ripen about the same time. 
We also recommend niulberries as being valuable for planting in the 
poultrj- yard, for bj' reason of the dropping fruit they will supply 
much reUshed food for the poultry, and will thus prove to be very 


A black variety which is verj' prolific and has a long bearing 


A white mulberry forming a verj' ornamental tree and sometimes 
used for decorative effects. It is very desirable for feeding silk 



Raspberries and Blackberries 25^ each, $2.25 per 10, $20.00 per 100 






Price 2-year old Bushes, 2H each, $2.25 per 10, $20.00 per 100 


A red currant, medium in size, excellent in flavor, bright red in 
color and early in season. Its shipping qualities and prolific growth 
of berries make it a good commercial sort. 


A red currant bearing over a long season, sometimes into Septem- 
ber. It will bear long, handsome clusters of brilliant red fruit. A 
very desirable general purpose sort. 


A red currant considerably larger and with less acidity than any 
others of this color. It is a variety of long standing and of great 
popularity either for commercial or private growing. 

- FAY 

A red currant which now, undoubtedly, is the leading market 
sort. It is easily picked, is of excellent flavor with but little of the 
usual acidity and stands well in shipment. It is especially recom- 
mended for commercial purposes. 


A white currant, forming very large clusters and perhaps the 
most satisfactory for dessert purposes, being of delightful flavor and 
with very Uttle acidity. We believe it to be the best of the white 
currants offered. , BLACK VICTORIA 

A black currant of comparatively recent introduction from 
England. It is one of the largest of its class under cultivation, 
the berries being of extraordinary size and of delicious flavor. 



vjx a.y _ _ 

Price 2-year old Vines, 25i each, $2.25 per 10, $20.00 per 100 

A blue-purple grape. One of the oldest American varieties and 
one that has been a market leader for many years. The Concord 
has set the standard by which other grapes are now judged. It 
has held its own against all new sorts and introductions and still 
has no superior. It will ripen in September, being entirely hardy, 
very productive and succeeding in most parts of the country. It 
is the variety most largely used for grape juice purposes and as such 
is grown very extensively. Highly recommended for all kinds of 
vineyard operations. WORDEN 

A blue-purple seedUng of Concord, being slightly larger in bunch 
and berry and perhaps of better flavor. It will ripen slightly 
earlier than the Concord and is a variety that will, no doubt, come 
into greater prominence as it is more widely known. 


A red-amber grape of much hghter growth than that typical of 
the Concord, the vines, bunches and berries being comparatively 
small. The grapes are compact, ex-tremely dehcious and very 
desirable. It is grown extensively, both commercially and privately. 
In season it is among the very earhest. 


A red-amber grape, considerably larger than the Delaware and 
with a very much thicker skin. It is very distinct in these quaUties. 
Its season will be quite earlj'. Its quahty is good and it will prove 
very prolific. NIAGARA 

A green-white grape, often spoken of as the White Concord. 
It is looked upon by growers generally as the most valuable of the 
white class. In season it will ripen in September with the Concord, 
its clusters being large, handsome and well filled with highly flavored 
fruit. It is extremely vigorous and productive. 


Winchell is a sjnonjon for Green Mountain. The earhest of the 
green-white class. An excellent combination of hardiness, fruit- 
fulness, uniformly good size and quahty. As a table grape it is 
perhaps the very finest under cultivation, and because of its extremely 
early season it will ripen in the more northerly latitudes. 



Price 2-year old Bushes, 25^ each, $2.25 per 10, $20.00 per 100 

A green variety, medium in size, excellent in quahty, robust in 
growth and one which seldom shows mildew. It is a very desirable 
sort for home growing and has also proven profitable for market 
purposes. WHITE-SMITH 

A yellowish-white gooseberry, oval in shape, of excellent quahty 
and in size rather above the ordinary. Among the green varieties, 
in our opinion, it is second only to Downing and in some respects 
may be considered superior. 


A red gooseberrj', oval in shape, rather large in size, excellent in 
appearance and in quality. Undoubtedly, one of the best of the 
foreign introductions. It will prove, for all general purposes, one 
of the most desirable varieties grown. 


A red gooseberry of excellent flavor, good size and very depend- 
able in every respect. 





Apple Trees 

We offer the following varieties of apples as ones which have 
proven the most satisf actorj- either for commercial or non-commercial 
purposes in the general locaUty of New Jersey. This would include 
Southern New York State, Eastern Pennsylvania, Delaware and 
Marjdand. Of course, in many cases most of these varieties would 
be also suitable to a great manj- apple-growdng districts in this 
country and in Canada. The apple situation at the present time 
is one of verj' real concern to anyone purchasing new stock. Most 
of the varieties which we catalog and describe cover the list which 
is now considered standard, not onlj- from our own observation, but 
from the careful records as kept by the New Jersey Agricultural 
Experiment Station of New Brunsmck. They do not necessarily 
represent varieties which we can offer for 1920. No prices will be 
attached thereto. It seems verj^ doubtful if many of them can be 
fiu-nished. However, we shall be pleased to receive inquiries for 
limited quantities and will advise immediately what we have avail- 
able and at what 
figm-e. The list 
offered herewith 
will run more or 
less according to 
the season of 


A yellow apple, 
perhaps the earli- 
est variety which 
is desirable. It is 
subject to twig 
bhght in some lo- 
calities but will 
prove productive 
and has good cook- 
ing quahties. In 
the latitude of 
Central New Jer- 
sey it should ripen 
about July 15th to 
25th. Not a stor- 
age variety. 



A yellow apple ripening in the latitude of Central Jersey during 
September and October. It is a hardy sort, of Russian introduction. 
In size it is medium to large and in quahty it is one of the very finest 
we have, being recommended as a dessert apple. It is especially 
popular in the South and Southwest. This apple may be stored 
until April. 

GRIMES GOLDEN (Natural Sire) 

OPALESCENT (Natural Size) 


A yellowish apple shaded with very dark crimson, ripening in the 
vicinity of Central New Jersey in October. It is one of the most 
attractive varieties in apjjearance that is grown and is especially 
fine for fancy trade. 


A red apple ripening in September and October. This also was 
originally of Russian introduction and, therefore, hardy. It will 
begin bearing much yoimger than many other varieties. Its white, 
tender flesh makes it one of the very finest in quahty. 


A bright red apple, matming in the latitude of Central New 
Jersey during the first two weeks in October. It is an early-bearing 
sort, somewhat susceptible to a disease called Jonathan Spot and also 
to bhght. However, this can be controlled by spraying. The tree 
itself is slender and of spreading growth but quite fruitful. This 
apple may be stored imtil March. 


A yellow-green apple, ripening in August. It has proven verj' 
profitable commercially in Burhngton County, New Jersey, but lacks 
quality, is subject to blight and is not recommended except for such 
commercial growers as may know how to handle it. As a cooking 
apple it has some good qualities and its great prolificness, of course, 
is one secret of its success commercially. 


Striped red in color, ripening in Central New Jersey about 
August fifteenth. Among the medium summer varieties it is of high 
quahty as a dessert and cooking apple and will prove very productive 
once it comes into bearing. This sort may be recommended either 
for commercial or home growing purposes. This apple may be 
stored imtil November. 

1/ ROME 

Sometimes called Rome Beauty. A yellow apple striped with 
red, ripening in the New Jersey districts during the last of October. 
It is an early-bearing sort, verj' productive, large, of fair quality 
and somewhat susceptible to scab. It is not recommended except 
for commercial purposes. This apple may be stored until Februarj'. 


A crimson summer apple ripening in the vicinity of Central New 
Jersey in August. It is very juicy and tender and high flavored. It 
is one of the most attractive apples grown for early market and for 
dessert piu-poses is verj' desirable. It does not, however, have a pro- 
longed storage period. The tree is extremely hardy, vigorous and 





BALDWIN (Natural Size) 

ROXBURY RUSSET (Natural Size) 


A red apple ripening in the New Jersey district during the first 
half of October. It has a tendency to become a fall apple in Southern 
New Jersey but in many instances has proven very profitable. 
This apple may be stored until March. 

DELICIOUS (Natural Size 


In color, yellow striped with red, ripening in the New Jersey 
district in late September or early October. This is a relatively 
new apple from the West, it being largely planted now in the com- 
mercial orchards of Oregon and Washington. In quaUty it is one 
of the most dehghtful of the entire hst. However, it has a tendency 
to become mealy when overripe. This apple may be stored until 


The most satisfactory of the russet apples. These are delicious 
as a winter dessert variety. May be stored until March. 


A green-yellow apple ripening in the vicinity of Central New 
Jersey about September. In the South it is considered to be an 
autumn apple, but in the North it will keep at least until Thanks- 
giving or Christmas. It is generally in large demand for either des- 
sert or cooking purposes. 



A dull red apple, ripening in the vicinity of Central New Jersey 
in October. It is an early-bearing sort, very productive, of excellent 
quahty and of very attractive appearance. It is a favorite variety 
for cider. In size it is medium and in shape conical. When properly 
grown it is one of the finest apples for fancy trade. This apple 
may be stored until May. 





Peach Trees 

New Jersey is one of the oldest peach-growing districts in the 
United States. Trees were planted extensiveh' throughout the 
southern part of the state before any general planting extended into 
Delaware, Maryland and other districts, soil and climatic con- 
ditions here being especially favorable to the ciilture of fruit and 
opportunities for marketing being exceptionally favorable, for 
within a radius of one hundred miles there is a population of over 
ten miUion. Our own Burlington Countj^ maj^ be considered to be 
one of the most important in the New Jersey peach-growing industrj' 
and we are in a position to have a close knowledge of the industry. 
The list of varieties described on this page are all recommended bj' 
the State Experiment Station at New Brunswick, New Jersey. 
The stock which we offer we beheve will prove a highly satisfactory 


An early cling stone variety, beginning to ripen in Southern New 
Jersey, July seventeenth to twentieth. The color of the skin is 
red and white and the color of the flesh is white. The Greensboro 
is perhaps the earhest of any of the recommended varieties. It is 
very hardy and productive and will stand long di.stance shipping. 


An early commercial semi-cling stone peach, ripening in Southern 
New Jersey about August first. The color of the skin is red and 
white and the color of the flesh is white. Carman is extremely 
hardy and the fruit itself firm enough to stand long distance shipping. 
Generally speaking, it is of the Elberta type. In quality it is 
perhaps the most deHcious of any peach of its class. 


A variety of dehcious quahtj^ quite productive but susceptible 
to rot. The fruits attain an unusually large size, some specimens 
measuring ten inches in circumference. It cannot be recommended 
for long distance shipping. In season it will ripen in Southern 
New Jersey about the middle of August. It has a free stone, 
the color of the skin being red and white and the color of the flesh 


This highly popular variety for either com- 
mercial or home planting will ripen about Au- 
gust twenty-fifth. It is a free stone ; color of the 
skin red and yellow and color of the flesh yellow. 
It is perhaps the most satisfactory peach for 
canning. The fruit is large, firm and of a de- 
licious flavor. It can be gathered while stiU 
hard and will ripen without rotting. It is 
recommended almost without quahfication. 



This variety with the Elberta is perhaps the most popular 
commercial peach. Its season of ripening begins in Southern 
Jersey about August twentieth. It is a free stone and the color of 
the skin is red and white and the inside flesh white. The variety 
is a rapid grower and is very productive. Quahty is excellent and 
for all general purposes will prove very satisfactory. 


One of the newer commercial varieties, 
in season being quite similar to the 
Elberta, its ripening period beginning 
about August twenty-fifth. It is a free 
stone peach, having red and yellow skin 
and yellow flesh. This variety is proving 
especially satisfactory here in New Jersey 
and is highly recommended as one of 
considerable promise. The fruit is larger 
than the Elberta and much freer from 
surface fuzz. 


The best of the late maturing varieties, 
its season of ripening beginning September 
tenth. It is a free stone peach of high qual- 
ity, very hardy and productive but lacks 
some of the high coloring of the other 
varieties. The outside skin is a greenish 
white and the color of the flesh white. 


(I 4/5) 

Prices of all Peach Trees : 

3 to 4-foot trees, 50c. each; $4.50 for 10; 
$40.00 per 100 




BARTLETT (x 4/5) 

Pear Trees 

Price 4 to 5-foot Trees, 50^ each, $4.50 per 10, $40.00 per 100 

The growing of pears has been somewhat discouraged by the 
ravages of pear bhght and the San Jose scale. This, however, in 
many instances has been surmounted bj' thorough culture and by 
consistent spraying. It has been observed that pear blight is most 
prevalent here in New Jersey upon soils which suffer from draught. 
This especially holds during the periods of dry weather. It is 
recommended that pears, especially of the French type, such as the 
Bartlett and Seckel, be planted upon well-drained clay loam soils. 


A large summer variety, maturing in New Jersey in the latter 
part of August. Its color, when fully ripe, is a transparent yellow 
with a red blush. The flesh is juicy, melting and highly flavored. 
Bartlett is perhaps the most famiUar pear of the entire list, both for 
commercial and for private planting and forms the basis by which 
most other pears are judged. 


An autumn pear, ripening in New Jersey in late October. One 
of the largest of the better quahty kinds. It is yellowish-green in 
color with white, juicy, fine-flavored flesh. We recommend that it 
be grown as a dwarf. It is highly recommended for either commer- 
cial or home garden planting. 



• As a home orchard autumn variety it is highly recom- 
mended. It is a large, greenish pear, shaded russet-crimson. 
It is very fine flavored and most palatable. Anjou will prove pro- 
ductive either as a dwarf or standard. As a dessert pear for late 
fall and early winter, we know of no superior. 


A variety of very poor quahty for dessert purposes but when 
properly prepared and canned, it is extremely palatable. Com- 
mercially it has proven to be very valuable in many instances. 
It is a splendid shipper and keeper and its extraordinary size, no 
doubt, adds to its selling value. It is ready for harvest in October. 


One of the most dehcious pears in cultivation and known better 
than any other pear of its class. It will average only about two 
inches in length but is extremely delicate, fine grained and very 
sweet. The Seckel makes a somewhat slow growth but will prove 
one of the most valuable of the entire list. 


A winter pear which, perhaps, is unsurpassed for storage purposes. 
In size it is medium to large; in color a golden yellow with flesh of 
rich aromatic flavor. The tree is hardy, healthy and productive, 
and a variety which has proven to be a highly profitable market sort. 

Apricot Trees 

Price 4 to 5-foot Trees, 75? each, $7.00 per 10, $65.00 per 100 

In season the apricot is between cherries and peaches, coming into 
bearing very early in July. The trees are as hardy as peaches but 
should be planted on a northern or western exposure to prevent 
early blooming. / 


This apricot will ripen in early July. It has a deep yellow color 
flushed with red, the flesh being firm and juicy and very dehcious. 
This variety is perhaps more largely planted for commercial purposes 
than any other here in the East. The tree is very hardy, produces 
well and is highly recommended. 

Quince Trees 

Price 4 to 5-foot Trees, 75e each, $7.00 per 10, $65.00 per 100 

The qviince has proven to be a very rehable crop. The trees grow 
well in most any soil but prefer well-drained loam that does not sufi'er 
from draught. The leading varieties in this district are Orange 
for early and Champion for late. 


A standard old variety, ripening its large roundish fruits in early 
October. The Orange Quince is perhaps more extensively cultivated 
than anj' other varietj'. - 


A very large, late ripening sort that may be depended upon to 
produce a satisfactory crop. The fruit is uniform, very fragrant 
and will prove invaluable for preserves, jelhes and for canning. 



Cherry Trees 


Price, 4-5 ft.— 65c each, $6.00 
for 10, $55.00 for 100. 

We offer 
five varieties 
of cherries, 
three sweet 
and two sour. 
The sour 
cherries are 
proving by all means the most 
profitable here Ln this general 
vicinity. However, there is a 
large market for sweet cherries 
and, of course, for home gar- 
den purposes they are very 
desirable, at least in combina- 
tion with sour cherries. In 
order to secure complete pollenation it is desirable 
never to have less than four cherry trees planted 
in an orchard. 


This is a common Enghsh ■ pie cherry. It is 
an exceedingly productive and verj' reUable old 
.standard. The cherries themselves are of a rich 
dark red color, medium in size and of a crisp acid 
flavor. They are unsurpassed for cooking. Their period of ripening 
will begin earl^' in Jime. 


A sour cherry, ripening perhaps two weeks later 
than the Early Richmond. The fruit is large and 
red and the tree very hardy and proUfic. Montmo- 
rency is especially valuable as a market variety. 


An old standard cherry. A variety which produces immense 
crops of very large purple-black fruits. The flesh is extremely 
sweet and of a dehcate jellylike consistency. The trees 
EARLY^MCHMOND make a beautiful erect growth. In season they will ripen 
in New Jersey about June twentieth. As is the case with 
all sweet cherries, they require prompt handUng 
at ripening time in order to prevent losses. 


(Natural Size) 


A sweet cherry, yellow-amber in color with a bright red blush. Napo- 
leon has been found rather profitable for market but will prove especially 
desirable in the home orchard, either as a dessert cherry or for canning 
purposes, the flesh having an extremely sweet and alluring flavor. 


A sweet cherry especially popular in the Far West. In color it is almost 
maroon, the flavor of the flesh being most delicious. It is grown in large 
quantities commercially and will prove to be one of the most desirable varieties 
for the home garden as well. 

Plum Trees 

Price, 4-5 ft.— 75c each, S7.00 for 10, $65.00 for 100. 

An amber-colored plum with markings of red, very juicy and 
sweet, of dehcious quahty when well ripened. It may be picked 
when it begins to color and will keep a moderatel}' long time. 
The fact that it may be picked green and ripened in storage, 
makes it desirable for commercial purposes. It will usually be 
necessary to thin the trees to prevent overbearing. Abundance 
will ripen in August. 


A dark-red blood plum, perhaps the most delicious in flavor of 
of the Japanese varieties. It is especially desirable for market purposes, 
being very handsome, firm and having very fair keeping qualities, 
holding from one to three weeks after picking. 


The European name for this variety is Heine Claude de Bavaj'. In season this 
green variety is late September. It is used in preference to all others for preserves. 


A cherry red plum, attaining a size of from 5 to 6 inches in circumference, when 
properly thinned. The flesh is a rich yellow and extremely good to eat, firm enough, 
however, to allow for long distance shipping. It is vigorous, productive and of a spread- 
ing habit. It will ripen about August 25th, about two weeks later than Abundance. 






Ornamental Trees and Shrubs 



Silver Fir (Abies Pectinata) 
Of rapid growth and upright habit. Admired for the 


dark green needles that are silvery white beneath. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

11^-2' $2.50 $20.00 

2-3' 4.00 35.00 


Blue Virginia Cedar (Glauca) 

Beautiful blue, glaucous foliage that is conspicuous at all seasons 
of the year. One of the best evergreens of this color. A useful 
and valuable variety. Columnar in outhne. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

4-5' $5.50 $45.00 

White Cedar {Thuya Occidenlalis) 

A splendid native that grows well anywhere and thrives over a 
wide range of climate. The habit is erect and pyramidal, the 
foUage soft and Ught green in color. This arborvita; should be 
included in groups and all evergreen plantings. They are unequaled 
as tall hedges to form screens from unsightly objects or for shelter- 
belts or as a blind about clothes-yards, etc. They grow quickly 
and if planted closely in hedges give the desired effects promptly. 
Thay may be kept at any height and made more dense and bushy 
by trimming, which they endure readily. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2- 3' $1.50 $12.50 

3- 4' 2.00 17.50 


Engelmans Spruce {Picea Englemanii) 

A tall tree of slender habit, growing native in the Rocky Moun- 
tains from British Columbia to New Mexico. The foliage is of a 
dull blue or green color. The needles are short and not nearly so 
rigid as those of the Blue Spruce. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

lM-2' $2.00 $17.50 

2-3' 3.00 25.00 

Kosters Blue Spruce {Kosteriana) 

The brilliantly colored Blue Spruce that is so much admired. 
The foliage grows densely along the branches and is of a bright 

steel blue color. In 
form, the tree makes 
a shapely pyramidal 
specimen. It is val- 
uable for individual 
planting, is very 
hardy and thrives 
in almost any soil. 



Price Each Per 10 

$3.60 $32.00 

Irish Juniper 


A slender col- 
umnar form with 
glaucous green foh- 
age. Valued for 
formal work. Also 
for grouping with 
other evergreens to 
contrast habit and 
color. Compara- 
tively short-Hved. 

The Spruce is one of the most beautiful 

Relatively a rather inexpensive tree that can be used in groups and 
beds where a slight thinning out is desired as the planting matures. 

Price Each Per 10 





Beautiful Ught green foliage. Of spreading growth, possessing 
an individuality all its own. Comparatively rare and very orna- 

Per 10 



Colorado Spruce {Picea Pungens) 

The original form of the now famous Colorado Blue Spruce. 
The foliage of this tree is occasionally quite blue, but mostly a 
hght green. It is a strong, hardy grower in almost any soil, and 
makes an ornamental tree of great beauty, especially when planted 
in contrast with other varieties. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

13^-2' $2.50 $20.00 • 

2-2K' 3.00 25.00 

Norway Spruce {Picea Excelsa) 

This familiar spruce is more generally used than any of the others. 
It is a rapid grower, does well in most soils and withstands the bleak, 
cold winds of Winter. If left imtrimmed, they spread out magnifi- 
cently and make desirable specimens. They make splendid wind- 
breaks and shelter-belts. If planted as hedges and sheared, they 
become impenetrable and as good for this purpose as any evergreen. 
One of the most inexpensive evergreens. 


Price Each 


Per 10 









(Tsuga Canadensis) 
A magnificent native tree that grows rapidly and is very hardy. 
If allowed sunUght, it will hold its lower branches and remain 
symmetrically furnished from the ground up, in which condition it 
makes splendid lawn specimens with a certain elegance and beautj' 
that its slender, graceful branches alone possess. It will withstand 
wind and exposure and, therefore, is suited for shelter-belts and 
windbreaks as well as in all mass plantings of large evergreens. 
Hemlocks succeed weU in almost any soil but prefer mostly a good 
loam that is moist rather than too dry. Hemlocks may be used 
wherever a small tree is wanted or in hedges. For the latter purpose 
no other evergreen is better adapted, because it becomes impenetrable 
as well as neat and attractive and may be kept low or allowed to 
grow into tall hedges or screens. For this purpose it rivals the 
famous Yews of England. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

21^-3' $2.75 $22.50 

3-4' 3.50 30.00 

Globe Arborvitae 


A globe-shaped variety useful for formal effects and whenever a 
small, compact evergreen is desired. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

S2.50 §20.00 
13^-2' 3.00 25.00 

"The Firs are mostly 
quick - growing, hardy 
evergreens that are useful 
in producing natural and 
wooded effects, as well as 
in the more attractive 
decoration of parks and 
lawns. They generally 
are of pyi-amidal growth 
and sjTnmetrical outline 
and matm-e rapidly. Some 
of the most ornamental 
large-growing evergreens 
are contained in this 
group. The beauty of 
most varieties is best dis- 
played when the trees 
are used as individual 

Pyramidal Arborvitae 


Similar to American 
Arborvitse, but more dense 
in habit and retains its 
lustrous green color all 
winter. It is of the same 
columnar habit, adapting 
it for formal planting; also 
suitable for lawn speci- 
mens, evergreen groups 
and hedges. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2- 3' $2.25 $17.50 

3- 4' 3.00 25,00 

A slender pyramidal evergreen which is very 

Siberian Arborvitae 


Of lower growth than the other pjTamidal forms. The branches 
are stouter and the dark, rich green foliage more dense. On account 
of its good color and extreme hardiness this variety is much in demand 
for general purposes. Its slow nature of growth adds also to jts 
value. We now offer a splendid stock of this useful evergreen. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

lii-2' $2.00 $15.00 

3-4' 4.50 40.00 

Geo. Peabody Arborvitae 


A distinct golden yellow form that is beautiful as a specimen and 

highty valued for contrast 

' in fohage effects. Aside 

from its color, it is similar 
to the American Arborvitae. 


! lK-2' 

Price Each 


Per 10 


There are numerous other 
varieties of trees and shrubs 
that we can supply which 
space in this catalog docs 
not admit of inserting. 
Write us if .you don't find 
what you want. 





The Pines endure a wide 
range of climatic conditions. 
They are natives of lowlands 
and mountainous regions and 
withstand well the cold, 
bleak winds to which they are 
subjected. They are mostly 
of upright habit, growing 
rapidly and not particular as 
to soil. Pines are very orna- 
mental and useful on lawns 
and public grounds. They 
are so diverse in character 
that species may be selected 
for even the smallest area as 
well as for vast estates. In 
groups, shelter-belts or as tall 
screens, their value is highly 




Austrian Pine 

(Pinus Laricio) 

A tall, massive tree, with spreading branches, heavily plumed 
with long, stiff, dark green needles. A useful species along the coast 
and grows equaDy well inland. Popular for groupings or as speci- 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3-4' $5.00 $45.00 

Dwarf Mugho Pine 

{Pinus Montana) 
Forms a 'ow, mound-hke plant that is sought for specimen 
planting or evergreen groups. It is a hardy httle pine and is used 
to good advantage in rockwork or in the front of groups of other 

Size Price Each Per 10 

1-1 X lK-2' spread $3.50 $30.00 



Scotch Pine 

{Pinus Sylvestris) 
A strong grower with spreading branches and short, stiff, bluish- 
green needles. Its rapid growiih makes it suited for temporary 
effects, though it is by no means to be despised for permanent 
plantings. Splendid for mass plantings, screens, shelter-belts and 
seashore use. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3-4' $4.00 $35.00 


{Plumosa Aurea) 
The most popular and generaOy useful of all the golden ever- 
greens. Is especially ornamental and the soft, plume-Uke, golden 
foliage is particularly bright in Spring. It remains a deep yellow, 

even through the winter. It 
is low-branched and the 
golden-yeUow fohage brushes 
the green grass in beauti- 
ful contrast. A vigorous 
grower that is unsurpassed for 
color effect in grouping. It 
is well adapted for small lawns 
and equally appropriate for 
large areas. For window boxes, 
vases or for formal gardening 
its value is realized. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

lH-2' .$2.00 $15.00 


{Squarrofsa Veitchii) 

The foliage is feathery and 
of a rich, silvery, glaucous or 
steel blue that contrasts finely 
with the dark green and 
golden tints of other varieties. 
A showy and attractive tree 
for general planting. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

IM-IM' $2.00 $17.50 




Shade Trees 

A Sugar Maple on the Curtis Estate near Philadelphia 

European White-Flowered Horse Chestnut 

(Aesculus Hippocastanum) 
Ornamental trees for shdde and avenues. In May quantities of 
beautiful spikes of white flowers appear from among the deep green 
foliage. Frequently the leaves of this type seem to bum or brown 
during the Summer; it has been found that they are not so apt to do 
so when the trees are planted in locations with rather moist soil. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

6- 8', $2.00 $17.50 

8-10', lH-2" 3.00 25.00 

European White Birch 

{Belula Alba) 

A quick-growing tree that after a few years assumes a somewhat 
pendulous nature. The white bark, which is more conspicuous in 
older trees, is a dainty touch to the surrounding greens of the 

Size Price Each Per 10 

6-8' $1.75 $13.50 

Chinese or Umbrella 

This is the dwarf, round- 
headed tree frequently and 
so much admired. It gives 
the best results when used 
to produce formal effects. The 
globular head can be kei^t 
more comjjact and symmet- 
rical by frequent trimming. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

1 yr. heads $2.50 S20.00 

Red or Pink Flowering 

(Rubra ) 
Similar to white variety but 
of a beautiful shade of pink. 

Size Price Eacli Per 10 

3-4' $2.50 $20.00 

6-6' 4.00 35.00 


10-12', iM-iH" 
10-12', lJi-2" 

White Flowering Dogwood 

{Cornus Florida) 

The white-petaled flowers cover the trees in early Spring. They 
are indifferent to most insect pests and waU thrive in moist as well 
as dry ground. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

5- 6' $1.50 $12.50 

6- 8' $2.00 $15.00 

Silver Maple 

(Acer Dasycarpum) 
A most rehable grower in all sections and matures so rapidly that 
it is sought for quick effects. The leaves are deeplj^ cut and their 
silvery under-surface is beautifully displayed. A good tree to plant 
in damp soil. 

Price Each Per 10 

SI. 50 $12.50 
2.25 17.50 
Norway Maple 

(Acer Plalanoides) 
A handsome tree, forming a wide, rounded head of spreading 
branches and having broad, deep green leaves. Strong, compact 
and \'igorous. It is one of the best ornamental trees and is popular 
in all lawn, park, cemeterj' and street plantings. For the latter 
purpose it is considered b}' many of the best authorities to be one of 
the most valuable trees, as it wUl grow satisfactorily under city con- 
ditions. Size Price Each Per 10 
10-12', 13^-2" $3.00 $26.00 
12-14', 234-21^" 5.00 40.00 
Purple Norway Maple 

The new leaves are red or purphsh and later turn to green. 
This coloring, although possibly somewhat unnatural, gives the 
tree an individuahty in the Spring season that commends it as an 
ornamental tree of value. Its nature of growth and many good 
quahties are much the same as the Norwa}' Maple. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

8-10', \}4-iy2" $3.00 $25.00 

10-12', l>2-2" 4.00 35.00 

Sugar or Rock Maple 
(Acer Saccharum) 
Much used for shade on lawns and public parks. Also suited for 
street planting in suburban locahties. Being naturally somewhat 
higher headed than the Norwaj' Maple, many people prefer it to 
that variety. It is this maple whose leaves in the Fall turn to such 
brilUant shades of orange crimson. Is found growing naturally 
throughout the eastern United States where in some sections the sap 
of the trees is used for maple sugar. It was in the heart of the 
"Berkshires" that the early settlers learned the art of maple sugar 
making from the Indians. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

8-10', 1-114" $1.50 $12.50 
10-12', 1^^-li^" 2.50 20.00 
12-14', 2-2}^" 4.50 40.00 

Green Japanese Maple 


1. Red 

2. Green 

3. Golden-Loaved 




Shade Trees 


River's Purple Beach 


This variety assumes rather more the proportions of a shade tree 
and is not branched so closely to the ground as most kinds. The 
best purple leaved tree for lawn planting. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

6-8' $5.00 $45.00 

8-10', IJi-lH" 7.50 65.00 

Oriental Plane 

{Platanus Orientalis) 
Considered by many writers of the best authority to fill all the 
requirements necessary for city planting better than any other shade 
tree. Grows in a great variety of soils and withstands the smoky 
atmosphere of cities. It is hardy, thrives near the seashore and is 
remarkably free from disease and insect attacks. Its rapid growth 
also adds to its value, making a most popular and satisfactory tree 
for avenue planting. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

8-10', IJ^-IH" $1.50 S12.50 

10-12', IVi-Wi" 2.25 17.50 

Pin Oak 

{Quercus Palustris) 
It is the most popular of all Oaks; unsurpassed as lawn specimens, 
admired for avenues. As the tree grows the branches droop, giving 
it a pecuUarly beautiful and characteristic outhne. The leaves are 
deep green, glossy and finely divided, flaming to orange and scarlet 
in the Fall. This variety transplants more readily than some kinds, 
and with proper care will grow almost as quickly as a Maple. 

Size Price Each Per 10 


Red Oak 


[Quercus Rubra) 

A large native tree, with deeply cut, bright green leaves. It is 
a good grower and not particular about the soil. In Autumn the 
fohage turns a rich purphsh crimson that is scarcely surpassed in 
brilliancy by any other tree. Makes a beautiful lawn tree, also 
suited for avenue planting and some authorities claim it will grow 
well under city conditions. Landscape authorities are using this 
Oak more freely each season in their plantings, realizing that it is 
one of the best. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

6-8' $2.50 $22.50 

8-10', IK-IW 3.25 30.00 


(Quercus Bicolor) 
Thrives weU in either wet 
or dry ground. It is one of 
the best growing and most 
desirable Oaks in cultivation. 
We offer below some especi- 
ally choice trees. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

10-12', lH-2" $4.50 $40.00 

American White Ash 

(Fraxinus Alba) — This grand 
old native is quick in growth 
with massive trunk and 
broad, spreading limbs. It is 
valued for timber, shade or 
street planting. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

6-8' $1.25 $12.50 

(Liriodeudron Tulipifera) 
A grand native tree of 
rapid growth that does well 
in most soils. Has clean, 
smooth bark and spreading 
branches. The fohage is dark 
green. It flowers freely in June, producing numerous creamy yellow, 
fragrant, tuhp-like flowers. Spring planting is usually preferred. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

.5-6' $1.50 $10.00 

8-10', IH-iH" 3.00 25.00 

Parkman's Flowering Crab 

{Pyrus Floribunda) 
A beautiful httle tree to be planted singly or in clusters about the 
lawn. At the close of April it sends forth clusters of dark rose- 
colored buds that open into beautiful rosy-white flowers of exquisite 

Size Price Each Per 10 

5-6' $2.50 $20.00 



This tree is remarkable as a deciduous member of the Pine 
family, with odd-shaped leaves that resemble those of the Maiden- 
hair Fern; but its value hes in the fact that it is immune from the 
ordinary attacks of insects and withstands so well the unnatural 
conditions of our cities. It is highly ornamental on lawns or public 

Size Price Each Per 10 • 

8-10', $3.00 $25.00 







Shade Trees 

Laurel -Leaved Willow 

{Salix Peniandra) 

Has broad, glossy, dark 
green leaves that shiicie con- 
spicuously in the sunlight. 
A strong grower at the sea- 
shore, along water edges or 
on high ground. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

6-8' $2.00 $15.00 

Weeping Willow 

(Salix Babylonica) 
This is the well-known 
Weeping Willow, whose 
long, pendulous branches 
droop so gracefully and sway 
to the lightest breeze. 
Makes an admirable shade 
tree and gi'ows well in wet 
or dry places. 


10-12', 11^-2 

Price Each 


Par 10 



Large-Leaved European Linden 

(Tilia Plaiaphyllos) 
Develops into a beautiful tree having a pj^ramidal head. The 
leaves are pubescent on the under surface of the veins. The bark 
of the tree, particularly when young, is hght gray dotted with dark 
markings. Being rather regular in outline makes it well suited for 
avenue planting, and when used for this purpose it produces a verj^ 
uniform and attractive appearance. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

12-14', 2-2}^" $4.50 $40.00 

American Elm 

{Ulmus Americana) 
This Ehn, our most characteristic tree which arches many New 
England streets, also grows well in other sections. It is of massive 

proportions, long-lived and the branches spread into graceful 
arches support a drooping canopy of fohage. The shade is not so 
dense as to interfere wth a good sod underneath. The heads are so 
open that electric wires do not injure them, a desirable feature in 
street trees. Its rapid growth and especial grace make it unsur- 
passed for urban and suburban planting 


8-10', iH-i}^' 
10-12', 1^-2" 

Price Each 


Per 10 


EngUsh Elm 

(Ubnus Campestris) 
Equally fine and imposing and is just as useful as our native 
varietj'^ and holds its leaves a longer time. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

12-14', 2-214 " $5.00 $42.50 


Paeoniflora — White with carmine center. Semi-double. 

Siz» Price Each Per 10 

3-4' $0.80 $6.00 

Alba Plena — Small and very double white flowers, splashed 
with carmine on outer petals. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3-4' $0.80 $6.00 

Boule de Few — Double. Very deep violet-pink. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3-4' $0.80 $6.00 


Hydrangea Arborescens — June and July. A bush plant from 
our native woods, with corymbs of white flowers. It is the most 
hardy of Hydrangeas and particularly desirable for planting in 
shady places. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2-3' $0.70 $5.00 

Great Panicled Hydrangea (H. Paniculata) — From July to 
September there is no shrub more showy than this favorite Hydran- 

gea, whose branches are bent beneath the weight of huge white 
flower clusters. As the season advances the flower panicles change 
to tints of pink and finally to bronze. Always dependable. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2-3' $0.80 $6.00 


California Privet — Widely known as a hedge plant; it is a 
vigorous grower, endures the unnatural conditions of cities and is 
one of the best shrubs for seaside planting. The half -evergreen, 
glossy fohage makes it an ornamental shrub that is generally useful. 
Not reliably h^rdy north of Boston. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2-3' $0.35 $2.00 

Regel's Privet (Ibota) — Similar to L. ibota; branches more 
dense and twiggy ; they droop gracefully and give this variety a 
distinctly attractive appearance. In Autumn the foliage turns a 
dark red. This plant is unexcelled for shrubbery borders and 
masses, park plantings and hedges. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2-3' $0.45 $3.50 






Japanese Bush Honeysuckle (Bella Albida) — Bears a pro- 
fusion of white flowers, followed by scarlet fniits that hang on a long 
while and make a grand showing. Strong, rapid grower. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3-4' $0.70 $5.00 

Tartarian Honeysuckle (Alba)— An erect shrub bearing white 
flowers in May or June. These are followed by attractive berries, 
making it a valuable addition for a mixed shrubbery border. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2-3' $0.50 $4.00 

Gouchaulti — Beautiful variegated fohage. The foUage is so 
conspicuous that it in a degree compensates for lack of flower display 
in midsummer. In winter the bright red branches are conspicuous 
and attractive. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2- 3' $0.70 $5.00 

Panicled Dogwood (C. Paniculata) — Erect, rapid growth, 
white flowers coming after most other varieties have finished bloom- 
ing. WMte berries borne on red stems. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3- 4' $0.75 $5.00 

Double White Flowering Cherry 

(Cerasus Avium) 

Numerous white flowers conceal the branches in May. One of 
the most attractive flowering trees. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

6-8' $3.50 $30.00 

8-10' 4.50 40.00 


{Cerasus Japonica) 
Makes a beautiful lawn specimen and is so small that it can be 
used in very hmited areas. Its drooping branches almost touch 
the ground and when, in May, they are clothed with innumerable 
delicate pink flowers, there is nothing that surpasses its beauty. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3 yr. heads $6.00 $55.00 

4 yr. heads 7.50 65.00 


Azalea Amoena — A bushy dwarf evergreen with small green 
leaves that deepen to a lustrous coppery hue in Winter. Its neat 
appearance is attractive at all seasons, but in April or May the whole 
plant is clothed with a mass of cerise flowers that hold their beauty 
a long time. Such beautiful Uttle plants are ornamental anywhere 
and are especially desirable for edging drives and walks, groups, or 
for bordering Rhododendron and Kahnia beds. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

12-15" $1.50 $13.50 

Japanese Barberry 


May. Invaluable Uttle shrub that fits in with almost every 
planting. Will grow just about anywhere and has handsome 
foliage of tiny, bright green, oval leaves that turn the most briUiant 
shades of orange and red in the Fall. 

The slender, graceful branches, which are protected by small 
thorns, are lined with little scarlet berries of great attractiveness 
from early Autumn well into the Winter. One of the best plants 
for a low-growing hedge. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

11^-2' $0.60 $4.50 

American Red Bud 

{Cercia Canadensis) 
A slender, tall-growing shrub, finaUy attaining the proportions 
of a tree. 

Carolina Allspice 

(Calycanthvs Floridus) 
Jime. An old-fashioned shrub of strong upright habit. Choco- 
late-colored flowers of deUghtful fragrance hide themselves among the 
broad, lustrous leaves. Flowers between "Diamine Brown" and 
"Hessian Brown." Thrives in open or shaded places. 

Price Each 




Per 10 



Price Each 

Per 10 

Pride of Rochester 

The flowers wliich are borne in large panicles, are pinkish white, 
with underside of petals rose. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3-4' $0.70 $5.00 

Deutzia Lemoinei 

May. Snow-white flowers are borne along its branches. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

lH-2' $0.60 $4.50 

2-3' .80 6.00 


May. Single flowers. Inside of petals blush-white tinged with 
rose-pink on the outside. White outside of petals overlaid with 
"Daphne Pink." A very attractive variety. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2- 3' $0.80 $6.00 
Lemoinei Compacta — -Similar to D. Lemoinei, but of more com- 
pact habit. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2H-3' $0.80 $6.00 

Double Pink Deutzia (Rosea Plena) — June. Flowers are 
tinged with soft oldrose. Exceedingly dainty and beautiful. 

Size Price Each • Per 10 

3- 4' $0.70 $5.00 


Anthony Waterer — Quite similar to the above. A desirable 
plant for the front of shrubbery borders or wherever a low bush is 
required. Flowers suggest the color of crushed strawberries. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

lH-2' $0.60 $4.50 

2- 3' .80 6.00 


Syringa Vulgaris— May. The well-known, old-fashioned Li'ac 
so often seen in gardens. It is hardy and vigorous; endures neglect 
and blooms abundantly. Flowers remarkably fragrant. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3- 4' $1.00 $7.50 
Double White Lilac (Madam Abel Chatney) — Pure white 

flowers in compact panicles. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

2-3' $1.00 $7.50 

President Grevy 1.00 7.50 



May. One of the best ornamental shrubs. It bears abundant 
white baUs of bloom that have a beautiful setting in the deep green 
leaves. When a single specimen, is wanted there is nothing more 
attractive. It is just as effective, however, in groups or the shrub- 
bery border. 

Slie Price Each Per 10 

2- 3' $0.80 $6.00 

Forsythia Intermedia 
April. Slender, erect or arching branches; narrow leaves and 
vigorous grower. Considered by many the best variety of the 
popular Golden Bell family. 

Size Price Each Per 1 

3- 4' $0.70 , $5.00 
Suspensa — Characterized by its graceful drooping habit. 

Frequently planted as an individual specimen as well as in masses 
and occasionally used for covering arches and treUises. 

Size Price Each Per 10 

3-4' $0.70 $5.00 





Hardy Perennial Plants 

The charm of the perennial hardy garden is well recognized. 
There is a very real joy in seeing the old flowers bloom year after 
year and ever more abundantly-. Manj- perennial plants are rather 
difficult to produce from seed. We have, therefore, made j)repara- 
tions to supply our trade direct from Windermoor Farm with strong, 
healthy roots of the leading kinds. We offer these at a uniform price 
of 25 cents each, $2.50 per dozen, all dehvery charges being prei)aid. 
Although we shall be pleased to receive orders at any time during 
the season, we feel it is not safe to make shipment until toward the 
end of March. However, those d&siring immediate shipment can 
have it by so requesting. 


These are . among the most beautiful of all perennials, being 
especially desirable in contrast to other more formal plantings, and 
also being adaptable as cut flowers. The graceful Columbine is 
known and loved bj' everj'one. 

Chrysantha Alba. Height two to three feet, color pure white. 
Months of blooming. June and July. The spurs are very long. 

Helenae. The flowers of this variety are especially large and of a 
brilUant blue with an expanded corolla of pure white. 

Skinneri or Mexican Columbine. These are yellow with 
long, orange-red spurs. 


This attractive flower belongs to the lily family. They succeed 
everywhere, and should be included in borders of old-fashioned 

Aurantiaca. Height three to four feet, color yeDow-orangc. 
Months of blooming, June and July. Very sweet-scented. 

Chalcedonica. Height two to three feet, color brilhant orange- 
scarlet. Months of blooming, June, July and August. A ver>- 
showy and desirable border plant. 


Opal. Height from three to five feet. Color a lovely translucent 
blue. Months for blooming May and June. Very desirable plant, 
either for the hardv border or for solid beds. 


Perennial Sunflowers may be used most effectively for hardy 
borders for planting with shrubbery or as individual beds. They 
are easily grown and should succeed under ahnost any conditions. 

Soleil d'Or. Height four feet, color bright yellow. Months of 
bloorning, July, August and September. Closely resembling a Cactus 
Dahlia in shape and general appearance. 

Maximiliani. Height two to four feet, color deep yellow. 
Months of blooming, August to October. This is the latest" of all. 
perfecting its flowers in long, graceful spray.s during (October, when 
all others are through flowering. 


(Jf all late autumn flowers, these, perhaps, hold more charm than 
any other, producing a profusion of bloom from October far into the 
frost period. They may often be cut until the end of November. 
Solid beds may be made of them, or they may be planted in rows 
along roadways or paths. Their rich fragrance will be well remem- 
bered by everyone, and, no doubt, is at least partially responsible 
for their great {popularity as cut flowers. W^e ofTer five of the most 
satisfactory and desirable varieties. 

Boston. Golden-bronze. Lucifer. Deep red. Soleil d'Or. 
Golden-yellow. Saint Illoria. Silver-rose. White Doty. Pure 

Filamentosa. Height thi-ee to four feet. A hardy evergreen 
plant with long, narrow leaves that remain bright green throughout 
the 3'ear. The flowers are creamy-white, bell-shaped and grow on 
long spikes three or four feet high. AVTien in full bloom, the effect is 
most striking, especially when ])lanted in front of shrubber\-. 

Grandiflorum. Height one to two feet, color pure white. 
Months of blooming, July, Augu-st and September. A branch- 
ing bush of upright habit. Excellent for borders. 

Moserianum. Height two feet, color deep golden-yeUow. 
Months of blooming, June, July and August. An attractive shrub 
which is suitable for niiissing or in a perennial border. 



Prices of Perennial Plants, Postpaid, 25^ each; $2.50 per dozen 

Stokes Scrds 



Hardy Perennial Plants (Continued) 


Asteroides. Height five to seven feet, color pure white. Months 
of blooming, August and September. Among the very showiest of 
all perennial plants, its thousands of flowers opening at one time 
and producing a very striking effect. 

Lastisquema. Similar to Asteroides except that it is slightly 
more dwarf and that the flowers are a delicate lavender-pink. 

Shasta Daisy. (Leucan Themum Hybridum.) Height two to 
three feet, color pure white. Months of blooming, July and August. 
Used very largely for edging and border purposes, the flower being 
much larger than the old original Shasta. 


These charming autumn flowers carry the very spirit of autumn, 
their season of bloom. They will give a wealth of color at a time 
when almost all others are through blooming. 

Novi Belgii Climax. Height five feet, color lavender-blue. An 
one of the newer varieties. Climax is already a leader among hardy 

Novae Angliae. Height three to four feet, color rich blue-purple. 
A very desirable variety. 

Tataricus. Height five feet, color rich lilac-purple. Month of 
bloom October. Quite distinct from the other Asters listed herewith. 

Boule de Neige (Ball of Snow). Height two feet, color pure 
white. Montlis of blooming June, July and August. This variety 
is a distinct improvement over the Pearl, and will prove very satis- 
factory either for a border decoration or as cut flowers. 

Long-Spurred Hybrids. Time of blooming and height of plant 
the same as for Boule de Neige. This strain includes many lovely 
shades, and is extremely desirable. 

Virginiana (American Heather). Height three to four feet, 
color lavender-pink. Months of blooming, July and August. This 
plant forms tall, handsome clumps with many odd-shaped and 
variable colored flowers. 



Indispensable in the 
herbaceous garden, the 
long, waving flower-stem 
blooming through June, 
July and August. The 
delicate shades of blue 
add an attractiveness 
which is found in almost 
no other flower. 

Formosum. Height 
three to four feet, coloi- 
deep blue with white 
center. A very vigorous 
free-flowering variet\-. 

Old English Hy- 
brids. An assortment 
of colors from light hhu' 
to dciej) purple. 

Ravennae. A hand- 
some ornamental grass 
with purple plumes 
especially useful for sub- 
tropical gardens. Foliage 
bronze-green, growing to 
a height of nearly twelve 
feet. It is in flower during July and, fre(iucMtl\ fl 
up from thirty to fifty flower-spikes. 




Decorative hardy plants growing to a height of from one and one- 
half to two feet, having thick, heavy foliage in varying shapes and 
colors. The flowers are borne in clusters. This plant is especially 
adapted for rockeries and borders. 

Spectabilis. Height eighteen inches, color brilhant rose. 
Months of blooming, September and October. 

Sieboldii. Height three to four inches, color brilliant pink. 
Months of blooming, August and September. A rather rare and very 
desirable perennial. 

Brilliant. Color bright amaranth. Months of blooming, Sei>- 
tember and October. A sport from the variety Atropurpurea. 

Purpurea or Purple Cone Flower. Height three feet, color 
reddish-purple petals with center of golden-brown. It will bloom in 
.Vugust and September. Somewhat similar to the well-known Golden 
(ilow except in color. 

Didyma ((Jswego Tea). Height two to three feet, color bright 
scarlet. Months of blooming, July and August. Flowers and 
foliage have an aromatic fragrance. Succeeds well on almost any 


.Almost every garden-owner appreciates the value of the 
summer-flowering bulbs, for among them are to be found 
some of our most beautiful flowers. The limited list which 
we now offer is composed of the very choicest varieties of 
the different classes of bulbs. Cannas and Gladioli have 
been wonderfully developed during the past ten years, and 
revised list includes many of the very finest types. 


President McKinley — feet. Deep, rich crimson 
flowers, beautifully formed. 

Wyoming — o feet. Giant orchid-flowering, Orange- 
colored; true orchid shaped. Extra-large flowers. 

Price on all Cannas, 15^ each; $1.55 per dozen. 


America — Spikes two to three feet long, with good- 
sized flowers of soft lavender-pink, altnost a tinted white. 
Price 13(4 each; .$1.00 per dozen; $6..50 per 100. 



Prices of Perennial Plants, Postpaid, 25i each; $2.50 per dozen 





'Peonies, peonies crowned the May" 

The Peony is a flower which has many admirers and because of 
the splendid work of the various peony societies in this country, the 
interest in the flower has multiphed many times. In late years, 
some of the most alluring colors and forms have been introduced so 
that the stock which we now offer is not in any sense comparable 
with the older and more common varieties known some twenty-five 


years ago. For sheer beauty and for lovely fragrance, we know 
of no other flower, with the exception of the rose, which can compare 

with the peony. 

Undoubtedly, September and October are the most desirable 
months for setting out a peony plantation. Here on Windermoor 
Farm, we are growing strong, two to three-year old clumps, which 

■will be in flower during early Jime 
of 1920. The descriptions herewith 
are wholly inadequate to teU of 
their true beauties. Although we 
shall be pleased to receive reser- 
vations against stock which we 
now hold, it is strongly urged that 
those who consider planting peo- 
nies come here and get a first-hand 
knowledge of the varieties as they 
actually appear at their prime. 
We herewith cordially invite you 
for this purpose. 

Madame Emily Galle — Rose 
tjT>e; late mid-season. Large, 
double, cup-shaped, imbricated 
flowers; color delicate sea-shell 
piak with touches of hehotrope 
and lavender. This is probably 
the most ethereally beautiful of 
all f)eonies; inexpressibly grand. 
Three-year clumps, price S2.00. 

Felix Crousse — A French 
peony. Large, bell-shaped bloom ; 
very brilliant red; one of the 
finest self-colored varieties. Mid- 
season. Two-year clumps, price 

Richardson's Rubra Super- 

ba — An American peony. Very 
late. Magnificent, rich, briUiant, 
deep crimson without stamens, 
very large, full and double; 
highly fragrant and the best keeper 
of the whole family. It is de- 
cidedly the best late variety. 
Absolutely indispensable in any 
fine collection. Three-year 
clumps, price S2.00. 

Mme. Ducel — French peony. 
Soft pink with salmon. Dwarf 
habit, very free bloomer ; medium 
early. A ifine sort. Two-year 
clumps, price $1 .50. 

Officinalis Rubra flora plena 
— Bright crimson. Earhest. Two- 
year clumps, price $1.00. 

Edulia Maxima— Very large, 
clear white-tipped with streaks of 
red. Three-year clumps, price 

Virginie — ^Large, beautiful, 
water-lily pink. A magnificent 
bedder; foUage concealed by 
bloom; loose, globular heads open 
out to anemone shape 8 inches 
across. From bright rose to 
blush-white, with thick collar and 
center of deepest yellow. Three- 
year clumps, price $1.00. 

Duchess de Nemours — French 
peony. Large, creamy white, es- 
pecially fine. The leading white 
peony for cut flowers bearing 
nearly twice as many flowers as 
any white in cultivation. Also 
valuable garden variety. Three- 
year clumps, price 80jf. 


Come to Windermoor Farm in late May or early June aftd choose your own peonies 





Monsieur Jules Elie — 

A French peony. The 
Peerless Pure Pink. One of 
the largest, handsomest and 
most lasting cutting sorts 
in existence. Proven by 
commercial competition the 
finest exhibition peony. 
Three-year clumps, price 


Alabatre — French peony. 
Ivory-white, very large, very 
double, central petals mar- 
gined with carmine. One of 
the grandest white peonies. 
Two-year clumps, price $1.20. 

r , , ■ 

Our strong mother roots growing on Windermoor insure most satisfactory peony plantations 




Mallow Marvel Red 


Our strong roots will produce flowers the first year planted 

This charming flower is of more or less recent introduction, being an improyed form 
~ of the old native herbaceous rose mallows. The Meehan Mallow Marvels 
were introduced in 1905, the first successful cross having been made in 
1898. These were believed to be hj-bridized by H. Coccineus, H. 
Miletaris, and H. Moscheutos. These are strong and profuse 
;rowers and are among the boldest subjects for planting in 
^remote borders. They do especially well in damp soil. 

general, the species present no special cultural 
^difficulties. We have a large stock on hand of 
Mallow Mar\'els and the strong, 
^sturdy roots, which we are prepared 
to ship out anytime after April 1st, 
may be planted and will pro- 
duce beautiful red flowers the 
^same season. We recom- 
^mend them to our trade, 
ice 2Qi each; S2.00 
per dozen. 







Where to Plant — Roses should be grown in an open, sunny 
place, sheltered from the north wind if possible, and free from roots 
of trees or shrubs. 

How to Prepare the Beds — Good results may be obtained from 
roses grown in any fertile, well-drained ground, but care should bi' 
used in the preparation of the bed for the health of the plant and 
quantity and quality of bloom depend largely on this and will greatl\- 
repay for all time and care spent on them. The bed shoulil be dug 
to a depth of two feet or more and should be well-drained. Tlie bed 
should be fiUed in with a good mixture, such as well-rotted cov\- 
manure and the topsoil from an old pasture. To allow time for 
settling, the beds should be i)repared some time previous to jilanting. 
.\fter settling, they should be about one inch below the level of the 
surrounding surface. Care should be taken that the beds are made 
small enough to enable one to cut the bloom without stepping on the 

Planting — should be planted in the spring after danger of 
severe frost is over. They should be set about eight inches from the 
edge of the beds, Hybrid Tesi roses being set eighteen inches apart 
and Hybrid Perpetuals two feet apart. The soil should be made 
firm around the plants. Water thoroughly if the soil is dry. 


Kaiserin Augusta Victoria — Color pearly-white, faintly 
tinted with lemon in the (jenter, its flowers being remarkably fragrant 
with beautifully shaped buds borne on long, graceful stems. A 
vigorous grower with handsome foliage. Price 75^ each; .$7.50 
per dozen. 

Killarney -Color brilliant pink. Remarkable for its freedom 
of bloom and large size of its flowers. Buds long and jwinted. 
Price 7o«f ejich; $7.50 [)er dozen. 



Etoile de France — Color vivid crimson with darker shadings; 
very double, of large size and deliciously scented. Price 75yi each ; 
•ST.oO per dozen. 

Lieutenant Chaure — Color brilliant, velvety crimson-red. 
It is a vigorous grower, prolific bearer of long, beautiful buds. 
Price Irti each; .$7.50 per dozen. 

Marquise de Sinety — The bud is a rich yellow-oclu-e, suffused 
with carmine. The large, open flower is semi-double, of a rich, 
yellow or Roman ochre, shaded with bright, rosy red. Price 11.00 

Maman Cochet — An exceptionally strong grower, producing 
large buds and flowers in great profusion. Color deep rose-pink; 
inner side of petals silvery rose; very double and exquisite in bud or 
when full blown. Price 60^5 each; $6.00 per dozen. 


Frau Karl Druschki — The ideal hardy white rose, pure in color, 
perfectly formed. It is a vigorous grower and prolific flowerer. 

General Jacqueminot — Color brilliant scarlet-crimson; an old 
favorite and one of the best known roses in cultivation; does well 

George Arenda, or Pink Karl Druschki — ^A beautiful pink 
variety; difTerent in color from any other rose; a free bloomer and 
one of the best. 

Magna Charta — Bright pink, suffused with carmine; a beauti- 
ful rose and a strong, vigorous grower. 

Price on all Hybrid Perpetual 60jS each; $6.00 per dozen. 


Dorothy Perkins — A good sort, with beautiful shell-pink 
flowers; very fragrant and lasting. Bright foliage that keeps fresh 
better than most kinds. 

White Dorothy Perkins— Same as Dorothy Perkins, but white. 

May Queen. 

American Pillar — Single-flowering variety of great beauty. 
Pink flowers borne in immense bunches, followed by brilliant red 
berries. Foliage retained until November. A new climbing rose. 

Gardenia — Hardy Mareschal Neil. Beautiful, rich buff-yellow 
when in bud; open flowers white. A strong, vigorous grow or. 

Prices on all three-year old climbing roses, 75^ each and $5.00 
per ten. 






We shall be pleased to receive inquiries for any of the standard breeds of cattle. At the present time we 
are in communication with the various national associations of cattle breeders, and we are thus able to connect 
with the verj^ finest herds. Quotations will be made on specific registered animals. Safe deliver^" and satisfaction 
on delivery is guaranteed by us. 


This breed originated in the county of Ajt, Scotland. It is 
about equal in size to the Guernsey, averaging 900 pounds and is 
used for the same purpose, viz., dairy. The color is usually red or 
brown and white, or entirely red or brown; occasionally, it is black 
and white. This is an ancient breed which has been developed 
through many generations and the pure bred animals in use today 
are iaferior to none. The breed is extremely hardy and is well 
adapted to grazing, especially in the hQly country where it is able 
to forage in places which another breed cannot reach. The quality 
of the milk produced is not so high in butter fat as the Channel 
Island breeds produce, but is greater in quantity. The milk - makes 
excellent butter and cheese. The breed is often lised for the pro- 
duction of market milk. 


This breed originated ia Denmark, Germany and Holland and is 
supposed to be native to Schleswg. It is the largest of the dairy 
cows, averaging 1200 to 1400 pounds ia weight. In the past its 
purpose has been for mdlk, cheese and butter, but at present is 
mostly confined to market milk, of which it produces a greater 
BROWN SWISS COW quantity than any other breed. In the West, however, especially 

in Wisconsin, it is used for the production of large quantities of cheese 



The place of origin of this breed is the Channel Islands. The 
breed is small, weighing on an average of 800 pounds. The purpose 
is chiefly for butter. In color, "it is grey fawn and white, yeUow 
fawn and white, graj' dun and white, gray and white, silver-gray 
dun, cream color fawn." The breed is often dark colored on the 
nose and legs. It is characterized by "neatness of form, slender 
frame, deer-hke head and gentleness." The breed is widely used 
throughout the United States because of its milk production and 
the high quahty of the product. 


This breed also originated in the Charmel Islands. It is some- 
what larger than the Jersey, averaging about 900 pounds. Likewise, 
the purpose is for butter. In color, it is an irregular yellow and white, 
red and white, sometimes solid. The breed is not quite so fine 
boned and does not appear as well in the judging ring as the Jersey 
but is equal in every respect in the production of butter fat and 
quality of milk. It is of the highest dairy value. The Channel 
Island breeds have been kept pure for many generations and Ameri- 
can breeders through importations, have been enabled to produce 

equal, if not superior strains, to the foreign ones. SHORTHORN BULL 


and butter, although in the Eastern dairy sections it ia being in- 
creasingly used for market milk. The color is invariably black and 
white. In production the breed ranks highest, and in repeated com- 
petitions it has produced more mUk than any other breed. The 
quality is not as rich as that of other breeds described above. 


This breed originated in Switzerland. It is slightly smaller than 
the Holstein-Friesian, averaging in weight from 1200 to 1300 
pounds. The purpose is for all dairy products. In color, the breed 
is dun or mouse, fading to gray on the back with a stripe of light 
gray or nearly white along the belly. There are two varieties of 
Swiss in the United States, one known as the Brown and the other as 
the Spotted. The Brown Swiss or Brown Schweitzer was imported in 
1809 and has since made a good record. The Spotted Swiss, known 
as the Simmentlialer or Bernese, is somewhat larger than the Brown 
Swiss and differently marked, having irregular and sharply defined 
spots or bars of red, yellow or drab. This breed has an excellent 
reputation for dairy and is also used for work oxen. 









This breed originated in England during the eighteenth century 
and represented the work of such famous breeders as Collings, etc. 
At present, there are two strains of Shorthorns in use in this country, 
one known as the "Milking Shorthorn" and the other as the "Beef 
Shorthorn." The latter is not suitable for milking purposes on 
account of the small production of milk. In weight, the breed is 
larger than the Holstein, averaging from 1200 to 1600 pounds and 
it not only produces a profitable quantity of milk, but when sold 
on the market for beef the cows generally grade higher than "Can- 
ner." In color, the breed is roan, white, red, white and red, but 
not spotted. This breed is considered unrivaled for cheese making. 



This breed originated in England and is a strictly beef type. 
At present herds are located all over the United States, it being, 
perhaps, the most popular beef breed in use and is exceptionall}- 
valuable for breeding with scrub stock for the pro- 
duction of stockers. The weight of the cow aver- 
ages from 1200 to 1400 pounds. In color, the 
breed is a distinct cherry red, invariably having a 
white face, mane, breast and belly together with a 
white switch and white legs from the hoof to the 
hock. It is beUeved that this breed has won more 
prizes in hve stock shows than any other except, 
perhaps, the Shorthorn. 


This breed is also known as the Polled Angus or Polled Aberdeen-. 
Angus. This is a hornless breed originating in Scotland. It is 
somewhat smaller than the Shorthorn, averaging 1300 to 1400 
pounds. In color, it is always black. The breed is very popular 
for beef purposes and ranks very high in favor on the stock market. 
It is exceptionally hardy in cold climates because of its ability to 
develop a thick, shaggy coat which protects it from all weathers. 
The hides from Angus cattle slaughtered in winter are often tanned 
and sold as carriage robes. 


The beef type of Shorthorn differs from the milking type of 
Shorthorn only in so far as the quality of the meat has been bred 
for in this strain, whereas the milking quahty has been bred for in the 
milking strain. 


We shall be pleased to receive inquiries on such lesser-known 
Dairy Cattle as Brown Swiss, and Beef Cattle, as Polled Durham, 
Galloway, Holderness and Red Polled. 








We have the same affiliations for registered sheep 
as with other pure bred animals and we shall be 
pleased to receive inquiries thereon, covering the 
following eight standard breeds, viz., 

Cotswold Hampshire Down 

Leicestershire Dorset 
Lincolnshire South Down 

Shropshire Merino 
An old established Enghsh variety from the 
Gloucestershire Hills. They are of handsome shape 
with finely arched necks and graceful carriage. The 
mutton of the Cotswold is not of high quaUty except 
at an early age, the breed being especially noted for 
the fine white fleece of long wool. 

An old English breed from the rich pastures of 
Leicestershire and adjoining counties. Leicestershire 
blood is extensively employed in the improvement of 
other longwool breeds of sheep. The Leicestershire 
has a white wedge-shaped face, the forehead being 
covered with wool, long mobile ears, neck full toward 
the trunk and a full, broad breast. The firm flesh is 
covered with fine, curly lustrous wool. 

A native from Lincolnshire, England, which ha.'^ 
been improved by the introduction of Leicestershire 
blood. They are hardy and prolific but not equal 
to the Cotswold in size. They have larger boldei- 
heads than the Leicestershire. A darkish face is de- 
sired by breeders of Lincolnshire rams. The wool is 
the principal staple and is denser and longer and the 
fleece heavier than any other breed. For this reason 
it is the breed most in favor in all parts of the world 
for matmg Merino ewes. 

This breed also owes much of its improved chara(;ter to infusion 
of South Down blood. Early maturity and great size have been the 
objects aimed at and attained, the former point being now one of 
its great distinguishing features. Although heavier than the 
Shropshire, the Hampshire Down is less sj"mmetrical. It ha-s a 
black face and legs, a big head and a Roman, dark ears set well 
back and a broad, level back. 


Courtesy of Practical Farmer .Phlla. 


A breed wliich is descended from the old native sheep of the 
Salopin Hills, improved by the introduction of South Down blood. 
Though heavier in fleece and bulkier in body, the Shropshire re- 
sembles an enlarged South Down. As distinguished from the 
latter, however, the Shrojishire has a more massive head with more 
wool on the body and sides. This breed has acquired favor in all 
parts of the world. It is early in maturing and very generally 


An English breed from the old \A'est Country, 
'['he fleece is very fine in quaUty, of close texture, and 
the wool is between long and short. Both sexes have 
horns, verj' much curled in the ram. The muzzles, 
legs and hoofs are white, and the nostrils pink. The 
Dorset is a breed slightly larger than the South Down. 


Strictly a wool sheep, the quaUty of the mutton 
being very secondary. The Alerino resembles the 
Dorset Horn breed. The wool, densely set on the 
wrinkled skin, is white and generally fine. The most 
widely distributed breed in the world. 


This breed comes from the pastiu-es of the chalky 
soils of the South Downs in Sassex. The pure bred 
South Down has a small head with a fight brownish, 
often mouse-colored face. The animal is of rather 
small size compared to the other down sheep. The 
fleece is fine, close, short wool, and the muttoH is ex- 
cellent. It has proven to be a good paying breed. 


t (jurieiy of Practical Furmcr, Phila. 



Being acquainted with various breeders and game 
keei^ers, we are in a position to give attention to in- 
quiries for ornamental birds, pigeons, doves, rabbits, 
squirrels, mink, fox, silver fox, raccoon, deer, elk, 
buft'alo and other animals, also all kinds of fish and 





As is the case with other pure bred animals, we should be pleased 
to receive inquiries for any of the standard breeds of pigs, including 
Berkshire, Chester \\ hite, Duroc-Jersey and Poland China. Owing 
to our close (tonnection with owners of various breeds, we are jirepared 
to make j)ronipt quotations on registered stock. 


CHESTER WHITE BOAR— Courtesy of CheMrr White Breeders' Association 


A black hog with i)inkish skin, some white on tlic nose, forehead 
and on the tip of the tail. The nioil(>rat(!ly short head has a very 
heavy jowl. Well developerl hind quarters have heavy hams. 
In this country the Berkshire breed is in the front rank for numbers 
and qualitv as a lard hog. It iierhaps reachc^.s a larger size than any 
of the others. Some growers object to it because it is not so prolific, 
but it matures early. 


A breed which received its name because it has beeii fretiuently 
and successfully raised in Chester County, Pennsylvania. It is ot 
mixed origin and be;u's a strong family resembUuuie to \\w English 
breed Lincolnshire, from which, no doubt, it originally came. The 
breed is very ijrolific and the sows will prove goocl motheis. The 
boars will often average six hundred pounds and will gain fully one 
pound of hve flesh for three pounds of grain consumed. It is one ot 
the four leading lard hogs in tliis country. 

Although essentially in its wild state the goat belongs to the Old 
World group, the various breeds have been propagated with great 
success in all other countries. California is the center of the milch 
goat industry in the United States. Domesticated sorts have been 
known to run wild in many islands, such as Hebrides, Shetland, 
Canary, Azores, Ascension and Juan Fernandez. Some of these 
reverted breeds have developed horns of considerable size, although 
not showing that regularity of curve distinctive in the wild race. 
In the British Isles there are two distinct types, one short and the 
other long-haired. The color varies from white to black or is fre- 
quently' fawn with a dark hne down the spine and another across the 
shoulders. The Maltese, Syrian and Cashmere or Tibet Goat are 
among the three best known in Asia and Africa. 

The Angora Goat is often confused with the Cashmere Goat but 
in reality is quite distinct. It is a bad milker and indifferent mother 
but its flesh is better than that of any other breed and in its native 
comitry is preferred to mutton. The hair of the Angora goat is of two 
kinds, one short and one coarse. Both are used in manufacture. 
The process of shearing takes place early in the spring, the average 
amoimt of wool yielded by each animal being about two and one- 
half pounds. 

The three most popular milch goats in this country are the 
Toggenburg, the Anglo-Nubian and the Saanan. We shall be 
])leased to receive inquiries on any of these and also on the Angora, 
any of ^^"hich we can supply at reasonable rates. The fact that we 
are in connection with some of the best known raisers of these breeds 
right in this neighborhood, makes it possible to serve our trade to 
the vory best advantage. Milch goats are proving increasingly 
popular and profitable and those of our customers who are interested 
in the subject will do well to write us for further infonnation. 


The Duroc-Jersey is of red or cherry-red color. It i 
known in these districts as the Jersey Red. This, 
however, is incorrect, according to the registry. It 
is a verj^ popular breed in New Jersey as well as in 
the middle west. The breed is very prolific and has 
qualities for quick development. It will easily take 
on three hundred pounds in eight months. It brings 
the highest prices on the stock markets. 


A breed of mixed blooil, believed to have originated 
from the "Big China Pig," taken to Ohio in 1S16 
and blended with run graziers, in 1839 with a breed 
known as Bavfields, as well as with Berkshires. It is 
a black ])ig like the Berkshire but has larger lop-ears, 
a more pointed, straight nose, more compact body 
and more white markings. It is hardly as popular at 
the present time in this country as was once the case. 
Twenty-five j'ears ago the Poland China was considered 
to be the most jjrofitable breed. 

common iv 

Our department of pure bred animals will prove 
of special assistance to farmers who desire to enter 
the live stock business on a basis of pure breeding 
lines. The long profit has invariably gone to the 
men who have paid strict attention to the breeding 
work. In our stock selections we will have the 
co-operation and assistance of some of the best 
informed men in their individual class and the 
service rendered will prove highly satisfactory. Our 
reputation as seedsmen guarantees this. 

See page 83 and study possibilities of Alfalfa 
as a live stock food. 

It will prove to be a great flesh builder. 

DUROC-.TERSEY SOW— Courtesy of Duroc-Jersey Breeders' Assnrinlion 
Grand Champion -Sow, 1918 Missouri and Kansas State Fairs and Muskogee. Oklahoma. 
Owned by W. R. Crow when shown in State Fairs and by Golden Valley 
Stock Farm at Oilton, Oklahoma. 






that the Southern 
Railway runs 
through the BeUe 
Meade Farms 
makes these ponies 
naturally unafraid 
of trains and they 
are guaranteed in 
every respect to be 
satisfactory, being 
warranted sound 
and free from de- 
fect unless other- 
wise stated. 

A boy or girl can 
get more fun, physi- 
cal development 
and ruddy health 
from a Shetland 
or Welsh Pony than 
most any other 
way. They are in- 
expensive to keep 
and should the 
children outgrow 
them, a purchaser 
is easily found. As 
a means of develop- 
ing their judgment, 
sense of care and 
ownership, a pony is 

The Shetland 
Pony can boast a 
longer and purer 
pedigree than any 
other breed. The 
isolation of his is- 
land home accounts 

largely for this. Of all breeds of ponies, the Shetland is the smallest, 
hardiest, most patient and gentle, and the easiest to keep. He loves 
the companionship of his httle owner and his trusting disposition 
robs him of all fear. 

The Welsh Mountain Pony is the breed usuaDy brought to 
America from Wales. He is surpassed by no other member of the 
horse breed, being beautiful in appearance and stamina, showing 
quality in every line of his make-up. He is slightly larger than the 
Shetland, ranging from forty-four to fifty inches in height and is 
especially adapted to children who have outgrown the Shetland 
and can handle a more spirited and active animal. We shall be 
pleased to receive inquiries for either breed. 


Courtesy of Belle Meade Farms 

Having made a strong connection with the famous Belle Meade 
Farms, we are now able to offer the finest pure bred ponies avaOable. 
These ponies are bred on a 2200-acre farm in Virginia. The original 
stock of the Belle Meade herd was selected personally by Dr. S. B. 
EUiot in the Shetland Islands and in Wales, two hundred ponies 
having been imported in one j'ear. The herd at present is main- 
tained at a standard of about three himdred ponies, and coming 
as they do from mountainous country, they are especially hardy and 
have great endurance. The ponies are raised in the open without 
pampering. The fact that thej- graze on the steep hillsides, accounts 
largely for their large heart and lung power, strong legs and sure- 
footedness, as well as for their saeacity and intelligence. 

While Belle 

Meade Ponies are 
bred especially for 
children's use, they 
have won many 
prizes in some of 
the largest horse 
shows in this coun- 
try, such as Devon, 
Bryn Mawr, Phila- 
delphia and the Vir- 
ginia State Fair. 
We recommend 
three-year old po- 
nies as they are well 
broken and ready 
for children, seUing 
in the neighbor- 
hood of one hun- 
dred and fifty dol- 
lars each. However, 
we prefer making 
specific quotations 
on registered ani- 
mals which are 
available at the 
time inquiries are 

Coi rtesv 0/ Belle Meade Farnu 

received. The fact 








Courtesy, Mrs H. A Baxter 

We shall be pleased to receive inquiries on any of the breeds of dogs listed herewith, on receipt of which we will 

advise immediately what can be supplied, including price, age, pedigree, 
be registered through the American Kennel Club. 

etc. All pure-bred dogs which we offer may 

Badger Dogs 



Bulldogs — English 
Chesapeake Bays 

Collies— White 
Great Danes 

Fox (American) 

Fox (English) 




ftish Wolf 

Russian Wolf 

Scottish Deer 

Police Dogs 
Poodles— Tov 


Retrievers — 
St. Bernards 

Courtesy Shawraont Kennels 


Setters — English 

Sheepdogs — 


Of the Maremmes 

Old English 

Shepherd Dogs 
Spaniels — 


Courtesv, ArkansM Vnlle.v Kennels 

Prince Charles 
English Toy 

Irish Water 

Terriers — ■ 
Black and Tan 








West Highland 



Balldog Photos tnrougQ 
Conrteiy of 
Fern Lea Kennels 

Courtesy Tnrab ReoneU 


Rare Breeds of Cats 

We shall be pleased to receive inquiries for the following rare breeds of cats. We will, no doubt, be able to supply 
promptly. Angora, Black Persian, Blue Persian, White Persian, Maltese, Manx-Malay, Tortoise-Shell, Siamese. 






We are in close connection with some of the most successful poultry breeders of this country. Our close access 
to the competitors in the Vineland (New Jersey) Egg Laying Contest, gives us a rare opportunity to supply our 
customers with settings, with day old chicks or with matured birds of White Leghorns, Rhode Island Beds, White 
Plymouth Rocks, Barred Plymouth Rocks and White Wyandottes. The market changes and fluctuates so radically 
at various times that it is only fair to you, who purchase from us, that we make special quotations at the time j'our 
inquiry is made. Therefore, no prices are attached to these two pages. We should be very pleased to fill your require- 
ments on anv other breeds of fowls as listed herewith, special prices being made on these also. 
, . . • . . ' 

Barred Plymouth Rocks 

The Plymouth Rock breed is considered to be the best of the 
"general purpose fowls," being almost equally valuable as market 
poultry or as layers. The Barred PljTnouth Rock, the pioneer of the 
variety, was first exhibited at Worcester, Massachusetts, in March, 
1869. The breed will mature rapidly. The large brown eggs are 
in great demand. The color of the Barred Plymouth Rock is difficult 
to describe. It is a modified black and white, the bars of color being 
narrow, regular and running parallel across the feathers. 


This variety of the Plymouth Rock breed is pure white in color, 
as indicated by its name. The contrast of clear, white plumage with 
bright red comb, face, eyes, ear lobes, and wattles with their j'ellow 
legs and beak, is very attractive and desirable. There are found other 
varieties of Plj-mouth Rock which we do not specifically describe 
herewith, viz., Black, Silver, Pencil, Partridge and Columbia." They 
are all identical except in color. . 


Leghorns compose a breed of fowls which originated in Italy. 
They are characterized by rather small size yellow legs and white 
ear lobes. They are hardy, very prolific and active. It is undoubt - 
edly the best egg-producing breed of all fowls. The White Leghorn 
is unquestionably the popular of the eight different varieties 
which include, 8ingle-Comb Brown, Rose-Comb Brown, .Single- 
Comb White, Rose-Comb White, Single-Comb Buff, Rose-Comb 
liuff, Single-Comb Black and Single-Comb Silver. They are all 
identical except in color. The description of the Wliite Leghorn 
is as follows: 

Beak, yellow; ej'es, reddish bay; comb, face and wattles, bright 
red, ear lobes, white; shanks and toes, rich yellow; plumage, pure 


The Wyandotte is an American breed, in the early days having 
been known under several different names. They were not officially 
known as Wyandottes until 1883 when they were admitted to the 
standard of the American Poultry Association. The White Wyan- 
dotte is one of eight different varieties of the breed and the one which 
is now by all means the most popular of the AA'yandottes, both for 
poultry meat and as layers. The colors of the male and female are 
as follows: Beak, yellow; ej-es baj', with reddish bay comb; face, 
wattles, ear lobes, shanks and toes rich vellow and plumage pure 

Rhode Island Reds 


A breed believed to have originated fr»m crosses of Asiatics, 
Mediterraneans and games. It has been bred conomerciatly with 
great success for a number of years in Rhode Island, from which state 
it takes its name. The general red color of the plumage is the chief 
characteristic. The beak is yellowish horn, eyes red, comb, face, 
wattles and ear lobes bright red, breast red, and general plumage 
surface color red. At the present time we would consider the 
Rhode Island Red breed to be second in importance commercially 
as a layer. 


The Light Brahmas were christened at the Boston Exposition in 
1850. Their early historj^ dates back to 1847 when the first birds 
were found on board the Steamship India, in New York Harbor. 
Although they are good layers, they are not classed at present with 
the commercial breeds and are grown more for show purposes than 
for anything else. The color of the plumage is white with a lustrous 
greenish black around the neck and tail. The beak is yellow and eyes 
reddish bay. 


Although we will not attempt to describe in detail some of the 
other and perhaps less important breeds, we are, nevertheless, pre- 
pared to quote on day old chicks in the spring, male birds in the 
spring and female birds in the fall on the following: 

Turkeys as follows: 

Bourbon Red 
Ducks as follows: 


Black East India 
Geese as follows: 


Brown Chinese 









White Holland 

Blue Swedish 


Gray Call 
Indian Runner 


^\^^ite Chinese 
Wild or Canadian 


We shall also be very pleased to receive inquiries for the following: 
Canaries Partridges Quail 

Cranes Peafowls Swans 

Parrots Pheasants Wild Turkeys 


Whlte Leghorn— Female 

White Leghorn— Male 

White Wyandotte -Male 

White Wyandotte — Female 

These photographs are printed through the courtesy of Prof. Harry R. Lewis, New Brunswick, N. J. 


Planet Jr. Farm and Garden Tools 

The name "Planet Jr." has become synonymous with labor saving among 
gardeners and farmers everjnvhere and thej^ instinctively want the implement 
that bears this trade-mark. The times demand the maximmn of production, and gardeners and farmers 
are on the alert for aid to get the biggest return from the soil for the least expenditure of time and effort. 

No. 4 Planet Jr. Combined Hill and Drill Seeder, 
Wheel Hoe, Cultivator and Plow 

Price $19.50 
No. 4-D As a, Seeder 

Price $15.50 

Holds 2% 
Quarts of Seed 
Weight, 50 lbs. 

This accurate, easy running tool sows all garden seeds from the 
smallest up to peas and beans in hills 4. 6, 8. 12 or 24 inches apart, 
or in drills at the proper thickness and depth ; rolling do\vn and 
marking out next ro^" all at one passage. By removing the seeder 
and substituting the tool frame you have a complete Single Wheel Hoe 
which plows, hoes, cultivates easily and thoroughly all through the 

No. 31 Planet Jr. Combined Drill Seeder and 
Single Wheel Hoe, Cultivator and Plow 

Packed weight, 32 lbs. 
No. 31 D As a Drill Seeder 

Packed weight, 26 lbs. 
Price $10.50 

This tool is of great value to thousands of gardeners who have never 
felt able to own a Seed Drill or a Wheel Hoe. It will sow even a small 
packet of seed with precision in a narrow row from to 2 inches deep. 
Quickly changed to a first-class Wheel Hoe. 

No. 12 Combined Double and Single Wheel 
Hoe, Cultivator and Plow 

steel Frame 
14-inch Steel Wheels 

Price $12.50 

A Double and Single Wheel Hoe in one. Straddles crops till 20 inches 
high, then can be worked between the rows with one or two wheels. 

The Hoes are wonderful weed killers and leave the ground almost 

Cultivator Teeth for deep or shallow work. Plows are valuable for 
opening furrows, covering or plowing to or from the crops. 


25 Planet Jr. Combined Hill and Drill Seeder, 
Double and Single Wheel Hoe, 
Cultivator and Plow 

Weight, packed, 61 lbs. 
Holds 2 % Quarts of Seed 
Price $23.00 

This is a splendid combination for the family garden, onion grower 
or large-scale gardener. As a Seeder it is the same as the No. 4 and does 
the same accurate work. Can be used as a Double Wheel Hoe to straddle 
the rows or Single Wheel Hoe to run between rows. Hoes work close 
without injuring plants, cultivator teeth and plows do thorough work. 
Two acres a day can be worked with this tool. 

No. 3 Planet Jr. Hill and Drill Seeder 

Holds 3 Qts. of Seed 

Weight, packed, 
43 lbs. 

No. 13 — With Hoes Only — Price $9.00 

A favorite tool with onion growers, market gardeners and seedsmea. 
Has 15-inch steel driving wheel. The V-shaped opening plow is adjust- 
able for depth and leaves the seed in a narrow line, permitting close, 
rapid cultivation with wheel hoes. Sows uniformly in drills or in hills 
4, 6, 8, 12 or 24 inches apart. Where the acreage is sufficient to war- 
rant the use of separate seeders and wheel hoes, we especially recom- 
mend this very popular drill. 

No. 16 Planet Jr. Single Wheel Hoe, Cultivator, 
Rake and Plow 

Weight, 26 lbs. 
Steel Frame 
15-inch Steel Wheel 

Price $10.50 

The highest tvpe of Single Wheel Hoes made. Light and durable — ■ 
can be used by man, woman or boy. Will do all the cultivation in your 
garden in the easiest and quickest way. Strong, indestructible steel 
frame. High, easy running steel wheel. They take the drudgery out of 
garden work and give bigger, better crops. Last a lifetime. 

No. 17 — Has Hoes, Cultivator Teeth and plow — $8.75. 
No. 171/2 — Has Hoes, Cultivator Teeth and leaf lifter — $7.60. 
No. 18 — Has Hoes Only — $6.25. 


Planet Jr. Farm and Garden Tools 

You cannot afford to till the ground without Planet Jr. tools. They not only save hard labor, but they 
enable you to cultivate double the acreage in the same time, and thus add over 100 per cent to your crop 
yield. Invented by a practical farmer and manufacturer — the result of fifty years' experience. Strong, 
lasting construction. Fully guaranteed. 

No. 119 Planet Jr. 
Garden Plow 

Prxc« $5.50 

Steel Wheel. 
Weight, 16% lbs 

This tool will appeal to those who prefer a high wheel tool for their 
garden work. Where the soil has not been so tlioroughly and carefully 
prepared, the high wheel undoubtedly makes an easy running tool. 

The equipment is so complete that it will meet all the needs of the 
ordinary garden, where adjustments and refinements of the higher-priced 
wheel hoes are not required. Has plow, wide, narrow and three-prong 
Cultivator teeth and scuffle hoe for weed cutting and shallow cultivation. 


Weight, pa 

8 Planet Jr. Combined Horse Hoe and 

Price $20.00 

Planet Jr. Horse Hoes are more widely known and bear a higher repu- 
tation than any other horse hoes made. Almost entirely of steel, well 
braced and adaptable to almost any conditions. Frame is extra long and 
high; closes to 10 inches and opens to 25. 

No. 7. Does not have the depth regulator — price $19.00. 

No. 9. Has plain wheel in place of level wheel — price $17.25. 

No. 72 Planet Jr. Two-Row Pivot Wheel Cultivator, 
Plow, Furrower and Ridger 

Weight,585 lbs. 
No. 72D (with 
Cultivator Teeth 
and Plant Guards 
With / l™-' -l^r^™.)lNV Only) 

Spring Trip 
in place of 

(No. 72F) 

Plain Bearings 

EoUer Bearings 

Saves a man, a team and a cultivator every day it is used. The 
greatest machine ever invented for large acreage in oorn, potatoes, beans, 
etc. Works tAvo rows, 28 to 44 inches apart, even if crooked or of 
irregular width. Leaves no open furrows next the row. Powerful spring 
lift makes gangs easy to handle. Pivot v/heels, steel ratchets, dust- 
proof bearings. 

Fire-Fly Garden Plow 

Packed weight, 14 lbs. 
Price $4.00 

This tool is e.xceedingly useful to owners of small gardens. It will 
throw a furrow four to si.x inches wide and one to three inches deep, 
and deeper by going twice in each furrow. It opens furrows for manure 
or seeds and covers them, and opens up rows for all kinds of plant 

No. 90 Planet Jr. Twelve-Tooth Harrow, Cultivator, 
and Pulverizer 

Complete, with Steel Wheel 
Weight, packed, 74 lbs. 
Price $20.00 
No. 90B (without Pulverizer) 
Price $16.75 

No. 90D (without Pulverizer 
or Wheel ) 

Price $13.00 

This tool is a special favorite with strawberry, tobacco and sugar beet 
growers, market gardeners and farmers, because of its twelve chisel- 
shaped teeth. The teeth and pulverizer leave the ground in fine condition. 
Cultivates any width from 12 to 32 inches. 

No. 76 Planet Jr. Pivot Wheel Riding Cultivator, 
Plow, Furrower and Ridger 

Weight, 528 lbs. 
No. 76D (with 
Cultivator Teeth 
and a pair of Plant 
Complete with ^.^ ^ itab^ * ■ Guards Only) 

Spring Trip 
(8) in 

place of r HIAkilf 3ni>j£ ^.^JRH 1 Price 

mf^V^eF) I Plain Bearings 

I mm IS ^Ty^B. $91.00 

Boiler Bearings 

A one-row machine, strongly constructed, easily handled, that has no 
equal anywhere. Its superior construction, almost entirely of steel, ac- 
curately fitting parts, spring lifting levers and variety of cultivating 
attachments make it yield big dividends in time and labor saved. Culti- 
vates, plows and hills crops 28 to 48 inches apart. 





Farm and Garden Equipment 

To all who are \mable to purchase farm and garden equipment from their home dealers, we shall be very pleased 
to quote on such items as we list below. Further, if we can assist our trade in seciuring other machinery which is not 
listed here, the services of ovir Supply Department are freeh^ offered. 


Cattle Prods 

Corn Hooks 

Dandelion Spuds 

Forks— Alfalfa 

Forks — Potato Digging 
Vegetable Scoop 
Garden Hose 
Garden Tractors 
Hoes — ^Beet 

Hoes — Meadow 

Hooks — Clam 
Ice Chisels 
Shepherd's Crooks 

Sidewalk Cleaners 
Sod Lifters 

Spades— Automobile 

Thistle Cutters 
Tool Racks 
Trowels — Garden 
Watering Pots 



Automobile Heaters 
Automobile Supplies 
Barn Equipment 
Binder Twine 
Cider INIills 
Circular Saws 
Clover Seeders 
Corn and Cotton Drills 
Com Husking Machines 

Corn Shellers 
Disk Harrows 
Double Disc Plows 
Edgers — Turf 
Electric Plants 
Farm Bells 
Farm Tractors 
Farm Wagons 
Flat Tooth Weeders 

Fodder Cutters 
Gas Engines 

Grain and Fertilizer Drills 


Hand Corn Planters 

Hay Loader 

Hay Press 

Hav Rake 

Iron Kettles 

Lime Distributors 
IManure Spreaders 
Meeker Disc Harrows 
IMotor Trucks 
Pipeless Heaters 
Planet Jr. Implements 

(See Pages 136-7) 

Potato Diggers 
Potato Planters 

Reapers and Binders 


Seed Drills 

Spraying Machinery 

Spray Pumps 

Spring Tooth Harrows 

Straight Tooth Harrows 

Tractor Plows 

Transplanting Machines 

Truck Shelvings 

Wagon Scales 

Water Tanks 



Enjoy Green Vegetables and Flowers All Winter 

Sunlight Double-Glass Sash, by eliminating all the unpleasant features and most of the work, has added 
pleasure to the profit of winter gardening and thousands of people are enjoying the healthful recreation it 
affords. A hot-bed or cold frame, or a small greenhouse occupies but little space, is inexpensive, costs almost 
nothing to keep up, and can be managed successfully in spare hours. 

Brief Specifications 

Sunlight Double -Glass Sash is made of the best 
material — Louisiana Red Swamp Cypress, inches thick 
— and will last a lifetime. In point of adaptability 
and completeness of service this sash has no equal. 

The standard size of Sunlight Double- Glass Sash is 
3x6 feet. The stiles, or outside rails, are 6 feet 3 inches 
long (the 3 inches being for handles, which are omitted 
or may be cut off if desired), 2^ inches wide and 1^ inches 
thick, and the inside rails are 1^ inches wide and l^g inches 
thick. A dowel brace adds to the rigidity at the center. No 
stronger sash has even been offered for sale anywhere. 

Prices of Sunlight Equipment 
f. o. b. Louisville, Ky. 



Sunlight Double-Glass Sash 

revolutionized the growing of flowers and vege- 
tables and solved the problem of winter gardening. 
It is no longer necessary to cover cold frames and 
hot-beds at night with boards and mats and to un- 
cover them in the morning. Sunlight Double- 
Glass Sash eliminates this work, saves the 
cost of covering material and assures positive 
success to both professional and amateur garden- 


Two layers of glass enclose an air space of 
•5^ of an inch. In this space dry, still air forms a 
transparent natural blanket and affords better 
protection than any artificial covering. It 

keeps the cold out and the heat in. and gives the 
bed full benefit of all the light all the time. The 
warmth generated during the day is safelj'^ re- 
tained all night. Even when the temperature is 
way below zero the plants are perfectly protected. 


Cold Frame 






Top Frame 

Top Frame 

Size of Frames 


and Painted 

and Sash 


Pit Frame 


2 Coats 



and Sash 


Sash 6' X 3' 3" 






Sash 6' X 6' 4" 






Sash 6' X 9' 5" 






Sash 6' X 12' 6" 






Sash 6' X 15' 7" 








Sash3'2J^"x 3' 2" 






Sash3'2H"x 6' 3" 






Sash3'2i^"x 9' 4" 






Sash 3' 2H" X 12' 5" 






Sash 3' 21^" X 15' 6" 






are 11 feet wide, and range in length from 12 to 
60 feet — are inexpensive, easily set up and re- 
quire less artificial heat than any other house. 
A small, smokeless coal-oil heater will suffice for 
an 11 X 12 house in zero weather. 

The 3x6 Sunlight Sash are used on the roof, 
and made secure with an adjustable attachment, 
which holds them in place, or permits them be- 
ing moved forward for ventilation. Any of the 
sash can easily be taken off for use on hot-beds 
or cold frames. 

The width of all the sash being 3 feet, the house 
can be any length in multiples of three, as 12, 
1.5, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30 feet, etc., but as the com- 
plete framework we carry in stock is 12 feet long, 
the best sizes to order are 24, 36, 48, 60 feet, etc., 
being two, three, four or five 12-foot houses 
joined together. We furnish the connecting 
frames with the house. Of course, there is only 
one front, with its'door, and one back, it matters 
not how many 12-foot sections are united. Thus 
the cost per foot of house decreases with its length. 

Prices of Sunlight Greenhouses 
f . o. b. Louisville, Ky. 

Sunlight Greenhouses 

Exact Size 

With Framework 
and Sash 
Double Glazed 
Painted 2 Coats 

With Framework 
and Sash 
Single Glazed 

Painted 2 Coats 

With Framework 
and Sash 
No Paint or 

10' 11" X 12' 3" 




10' ll"x24' 7" 

10' 11" X 36' 10" 

10' 11" X 49' 2" 

10' U" X 61' 5" 



The Lean-to Greenhouses are half width, and are intended to 
lean against some other building, with the entrance therefrom. 

"Vith Framework 

With Framework 

With Framework 

and Sash 

and Sash 

and Sash 

Exact Size 




Double Glazed 

Single Glazed 

No Pain« or 

Painted 2 Coats 

Painted 2 Coats 


5' 51/^" X 12' 3" 




5' 5i4" X 24' 7" 







™" Bee Keepers' Supplies '™ 

Realizing that there are over eight hundred thousand keepers of bees in this countrj-, we appreciate that there 
must "be quite a large number of our customers who are in the market for bee supplies from time to time. It is, there- 
fore, with the purpose of making our service to these customers more complete that we are offering a list of such supplies 
as are put out by the A. I. Root Company, the recognized headquarters for articles of this character. We give belo<\- 
a tentative list of all items on which we are in a position to make prompt quotations. Such quotations will be made 
either F. O. B. MoorestoAvn, New Jersey, or Medina, Ohio. TNTien sending in j^om- inquiries, you will please advise 
which shipping point you desire quotations made against. In view of the fact that prices of bee supplies vary, we 
feel that it is much more satisfactory not to list specific prices here. The following is a partial list of such bee supplies 
as we now offer. 

Alexander Feeder 
Alexander Honey Strainer 
Bee Books 
Bees and Queens 
Bee Gloves — Mits 
Bee Hat 

Bee Shipping Cages 
Bee Veils 

Boardman Feeders 
Cages — Bee Shipping 
Cages for Queens 

Cans and Pails 

Carriers for Comb Honey 

Comb Foundation 

Extractors — Honey 

Extractors — Wax 




Honey Boards 
Honey Boxes — Sections 
Honej^ Containers 
Honey Knives 

Honej^ Shipping Cases 

Honej^ Strainers 

Net Weight Stampmg Outfit 

Queen Cages 

Queen Catcher 

Queen Register Cards 

Section Boxes 

Section Holders 

Section Presses 

Shallow Frames 

Simplicity Feeder 


Stamping Outfit 
Steam Boiler 

Super Foimdation 
Swarm Catcher 
Tanks for Honev 

Wire for Frames 
Wood Separators 
Zinc Honey Boards 
Zinc Sheets 




" There are numberless instances of the absolute attachment 
and devotion that the workers display towards their queen. Should 
disaster befall the Uttle republic; should the hive or the comb 
collapse, should man prove ignorant, or brutal; should they suffer 
from famine, from cold or disease, and perish by thousands, it will 
still be almost invariably found that the queen will be safe and alive, 
beneath the corpses of her faithful daughters. For they will protect 
her, help her to escape: their bodies wiU provide both rampart and 
shelter; for her will be the last drop of honey, the wholesomest 
food. And be the disa.ster ever so great, the citv of virgins will 
not lose heart so long as the queen be alive. Break their comb 
twenty times in succession, take twenty times from their j-oung and 
their food, you still shall never succeed in making them doubt of 
the future; "and though they be starving, and their number so small 
that it .scarcely suffices to shield their mother from the enemy's gaze, 
they will set "about to reorganize the laws of the colony, and to 
provide for what is most pressing; they will distribute the work in 
accordance with the new necessities of this disastrous moment, and 

thereupon will immediately reassume their labours with an ardour, 
a patience, a tenacity and inteUigence not often to be found existing; 
to such a degree in nature, true though it be that most of its 
creatures display more confidence and courage than man." 

"Let us go on. then, with the storj' of our hive; let as take it 
up where we left it; and raise, as high as we may, a fold of the 
festooned curtain in whose midst a .strange sweat, white as snow 
and airier than the down of a wing, is beginning to break over the- 
.swarm. For the wa.x that is now being born is not like the wax: 
that we know; it is immaculate, it has no weight; seeming truly to 
be the soul of tlie honey, that itself is the spirit of flowers. And 
this motionless incantation has called it forth that it may serve us. 
later — in memory of its origin, doubtless, wiierein it is one with the- 
azure sky, and heavy with perfumes of magnificence and purity — as 
the fragrant light of the last of our altars. " 

From The Life of the Bee by Maurice Maeterlinck. 





Dairymen's Supplies 

No agricultural catalog, which includes pure-bred animals, will be complete without the service including a com- 
plete offering of dairymen's supplies. The items on this page are only a partial list of those we are able to quote on. 
If, therefore, you do not find what you are looking for, we shall be very pleased to make special quotations on all in- 
quiries. These will be made F. O. B. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, or Moorestown, New Jersey, if you will advise which 
you desire. All offerings are of standard products only, and may be relied upon. Please note that such prices as we 
make on dairy supplies will be in line with reputable dairy supply houses. 


Automatic Milk Scales 

Babcock Testers 


Bull Staff 

Bull Rings 

Bull Nose Punch . 


Bottle Washers and Sterilizers 

Branding Irons 

Breeder's Table 

Buttermilk Machines 

Butter Printers 

Butter Boxes 

Butter Bowls 

Butter Cartons 

Butter Paper 

Caps, Milk Bottle 



Colorings, Butter 
Cow Testing Outfit 
Cow Bells 
Cream Separators 
Drivers' Route Book 

Fairbanks Scales 


Measuring Buckets 
Milk Bottles 
Milk Bottle Caps 
Milk Bottle Cap Lifter 
Milk Bottle Fillers 
Milk Buckets 
Milk Cans 

Milk Carts and Trucks 

Milk Coolers 

Milking Machines 

Milk Pans— Household Milk Pans 

Milk Pails (Strainer Pails) 

Milk Tickets 





Rubber Goods 

Salt (Dairy) 

Sterilizing Apparatus 

Shoo Fly 




Washing Outfits 








Hundreds of repeated tests by the various experiment stations of 
the country have indicated that shade trees, ornamental trees and 
shrubs, small fruits, flowering perennials, annual flowering foliage 
plants as well as fruit trees and vegetables are greatly benefited by 
the use of the proper fertihzer formula. On certain soils, however, 
fruit trees and shade trees require little fertihzer. For instance, 
the New York Experiment Station at Geneva has found it unprof- 
itable to fertiUze fruit trees, whereas the Pennsylvania Agricultural 
College has found it very necessary. It is, therefore, impossible 
to enter into the specific fertihzer requirements in the various sections 
of the country in a catalog of this kind. A few specific examples 
will be given which it is hoped will be of value. 

The Brassicas (Cabbage, Kale, Cauhflower, Brussels Sprouts, 
Turnips, Kohl-rabi) require a heav>^ apphcation of nitrogen as they 
make a rapid growth. Phosphate and Potash should be apphed in 
proportion. The formula generally recommended before the War 
has been 4-8-10, but as potash has become so expensive it is beheved 
that a 2-12-6 wall be equally satisfactorjr. This may be applied in 
quantities up to fifteen hundred pounds per acre. WTien crop is 
to be grown for early market, it is, perhaps, advisable to apply a 
large proportion of nitrate as a basis in the form of nitrate of soda. 

Table Beets, Mangles, Sugar Beets, Swiss Chard — This 
group probably requires more of the mineral constituents than the 
above, but otherwise the same recommendations will be true. 

Carrots and Chicory — As this group remains in the groiind 
throughout the season, nitrate of soda is not usuallj^ apphed except 
where carrots are gro^mi for early market. They, also, require 
considerable amounts of the mineral constituents. 

Spinach, Lettuce, Endive, Cress — For this group, nitrogen 
should be available both in the form of nitrate of soda and in an 
organic form. It also requires considerable phosphate or potash. 
For early market, nitrate of soda may be apphed in excess. 

Onions — As a rule, this crop is grown on muck and as this class 
of soil is imdoubtedl}^ deficient of potash, the fertihzer which is 
added should contain a large quantity of potash. On upland soU, 
the fertilizer should also contain considerable potash. 

Potatoes — For the early crop, the formula shoiild contain 
considerable nitrate as it is desirable to get the crop off as early as 
possible. Phosphate and potash are also required. For the main 
crop potatoes, a formula containing two per cent nitrogen, twelve per 
cent phosphate and six per cent potash wiU prove to be satisfactory. 

Asparagus — Repeated experiments have shown that the jield 
of asparagus is in direct proportion to the amount of fertilizer used 
•within certain hmits. The formula should contain a high percentage 
of nitrogen in proportion to the other elements. Phosphate and 
potash should be apphed in moderate quantities, the latter in the 
form of muriate. On sandy soQ, the percentage of potash should 
be high as this class is generally deficient in this. 

Melons and Cucumbers — Due to the fact that melons and 
cucumbers are generally grown on sandy soU, the formula should 
contain a high percentage of nitrogen while the phosphate should be 
quickly available. The addition of potash wiU help to bring the 
crop to early maturity. 

Squash and Pumpkin — This group is a gross feeder and, there- 
fore, requires large amounts of nitrogen. The formula used may be 
similar to that of melons. 

Celery — As this crop is usually growTi on muck soils, practically 
the same recommendations will hold true as for onions. 

Peas and Beans — In the garden, these crops are usually grown 
for earlj' market, therefore, require considerable quantity of nitrogen 
in spite of the fact that they obtain some from the air. Phosphate 
and potash may be apphed in moderate amounts as the crop is 
mature before large quantities are utihzed. 

Shade Trees, Ornamental Trees and Shrubs — In general 
these require very httle fertilizer because of the wide range of the 
roots, enabhng them to feed over large areas. However, where 
trees and shrubs are to be set on poor land, it is advisable to add 
generous amounts of fertilizer, especially phosphate. If this is 
done and the growth is not satisfactorj', additional fertilizer should 
be added around the roots of the trees after the soil has been loosened. 
Such a fertilizer should contain a jjroportionately large amount of 
nitrogen. Where trees are being renovated, this is generally one of 
the methods to produce rapid new growth. 

Apples and Pears — As stated above on some soils, fruit trees do 
not respond very readily to applications of fertihzer. However, 

more recent experiments have shown that appb'cations of nitrate of 
soda and nitrate have proven very profitable. ^Vhere cover crops 
are extensively used, the benefit of nitrate of soda may sometimes 
be questioned as it is possible to accumulate an excess of nitrogen in 
the soil, thus producing rank growth. 

It is sometimes beheved that the adding of nitrate will affect the 
color of the fruits in apples and hke-«-ise that basic slag will produce 
a more highly colored fruit. 

Peaches — Fertihzer requirements for peaches are much higher 
than for apples for the reason that peach trees grow much more 
rapidly and produce fruit earher in the life of the tree. On poor 
soils, fertihzer should be added at the time of planting the orchard, 
but where the land is verj^ fertile, a year or two may elapse before a 
fresh fertOizer is applied. Three to five hundred pounds per acre 
of a fertihzer containing a moderate amount of nitrogen, a large 
proportion of phosphoric acid and some muriate potash is recom- 
mended. ^\Tien the trees begin to bear, a larger proportion of 
nitrogen wiU be required and the total quantity of fertilizer increased 
to about one-half or, in some cases, even double. Exce.ssive amounts 
of nitrogen should not be apphed as it may interfere with the ripening 
of the fruit. The main point to be remembered in fertihzer appli- 
cations in the orchard is to have a well-balanced fertilizer rather 
than to pay too much attention to the total amount. It is seklom 
that too large a quantity is apphed. 

Plums, Cherries and Apricots — Treatment for these fruits 
does not vary in any important particulars from that of peaches. 
The same care should be exercised that excessive amounts of nitrogen 
are not apphed. 

Blackberries, Raspberries, Gooseberries, Currants — The 

apphcation of moderate amounts of fertihzer in a well-balanced 
formula is recommended. Excessive amounts of nitrogen are to be 
avoided because it produces the largest proportionate growth of 
canes which renders the vine irresistant to disease, so all that is 
required on a small fruit plantation is the additional suitable amounts 
of phosphate and potash, the proportions of which should be governed 
by local conditions. 

Strawberries — In starting a strawberry- plantation, the main 
point to be kept in mind is that plants making a poor growth will 
produce but httle fruit during the following j^ear. Consequently, 
when the plants are set in the field, they should have available a 
fertihzer reasonably weU supphed vdth nitrogen. Ordinarily, this 
is apphed at the rate of one thousand to fifteen hundred pounds 
per acre at the time of the setting, and the next year scattered in a 
ftirrow plowed between each row or bed, except in the early spring, 
when it may be broadcast by hand so that the second year the 
amount of nitrogen should be decreased, as there is danger that the 
fruits will lack color. 

Grapes — The chief requirements of grapes are phosphate and 
potash, and where nitrogen is used it should be apphed only in small 

Commercial Fertilizers — We offer a wide range of formulae 
which we believe will answer every conceivable purpose. The goods 
are mixed by rehable manufacturers who are hcensed in this state 
and other states and who guarantee their product. The prices 
are the usual retail offerings. In addition to this, we offer nitrate of 
soda, acid phosphate and potash separately. T^Tiere large quantities 
of fertihzer are to be used, it is ad^nsable to mix your own goods, 
thereby not only saving the cost of mixing, but the additional 
freight charges on filler which fertihzer must necessarily contain. 
If you do not know how to mix fertilizer 3'ourself, it would be well 
to apply to your countj' agent or e.xperiment station and they will 
gladly give you instructions. This is in accord with their recom- 

The following figures represent formulas showing percentages of 
Ammonia, available Phosphoric Acid and Potash, in the order given. 
2-10-0 3-10-0 4-10-0 

2-12-0 3-12-0 4-12-0 

2- 8-2 3- 7-4 4- S-4 

2- 8-4 3-10-2 4-10-t 

2-10-2 3-10-4 4-12-2 

2-10-4 4-12-6 
In making your inquiries for prices, we would advise you to ask 
the assistance of your county agent in determining the formula 
which you most need. We shall be pleased to quote per hundred 
pounds or per ton. Where you are not able to ask the assistance of 
the county agent, we shall be pleased to make such recommendations 
as are possible if you will send a description of your .'oil. 







The use of lime for agricultural purposes antedates the Christian 
Era. Many regions in France, Germany and Scotland would today 
be barren moors were it not for the fact that Hme is used to correct 
their acid condition. It is now recognized clearly that in the 
eastern states and in the corn belt states, lime is lacking in many 
soils. The function of lime is not to supply food directly to the 
plant because no plant is able to use calcium to any great extent. 
Lime is chiefly beneficial indirectly by so modifjdng the physical 
properties of the soil that the plant is able to utilize the food elements 
which are present in a more effective manner. The experimental 
evidence on the use of hme, while not so complete as it might be, 
nevertheless has indicated that it should be used in many instances 
which were previously thought not to require it. 

Specific recommendations for shade trees, ornamental trees and 
shrubs cannot be made as these have not been studied to any great 
extent. Some of these, however, are quite at home on acid soil as 
for instance willows, chestnuts, etc. Apple trees respond to hming 
as a rule better than pears, nevertheless there are good reasons for 
even liming pears on very acid soils. A lime containing a rather 
high percentage of magnesia may be used for this purpose. Peaches 
very seldom require any lime except where the orchard is planted on 
soil which has been recently drained or has been pastured for many 
years. Plums and cherries are far more in need of hme than peaches, 
but unfortunately data is not at hand that will warrant specific 
recommendations. Blackberries, raspberries, gooseberries and 
currants are more or less acid tolerant. The blackberry is especially 
at home on acid soil. As a rule, gooseberries and currants are usually 
benefited by liming although they will do fairly well on acid soil. 
Strawberries grow well on moderately acid soils, and if lime is used 
the application should never exceed one-half to one ton per acre. 
WTiile grapes may show some gain from the use of the hme, its 
application is not recommended. Quinces respond to hming to 
about the same degree as cherries and plums. 

Turning to vegetables, table beets, mangle beet, sugar beets and 
Swiss chard are among the vegetables mostly in need of lime. The 
cruciferous crops, cabbage, kale, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, turnips, 

and kohl-rabi, respond remarkably when lime is added, especially 
when the soil is acid. The use of this hme with the crucifers acts 
as a preventative for the disease called "club root." Carrots and 
chicory are acid tolerant and do not generally require hme. Spinach, 
lettuce, endive, cress and onions are aU greatly benefited hy lime. 
Potatoes and tomatoes are both acid tolerant crops and will do well 
on soils which are notably deficient. For potatoes, the adding of 
lime is often objectionable because of the fact that common scab will 
be increased. Asparagus, melons, cucumbers, all require hme while 
squash and pumpkins seem to do well without. Peas are usually 
more helped by liiae than beans although both of them require some. 

There are three kinds of lime available to the farm, viz., lime- 
stone, hydrated or air-slaked lime and unslaked hme, known as 
burnt lime and quicklime. Limestone and hydrated lime both 
contain the same chemical. By burning a ton of pure hmestone 
or shells, about 1100 pounds of actual burnt hme is secured. By 
leaving this exposed to the air, water is taken up until the 1100 
pounds of burnt lime will weigh about 1350 pounds. This is called 
air-slaked lime. Consequently, 2000 pounds of limestone is equiva- 
lent to 1100 pounds of quicklime, which is equivalent to 13.50 pounds 
of air-slaked lime. A great many experiments conducted by Federal 
and State Stations have indicated that it makes very httle difference 
in which form lime is applied except that there is quite a distinct 
difference in the availability. Quicklime and hydrated lime are 
both medium in value and to be used where it is desired according to 
the acid condition contents. When limestone is used, it will take a 
year or more until the end of that time. Objection is sometimes 
made to caustic or burnt hme because of the biu-ning which is 
supposed to result. However, when apphed with the usual means 
up to three thousand pounds per acre on loam soils, no injurious 
burning should result. Quickhme and hydrated lime are invaluable 
in a fine enough state to be used. Limestone which will not pass 
through a fifty-mesh screen does not become available at once. 
However, it is justifiable to use coarser grades because of the fact 
that the price is sufficiently less to warrant it. Write us if we can 
be of assistance in securing the most economical and profitable 
lime for your land. 

Spraying Material 

The following items cover the most important in spraying material 
for the orchardist and vegetable grower. Prices quoted herewith 
do not cover cost of transportation and must be considered as F. O. B. 
Camden, New Jersey. The items offered on this page are made by 
the Mechhng Bros. Manufacturing Co., and may be rehed upon to 
be fresh and in every respect satisfactory. We shall be pleased to 
make special quotations on quantity inquiries. 

Lime-Sulphur Solution 33 — The standard dormant spray for 
all fruit trees, controls Scale, Peach Leaf Curl and (with Black- 
Leaf "40") Aphis. 5 gal. $4.00, 50 gal. bbl. $16.00. 

Scale Oil — Will kill scale on old trees with rough bark where 
Lime-Sulphur will not spread. Also Pear Psyha and Aphis eggs. 
The best oil spray. 5 gal. $6.50, 50 gal. bbl. $35.00. 

Arsenate of Lead (Paste or Powder) — The standard poison for 
Fruit and Vegetable Growers. The best sticking arsenical and the 
only one that will not burn tender foliage. 10 lb. $3.00, 100 lbs. 
$25.00 in paste, powder 10 lbs. $4.00, 100 lbs. $40.00. 

Arsenate of Calcium — Stronger and cheaper than Arsenate of 
Lead. Best poison for potatoes. Not recommended for fruit. Write 
for prices. 

Hydroxcide (Paste or Powder) — A combined spray for potatoes 
and other vegetables, also for fruit. Contains poison for insects and 
bordeaux for diseases. Ready for use by mixing with water, or 
powder can be used dry. 5 lbs. $2.50, 100 lbs. $35.00 in paste. 
Powder 5 lbs. $5.00, 100 lbs. $45.00. 

Superfine Sulphur — For treating potato seed, for dusting fruit 
trees, and for making self -boiled Lime-Sulphur. 5 lbs. $1.00, 
100 lbs. $9.00. 

Ground Commercial Sulphur — As pure, but not as fine as 
Superfine. For making home-made concentrated Lime-Sulphur 
Solution for potato seed, etc. 100 lbs. $6.00. 

Flowers of Sulphur — The finest quahty of sulphur, preferred 
by some fruit growers for self-boiled Lime-Sulphur. 

Dusting Mixtures— 80-10-10 (80 lbs. Sulphur, 10 lbs. Lime, 
10 lbs. Lead Arsenate); 85-15 (85 lbs. Sulphur, 15 lbs. Lead- 

For Peaches and Apples— 50-10-40 (50 lbs. Sulphur, 10 lbs. 
Lead-Arsenate, 40 lbs. Lime). Write for prices. 

Bordeaux Mixture — A mixture of Copper Sulphate and Lime, 
scientifically prepared for control of fungus diseases on vegetables, 
more uniform and less trouble than home-made. 5 lbs. $1.75, 
100 lbs. $32.00 (Powder). 

Copper Sulphate Crystals (Bluestone) — For home-made 
bordeaux mixture. Write for prices. 

Sheep Manure 

This has proven to be 
gardens and potting soils. 
It is convenient to handle 
and will bring quick as well 
as lasting results. 100 lb. 
bags $3.50, F. O. B. point of 
shipment, per ton $50.00. 

a very valuable fertiUzer for lawns. 

Stable Manure 

Subject to being unsold, 
we shall be pleased to quote 
prices on stable manure by 
the carload only. At the 
present time prices are rang- 
ing aroimd $5.50 per ton but 
indications point to higher 
prices as the winter ad- 
vances. The supply is short 
and it is quite possible we 
shall not be able to give 
satisfactory rephes to in- 
quiries but our customers 
may count on our supply- 
ing them if it is possible to 
obtain it. 






We can supply anj' of the following books, postpaid on receipt of price. We believe they represent the best publi- 
cations of their kind, and strongly recommend them to our customers, except in such cases where they may be at 
variance with certain planting and cultural directions which have been given in this catalog. 


Corn Crops — By E. J. Montgomen' (Macmillan) $1.90 
Cyclopedia of American Agriculture — Bj' Prof. L. H. 

Bailey (Macmillan). Four volumes 20.50 

Farm Management — By G. F. Warren (Macmillan) 1.85 

Forage Plants— By C. V. Piper (Macmillan) 2.00 
High School Agriculture — By D. D. Maj-ne, Principal of 

School of Agricultui'e, University of Minnesota; and Prof. 

K. L. Hatch, University of Wisconsin (American Book 

Company) 1.00 
Injurious Insects and Useful Birds — By F. L. Washburn, 

AI. A., Prof, of Entomology, Univ. of Alinn. (Lippincott) 2.75 
Productive Farm Crops — By E. G. Montgomery, M. A., 

of Cornell University (Lippincott) 2.75 

Small Grains— By M. A. Carleton (Macmillan) 2.00 
Soil Fertility and Permanent Agriculture— By Prof. 

Cyril Hopkins, of the Illinois Experiment Station (Ginn) 3.75 
Soils: Their Properties and Management — By Messrs. 

Lj'on, Fippin and Buckman (Macmillan) 2.00 
The Right Use of Lime in Soil Improvement — By Prof. 

Alva Agee, Sec. of Agric. for New Jersey (Orange Judd) 1.40 


A Practical Flovjrer Garden— Bv H. R. Ely (MacmiUan) 2.15 

A Woman's Hardy Garden— By H. R. Ely (Macmillan) 1.90 
Greenhouse Construction and Heating — By D. Lumsden 

(Macmillan) 2.00 

How to Make a Country Place — J.Sawyer (Orange Judd) 3.25 
Manual of Fruit Insects — By Messrs. Slingerland and 

Cro.'sby (Macmillan) 2.65 
My Growing Garden — Bv J. Horace McFarland (Mac- 
millan) " 2.40 
Principles of Floriculture — By E. A. White (Macmillan) 2.40 
Productive Orcharding — By Fred. C. Sears, of Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College (Lippincott) 2.75 
Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture — Bv Prof. L. H. 

Bailey (Macmillan) ' 37.00 
The Faim and Garden Rule Book — By Prof. L. H. Bailey 

(^Macmillan) 2.65 

Garden Farming— By Prof. L. C. Corbett, of the U. S. 

Dept. of Agric. (Ginn) 3.35 
Manual of Vegetable Garden Insects — By Messrs. 

Crosby and Leonard (Macmillan) 2.65 

Muck Crops — By A. E. Wilkinson (Orange Judd) 1.75 


Productive Vegetable Growing — B3' John W. Lloyd, of 

University of IlUnois (Lippincott) $2.75 

Sweet Com — By A. E. Wilkinson (Orange Judd) 1.10 

The Potato— By Prof. A. W. Gilbert (Macmillan) 1.65 
Tomato Culture— By Dr. W. W. Tracy, Sr., of the U. S. 

Dept. of Agric. (Orange Judd) .85 
Vegetable Gardening — By Dean R. L. Watts, Penn State 

(Orange Judd) 2.15 
Common Diseases of Farm Animals — By R. A. Craig, 

D. V. M., of Purdue University (Lippincott) 2.75 
Farmers' Cyclopedia of Live Stock — By Wilcox and Smith 

(Orange Judd) 4.75 
Management and Feeding of Sheep — ^By Thomas Shaw 

(Orange Judd) 2.00 
Productive Feeding of Farm Animals — By F. W. Woll, 

of University of California (Lippincott) 2.75 
Productive Horse Husbandry — By Carl W. Gay, of the 

University of Minnesota (Lippincott) 2.75 
Productive Sheep Husbandry — By Walter C. Coffey, Prof. 

Sheep Husbandry, Universitj' of Illinois (Lippincott) 2.75 
Productive Swine Husbandry — By George E. Day, of 

Ontario Agricultural College (Lippincott) 2.75 


Milk and Its Products — By H. H. Wing (Macmillan) 1.75 
Productive Dairying — By R. M. Washburn, B. Agr., 
M. S. A., Prof, of Dairy Husbandry, the University of 

Minnesota (Lippincott) 2.75 


American Standard of Perfection — ^American Poultry 

Association 1.50 

Poultry Breeding and Management — By James Dryden 

(Orange Judd) 2.15 

Productive Poultry Husbandry — By Prof. Harry R. Lewis, 

of New Jersey Experiment Station (Lippincott) 2.75 


The ABC and XYZ of Bee Culture— By A. I. Root 2.65 

Bee Keeping— Bv E. F. Phillips (:Macraillan) 2.15 

Fifty Years Among the Bees— By Dr. C. C. Miller 1.15 

Gleanings in Bee Culture. A monthly pubhcation. Perj-r. 1.00 
Productive Bee Keeping — By Frank C. Pellett, State 

Apiarist of Iowa (Lippincott) 2.75 




Free Booklets 13 

Guarantee 3 

History of Vegetables 6 

Instructions for Ordering 9 

Invitation to Windermoor Farm. 4 

Planting Table 10 

Row bv Kow Garden Plan 12 

Seed tables 11 

Special Day Letters 9 

Stokes .Service l^ 

Sugar Content of Vegetables. ... 7 

Sunshine Gardens 13 

Varieties to Plant 8 


Asparagus 15 

Beans, Bush Limas 16 

" Green Podded 18 

" Pole Limas 17 

Wax Podded 20 

Beet 22 

Brussels Sprouts 25 

Cabbage 26 

Carrot 30 

Cauliflower 32 

Celerv- 34 

Chard 25 

Chicory 33 


CoUards 37 

Corn 38 

Corn Salad 37 

Cress 37 

Cucumber 42 

Dandelion . 37 

Eggplant 44 

Endive 44 

Horseradish 24 

Kale 45 

Kohl rabi 45 

Leek 45 

Lettuce 46 

Muslirooins 49 

Melon, Honey Dew 53 

Musk- 50 

Water- 54 

Onion 56 

Parley 60 

Parsnip 67 

Peas 62 

Pepper ^ 66 

Potatoes 59 

Pumpkin 61 

Radish 68 

Salsifv 73 

Spinach 70 

Squash 72 

Tomato 74 

Turnip 78 

Miscellaneous Supplies and 
Equipment for Farm, 
Garden and Home. 


igriculture Seeds 81 

Alfalfa 83 

Apple Trees 110 

Barley 85 

Bee Supplies 140 

Blackberries 108 

Bird Boxes 102 

Books 144 

Canada Peas 88 

Cats T3S 

Cattle 128 

Cherries 114 

Clover 82 

Corn, Field 86 

Cow Peas 89 

Currants 109 

Dalrv Supplies 141 

Dogs 132 

Farm Tools 139 

Fertilizer 142 

Flower Seeds . 90 

Fruit Trees 110 

Garden Furniture 98 

Garden Tools 138 

Goats 131 

Gooseberries 1 09 


Grapes 109 

Hogs 131 

Hotbed Sash 139 

Lawn Grass 80 

Lime 143 

Manure 142 

Meadow Mi.xiurcs 81 

Oats 85 

Ornamental Trees 115 

Peach Trees 112 

Pear Trees 113 

Perennial Plants 122 

Planet Jr 136 

Plant Department 104 

Plum Trees 114 

Ponies 131 

Pottery 100 

Poultry 134 

Pure Bred Animals 128 

Quince 114 

Raspberries 108 

Roots 89 

Rye 84 

Sheep 130 

Soja Beans. . . 89 

Spraying Material 143 

Stra wberrv Plants 106 

Vegctabli Plants 104 

A'etoh 88 

Wlieat 85 



IN adopting a new trade-mark after over forty years of honorable busi- 
ness history, we do so not because of any fundamental change of policy, 
but more thoroughly to express the ideahsm which is the controlhng 
spirit of our business. The beautiful Sir Galahad, knight of King Arthur's 
Round Table, is seen riding out of Camelot on his victorious quest for The 
GraiL He is clad in shining armor; a flaming banner flows from his 
lance. His splendid charger is pure white. These typify all that is strong, true, and pure. 
As was said of one of Sir Galahad's comrades, "His strength was as the strength of ten, because 
his heart was pure." 

Stokes Seeds are grown and sold with the same spirit ot modern idealism and strength. 
As symboUzed by their trade-mark, they are four-square, with no short-cuts for quaUty and 
no rounded corners for careless service. They are true in the best sense, for not only have 
they strength of growth, but also strength of Uneage. In short, they will prove equal to the 
task set for them. Because of these things we have adopted as our slogan, "Stokes Seeds — 
true as Sir Galahad." 


There's a whisper down the field, where the year has shot her yield. 

And the ricks stand grey to the sun, 
Singing: "Over then, come over, for the bee has quit the clover, 

"And your English summer's done." — Kipling. 

PATCHES of purple aster are blooming here on Windermoor as we write this, the last 
page of our catalogue. Summer is over, "the swallows are making them ready to fly" 
and the hght in the western sky holds that strange richness so common to October. 
The last homeward-bound troop train from Dix has apparently gone down the road. The 
North Shore express trains are coming to the end of their summer runs. There are still some 
people who beUeve in the dignity of work and who find a joy in service. There is much of 
getting and httle of giving, but, so far; laws have not been passed forcing the farmer to work 
sixteen hours a day so that the consumer need work only six. 

Harvest is being made all over our northern world and with it the seed harvest, which 
makes possible the crops of future years. Here on Windermoor, in the mountain valleys of 
the West, in the sunshine of the CaHfornia ranches, in the north of England, and in the south 
of France, men are working the long day through gathering seed, some of which will soon 
find its way to Windermoor House, whence it will be redistributed all over our land and to 
other lands. Primarily, we are here to give service. We are convinced there is a vast oppor- 
tunity for an improvement in the national seed supply. Our ideal is to produce a better 
product and to distribute that product more economically and efficiently. We shall always 
welcome suggestions for the furtherance of this ideal. 

Yours to command, 


October i, igig